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UNCTAD
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
UNITED NATIONS
Printed at United Nations, Geneva – GE.12-50294 – April 2012 – 1,367 – UNCTAD/SUC/2011/8
U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T
THE STATE OF COMMODITY
DEPENDENCE 2012
U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T
THE STATE OF COMMODITY
DEPENDENCE 2012
New York and Geneva, 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abbreviations and acronyms ............................................................................................................................. 7
Notes and sources ........................................................................................................................................... 8
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
List of countries and territories .......................................................................................................................... 12
Developing countries and territories: dependency map 2009-2010 average ........................................................ 14
REGIONAL AGGREGATES
Figure 1. Percentage of the regional labour force and the female regional labour force working in
agriculture, 2009-2010 average ...................................................................................................... 18
Figure 2. Ratio of commodity exports to total merchandise exports, by region, 2009-2010 average ................... 18
Figure 3. Ratio of commodity exports to GDP, by region, 2009-2010 average.................................................... 19
Figure 4. Developing countries’ agricultural exports, by region, 2009-2010 average ......................................... 19
Figure 5. Developing countries’ fuel exports, by region, 2009-2010 average..................................................... 20
Figure 6. Developing countries’ exports of minerals, ores and metals, by region, 2009-2010 average ................ 20
Figure 7. Export concentration ratio, by region, 2009-2010 average ................................................................. 21
Figure 8. Composition of commodity exports, by region, 2009-2010 average ................................................... 21
Figure 9. Composition of commodity imports, by region, 2009-2010 average ................................................... 22
Figure 10. Net food import bill, regional aggregates, in million US$, 2009-2010 average..................................... 22
Figure 11. Commodity export dependence and export concentration ratio in developing countries and
territories, 1999-2000 average ........................................................................................................ 23
Figure 12. Commodity export dependence and export concentration ratio in developing coutries and
territories, 2009-2010 average ........................................................................................................ 23
INDIVIDUAL PROFILES OF COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES
East Africa
Burundi .......................................................................................................................................................... 28
Comoros ......................................................................................................................................................... 28
Djibouti ........................................................................................................................................................... 29
Eritrea ............................................................................................................................................................ 29
Ethiopia .......................................................................................................................................................... 30
Kenya ............................................................................................................................................................. 30
Madagascar.................................................................................................................................................... 31
Malawi ........................................................................................................................................................... 31
Mauritius ........................................................................................................................................................ 32
Mayotte .......................................................................................................................................................... 32
Mozambique ................................................................................................................................................... 33
Rwanda .......................................................................................................................................................... 33
Seychelles ...................................................................................................................................................... 34
Somalia .......................................................................................................................................................... 34
Uganda........................................................................................................................................................... 35
United Republic of Tanzania ............................................................................................................................. 35
Zambia .......................................................................................................................................................... 36
Zimbabwe....................................................................................................................................................... 36
3
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
Middle Africa
Angola ............................................................................................................................................................ 38
Cameroon ....................................................................................................................................................... 38
Central African Republic .................................................................................................................................. 39
Chad .............................................................................................................................................................. 39
Congo ............................................................................................................................................................ 40
Democratic Republic of the Congo.................................................................................................................... 40
Equatorial Guinea ............................................................................................................................................ 41
Gabon ............................................................................................................................................................ 41
Sao Tome and Principe ................................................................................................................................... 42
Northern Africa
Algeria............................................................................................................................................................ 44
Egypt .............................................................................................................................................................. 44
Libya .............................................................................................................................................................. 45
Morocco ......................................................................................................................................................... 45
Sudan ............................................................................................................................................................ 46
Tunisia............................................................................................................................................................ 46
Southern Africa
Botswana ....................................................................................................................................................... 48
Lesotho .......................................................................................................................................................... 48
Namibia .......................................................................................................................................................... 49
South Africa .................................................................................................................................................... 49
Swaziland ....................................................................................................................................................... 50
Western Africa
Benin ............................................................................................................................................................. 52
Burkina Faso ................................................................................................................................................... 52
Cape Verde ..................................................................................................................................................... 53
Côte d’Ivoire ................................................................................................................................................... 53
Gambia........................................................................................................................................................... 54
Ghana ............................................................................................................................................................ 54
Guinea............................................................................................................................................................ 55
Guinea-Bissau ................................................................................................................................................ 55
Liberia ............................................................................................................................................................ 56
Mali................................................................................................................................................................ 56
Mauritania ...................................................................................................................................................... 57
Niger .............................................................................................................................................................. 57
Nigeria ........................................................................................................................................................... 58
Saint Helena ................................................................................................................................................... 58
Senegal .......................................................................................................................................................... 59
Sierra Leone ................................................................................................................................................... 59
Togo ............................................................................................................................................................... 60
Caribbean
Anguilla .......................................................................................................................................................... 62
Antigua And Barbuda....................................................................................................................................... 62
Aruba ............................................................................................................................................................. 63
Bahamas ........................................................................................................................................................ 63
Barbados ........................................................................................................................................................ 64
British Virgin Islands ....................................................................................................................................... 64
Cayman Islands............................................................................................................................................... 65
Cuba .............................................................................................................................................................. 65
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dominica ........................................................................................................................................................ 66
Dominican Republic......................................................................................................................................... 66
Grenada ......................................................................................................................................................... 67
Haiti ............................................................................................................................................................... 67
Jamaica ......................................................................................................................................................... 68
Montserrat ...................................................................................................................................................... 68
Netherlands Antilles......................................................................................................................................... 69
Saint Kitts and Nevis........................................................................................................................................ 69
Saint Lucia...................................................................................................................................................... 70
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ..................................................................................................................... 70
Trinidad and Tobago ........................................................................................................................................ 71
Turks and Caicos Islands ................................................................................................................................. 71
Central America
Belize ............................................................................................................................................................. 74
Costa Rica ...................................................................................................................................................... 74
El Salvador...................................................................................................................................................... 75
Guatemala ...................................................................................................................................................... 75
Honduras ........................................................................................................................................................ 76
Mexico ........................................................................................................................................................... 76
Nicaragua ....................................................................................................................................................... 77
Panama .......................................................................................................................................................... 77
South America
Argentina ........................................................................................................................................................ 80
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) ........................................................................................................................... 80
Brazil .............................................................................................................................................................. 81
Chile .............................................................................................................................................................. 81
Colombia ........................................................................................................................................................ 82
Ecuador .......................................................................................................................................................... 82
Falkland Islands .............................................................................................................................................. 83
Guyana ........................................................................................................................................................... 83
Paraguay ........................................................................................................................................................ 84
Peru ............................................................................................................................................................... 84
Suriname ........................................................................................................................................................ 85
Uruguay .......................................................................................................................................................... 85
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) .................................................................................................................... 86
Eastern Asia
China (Including Hong Kong Sar, Macao Sar, and Taiwan Province of China) ........................................................ 88
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea ............................................................................................................. 88
Mongolia ........................................................................................................................................................ 89
Republic of Korea ............................................................................................................................................ 89
Southern Asia
Afghanistan .................................................................................................................................................... 92
Bangladesh..................................................................................................................................................... 92
Bhutan ........................................................................................................................................................... 93
India ............................................................................................................................................................... 93
Iran (Islamic Republic of) .................................................................................................................................. 94
Maldives ......................................................................................................................................................... 94
Nepal ............................................................................................................................................................. 95
Pakistan ......................................................................................................................................................... 95
Sri Lanka ....................................................................................................................................................... 96
5
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam ........................................................................................................................................ 98
Cambodia ..................................................................................................................................................... 98
Indonesia ...................................................................................................................................................... 99
Lao People’s Democratic Republic ................................................................................................................. 99
Malaysia ....................................................................................................................................................... 100
Myanmar ...................................................................................................................................................... 100
Philippines .................................................................................................................................................... 101
Singapore ..................................................................................................................................................... 101
Thailand ....................................................................................................................................................... 102
Timor-Leste .................................................................................................................................................. 102
Viet Nam ...................................................................................................................................................... 103
Western Asia
Bahrain......................................................................................................................................................... 106
Iraq .............................................................................................................................................................. 106
Jordan .......................................................................................................................................................... 107
Kuwait .......................................................................................................................................................... 107
Lebanon ....................................................................................................................................................... 108
Occupied Palestinian Territory ........................................................................................................................ 108
Oman ........................................................................................................................................................... 109
Qatar ............................................................................................................................................................ 109
Saudi Arabia ................................................................................................................................................. 110
Syrian Arab Republic ..................................................................................................................................... 110
United Arab Emirates .................................................................................................................................... 111
Turkey .......................................................................................................................................................... 111
Yemen .......................................................................................................................................................... 112
Oceania
American Samoa........................................................................................................................................... 114
Cook Islands ................................................................................................................................................. 114
Fiji ................................................................................................................................................................ 115
French Polynesia ........................................................................................................................................... 115
Guam ........................................................................................................................................................... 116
Kiribati .......................................................................................................................................................... 116
Marshall Islands ............................................................................................................................................ 117
Micronesia (Federated States of) .................................................................................................................... 117
Nauru ........................................................................................................................................................... 118
New Caledonia .............................................................................................................................................. 118
Niue ............................................................................................................................................................. 119
Northern Mariana Islands ............................................................................................................................... 119
Palau............................................................................................................................................................ 120
Papua New Guinea ........................................................................................................................................ 120
Samoa.......................................................................................................................................................... 121
Solomon Islands ............................................................................................................................................ 121
Tokelau......................................................................................................................................................... 122
Tonga ........................................................................................................................................................... 122
Tuvalu .......................................................................................................................................................... 123
Vanuatu ........................................................................................................................................................ 123
Wallis and Futuna.......................................................................................................................................... 124
6
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
,
Thousand separator
.
Decimal point
n.a.
Not available
n.r.
Not reliable
-
Zero
ICAC
International Cotton Advisory Committee
ICCO
International Cocoa Organization
ICO
International Coffee Organization
ICSG
International Copper Study Group
IGC
International Grains Council
IJSG
International Jute Study Group
ILZSG
International Lead and Zinc Study Group
INBAR
International Network for Bamboo and Rattan
INSG
International Nickel Study Group
IOOC
International Olive Council
IRSG
International Rubber Study Group
ISO
International Sugar Organization
ITTO
International Tropical Timber Organization
7
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
NOTES AND SOURCES
The State of Commodity Dependence 2012 was prepared
by the Special Unit on Commodities (SUC) of UNCTAD. This
document aims to provide an individual country overview of
the commodity-related situation of 154 developing countries.
This publication also contains graphs which present a regional
and global perspective of commodity dependence in the
developing world over the period 2009–2010. If you have any
comments about this publication, please contact the Special
Unit on Commodities at commodities@unctad.org or call
us on +41 22 9175676.
Data and computations regarding trade statistics (imports
and exports) are based on UNCTAD’s “all allocated products”
category. UNCTAD’s “unallocated products” category is not
considered in the present document.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Source: FAOSTAT, ResourceSTAT
Series: Country area
Unit:
Square kilometre
Data extracted: 22 September 2011
Note(s): Data extracted from FAOstat. In FAOstat, data are
presented in 1,000 Ha.
For convenience, data have been converted into square
kilometres (1 Ha = 10 Km2).
