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-AR Verbs
Present Indicative
verb subject infinitive conjugate -
In both English and Spanish, we need to _________________ verbs in order to
match the __________________ so that we know who is doing them: we can’t
just leave them in their infinitive form.
In English, the ________________ are
mostly the same, no matter what subject
you are referring to. Think, for example,
about the ___________________ ‘to talk’.
How would you change it in order to say
I
we
you
yʼall
she/he
they
that each of the people in the chart talks?
In Spanish, however, each ____________ category requires a different ending. This is because, in
Spanish, we don’t need to use subject pronouns. The verbs must have different endings so that
we can understand who is doing the action.
To conjugate a verb in Spanish, you begin with the infinitive. For example, HABLAR:
➡The ‘HABL’ is called the _____________ of the verb, and it tells us what the verb is.
➡The ‘AR’ is called the _______________ of the verb, and an -ar on the end of the
verb means “to”. Hablar, therefore, means “________________”.
➡If we want to change it to say who is talking, we have to conjugate the infintive.
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To conjugate a verb, we simply take off the old ending and add a new ending.
For HABLAR, you’d first remove the -______, then add the ending
that matches the subject that is talking.
Here are the present
indicative endings for
yo (I)
nosotros
tú (you)
vosotros (y’all)
él (he)/ella (she)/
Usted (you formal)
ellos/ellas (they)/
Ustedes (you p.f.)
-AR verbs. Use them
to say that someone
________________ or
__________________
something.
Let’s conjugate the verb “HABLAR”:
First step: DROP YOUR ENDING
__________________ (talk)
Yo form/ Put an ‘o’ on it:
__________________ (I talk/I am talking)
Tú form/ Put ‘-as’ on it:
__________________ (You talk/You are talking)
Él/ella form/ Put an ‘a’ on it:
__________________ (He talks/He is talking)
Nosotros form/ Put an ‘amos’ on it: __________________ (We talk/We are talking)
Vosotros form/ Put an ‘áis’ on it: __________________ (Y’all talk/Y’all are talking)
Ustedes form/ Put ‘-an’ on it:
__________________ (You all talk/are talking)
(They talk/They are talking)
Try these!
First, underline the verb. Then, circle the subject. Finally, translate the sentence on the line.
I am yelling at my brother (gritar): _______________________________________________
You dance like Michael Jackson (bailar): _______________________________________________
My mom works at McDonalds (trabajar): _______________________________________________
We walk to school (caminar):
_______________________________________
Y’all are watching TV (mirar):
________________________________________
Linda and Katie sing well (cantar): ____________________________________
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La vida linda de Linda
As you read the following story about Linda, conjugate the missing verbs (they are in the
parentheses) according to the subject given.
La mamá de Linda ______________ (trabajar) en McDonalds todos los días. Por eso, Linda
______________ (caminar) a la casa de su abuela para pasar tiempo con ella. En la casa de su
abuela, Linda ______________ (mirar) la televisión.
Si ella ______________ (mirar) mucha
televisión, su abuela le ______________ (gritar). Entonces, Linda ______________ (estudiar) las
matemáticas o las ciencias o ______________ (practicar) el piano. A veces, la abuela de Linda
______________ (cantar) mientras Linda lo ______________ (practicar). ¡Su abuela
______________ (cantar) muy bien! Después de trabajar, la mamá de Linda ______________
(llamar) a Linda por teléfono y dice, «Estoy aquí», y Linda ______________ (caminar) a su casa.
Now, please re-write the story from the first-person perspective; as if YOU were Linda and were
talking about yourself. You will need to change some verbs to the “yo” form, as well as changing
other words so that the story makes sense (her - my, she - I, etc.)
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
Now, imagine that Linda has a twin brother named Chao, and they do everything together. Write
the story from Chao’s perspective, keeping in mind that he does everything that Linda does!
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
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-AR Verbs
Present Indicative
verb - an action word
subject - the person or thing doing an action
infinitive - the base form of any verb--the one that you’d find in a dictionary. In English, it
would be “to” do something (to walk, to run, to dance). In Spanish, it ends in
-ar, -er, or -ir.
conjugate - making changes to a verb to say when it’s being done and who is doing it
In both English and Spanish, we need to CONJUGATE verbs in order to match
the SUBJECT so that we know who is doing them: we can’t just leave them in
their infinitive form.
In English, the ENDINGS are mostly the
same, no matter what subject you are
referring to. Think, for example, about the
VERB ‘to talk’. How would you change it
in order to say that each of the people in
I
we
you
yʼall
she/he
they
the chart talks?
In Spanish, however, each SUBJECT category requires a different ending. This is because, in
Spanish, we don’t need to use subject pronouns. The verbs must have different endings so that
we can understand who is doing the action.
To conjugate a verb in Spanish, you begin with the infinitive. For example, HABLAR:
➡The ‘HABL’ is called the STEM of the verb, and it tells us what the verb is.
➡The ‘AR’ is called the ENDING of the verb, and an -ar on the end of the verb
means “to”. Hablar, therefore, means “TO TALK”.
➡If we want to change it to say who is talking, we have to conjugate the infintive.
www.martinabex.com
To conjugate a verb, we simply take off the old ending and add a new ending.
For HABLAR, you’d first remove the -AR, then add the ending
that matches the subject that is talking.
Here are the present
yo (I)
-O
nosotros
tú (you)
-AS
vosotros (y’all)
-ÁIS
ellos/ellas (they)/
Ustedes (you p.f.)
-AN
-AMOS
indicative endings for
-AR verbs. Use them
to say that someone
DOES or IS DOING
él (he)/ella (she)/
Usted (you formal)
-A
something.
Let’s conjugate the verb “HABLAR”:
First step: DROP YOUR ENDING
HABL- (talk)
Yo form/ Put an ‘o’ on it:
HABLO
(I talk/I am talking)
Tú form/ Put ‘-as’ on it:
HABLAS
(You talk/You are talking)
Él/ella form/ Put an ‘a’ on it:
HABLA
(He talks/He is talking)
Nosotros form/ Put an ‘amos’ on it: HABLAMOS
(We talk/We are talking)
Vosotros form/ Put an ‘áis’ on it: HABLÁIS
(Y’all talk/Y’all are talking)
Ustedes form/ Put ‘-an’ on it:
HABLAN
(You all talk/are talking)
(They talk/They are talking)
Try these!
First, underline the verb. Then, circle the subject. Finally, translate the sentence on the line.
I am yelling at my brother (gritar): _______________________________________________
You dance like Michael Jackson (bailar): _______________________________________________
My mom works at McDonalds (trabajar): _______________________________________________
We walk to school (caminar):
_______________________________________
Y’all are watching TV (mirar):
________________________________________
Linda and Katie sing well (cantar): ____________________________________
www.martinabex.com
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