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SOCIOLOGY TEST 9 NOTES
Education and Religion
Define terms in composition book P 350
EDUCATION
Young members must be taught their society’s norms and
values and skills necessary to continue the work of the older
generation.
-to accomplish this goal, every society has developed a system
of EDUCATION
1) Family
2) schooling
Three Ways to Approach Education
Functionalist=the ways in which education contributes
Conflict=how education limits groups and individuals access to
power.
interactionist=an interest in the face-to-face relationships in the
classroom
A) Functionalist
-believe the basic function is to teach knowledge and skills
-to transmit the culture
-Social integration
-occupational placement
B) Conflict
-Believe schools are a form of social control
-schools have a “hidden agenda”
-Are opposed to “tracking”
-school achievement means opportunities don’t exist
C) Interactionist
-just focus on the interaction of students, teachers, staff,
and administration.
ISSUES
1978-Department of Ed.
1983-“A Nation at Risk”
1994-“Goals 2000”
2002-No Child Left Behind
2009-Race to the Top
since 2000-Charter Schools, School Choice, Vouchers,
Homeschooling
Violence
English
Define terms P. 362 on religion
RELIGION
Emile Durkheim-all societies have made a distinction between
the SACRED and the PROFANE.
-Sacred-awesome and supernatural
-Profane-ordinary and commonplace
These are at the heart of all things Religious.
-Religion focuses on the supernatural, but is primarily based on
faith and not science. “Faith” is believing on/in something that
is not observable to the naked eye.
FUNCTIONS OF RELIGION
1) Social cohesion
2) Social control
3) Emotional support
NATURE OF RELIGION
1) RITUALS AND SYMBOLS
2) A Belief System
-Animism
-Shamanism
-Totemism
-Theism
-ethicalism
3) Organizational structure
-ecclesia
-denomination
-Sect
-Cult
RELIGION IN AMERICA
1) Religious affiliation
2) Religious participation
3) Fundamentalist Christianity
4) Secular Humanism-non parochial
-man is his own measure
-law becomes the man-made commandments
-institutions of man become the “church”
SCIENCE AND MASS MEDIA
-Birth of Science-Babylon=Astronomy
Egypt-Math and Geometry
India-beginning of “0”
Greece-Hippocrates-Medicine
-Euclid=School of Geometry
-Archimedes=Lever Science and pi
-Aristarchus=Planets revolve around sun
-Eratosthenes=Calculated size of earth
-Pythagoras-Pythagorean Theorem
-Rebirth-1300’s AD
-Scientific method
-Gutenberg Printing press
-Modern(define p379)
-Universalism
-Organized Skepticism
-Communalism
-Disinterestedness
Realities of Modern Science (define)
Fraud
Competition
The Matthew Effect
Conflicting views of reality
Mass Media
-Writing and paper
-Printing press
-Industrial age
-Computer
-Print media
-Audio media
-Visual media
-online media