Agricultural area
(as a percentage of country area), 2009
Source: FAOSTAT, ResourceSTAT
Series: Agricultural Area
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 14 November 2011
Note(s): Agricultural area, this category is the sum of areas
under (a) arable land - land under temporary agricultural
crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once),
temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under
market and kitchen gardens and land temporarily fallow (less
WKDQƂYH\HDUV7KHDEDQGRQHGODQGUHVXOWLQJIURPVKLIWLQJ
cultivation is not included in this category. Data for “Arable
land” are not meant to indicate the amount of land that is
potentially cultivable; (b) permanent crops - land cultivated
with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for
several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees
DQG VKUXEV SURGXFLQJ ƃRZHUV VXFK DV URVHV DQG MDVPLQH
and nurseries (except those for forest trees, which should
EH FODVVLƂHG XQGHU qIRUHVWr DQG F SHUPDQHQW PHDGRZV
DQGSDVWXUHVODQGXVHGSHUPDQHQWO\ƂYH\HDUV RUPRUH
to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or
8
growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land). Data are expressed
LQ}KHFWDUHV
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Source: FAOSTAT, PopSTAT
Unit: 1,000 inhabitants
Data extracted: 28 September 2011
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
Source: FAOSTAT, PopSTAT
Series: Total population - Both sexes
Total economically active population
Unit:
1,000 workers
Data extracted: 15 November 2011
Women in labour force
(as a percentage of total labour force), 2010
Source: FAOSTAT, PopSTAT
Series: Total economically active population
Female economically active population
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 15 November 2011
Labour force in agriculture
(as a percentage of total labour force), 2010
Source: FAOSTAT, PopSTAT
Series: Total economically active population
Total economically active population in agriculture
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 15 November 2011
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour
force in agriculture), 2010
Source: FAOSTAT, PopSTAT
Series: Total economically active population in agriculture
Female economically active population in agriculture
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 15 November 2011
GDP, Gross domestic product (in millions of United
States dollars at current prices and current
exchange rates), 2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
Millions of United States dollars
Data extracted: 7 October 2011
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP),
2009 (agriculture/industry/services)
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Series: Percentage of gross domestic product
Unit:
Percentage
NOTES AND SOURCES
Data extracted: 7 October 2011
Note(s): The breakdown in percentages by kind of economic
activity is shown as a percentage of total value added.
The breakdown in percentages of GDP by type of expenditure
may not add up to 100 per cent due to statistical
discrepancies.
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of United States
dollars and as a percentage of merchandise
exports), 2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
In millions of United States dollars and as a
percentage
Data extracted: 7 October 2011
Note(s): The breakdown in percentages may not add up to
100 per cent due to statistical discrepancies.
Should be understood as the average over the 2009-2010
period.
When data were not available for 2010, the average has
been computed on the 2008-2009 period. The reference
period has been indicated in the margin.
Data and computations are based on UNCTAD’s “all allocated
products” merchandise exports. UNCTAD’s “unallocated
products” category has not been considered in the present
document, which may sometimes lead to differences with
other sources of information.
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP),
2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 14 November 2011
Note(s): Should be understood as the average over the
2009-2010 period.
When data were not available for 2010, the average has
been computed on the 2008-2009 period. The reference
period has been indicated in the margin.
Data and computations are based on UNCTAD “all allocated
products” merchandise exports. UNCTAD “Unallocated
products” category has not been considered in the present
document, which can sometimes lead to differences with
other sources of information.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit: Percentage
Data extracted: 17 November 2011
Note(s): Should be understood as the average over the
2009-2010 period.
When data were not available for 2010, the average has
been computed on the 2008-2009 period. The reference
period has been indicated in the margin.
The breakdown in percentages may not add up to 100 per
cent due to statistical discrepancies.
Composition of commodity groups (based on SITC rev 3)
All food items (0+1+22+4)
Agricultural raw materials (2 - (22+27+28))
Fuels (3)
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
(27+28+667+68+971)
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage
of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit: Percentage
Data extracted: 16 November 2011
Note(s): Should be understood as the average over the
2009-2010 period.
When data were not available for 2010, the average has
been computed on the 2008-2009 period. The reference
period has been indicated in the margin.
Leading destination markets for commodity
exports (as a percentage of commodity exports),
2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 16 November 2011
Note(s): Should be understood as the average over the
2009-2010 period.
When data were not available for 2010, the average has
been computed on the 2008-2009 period. The reference
period has been indicated in the margin.
2QO\ WUDGLQJ SDUWQHUV ZLWK WUDGH ƃRZV DERYH SHU FHQW RI
total commodity exports of the country being considered have
been mentioned in the list.
Export concentration ratio (2000, 2010)
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Data extracted: 12 October 2011
1RWHV 7KH +HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQ LQGH[ LV D PHDVXUH RI
the degree of market concentration. It has been normalized to
obtain values ranging from 0 to 1 (maximum concentration),
according to the following formula:
9
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
International Rubber Study Group (IRSG): http://www.
rubberstudy.com/
International Sugar Organization (ISO): http://www.isosugar.
org/
International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO): http://www.
itto.int/
FOOD SECURITY
Hi = Value of concentration index for product i
[LM YDOXHRIH[SRUWIRUFRXQWU\}MDQGSURGXFW}L
n= number of individual markets (countries) over the period
from 1995 to 2009.
An index value that is close to 1 indicates a very concentrated
market, whereas values closer to 0 would demonstrate a
homogeneous market between the exporters or importers.
Data for Indonesia includes East Timor in 2000, and does not
include it in 2010.
Regarding the British Virgin Islands, there have been no data
since 2004.
With regard to China, Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and
Taiwan (Province of China), data have been disaggregated.
Membership in international commodity bodies
Source: Websites of the various institutions
Data extracted: 12 October 2011
Note(s): International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC):
http://icac.org/
International Cocoa Organization (ICCO): http://www.icco.org/
International Coffee Organization (ICO): http://www.ico.org/
International Copper Study Group (ICSG): http://www.icsg.org/
International Grains Council (IGC): http://www.igc.int/
International Jute Study Group (IJSG): http://www.jute.org/
International Lead and Zinc Study Group (ILZSG): http://www.
ilzsg.org/
International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR): http://
www.inbar.int/
International Nickel Study Group (INSG): http://www.insg.org/
International Olive Council (IOOC): http://www.internationaloliveoil.org/
10
Commodity import value (in millions of United
States dollars and as a percentage of merchandise
import value), 2009-2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
Millions of United States dollars, and percentage
Data extracted: 23 November 2011
Net food imports (in millions of United States
dollars), 2010
Source: UNCTAD, UNCTADstat
Unit:
Millions of United States dollars
Data extracted: 23 November 2011
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1
United States dollar (PPP) per day, 1990-1992
and 2007-2009
Source: UNSD, Millennium Development Goals indicators
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 9 November 2011
Note(s): Regarding China (including Hong Kong SAR, Macao
SAR and Taiwan, Province of China), the data available is that
of China, as data for other areas are not available.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population
undernourished, 1991 and 2007
Source: UNSD, Millennium Development Goals indicators
Unit:
Percentage
Data extracted: 9 November 2011
Note(s): Regarding China (including Hong Kong SAR, Macao
SAR and Taiwan, Province of China), the data available is that
of China, as data for other areas are not available.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
q7KHFRPPRGLW\SUREOHPDWLTXHFRQWLQXHVWREHRIPDMRUFRQFHUQLQWKHWZHQW\ƂUVWFHQWXU\DVWKHFRPPRGLW\VHFWRU
constitutes the key economic activity in most Commodity Dependent Developing Countries (CDDCs) in terms of foreign
H[FKDQJHHDUQLQJVƂVFDOUHYHQXHVLQFRPHJURZWKHPSOR\PHQWFUHDWLRQDQGOLYHOLKRRGVXVWHQDQFHIRURYHUELOOLRQSHRSOH
GHSHQGHQWRQWKHDJULFXOWXUDOVHFWRU2XWRIGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVGHSHQGRQFRPPRGLWLHVIRUDWOHDVWSHUFHQWRI
their export earnings; moreover half of the countries in Africa derive over 80 per cent of their merchandise export income from
FRPPRGLWLHV$VPDQ\GHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVHVSHFLDOO\OHDVWGHYHORSHGFRXQWULHV/'&VDUHKHDYLO\GHSHQGHQWRQFRPPRGLWLHV
WKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRPPXQLW\FDQQRWHIIHFWLYHO\DWWDLQWKH0LOOHQQLXP'HYHORSPHQW*RDOV0'*VLQFOXGLQJFRPEDWLQJSRYHUW\
without taking into account the imperative of commodity-based development. The policy challenge for commodity-exporting
FRXQWULHV FDQ EH EHVW LOOXVWUDWHG E\ UHFHQW GHYHORSPHQWV VXFK DV FRPPRGLW\ SULFHV UHDFKLQJ KLVWRULFDO SHDNV LQ IROORZHG E\ D FROODSVH XQWLO WKH ƂUVW TXDUWHU RI +RZHYHU VLQFH WKH V DQG V LW LV RQO\ UHFHQWO\ WKDW WKH
FRPPRGLW\SUREOHPDWLTXHKDVIHDWXUHGVLJQLƂFDQWO\LQLQWHUQDWLRQDOGHYHORSPHQWGLVFRXUVHHJWKH)UHQFKSUHVLGHQF\RIWKH
G20 during 2011).”
[UNCTAD Commodities and Development Report 2012]
11
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
LIST OF COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AFRICA
Developing economies: Eastern Africa
Burundi*
Comoros*
Djibouti*
Eritrea*
Ethiopia*
Kenya
Madagascar*
Malawi*
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique*
Rwanda*
Seychelles
Somalia*
Uganda*
United Republic of Tanzania*
Zambia*
Zimbabwe
Developing economies: Middle Africa
Angola*
Cameroon
Central African Republic*
Chad*
Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo*
Equatorial Guinea*
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe*
Developing economies: Northern Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan*
Tunisia
Developing economies: Southern Africa
Botswana
Lesotho*
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
Developing economies: Western Africa
Benin*
Burkina Faso*
12
Cape Verde*b
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia*
Ghana
Guinea*
Guinea-Bissau*
Liberia*
Mali*
Mauritania*
Niger*
Nigeria
Saint Helena
Senegal*
Sierra Leone*
Suriname
Togo*
Uruguay
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AMERICA
Developing economies: Caribbean
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Haiti*
Jamaica
Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
Developing economies: Central America
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
LIST OF COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Developing economies: South America
Argentina
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Falkland Islands
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: ASIA
Developing economies: Eastern Asia
China
China, Hong Kong SAR
China, Macao SAR
China, Taiwan Province of
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Mongolia
Republic of Korea
Developing economies: Southern Asia
Afghanistan*
Bangladesh*
Bhutan*
India
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Maldives*a
Nepal*
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Developing economies: South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia*
Indonesia
Lao People’s Democratic Republic*
Malaysia
Myanmar*
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Timor-Leste*
Viet Nam
Developing economies: Western Asia
Bahrain
Iraq
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Occupied Palestinian Territory
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen*
DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: OCEANIA
American Samoa
Cook Islands
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati*
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Nauru
New Caledonia
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa*
Solomon Islands*
Tokelau
Tonga
Tuvalu*
Vanuatu*
Wallis and Futuna
Source: UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics, 2010.
Notes:
*
Member of the group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
a)
Maldives has not been a member of the LDC group since
}-DQXDU\+RZHYHULQWKHSUHVHQWUHSRUWWKHVWDWLVWLFV
for Maldives are included with those of the LDCs.
b)
Cape Verde has not been a member of the LDC group since
21 December 2007. Consequently, in the present report, the
statistics for Cape Verde are not included with those of the LDCs.
13
14
20%-40%
40%-60%
60%-80%
Note:
commodity exports as a percentage of total merchandise exports
data for 2010 are estimates by the UNCTAD Secretariat
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat.
