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GEOGRAPHY
Facts & Figures


790 miles long and
660 miles wide at its
most distant points.
Land Area: 261,914 sq
mi


Highest Point:
Guadalupe Peak at
8,749 ft
Major Rivers: Rio
Grande, Red River,
Brazos River

Capital Cities:
 Houston, 1837-1840
 Austin, 1840-1842
 Washington-on-the-
Brazos, 1842-1845
 Austin, since 1845
 Texas has one of the
most distinct and
recognizable shapes of
all the states in the
U.S.
The geographic
center of Texas
is located in
McCulloch
County, 15 miles
NE of Brady.
Longitude: 99°
27.5'W
Latitude: 31°
14.6'N
THREE MAJOR PHYSICAL DIVISIONS
Atlantic-Coastal plain
Great Plains of Central North America
Rocky Mountain system
The fact – that these areas join within the state –
gives the region a variety and contrast in
topography, climate, and resources
Sharing the coastal
plains division with:
Louisiana,
Alabama,
Mississippi,
Florida
Sharing the Great Plains division with most of the Midwest
Mountain and
Basin Division
shared with most
of the Western
U.S.
Coastal Plains
North Central Plains
Great Plains
Mountains and Basins
Copied from: Texas, by Proctor, et al
There are thirteen major rivers in Texas.
(3) -Three rivers make up parts of the boundary of Texas:
The Sabine (east), Red (north), and Rio Grande (south).
(3) -The Trinity, Neches, and San Jacinto are located in East
Texas.
(2) -The Brazos and Colorado cut across the High Plains region.
(4) -The Nueces, San Antonio, Guadalupe, and Lavaca flow
eastward from Central Texas.
(1) -The Canadian River is an unusual Texas river, in that it flows
northeast across the Panhandle, emptying into the Arkansas River.
Know these and their location on the Texas map
Intriguing physical features:






Balcones
Escarpment
Edwards Plateau
Llano Estacado
Caprock Escarpment
Palo Duro Canyon
Big Bend






Rio Grande Valley
Gulf Coast plains
Piney Woods
Central Texas prairies
Cross Timbers
Blackland prairie
Balcones Escarpment
Edwards Plateau
Llano Estacado
Caprock Escarpment
Cross Timbers
Big Bend