0%-20%
80%-100%
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES: DEPENDENCY MAP
2009-2010 average
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES: DEPENDENCY MAP
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES: DEPENDENCY MAP
2009-2010 average
Antigua and Barbuda,
Cayman Islands,
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Anguilla, Barbados,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Turks and Caicos Islands
0%-20%
20%-40%
0%-20%
20%-40%
40%-60%
60%-80%
80%-100%
40%-60%
Bahamas, Dominica,
Monserrat
60%-80%
80%-100%
Saint Lucia
Aruba,
Netherlands Antilles
Mayotte
Brunei Darussalam,
Maldives, Seychelles,
Timor Leste
0%-20%
Niue, Wallis and Futuna
20%-40%
Guam, Marshall Islands,
New Caledonia, Samoa,
Tuvalu, Tokelau,
40%-60%
American Samoa,
Northern Mariana Islands
60%-80%
Cook Islands, Fiji,
French Polynesia, Nauru
Kiribati, Micronesia, Palau,
Solomon Islands,
Tonga, Vanuatu
80%-100%
15
REGIONAL
AGGREGATES
1
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
FIGURE 1. PERCENTAGE OF THE REGIONAL LABOUR FORCE AND THE FEMALE REGIONAL LABOUR FORCE
WORKING IN AGRICULTURE, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
100%
The percentage of the population working in agriculture worldwide is: 24%.
The percentage of women working in agriculture worldwide is: 23%.
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
Share of population working in agriculture
Eastern Asia
Southern Africa
South America
Central America
Caribbean
World
Western Asia
Northern Africa
South-Eastern
Asia
Western Africa
Southern Asia
Middle Africa
Least Developed
Countries
Oceania
0%
Eastern Africa
20%
10%
Share of women working in agriculture
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 2. RATIO OF COMMODITY EXPORTS TO TOTAL MERCHANDISE EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2009-2010
AVERAGE
100%
98%
93%
90%
84%
80%
79%
78%
77%
75%
74%
70%
62%
60%
61%
52%
50%
40%
33%
30%
27%
20%
10%
The red line indicates the world average. In this graph: 31%
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
18
Eastern Asia
Central America
South-Eastern Asia
Southern Asia
Southern Africa
Caribbean
Western Asia
South America
Eastern Africa
Least Developed
Countries
Northern Africa
Oceania
Western Africa
8%
Middle Africa
0%
REGIONAL AGGREGATES
FIGURE 3. RATIO OF COMMODITY EXPORTS TO GDP, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
100%
90%
80%
70%
64%
60%
50%
40%
30%
30%
28%
22%
20%
21%
20%
18%
15% 13%
10%
11% 10%
8%
7%
3%
Eastern Asia
Central America
Southern Asia
Caribbean
South America
Eastern Africa
Southern Africa
South-Eastern Asia
Northern Africa
Oceania
Least developed
countries
Western Africa
Western Asia
Middle Africa
0%
The red line indicates the world average. In this graph: 7%
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 4. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
35%
30%
29%
25%
25%
20%
14%
15%
3%
2%
2%
Western Africa
Least developed
countries
Central America
Western Asia
Southern Asia
Eastern Asia
South-Eastern
Asia
South America
0%
1%
1%
0.5%
Oceania
3%
Middle Africa
4%
Caribbean
6%
Southern Africa
6%
Northern Africa
7%
5%
Eastern Africa
10%
Developing countries accounted for 37% of world agricultural exports in 2009-2010.
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
19
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
FIGURE 5. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ FUEL EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
50%
40%
40%
30%
20%
12%
6%
6%
5%
3%
Central America
Western Africa
Eastern Asia
Middle Africa
Least developed
countries
Southern Asia
South America
Northern Africa
South-Eastern
Asia
Western Asia
0%
1%
1%
0.1% 0.1%
Oceania
6%
Eastern Africa
9%
Southern Africa
9%
Caribbean
9%
10%
Developing countries accounted for 58% of world fuel exports in 2009-2010.
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 6. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES’ EXPORTS OF MINERALS, ORES AND METALS, BY REGION, 2009-2010
AVERAGE
45%
40%
35%
30%
26%
25%
19%
20%
13%
2%
2%
2%
1%
1%
1%
Oceania
Caribbean
4%
Middle Africa
5%
5%
Northern Africa
9%
Western Africa
11% 10%
10%
Eastern Africa
15%
Central America
Least developed
countries
Southern Africa
Southern Asia
South-Eastern
Asia
Western Asia
Eastern Asia
South America
0%
Developing countries accounted for 46% of world exports of minerals, ores and metals in 2009-2010.
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
20
REGIONAL AGGREGATES
FIGURE 7. EXPORT CONCENTRATION RATIO, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
0.9
0.82
1.0
0.8
0.44
0.42
Northern Africa
0.5
Least developed
countries
0.6
0.47
0.55
0.7
0.19
0.16
0.14
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.11
Caribbean
South America
Eastern Africa
Southern Africa
South-Eastern Asia
Central America
Eastern Asia
0.2
0.20
0.3
Southern Asia
0.24
0.4
0.1
Oceania
Western Asia
Western Africa
Middle Africa
–
The red line indicates the world average. In this graph: 0.0745
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 8. COMPOSITION OF COMMODITY EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
1,400,000
1,237,742
90%
16%
70%
1,200,000
16%
16%
80%
1,000,000
26%
60%
50%
800,000
50%
40%
69%
64%
600,000
67%
35%
30%
436,875
358,064
Commodity exports (million US$)
400,000
15%
20%
200,000
Minerals, ores and metals
Fuels
Agricultural products
17%
8%
6,850
113,304
–
Least
developed
countries
Asia
10%
7%
Africa
0%
19%
Oceania
10%
America
and the
Caribbean
Breakdown of commodity exports, by group (%)
100%
Commodity expots (million US$)
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
21
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
FIGURE 9. COMPOSITION OF COMMODITY IMPORTS, BY REGION, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
100%
9%
3,000,000
2%
10%
7%
29%
2,500,000
80%
45%
37%
43%
70%
2,000,000
51%
60%
50%
1,500,000
47%
40%
1,000,000
30%
53%
49%
20%
56%
39%
500,000
24%
Fuels
Minerals, ores and metals
112,679
0
Agricultural products
Least
developed
countries
Oceania
Asia
Africa
0%
America
and the
Caribbean
10%
Commodity expots (million US$)
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 10. NET FOOD IMPORT BILL, REGIONAL AGGREGATES, IN MILLION US$, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
100,000
46,187
Net food imports 2009-2010
50,000
35,522
6,312
16,622
0
-2,024
14,883
-294 5,013
3,118
942
-2,422
-50,000
-40,066
-100,000
-92,476
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
22
Least developed
countries
Oceania
Western Asia
South-Eastern Asia
Southern Asia
Eastern Asia
South America
Central America
Caribbean
Western Africa
Southern Africa
Northern Africa
Middle Africa
Eastern Africa
-150,000
Commodity imports (million US$)
Breakdown of commodity imports, by group (%)
90%
REGIONAL AGGREGATES
FIGURE 11. COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE AND EXPORT CONCENTRATION RATIO
IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES, 1999-2000 AVERAGE
1.0
0.9
Concentration index
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
Dependency rate = Commodities / merchandise exports
Agri. Commodity exporting countries
Fuel exporting countries
Minerals, ores and metals exporting countries
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
FIGURE 12. COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE AND EXPORT CONCENTRATION RATIO
IN DEVELOPING COUTRIES AND TERRITORIES, 2009-2010 AVERAGE
1.0
0.9
0.8
Concentration index
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
Dependency rate = Commodities / merchandise exports
Agri. Commodity exporting countries
Fuel exporting countries
Minerals, ores and metals exporting countries
Source: Special Unit on Commodities, UNCTAD, using data from UNCTADstat
23
INDIVIDUAL PROFILES
OF COUNTRIES
AND TERRITORIES
2
EAST AFRICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BURUNDI
COMOROS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
27,830
77
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,860
83
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
8,383
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
735
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,192
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
320
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
51
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
89
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
69
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
56
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
52
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,400
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
536
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
45/15/40
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
48/10/41
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
74 (91%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
4 (29%)
1
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
79
All food items
95
Agricultural raw materials
5
Agricultural raw materials
2
Fuels
2
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
15
83
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
4
96
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
61
(075) Spices
(074) Tea and mate
12
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
2
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
10
(03) Fishery products
2
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, Kenya, Pakistan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
77
43/13/9/6/6
(2000) 0.6928
(2010) 0.5385
ICO, INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Singapore, India, United States, United Arab Emirates
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
92
91
41/25/16/6/3
(2000) 0.7597
(2010) 0.5061
–
FOOD SECURITY
99 (22%)
-5
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
70 (40%)
60
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
84 - 81
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 46
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
44 - 62
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
38 - 47
28
EAST AFRICA
DJIBOUTI
ERITREA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
23,200
73
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
117,600
65
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
889
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
5,254
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
385
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,098
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
74
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
74
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
44
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,010
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
2,136
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/18/78
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
24/19/57
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
60 (85%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
5 (46%)
0.2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
71
Agricultural raw materials
2
Agricultural raw materials
25
Fuels
8
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
75
14
55
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
4
43
(022) Milk, cream and milk products (excluding butter, cheese)
24
(001) Live animals other than animals of division 03
19
(001) Live animals other than animals of division 03
23
(03) Fishery products
14
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
8
(211) Hides and skins (except furskins), raw
10
Leading destination markets for commodity exports
(as a percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
Somalia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Yemen, United Arab Emirates
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
33/14/13/9/9
(2000) 0.1159
(2010) 0.1750
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Saudi Arabia, Sudan, China, Turkey
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
81
27/22/19/9/4
(2000) 0.1959
(2010) 0.1275
–
FOOD SECURITY
152 (35%)
82
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
262 (42%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
230
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
5 - 19
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
60 - 26
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
67 - 65
29
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ETHIOPIA
KENYA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,104,300
32
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
580,370
47
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
82,950
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
40,513
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
40,930
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
18,724
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
48
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
77
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
71
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
49
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
26,680
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
32,152
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
47/13/41
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
27/18/54
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,892 (90%)
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3,110 (65%)
10
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
81
All food items
65
Agricultural raw materials
10
Agricultural raw materials
22
Fuels
–
Fuels
7
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
9
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
6
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
67
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
57
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
30
(074) Tea and mate
27
(054) Vegetables
19
(292) Crude vegetable materials, n.e.s.
21
2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU
18
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
64
EU (27), China, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
29/12/10/7/6
(2000) 0.5038
(2010) 0.3479
INBAR, ICO,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(054) Vegetables
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Egypt, Uganda, Pakistan, United Republic of
Tanzania
9
65
44/7/5/5/4
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.2641
(2010) 0.1890
Membership in international commodity bodies
INBAR, ICO,
IGC, ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
2,644 (30%)
- 822
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
4,134 (37%)
- 629
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
61 - 39
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
38 - 20
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
69 - 41
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
33 - 33
30
EAST AFRICA
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
587,040
70
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
118,480
47
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
20,714
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
14,901
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10,344
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
6,213
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
70
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
79
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
53
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
59
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
8,790
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
5,196
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
27/20/54
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
29/16/55
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
532 (50%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,011 (90%)
20
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
64
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
11
Agricultural raw materials
4
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
3
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
6
19
93
57
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
80
(03) Fishery products
26
(121) Tobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse
65
(075) Spices
20
(074) Tea and mate
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), China, Canada, Singapore, United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
11
80
52/15/5/4/4
(2000) 0.2554
(2010) 0.2046
INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Egypt, South Africa, Canada, United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
7
65
40/8/7/6/4
(2000) 0.5812
(2010) 0.5375
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
710 (25%)
48
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
514 (25%)
- 516
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
73 - 68
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
83 - 74
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
21 - 25
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
43 - 27
31
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
MAURITIUS
MAYOTTE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
2,040
48
1,299
590
37
8
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
380
53
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
204
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
89
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
70
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
52
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
9,512
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/27/69
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
729 (40%)
8
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
89
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
3
Fuels
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
8
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
1 (17%)
81
Agricultural raw materials
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
76
–
3
21
80
(03) Fishery products
40
(03) Fishery products
57
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
35
(288) Non-ferrous base metal waste and scrap, n.e.s.
14
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, Madagascar, Japan, South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
6
88
75/6/5/1/1
(2000) 0.3345
(2010) 0.2347
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
(111) Non-alcoholic beverages, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Indonesia, Comoros, India, Singapore
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
99
69/13/10/6/1
(2000) 0.4433
(2010) 0.2559
—
FOOD SECURITY
1,784 (44%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
146 (29%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
239
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
106
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
7-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
32
EAST AFRICA
MOZAMBIQUE
RWANDA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
799,380
62
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
26,340
76
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
23,391
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
10,624
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10,772
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,879
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
56
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
52
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
81
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
89
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
65
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
56
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
9,159
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
5,645
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
28/25/47
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
1,835 (93%)
20
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
212 (88%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
22
5
Fuels
21
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
52
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
36/15/49
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
63
All food items
70
Agricultural raw materials
1
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
29
83
(684) Aluminium
46
(074) Tea and mate
(351) Electric current
11
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
28
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
25
(121) Tobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), South Africa, China, Zimbabwe, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
6
87
55/19/7/3/3
(2000) 0.3021
(2010) 0.4840
INBAR, ICAC,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Kenya, EU (27), China, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
30
77
35/16/10/10/6
(2000) 0.4354
(2010) 0.3582
INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
1,253 (38%)
149
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
360 (26%)
70
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
81 - 60
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
77 - 77
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
59 - 38
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
44 - 32
33
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SEYCHELLES
SOMALIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
460
7
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
637,660
69
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
87
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
9,331
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
40
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,719
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
48
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
75
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
66
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
935
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
2,012
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/16/81
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
60/7/32
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
352 (88%)
41
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
430 (99%)
18
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
86
–
13
–
All food items
46
Agricultural raw materials
21
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
–
32
95
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
85
(03) Fishery products
82
(001) Live animals other than animals of division 03
35
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
12
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
32
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFWLR
1
(24+25) Forestry products
18
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
EU (27), Japan, Thailand, Madagascar, Mauritius
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
72/11/5/3/2
(2000) 0.6351
(2010) 0.4447
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
96
60/22/6/6/2
(2000) 0.6513
(2010) 0.4228
–
FOOD SECURITY
425 (49%)
657 (70%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
473
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 0.3
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
11 - 8
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
34
- 122
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
EAST AFRICA
UGANDA
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
241,550
58
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
947,300
37
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
33,425
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
44,841
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
14,731
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
22,241
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
48
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
50
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
75
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
76
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
55
18,372
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
23/25/52
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
9
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
2,874 (83%)
12
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
82
9
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
2
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
7
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
24,568
30/23/47
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,564 (70%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
41
9
3
47
50
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
43
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
30
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
22
(03) Fishery products
13
(289) Ores & concentrates of precious metals; waste, scrap
14
(121) Tobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Sudan, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Rwanda
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
7
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
7
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
67
42/11/10/5/4
EU (27), China, India, United Arab Emirates, Switzerland
21/17/11/9/9
(2000) 0.3727
(2010) 0.2119
INBAR, ICO,
ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
72
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.2188
(2010) 0.1981
INBAR, ICO,
ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
1,289 (29%)
- 810
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
2,377 (33%)
- 504
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
70 - 29
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
73 - 68
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
19 - 22
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
29 - 34
35
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
752,610
31
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
390,760
42
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
13,089
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
12,571
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,083
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,537
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
63
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
56
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
52
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
15,834
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
4,056
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
21/33/46
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
17/21/62
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
5,069 (89%)
35
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
1,814 (75%)
42
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
9
All food items
40
Agricultural raw materials
2
Agricultural raw materials
23
Fuels
10
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
26
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(682) Copper
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Switzerland, China, South Africa, EU (27), Republic of Korea
1
88
87
80
5
2
79
31/31/8/5/4
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(284) Nickel ores & concentrates; nickel mattes, etc.
17
(121) Tobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse
15
(263) Cotton
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
South Africa, EU (27), Democratic Republic of the Congo,
China, Botswana
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.5147
(2010) 0.7374
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICO, ICAC, ISO
Membership in international commodity bodies
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
41
9
72
29/22/11/7/3
(2000) 0.2659
(2010) 0.1690
ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
1,672 (37%)
- 260
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,449 (45%)
89
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
63 - 64
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
35 - 44
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
40 - 30
36
MIDDLE AFRICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ANGOLA
CAMEROON
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,246,700
47
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
475,440
20
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
19,082
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
19,599
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
8,489
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,482
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
42
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
69
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
48
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
55
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
47
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
39,545
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
22,423
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/71/21
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
22/31/47
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
44,502
(100%)
n.r.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3,314 (89%)
15
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
–
All food items
26
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
17
Fuels
53
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
(971) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
99
1
99
97
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
4
69
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
41
(072) Cocoa
16
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
1
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
12
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
92
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
86
China, United States, EU (27), India, South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
45/27/12/4/4
(2000) 0.8827
(2010) 0.9704
ICO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
EU (27), China, United States, Chad, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
64/9/7/4/2
(2000) 0.4406
(2010) 0.3939
INBAR, ICCO,
IRSG, ICAC,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
5,031 (21%)
4,425
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
2,247 (47%)
- 75
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 54
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
52 - 10
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
67 - 41
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
33 - 22
38
MIDDLE AFRICA
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CHAD
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
622,980
8
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,284,000
38
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4,401
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
11,227
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,983
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,511
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
45
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
63
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
66
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
57
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
2,013
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
7,711
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
58/15/26
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
21/54/26
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
118 (90%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
2,881 (96%)
40
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
7
49
–
44
83
All food items
–
Agricultural raw materials
3
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
97
–
99
(24+25) Forestry products
41
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
89
(971) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
27
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
(277) Natural abrasives, n.e.s. (incl. industri. diamonds)
15
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
88
EU (27), China, Morocco, Indonesia, Turkey
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
56/13/9/7/3
(2000) 0.6799
(2010) 0.3300
ICO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(263) Cotton
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, China, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
2
99
82/11/6
(2000) 0.7313
(2010) 0.8099
ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
136 (45%)
68
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
581 (24%)
376
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
83 - 63
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 62
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
44 - 40
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
60 - 39
39
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
CONGO
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
342,000
31
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,344,860
10
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4,043
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
65,966
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,640
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
24,808
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
32
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
57
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
56
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
49
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
11,957
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
11,204
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/74/22
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
42/28/31
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
6,922 (99%)
63
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
4,212 (96%)
33
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
1
All food items
1
Agricultural raw materials
4
Agricultural raw materials
3
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
86
9
88
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
79
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
5
(24+25) Forestry products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, China, EU (27), India, Taiwan Province of China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
4
94
39/29/17/6/3
(2000) 0.6765
(2010) 0.7490
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Fuels
16
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
80
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
63
(682) Copper
28
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
21
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
14
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, Zambia, EU (27), United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
95
48/21/14/12
(2000) 0.5972
(2010) 0.3721
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
780 (26%)
467
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,500 (37%)
877
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 54
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 59
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
42 - 13
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
40
MIDDLE AFRICA
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
GABON
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
28,050
11
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
700
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
274
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
267,670
19
1,505
711
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
31
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
64
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
26
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
42
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
45
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
14,042
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
13,443
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/93/4
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
5/62/34
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
9,268 (98%)
72
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
6,580 (96%)
53
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
–
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
13
Fuels
78
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
99
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
1
9
97
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
81
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
77
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
15
(24+25) Forestry products
12
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), China, Canada, Japan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
3
84
33/25/11/8/7
(2000) 0.7990
(2010) 0.8174
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, China, EU (27), Trinidad and Tobago, Thailand
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
83
49/14/12/4/4
(2000) 0.7346
(2010) 0.7649
ICCO, ICO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
2,269 (42%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
599 (24%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
255
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 5
376
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
6-5
41
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
960
58
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
165
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
57
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
56
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
209
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
17/21/62
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3.4 (47%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
93
1
Fuels
4
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
2
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(072) Cocoa
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
92
86
4
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
2
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
95
EU (27), Angola, Nigeria
88/4/3
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.3881
(2010) 0.4436
Membership in international commodity bodies
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
54 (51%)
31
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 29
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
14 - 5
42
NORTHERN AFRICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ALGERIA
EGYPT
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,381,740
17
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,001,450
4
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
35,468
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
81,121
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
14,968
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
26,383
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
34
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
26
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
21
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
53
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
40
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
159,914
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
214,406
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
8/62/30
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
14/38/49
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
50,696 (99%)
34
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
–
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
14,685 (58%)
97
3
90
29
4
Fuels
49
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
18
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
42
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
50
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
17
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
30
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
14
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
10
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
11
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
87
EU (27), United States, Canada, Turkey, Brazil
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
48/25/6/4/4
(2000) 0.5147
(2010) 0.5588
IGC, IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), India, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
49
28/8/5/4/4
(2000) 0.3141
(2010) 0.1326
IGC, ICAC,
IOOC, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
8,396 (21%)
6,364
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
18,454 (38%)
5,789
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
7 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
5-2
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
44
NORTHERN AFRICA
LIBYA
MOROCCO
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,759,540
9
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
446,550
67
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,355
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
31,951
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,334
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
11,798
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
3
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
25
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
26
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
70
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
71,670
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
90,913
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/72/25
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
40,429 (97%)
62
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
–
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
5,998 (38%)
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
14/27/59
99
1
97
81
8
59
4
Fuels
10
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
27
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
49
(03) Fishery products
22
(054) Vegetables
14
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
(272) Crude fertilizers (excluding those of division 56)
13
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
70
EU (27), China, United States, Turkey, Tunisia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
78/7/5/2/1
(2000) 0.7774
(2010) 0.7984
IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
EU (27), United States, Russian Federation, Japan, Brazil
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
54/6/5/3/2
(2000) 0.1766
(2010) 0.1583
IGC, ILZSG,
IOOC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
6,388 (28%)
4,030
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
13,058 (38%)
457
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
3-3
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
6-5
45
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SUDAN
TUNISIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,505,810
55
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
163,610
60
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
43,552
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
10,481
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
13,825
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,917
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
31
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
28
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
52
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
21
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
33
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
69,494
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
40,259
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
29/29/42
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
9,079 (99%)
15
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
4
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
4,046 (26%)
10
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
11/34/55
88
6
94
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
36
2
56
6
69
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
80
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
46
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFWLR
14
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
6
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
9
89
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
87
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, Japan, Indonesia. United Arab Emirates, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
61/14/6/5/3
(2000) 0.4893
(2010) 0.7579
ICAC
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
EU (27), Libya, United States, Morocco, Switzerland
72/6/5/2/2
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.2066
(2010) 0.1664
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICO, IGC, IOOC,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
2,068 (21%)
1,287
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
5,246 (26%)
271
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
6-3
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
39 - 22
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
46
SOUTHERN AFRICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BOTSWANA
LESOTHO
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
581,730
44
2,007
753
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
30,360
77
2,171
933
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
50
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
42
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
56
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
66
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
14,015
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,997
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/40/57
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
8/34/57
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
3,410 (84%)
27
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
233 (31%)
13
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
7
All food items
1
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
-
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
1
92
93
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
75
(284) Nickel ores & concentrates; nickel mattes, etc.
14
(011) Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen
4
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
84
EU (27), South Africa, Israel, Zimbabwe, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
68/6/5/3/2
(2000) 0.8092
(2010) 0.6720
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
99
99
99
100
82/18
(2000) 0.4442
(2010) 0.4820
–
FOOD SECURITY
661 (33%)
422
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
196 (58%)
220
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
31 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
56 - 43
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
19 - 25
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
15 - 14
48
SOUTHERN AFRICA
NAMIBIA
SOUTH AFRICA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
824,290
47
2,283
795
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,219,090
81
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
50,133
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
18,357
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
34
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
44
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
29
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
11,865
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
361,276
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/31/66
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
10/33/57
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
6
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
2,615 (73%)
25
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
45
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
44,546 (60%)
14
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
26
1
2
70
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
15
4
Fuels
17
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
64
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
58
(286) Ores and concentrates of uranium or thorium
24
(681) Silver, platinum, other metals of the platinum group
21
(03) Fishery products
20
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
13
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), China, United States, Canada, South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
14
83
41/15/13/8/6
(2000) 0.4022
(2010) 0.2575
ILZSG
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), China, Japan, United States, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
45
11
70
32/15/10/7/6
(2000) 0.1176
(2010) 0.1547
IGC, ILZSG,
ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
488 (21%)
- 592
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
4,426 (20%)
- 2,358
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
49 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
24 - n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
32 - 18
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
49
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SWAZILAND
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
17,360
70
1,186
479
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
29
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
54
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,927
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
8/45/47
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
625 (41%)
18
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
82
Agricultural raw materials
11
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
6
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
69
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
47
(098) Edible products and preparations, n.e.s.
14
(24+25) Forestry products
8
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
70
EU (27), New Zealand, Australia, United States, Nigeria
46/8/7/5/4
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.2274
(2010) 0.2301
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
338 (55%)
- 109
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
79 - 63
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
12 - 19
50
WESTERN AFRICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BENIN
BURKINA FASO
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
112,620
29
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
274,220
44
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
8,850
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
16,469
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,614
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,505
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
42
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
92
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
41
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
6,594
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
8,341
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
35/14/51
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
35/24/42
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
1,185 (91%)
18
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,023 (94%)
12
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
24
All food items
20
Agricultural raw materials
45
Agricultural raw materials
45
Fuels
19
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
12
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
63
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
35
88
(263) Cotton
38
(263) Cotton
44
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
17
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
35
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
8
2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU
9
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
73
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
70
China, India, EU (27), Mali, Nigeria
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
25/16/15/12/5
(2000) 0.5723
(2010) 0.3691
INBAR
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
24/17/13/12/4
(2000) 0.5451
(2010) 0.5013
ICAC
FOOD SECURITY
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Switzerland, EU (27), China, Singapore, Thailand
1,204 (57%)
394
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
758 (39%)
113
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 47
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
71 - 57
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
20 - 12
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
14 - 8
52
WESTERN AFRICA
CAPE VERDE
CÔTE D’IVOIRE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
4,030
22
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
322,460
63
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
496
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
19,738
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
190
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,422
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
30
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
17
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
38
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
41
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
36
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,643
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
22,769
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
8/17/74
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
29 (70%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
98
All food items
–
Fuels
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
(03) Fishery products
(112) Alcoholic beverages
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, Brazil
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
99
96
2
1
97
94/1/1
(2000) 0.4747
(2010) 0.4426
–
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
37
Agricultural raw materials
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
53
9
36
2
71
(072) Cocoa
39
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
17
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, Nigeria, Ghana, Canada
15
72
46/11/7/5/3
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.3171
(2010) 0.3538
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICCO, ICO, IGC,
IRSG, ICAC,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
8,507 (85%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
26/28/45
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
298 (43%)
162
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
3,620 (52%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 2,451
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 21
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
18 - 24
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
12 - 11
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
15 - 14
53
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
GAMBIA
GHANA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
11,300
59
1,728
796
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
238,540
65
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
24,392
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
11,143
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
76
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
55
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
54
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
44
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
977
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
17,814
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
28/17/56
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
36/28/37
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
12 (82%)
1
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
6,209 (90%)
38
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
3
–
19
63
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports),
2009-2010
61
8
3
28
73
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
42
(072) Cocoa
49
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFWLR
13
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
14
8
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
10
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
India, EU (27), China, Senegal, Guinea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
86
41/26/10/5/4
(2000) 0.3586
(2010) 0.3308
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), South Africa, Ukraine, United States, India
73
43/12/9/5/4
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.3117
(2010) 0.4243
Membership in international commodity bodies
INBAR, ICCO,
ICO, ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
131 (46%)
82
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
3,275 (35%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 3,152
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
67 - 34
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
51 - 30
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
14 - 19
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
28 - 5
54
WESTERN AFRICA
GUINEA
GUINEA-BISSAU
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
245,860
58
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
9,982
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,803
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
36,130
45
1,515
564
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
80
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
79
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
45
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
4,737
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
835
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
25/41/34
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
45/14/42
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,131 (85%)
24
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
119 (99%)
14
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
9
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
4
Agricultural raw materials
92
1
Fuels
18
Fuels
6
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
70
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
1
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
98
(285) Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina)
51
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
91
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
17
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
6
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
10
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
1
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), India, Russian Federation, United States, Ukraine
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
84
40/19/12/8/5
(2000) 0.5678
(2010) 0.5060
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
India, United States, Singapore, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
98
89/6/2/1
(2000) 0.5855
(2010) 0.8864
–
FOOD SECURITY
497 (40%)
181
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
126 (60%)
- 30
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
93 - 43
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
41 - 49
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
20 - 16
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
22 - 22
55
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
LIBERIA
MALI
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
111,370
23
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,240,190
33
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
3,994
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
15,370
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,472
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,069
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
62
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
75
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
44
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
37
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
949
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
9,121
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
64/13/24
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
107 (62%)
12
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,628 (88%)
18
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
3
56
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
19
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
22
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
39/20/40
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9
30
1
60
77
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
(231) Natural rubber & similar gums, in primary forms
54
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
59
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
13
(263) Cotton
30
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
10
(001) Live animals other than animals of division 03
4
85
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
79
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), United Arab Emirates, South Africa,
Canada
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
35/19/12/10/9
(2000) 0.5651
(2010) 0.4714
ICO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
South Africa, China, EU (27), Thailand, Senegal
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
55/9/6/5/4
(2000) 0.6243
(2010) 0.5835
ICAC
FOOD SECURITY
34 (7%)
7
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
928 (36%)
226
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 84
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
86 - 51
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
30 - 32
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
27 - 12
56
WESTERN AFRICA
MAURITANIA
NIGER
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,030,700
38
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,267,000
35
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
3,460
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
15,512
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,480
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,111
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
31
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
50
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
83
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
54
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
36
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,572
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
5,550
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
18/38/44
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
44/16/40
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,606 (100%)
50
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
692 (68%)
13
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
28
–
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
42
6
Fuels
13
Fuels
18
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
59
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
33
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
84
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
65
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
45
(286) Ores and concentrates of uranium or thorium
28
(03) Fishery products
26
(001) Live animals other than animals of division 03
26
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
13
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
11
90
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
88
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, EU (27), Japan, Côte d’Ivoire, Cameroon
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
41/34/6/6/3
(2000) 0.4858
(2010) 0.4888
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Nigeria, United States, EU (27), Japan, Ghana
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
33/23/22/6/4
(2000) 0.4967
(2010) 0.2922
–
FOOD SECURITY
659 (44%)
35
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
831 (36%)
63
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
73 - 43
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
12 - 8
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
37 - 16
57
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
NIGERIA
SAINT HELENA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
923,770
81
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
390
31
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
158,423
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
49,319
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
36
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
100
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
100
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
222,070
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
37/34/29
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
57,956 (97%)
29
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
95
1
94
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
83
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
6
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), India, Brazil, South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
–
21
1
97
(03) Fishery products
75
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
21
5
(073) Chocolate, food preparations with cocoa, n.e.s.
1
81
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
98
36/24/10/8/3
(2000) 0.9276
(2010) 0.7607
INBAR, ICCO,
IRSG, ICAC,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
18 (68%)
United States, Japan, EU (27), Indonesia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
44/29/24/1
(2000) 0.3041
(2010) 0.4021
–
FOOD SECURITY
8,993 (23%)
30 (53%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
-6
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
49 - 64
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
16 - 6
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
58
4,353
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
WESTERN AFRICA
SENEGAL
SIERRA LEONE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
196,720
48
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
71,740
48
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
12,434
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
5,868
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,440
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,209
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
51
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
70
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
60
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
47
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
62
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
12,834
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
2,273
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
19/21/60
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
1,379 (66%)
11
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
188 (69%)
8
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
47
2
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
38
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
13
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
58/5/37
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
65
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
24
3
1
72
66
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
37
(971) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
35
(03) Fishery products
21
(285) Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina)
18
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
13
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Switzerland, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
7
55
26/19/4/3/3
(2000) 0.2255
(2010) 0.2425
INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, China, India, Côte d’Ivoire
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
92
74/10/4/2/2
(2000) 0.5318
(2010) 0.2696
INBAR, ICCO,
ICO
FOOD SECURITY
2,465 (52%)
386
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
461 (71%)
127
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
66 - 34
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
63 - 53
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
22 - 19
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
45 - 35
59
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
TOGO
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
56,790
60
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,028
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,412
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
53
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
41
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,205
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
47/19/34
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
545 (61%)
17
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
40
Agricultural raw materials
14
Fuels
20
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
25
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
55
(072) Cocoa
19
(272) Crude fertilizers (excluding those of division 56)
18
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
18
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
62
EU (27), India, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
25/14/10/7/6
(2000) 0.2848
(2010) 0.2047
INBAR, ICCO,
ICO, ICAC,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
681 (45%)
- 11
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 39
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
43 - 30
60
CARIBBEAN
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ANGUILLA
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
90
-
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
440
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
30
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
15
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
89
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
39
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
14
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
21
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
-
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
224
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,118
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
2/23/75
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
3/26/71
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
4.3 (25%)
0.3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3.6 (10%)
0.3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
85
1
–
14
69
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
63
9
20
8
35
(112) Alcoholic beverages
53
(091) Margarine and shortening
19
(059) Fruit and vegetable juices, unfermented, no spirit
10
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
11
(684) Aluminium
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage
of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Mexico, Guyana, United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
6
99
31/26/26/16
(2000) 0.2354
(2010) 0.4499
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Nigeria, EU (27), Republic of Korea, Guyana, Netherlands
Antilles
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
5
92
68/13/7/2/2
(2000) 0.5823
(2010) 0.1140
–
FOOD SECURITY
28 (17%)
18
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
101 (22%)
37
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
12 - 21
62
CARIBBEAN
ARUBA
BAHAMAS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
180
11
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
13,880
1
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
107
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
343
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
46
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
185
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
3
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
22
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
2,611
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
7,232
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
0/20/79
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
(112) Alcoholic beverages
(122) Tobacco, manufactured
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), Brazil, Colombia, Panama
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
797 (95%)
30
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
389 (57%)
5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
12
–
85
3
91
81
7
3
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
18
1
75
6
90
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
73
(112) Alcoholic beverages
10
(03) Fishery products
7
82
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
91
55/11/7/5/4
United States, Singapore, EU (27), Dominican Republic,
Guatemala
39/30/12/8/2
(2000) 0.8101
(2010) 0.3945
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
2/18/80
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
48
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.2732
(2010) 0.4189
–
FOOD SECURITY
702 (44%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
1,180 (43%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
179
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
447
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
7-6
63
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BARBADOS
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
430
150
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
47
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
273
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
23
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
165
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
44
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
47
2
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,658
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
1,328
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/17/80
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
132 (33%)
4
65
1
31
3
48
21
(112) Alcoholic beverages
19
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
69
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
n.a.
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
n.a.
All food items
n.a.
Agricultural raw materials
n.a.
Fuels
n.a.
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
n.a.
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
no information available
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
18/16/15/12/8
no information available
n.a.
(2000) 0.1714
(2010) 0.1352
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.3810
(2010) n.a.
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
Nigeria, Brazil, EU (27), Trinidad and Tobago, United States
1/11/88
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Membership in international commodity bodies
–
FOOD SECURITY
769 (54%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
n.a.
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
272
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
64
CARIBBEAN
CAYMAN ISLANDS
CUBA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
260
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
109,890
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
10
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
56
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
11,258
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
24
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,268
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
42
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
21
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
11
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
20
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
18
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
3,078
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
60,917
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/9/91
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
5/20/75
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
0.8 (5%)
0.02
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
2,296 (77%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
19
1
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
50
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
31
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
61
72
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
48
1
6
44
77
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
31
(284) Nickel ores & concentrates; nickel mattes, etc.
43
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
24
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
23
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
17
(122) Tobacco, manufactured
11
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Guyana, EU (27), Malaysia, United States, Colombia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
92
32/24/17/17/2
(2000) 0.8397
(2010) 0.7424
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, EU (27), Canada, Russian Federation, Belize
86
38/26/16/3/3
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.3541
(2010) 0.4087
Membership in international commodity bodies
INBAR, ICO,
IGC, INSG, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
146 (17%)
40
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
4,542 (44%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
735
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
6-5
65
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
DOMINICA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
750
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
48,670
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
33
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
68
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
9,927
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
29
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,359
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
45
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
21
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
10
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
17
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
31
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
392
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
51,570
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/31/63
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
18/21/61
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
14 (42%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
51
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,961 (33%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
77
–
–
23
88
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
2
3
17
42
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
51
(122) Tobacco, manufactured
18
(273) Stone, sand and gravel
23
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
16
(054) Vegetables
14
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, British
Virgin Islands, Montserrat
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
92
52/24/11/3/2
(2000) 0.3946
(2010) 0.3681
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(072) Cocoa
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), Haiti, China, Canada
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
90
48/26/11/4/1
(2000) 0.2241
(2010) 0.1398
ICCO, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
93 (42%)
43
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
5,188 (39%)
482
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
5-4
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
28 - 24
66
CARIBBEAN
GRENADA
HAITI
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
340
37
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
27,750
66
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
104
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
9,993
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
46
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,870
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
59
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
22
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
664
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
6,218
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/16/78
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
27/24/50
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
14 (51%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
59 (12%)
1
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
1
All food items
71
Agricultural raw materials
11
Fuels
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
69
0HDODQGƃRXURIZKHDWDQGƃRXURIPHVOLQ
32
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
18
(03) Fishery products
21
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
16
(075) Spices
16
(072) Cocoa
15
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), Saint Lucia, Dominica, Saint Kitts
and Nevis
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
79
23/16/14/14/12
(2000) 0.3095
(2010) 0.2120
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
18
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), China, Canada, Thailand
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
49
90
43/23/9/9/6
(2000) 0.4580
(2010) 0.4910
–
FOOD SECURITY
123 (41%)
58
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,411 (53%)
1,420
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 55
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
13 - 21
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
63 - 57
67
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
JAMAICA
MONTSERRAT
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
10,990
41
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
100
30
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
2,741
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,224
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
17
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
33
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
28
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
13,776
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
53
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/21/73
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,093 (83%)
8
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
29
–
All food items
9
–
19
Fuels
53
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
77
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(285) Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina)
51
(273) Stone, sand and gravel
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
19
(112) Alcoholic beverages
(112) Alcoholic beverages
United States, EU (27), Canada, Norway, Iceland
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
–
91
97
81
8
7
(277) Natural abrasives, n.e.s. (incl. industri. diamonds)
8
86
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
96
47/18/13/5/3
(2000) 0.5436
(2010) 0.4736
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
3
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
0.9 (50%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Fuels
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
2/18/80
Anguilla, EU (27), British Virgin Islands, Netherlands Antilles,
United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
48/18/13/10/7
(2000) 0.1754
(2010) 0.3671
–
FOOD SECURITY
2,485 (49%)
18 (63%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
0.2 - 0.2
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
11 - 5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
68
610
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
CARIBBEAN
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
800
10
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
260
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
21
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
201
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
52
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
98
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
23
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
–
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
22
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
20
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
4,242
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
550
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
1/16/83
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
659 (83%)
16
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
2.5 (6%)
0.5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
2/20/77
91
5
91
89
3
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
7
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
65
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
83
(112) Alcoholic beverages
40
(335) Residual petroleum products, n.e.s., related mater.
4
(111) Non-alcoholic beverages, n.e.s.
15
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
4
(022) Milk, cream and milk products (excluding butter,
cheese)
10
62
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
68
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, Guatemala, Singapore, EU (27), Dominican
Republic
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
22/13/13/7/7
(2000) 0.6897
(2010) 0.6901
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
United States, Dominica, Saint Lucia, EU (27), Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
23/16/16/8/8
(2000) 0.5236
(2010) 0.4531
–
FOOD SECURITY
1,602 (62%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
76 (29%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
161
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
41
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
8-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
11 - 16
69
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SAINT LUCIA
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
620
18
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
390
26
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
174
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
109
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
84
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
54
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
42
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
24
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
27
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
973
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
561
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/16/80
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
7/23/70
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
103 (63%)
11
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
10 (23%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
50
–
46
4
87
All food items
94
Agricultural raw materials
2
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
3
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
64
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
43
0HDODQGƃRXURIZKHDWDQGƃRXURIPHVOLQ
27
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
30
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
23
(054) Vegetables
14
(112) Alcoholic beverages
14
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
84
EU (27), Republic of Korea, Trinidad and Tobago, United
States, Barbados
44/14/13/8/5
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.5034
(2010) 0.3037
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, EU (27), Antigua
and Barbuda
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
80
25/24/12/10/9
(2000) 0.3840
(2010) 0.2551
–
FOOD SECURITY
462 (83%)
- 18
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
162 (46%)
71
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
21 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
9-8
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
16 - 5
70
CARIBBEAN
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
5,130
11
1,341
714
45
7
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
950
1
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
38
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
17
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
18
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
17
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
33
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
22,181
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
1,161
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/51/49
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
6,983 (73%)
32
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
4
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
92
4
89
1
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
45
(03) Fishery products
(288) Non-ferrous base metal waste and scrap, n.e.s.
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
76
68
5
16
&HUHDOSUHSDUDWLRQVƃRXURIIUXLWVRUYHJHWDEOHV
3
80
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
54/14/7/3/2
(2000) 0.3979
(2010) 0.3676
ICCO, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
3
7
28
United States, EU (27), Jamaica, Barbados, Suriname
90
Fuels
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
5.8 (35%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
1/22/77
United States, Ethiopia, EU (27), Guyana, Mexico
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
91/3/2/2/1
(2000) 0.2691
(2010) 0.1933
–
FOOD SECURITY
2,957 (44%)
587
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
116 (33%)
49
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
4.2 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
11 - 11
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
71
CENTRAL AMERICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BELIZE
COSTA RICA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
22,970
7
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
51,100
35
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
312
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4,659
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
129
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,117
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
35
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
24
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
15
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
3
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
13
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,381
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
35,810
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
7/26/68
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
12/20/68
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
190 (76%)
14
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
65
1
34
–
77
All food items
7
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
3
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
34
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
22
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
(059) Fruit and vegetable juices, unfermented, no spirit
21
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
90
Membership in international commodity bodies
39/28/16/4/3
(2000) 0.3678
(2010) 0.4167
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
89
Agricultural raw materials
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
Export concentration ratio
8
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
United States, EU (27), Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and
Tobago
2,473 (29%)
(098) Edible products and preparations, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, Mexico, Nicaragua, Guatemala
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
64
52
6
6
81
43/29/3/3/3
(2000) 0.2702
(2010) 0.3499
ICO, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
282 (44%)
- 15
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
2,771 (24%)
- 1,199
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
14 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
9-1
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
7-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
74
CENTRAL AMERICA
EL SALVADOR
GUATEMALA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
21,040
73
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
108,890
40
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,193
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
14,389
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,591
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,371
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
23
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
38
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
9
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
10
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
21,701
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
41,079
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
12/27/60
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
12/28/60
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,188 (29%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
4,621 (59%)
12
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
79
2
8
11
43
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
77
7
Fuels
7
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
9
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
47
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
20
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
16
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
13
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
16
&HUHDOSUHSDUDWLRQVƃRXURIIUXLWVRUYHJHWDEOHV
10
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
15
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
74
United States, Guatemala, EU (27), Honduras, Nicaragua
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
26/18/17/9/4
(2000) 0.2116
(2010) 0.2204
ICO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), El Salvador, Mexico, Honduras
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
68
41/8/8/7/4
(2000) 0.1842
(2010) 0.1441
ICO, ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
2,851 (37%)
512
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
4,404 (35%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 1,976
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
13 - 5
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
16 - 17
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
13 - 9
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
15 - 22
75
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
HONDURAS
MEXICO
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
112,490
28
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,964,380
52
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
7,601
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
113,423
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,776
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
48,747
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
32
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
36
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
24
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
16
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
21
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
12
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
15,649
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,025,713
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
12/26/63
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
3/36/60
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
2,466 (47%)
16
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
65,674 (25%)
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
77
4
5
14
51
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
26
1
Fuels
54
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
19
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
62
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
27
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
14
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
8
(03) Fishery products
10
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
7
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
83
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
91
United States, EU (27), El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico
39/29/6/5/4
United States, EU (27), China, Canada, Japan
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.2927
(2010) 0.2245
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICO, ISO, ITTO
Membership in international commodity bodies
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
47
78/7/3/2/1
(2000) 0.1370
(2010) 0.1483
ICSG, ICO,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
2,642 (34%)
48,819 (19%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,784
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
38 - 23
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
15 - 3
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
19 - 12
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
76
- 730
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
CENTRAL AMERICA
NICARAGUA
PANAMA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
130,370
39
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
75,420
30
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
5,788
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
3,517
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,381
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,599
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
32
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
15
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
16
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
8
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
4
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
6,748
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
27,480
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/16/78
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
18/29/54
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,037 (64%)
16
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,009 (9%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
89
1
1
10
48
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
86
1
1
13
64
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
21
(03) Fishery products
27
(011) Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen
17
(112) Alcoholic beverages
21
(03) Fishery products
10
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts, fresh or dried)
16
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
75
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
67
United States, El Salvador, EU (27), Canada, Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
40/12/11/6/6
United States, EU (27), Colombia, Venezuela (Bolivarian
Republic of), Canada
30/18/11/44
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.2511
(2010) 0.1957
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICCO, ICO, ISO
Membership in international commodity bodies
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(2000) 0.2547
(2010) 0.1863
INBAR, ICO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
1,529 (40%)
- 305
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,570 (10%)
547
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
33 - 16
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
17 - 10
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
50 - 19
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
18 - 15
77
SOUTH AMERICA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
ARGENTINA
BOLIVIA (PLURINATIONAL STATE OF)
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,780,400
51
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,098,580
34
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
40,412
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
9,930
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
18,966
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,800
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
42
7
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
41
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
11
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
42
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
370,470
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
19,208
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
8/32/61
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
40,966 (67%)
12
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
13/35/52
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
5,289 (93%)
29
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
76
2
15
8
41
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
19
2
Fuels
49
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
30
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
71
(081) Feeding stuff for animals (no unmilled cereals)
21
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
42
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFWLR
12
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
18
(289) Ores & concentrates of precious metals; waste, scrap
11
2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU
8
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
59
EU (27), China, Brazil, Chile, United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
22/12/12/7/6
(2000) 0.1370
(2010) 0.1458
INBAR, IGC,
ICAC, IOOC,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Brazil, EU (27), Argentina, Republic of Korea, United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
67
35/9/8/8/7
(2000) 0.1908
(2010) 0.4136
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
6,777 (14%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
1,220 (25%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 32,334
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 420
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
0.1 - 0.9
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
4 - 14
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
29 - 27
80
SOUTH AMERICA
BRAZIL
CHILE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
8,514,880
31
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
756,100
21
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
194,946
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
17,114
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
100,776
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,293
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
37
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
11
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
13
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
14
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
2,061,352
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
206,258
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/42/55
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/25/69
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
109,276
(63%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
30
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
52
6
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
15
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
27
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
54,756 (89%)
41
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
21
7
1
71
68
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
19
(682) Copper
41
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
12
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
21
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10
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
59
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
75
24/21/7/4/3
China, EU (27), Japan, United States, Republic of Korea
28/19/11/11/6
EU (27), China, United States, Japan, Russian Federation
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.0881
(2010) 0.1526
ICCO, ICO,
ILZSG, INSG,
ICAC, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(03) Fishery products
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
6
(2000) 0.2886
(2010) 0.3976
INBAR, ICSG
FOOD SECURITY
38,789 (25%)
- 52,405
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
16,454 (34%)
- 6,802
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
14 - 4
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
4-1
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
11 - 6
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
7-5
81
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
COLOMBIA
ECUADOR
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,141,750
37
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
256,370
29
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
46,295
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
14,465
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
23,923
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
6,637
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
15
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
19
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
280,992
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
65,142
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/36/55
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
7/38/55
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
27,542 (76%)
11
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
14,185 (91%)
23
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
17
4
70
9
68
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
36
5
58
1
78
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
39
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
52
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
20
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
14
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
9
(03) Fishery products
12
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
77
United States, EU (27), China, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic
of), Switzerland
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
51/16/4/3/3
(2000) 0.2946
(2010) 0.3413
INBAR, ICO,
ICAC, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), Panama, Peru, Chile
79
40/15/13/6/5
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.4501
(2010) 0.4920
Membership in international commodity bodies
INBAR, ICCO,
ICO, ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
6,499 (18%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
5,495 (31%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 513
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
8 - 16
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
16 - 5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
15 - 9
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
23 - 15
82
- 3,510
SOUTH AMERICA
FALKLAND ISLANDS
GUYANA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
12,170
91
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
754
2
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
342
50
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
36
15
–
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
Agricultural raw materials
136 (97%)
n.a.
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
94
6
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
1
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
(03) Fishery products
2,234
20/33/47
813 (94%)
38
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Fuels
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
8
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
8
3
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
214,970
45
5
–
50
99
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
64
90
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
32
(268) Wool and other animal hair (incl. wool tops)
6
(042) Rice
17
(012) Other meat and edible meat offal
3
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
15
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Croatia, United States, South Africa, Ukraine
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
90
50/15/14/6/5
(2000) 0.7059
(2010) 0.4823
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Canada, United States, Jamaica, Ukraine
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
81
27/27/17/5/5
(2000) 0.3566
(2010) 0.3578
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
26 (34%)
- 106
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
486 (38%)
- 156
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
6 - n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
20 - 8
83
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
PARAGUAY
PERU
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
406,750
51
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,285,220
17
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,455
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
29,077
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,356
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
15,277
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
45
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
24
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
8
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
31
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
18,460
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
155,397
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
7/37/56
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
24/22/54
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
3,439 (89%)
21
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
27,361 (89%)
19
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
95
All food items
4
Fuels
–
Fuels
10
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
70
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU
Agricultural raw materials
18
Agricultural raw materials
1
69
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
54
37
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
26
(011) Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen
21
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
18
(081) Feeding stuff for animals (no unmilled cereals)
11
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
10
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
69
Uruguay, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
22/14/13/11/9
(2000) 0.3298
(2010) 0.3904
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), China, United States, Switzerland, Canada
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
75
18/17/16/14/10
(2000) 0.2262
(2010) 0.2783
INBAR, ICSG,
ILZSG, ICAC,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
1,868 (22%)
- 3,128
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
7,126 (28%)
- 2,459
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
6-6
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
1-6
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
16 - 10
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
27 - 16
84
SOUTH AMERICA
SURINAME
URUGUAY
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
163,820
–
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
176,220
84
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
525
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
3,369
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
195
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,652
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
37
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
17
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
11
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
24
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
14
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,358
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
40,496
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/26/65
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/44/50
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,345 (96%)
43
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
4,461 (74%)
12
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
79
Agricultural raw materials
2
Agricultural raw materials
17
Fuels
4
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
14
81
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
86
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
48
(285) Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina)
30
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Canada, EU (27), United States, United Arab Emirates,
Norway
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
88
38/24/11/9/6
(2000) 0.5297
(2010) 0.5017
INBAR, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
2
2
44
(011) Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen
25
(042) Rice
10
(268) Wool and other animal hair (incl. wool tops)
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Brazil, China, Russian Federation, Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
61
22/17/13/5/4
(2000) 0.1705
(2010) 0.2004
–
FOOD SECURITY
426 (32%)
78
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
2,911 (38%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 2,854
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
16 - n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
0.7 - 0
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
14 - 15
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
85
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
VENEZUELA (BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF)
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
912,050
23
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
28,980
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
13,754
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
5
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
6
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
389,650
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/56/40
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
54,944 (91%)
15
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
1
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
95
4
95
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
70
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
23
(684) Aluminium
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, China, EU (27), Singapore, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
2
81
54/9/8/5/5
(2000) 0.6054
(2010) 0.6315
INBAR, ICCO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
8,413 (22%)
5,396
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
3-4
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
10 - 7
86
EASTERN ASIA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
CHINA (INCLUDING HONG KONG SAR, MACAO
SAR, AND TAIWAN PROVINCE OF CHINA)
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
9,600,000
55
1,372,148
823,260
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
120,540
24
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
24,346
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
13,161
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
45
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
61
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
23
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
6,558,013
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
12,035
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
10/45/45
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
151,360 (8%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
21/47/32
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,190 (49%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
32
7
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
10
5
Fuels
24
Fuels
45
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
37
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
40
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
(03) Fishery products
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, China Hong Kong SAR, Japan, United States, Republic
of Korea
35
18
9
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
33
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
13
8
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
11
46
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
97
12/11/9/8/6
China, Malaysia, China Hong Kong SAR, Brazil, EU (27)
70/23/2/1/1
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.077
(2010) 0.107
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
INBAR, ICSG,
ILZSG, ITTO,
ICAC (Taiwan)
Membership in international commodity bodies
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
57
(2000) 0.1044
(2010) 0.2524
–
FOOD SECURITY
545,652
(30%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
1,442 (48%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
35,812
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
180
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
62 - 16
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
18 - 10
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
21 - 35
88
EASTERN ASIA
MONGOLIA
REPUBLIC OF KOREA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,564,120
74
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
99,900
19
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
2,756
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
48,184
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,229
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
24,440
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
50
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
18
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
43
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
5,582
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,007,561
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
23/32/45
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
41
5
3/37/61
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
2,295 (96%)
47
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
49,642 (12%)
5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
2
All food items
9
Agricultural raw materials
7
Agricultural raw materials
7
Fuels
11
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
80
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
75
Fuels
59
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
25
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
68
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
46
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
15
(682) Copper
8
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
14
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
5
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, Canada, EU (27), Russian Federation
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
98
80/9/6/3
(2000) 0.3602
(2010) 0.4895
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, Japan, Singapore, United States, China Hong Kong
SAR
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
55
62
27/13/8/7/7
(2000) 0.1572
(2010) 0.1488
IGC, ILZSG,
ICAC, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
986 (36%)
362
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
163,034
(44%)
17,184
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
19 - 22
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
28 - 27
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
89
SOUTHERN ASIA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
AFGHANISTAN
BANGLADESH
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
652,230
58
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
144,000
64
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
31,412
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
148,692
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10,119
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
70,769
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
23
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
60
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
45
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
32
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
51
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
12,853
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
99,428
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
37/27/36
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
19/29/53
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
174 (53%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,511 (8%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
61
All food items
62
Agricultural raw materials
25
Agricultural raw materials
24
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
4
11
61
Fuels
9
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
5
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
71
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
42
(03) Fishery products
48
(292) Crude vegetable materials, n.e.s.
10
-XWHRWKHUWH[WLOHEDVWƂEUHQHVQRWVSXQWRZ
15
(263) Cotton
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
India, Pakistan, Nigeria, EU (27), Russian Federation
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
81
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
71
34/31/6/5/5
(2000) 0.3581
(2010) 0.2630
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
EU (27), United States, India, China, Pakistan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
34/14/13/5/5
(2000) 0.3745
(2010) 0.3731
INBAR, IJSG
FOOD SECURITY
1,692 (49%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
8,576 (36%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
545
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
67 - 22
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
38 - 26
92
4,289
SOUTHERN ASIA
BHUTAN
INDIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
38,390
13
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
726
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
335
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,287,260
55
1,224,614
495,467
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
29
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
93
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
54
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
34
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
32
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,461
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
1,623,804
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
17/28/55
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
21/42/38
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
288 (51%)
21
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
88,233 (43%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
25
–
Fuels
56
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
18
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports),2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
76
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
21
5
Fuels
33
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
41
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
63
(351) Electric current
56
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
32
(075) Spices
11
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
23
(682) Copper
9
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
India, Bangladesh
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
99
91/8
(2000) 0.3883
(2010) 0.3251
INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United Arab Emirates, China, EU (27), China Hong Kong SAR,
United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
56
15/13/13/8/7
(2000) 0.1461
(2010) 0.1391
INBAR, ICSG,
ICO, IGC,
ILZSG, IRSG,
ICAC, IJSG,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
245 (36%)
15
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
172,844
(58%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 10,990
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 26
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
49 - 42
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
20 - 19
93
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)
MALDIVES
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,745,150
28
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
300
27
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
73,974
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
316
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
30,278
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
151
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
30
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
42
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
22
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
15
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
39
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
395,910
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
1,278
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/44/47
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
5/17/78
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
79,554 (91%)
21
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
172 (93%)
19
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
3
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
2
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
4
92
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
87
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
3
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
97
98
96
1
2
(288) Non-ferrous base metal waste and scrap, n.e.s.
1
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
75
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
92
EU (27), China, Japan, India, Taiwan Province of China
21/17/16/13/8
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.8016
(2010) 0.7502
IGC, ILZSG,
ICAC, IOOC,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
EU (27), Thailand, Sri Lanka, Japan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
40/37/9/4/2
(2000) 0.2736
(2010) 0.7519
–
FOOD SECURITY
13,610 (24%)
4,724
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
422 (41%)
4
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
4-2
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92
and 2007/09
28 - 2
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
9 - 10
94
SOUTHERN ASIA
NEPAL
PAKISTAN
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
147,180
29
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
796,100
33
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
29,959
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
173,593
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
12,981
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
62,760
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
21
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
93
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
30
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
16,167
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
176,888
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
21/24/55
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
33/16/52
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
264 (31%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
72
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
11
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
4,791 (25%)
–
17
44
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
67
8
20
5
67
(054) Vegetables
25
(042) Rice
42
(292) Crude vegetable materials, n.e.s.
10
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
20
(075) Spices
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
India, Bangladesh, China, United States, Singapore
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
90
65/20/2/2/1
(2000) 0.3235
(2010) 0.1547
INBAR, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(263) Cotton
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, EU (27), China, Saudi
Arabia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
5
53
21/14/7/6/5
(2000) 0.2147
(2010) 0.1994
IGC, ICAC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
1,880 (42%)
459
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
17,185 (50%)
1,363
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
68 - 55
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
65 - 23
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
21 - 17
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
25 - 25
95
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SRI LANKA
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
65,610
40
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
20,860
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
9,480
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
42
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
37
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
50,561
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
14/32/55
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
2,833 (37%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
73
Agricultural raw materials
10
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
17
65
(074) Tea and mate
45
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
14
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), India, Russian Federation, United Arab Emirates, Iran
(Islamic Republic of)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
6
49
24/7/7/6/5
(2000) 0.2398
(2010) 0.2116
INBAR, IRSG
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
4,270 (39%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 350
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
15 - 7
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
28 - 20
96
SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
CAMBODIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
5,770
2
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
181,040
31
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
399
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
14,138
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
191
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,541
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
45
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
48
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
1
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
66
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
51
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
12,797
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
11,362
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
1/73/26
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
33/26/41
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
8'035 (98%)
69
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
511 (10%)
5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
–
All food items
26
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
31
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
100
100
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
42
55
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
56
(231) Natural rubber & similar gums, in primary forms
21
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
43
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
18
(273) Stone, sand and gravel
16
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
1
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
87
Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia, Indonesia, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
48/13/11/9/6
(2000) 0.5906
(2010) 0.6724
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Singapore, Viet Nam. Thailand, China, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
87
34/30/14/6/3
(2000) 0.3405
(2010) 0.3371
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
674 (23%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
2,356 (36%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
647
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
49 - 28
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
38 - 25
98
655
SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA
INDONESIA
LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
1,904,570
28
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
236,800
10
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
239,871
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,201
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
119,541
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,161
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
37
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
50
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
75
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
52
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
708,396
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
6,457
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
15/48/37
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
84,572 (62%)
14
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
27
9
47
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
17
48
(321) Coal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated
19
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, China, Republic of Korea, India, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1,114 (81%)
19
All food items
10
Agricultural raw materials
16
Fuels
17
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
57
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
71
(682) Copper
30
16
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
25
13
(351) Electric current
16
60
20/13/10/9/8
(2000) 0.1254
(2010) 0.1552
INBAR, ICO,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Fuels
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
32/25/43
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Thailand, China, Viet Nam, EU (27), Japan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
99
47/39/9/3/1
(2000) 0.2964
(2010) 0.3140
–
FOOD SECURITY
38,837 (34%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
562 (33%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 14,309
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
54 - 22
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
56 - 34
108
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
16 - 13
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
31 - 22
99
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
MALAYSIA
MYANMAR
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
330,800
24
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
676,590
18
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
28,401
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
47,963
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
12,660
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
28,011
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
36
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
13
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
67
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
21
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
48
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
236,261
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
18,989
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/44/47
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
55,953 (32%)
26
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
48/16/36
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
6,484 (78%)
31
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
37
8
49
7
55
All food items
26
Agricultural raw materials
25
Fuels
43
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
6
74
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
21
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
40
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
19
(24+25) Forestry products
22
(054) Vegetables
12
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, Singapore, China, EU (27), India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
15
52
16/13/11/6/6
(2000) 0.2185
(2010) 0.1646
INBAR, ICCO,
IRSG, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Thailand, India, China, Japan, Malaysia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
84
48/18/9/5/4
(2000) 0.2635
(2010) 0.3233
INBAR, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
36,542 (26%)
- 10,824
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,500 (32%)
- 1,308
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
2-0
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
100
SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA
PHILIPPINES
SINGAPORE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
300,000
40
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
710
1
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
93,261
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
5,086
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
39,780
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
2,775
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
34
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
24
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
188,402
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
215,166
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
15/30/55
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/26/74
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
6,660 (15%)
4
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
63,666 (22%)
32
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
43
4
Fuels
18
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
35
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
42
38
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
10
1
Fuels
76
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
13
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
81
(682) Copper
18
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
11
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
5
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
9
(112) Alcoholic beverages
2
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
62
China, Japan, United States, Singapore, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
15/14/12/11/10
(2000) 0.4278
(2010) 0.3224
INBAR, ICO,
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Malaysia, China Hong Kong SAR, Indonesia, Australia, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
74
60
14/14/13/10/9
(2000) 0.2697
(2010) 0.2453
IRSG
FOOD SECURITY
17,244 (33%)
2,683
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
89,021 (33%)
2,923
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
31 - 23
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
24 - 13
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
101
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
THAILAND
TIMOR-LESTE
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
513,120
39
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
69,122
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
39,762
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
14,870
25
1,124
442
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
46
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
80
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
45
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
45
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
319,293
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
760
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
12/43/45
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
31/14/56
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
49,912 (29%)
17
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
11 (91%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
47
All food items
9
Agricultural raw materials
16
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
17
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
19
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
39
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
90
–
98
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
14
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
77
(03) Fishery products
13
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
13
(231) Natural rubber & similar gums, in primary forms
12
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
45
China, Japan, United States, EU (27), Switzerland
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
11/10/9/9/6
(2000) 0.1085
(2010) 0.0857
ICO, ILZSG,
IRSG, ISO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Republic of Korea, Japan, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
8
96
62/19/15
(2000) n.a.
(2010) 0.6683
ICO
FOOD SECURITY
52,829 (33%)
- 16,404
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
120 (45%)
65
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
6 - 11
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 37
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
26 - 16
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
39 - 31
102
SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA
VIET NAM
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
331,050
31
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
87,848
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
46,910
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
48
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
63
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
49
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
99,312
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
21/40/39
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
27,009 (42%)
28
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
48
9
37
5
56
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
28
(03) Fishery products
18
(042) Rice
10
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, EU (27), United States, Japan, Australia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
57
17/12/10/9/9
(2000) 0.2444
(2010) 0.1406
INBAR, ICO,
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
20,760 (27%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
- 8,572
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
64 - 13
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
31 - 11
103
WESTERN ASIA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
BAHRAIN
IRAQ
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
760
10
1,262
627
18
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
435,240
20
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
31,672
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
7,929
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
18
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
1
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
51
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
22,661
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
32,172
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/41/59
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
5/61/34
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
5
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
9,228 (74%)
44
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
45,192 (99%)
n.r.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
6
All food items
–
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
49
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
45
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
81
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
1
99
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
40
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
98
(684) Aluminium
30
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
0.8
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
11
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
0.4
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, EU (27), India, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Korea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
40
10/9/8/8/5
(2000) 0.4215
(2010) 0.3273
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), India, China, Republic of Korea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
83
26/21/17/10/9
(2000) 0.9665
(2010) 0.9719
IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
2,332 (24%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
12,384 (31%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
900
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
11,164
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 4
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
106
WESTERN ASIA
JORDAN
KUWAIT
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
89,320
11
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
17,820
8
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,187
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
2,737
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,803
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,385
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
17
6
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
24
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
1
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
61
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
27,543
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
131,300
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/30/67
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/52/48
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,785 (27%)
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
53,822 (91%)
45
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
–
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
3
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
55
41
55
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
1
99
(272) Crude fertilizers (excluding those of division 56)
24
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
78
(054) Vegetables
21
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
17
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
10
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
57
Iraq, India, United Arab Emirates, Syrian Arab Republic,
Lebanon
21/15/8/7/6
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.1601
(2010) 0.1765
IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, Republic of Korea, India, United States, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
4
69
19/16/16/9/9
(2000) 0.6440
(2010) 0.7106
–
FOOD SECURITY
5,930 (41%)
1,437
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
4,422 (21%)
3,625
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
3 - 0.4
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
20 - 5
107
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
LEBANON
OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
10,450
66
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
6,020
61
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4,228
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
4,039
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,551
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,380
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
26
2
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
26
8
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
32
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
73
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
38,801
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
5,848
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
6/18/76
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
1,756 (39%)
5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
44
4
1
50
43
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
22
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
68
3
3
26
37
(273) Stone, sand and gravel
12
9
(122) Tobacco, manufactured
9
22/14/13/9/7
(2000) 0.1255
(2010) 0.1023
IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
12
Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, EU (27), United Arab
Emirates, Turkey
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
3
16
65
Membership in international commodity bodies
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
186 (35%)
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFWLR
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Export concentration ratio
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
7/25/68
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Israel, Jordan, EU (27), United States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
96
84/7/3/2
(2000) 0.1799
(2010) 0.2427
–
FOOD SECURITY
6,642 (39%)
1,930 (49%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
984
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
108
1,997
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
WESTERN ASIA
OMAN
QATAR
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
309,500
6
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
11,590
6
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
2,782
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
1,759
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,100
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1,140
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
19
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
11
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
29
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
1
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
7
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
63,748
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
129,486
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
1/63/36
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
-/61/39
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
24,805 (80%)
42
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
54,655 (91%)
48
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
5
All food items
–
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
83
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
12
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
83
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
99
1
89
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
64
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
48
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
10
1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG
34
(684) Aluminium
9
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
80
China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Thailand, United Arab
Emirates
32/17/15/10/6
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.8021
(2010) 0.4336
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, Republic of Korea, EU (27), Singapore, India
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
7
86
38/17/13/10/8
(2000) 0.6043
(2010) 0.4923
–
FOOD SECURITY
4,029 (23%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
2,466 (11%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
584
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
1,536
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
109
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
SAUDI ARABIA
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,149,690
81
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
185,180
75
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
27,448
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
20,411
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10,087
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
6,689
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
16
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
22
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
5
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
6
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
61
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
435,331
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
59,403
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/59/38
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
184,207
(86%)
46
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
1
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
7,720 (67%)
14
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
21/34/45
98
1
97
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
39
2
53
6
61
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
86
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
41
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
11
/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH
3
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
65
Taiwan Province of China, Japan, United States, China,
Republic of Korea
16/15/13/11/10
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.7224
(2010) 0.7377
IGC
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
(111) Non-alcoholic beverages, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
80
42/21/9/4/4
(2000) 0.6208
(2010) 0.2640
ICAC, IOOC
FOOD SECURITY
18,568 (24%)
13,350
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
6,849 (40%)
- 585
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 2
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
110
WESTERN ASIA
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
TURKEY
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
83,600
7
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
783,560
50
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
7,512
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
72,752
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4,741
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
24,847
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
14
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
26
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
3
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
32
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
53
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
277,970
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
747,420
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
1/55/44
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
9/25/66
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
137,789
(75%)
52
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
5
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
–
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
66
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
29
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
23,206 (22%)
71
48
2
Fuels
18
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
32
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
44
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
49
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
16
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
11
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
14
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
11
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
14
67
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
62
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, India, Republic of Korea, Thailand, EU (27)
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
27/20/8/8/4
(2000) 0.5463
(2010) 0.3198
ISO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
EU (27), Switzerland, Iraq, China, Russian Federation
32/11/8/6/5
Export concentration ratio
(2000) 0.0981
(2010) 0.0744
Membership in international commodity bodies
ICO, IGC, ICAC,
IOOC, ISO
FOOD SECURITY
51,500 (31%)
7,807
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
48,810 (32%)
- 4,465
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
2-3
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
5-5
111
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
YEMEN
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
527,970
44
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
24,053
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5,958
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
25
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
39
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
40
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
33,459
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
10/42/48
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
7,158 (97%)
24
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
6
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
1
95
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
84
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
8
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China, Thailand, India, United Arab Emirates, South Africa
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
3
77
27/20/18/6/6
(2000) 0.8942
(2010) 0.7951
ICO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
4,764 (51%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
2,347
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
5 - 18
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
30 - 30
112
OCEANIA
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
AMERICAN SAMOA
COOK ISLANDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
200
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
240
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
25
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
13
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
68
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
20
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
28
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
8
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
29
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
38
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
193
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
223 (47%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
59
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
12
Agricultural raw materials
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
2.8 (74%)
1
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Fuels
9/10/82
1
28
82
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
88
1
–
11
97
(081) Feeding stuff for animals (no unmilled cereals)
35
(03) Fishery products
75
(263) Cotton
10
(059) Fruit and vegetable juices, unfermented, no spirit
11
(03) Fishery products
10
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
10
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Australia, Bahrain, New Zealand, Indonesia, Thailand
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
87
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
94
40/18/12/11/6
Japan, United States, EU (27), Indonesia, New Zealand
69/7/6/6/6
(2000) 0.2014
(2010) 0.2775
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
(2000) 0.9044
(2010) 0.4751
–
FOOD SECURITY
335 (59%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
96 (40%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
102
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
114
86
OCEANIA
FIJI
FRENCH POLYNESIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
18,270
23
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
4,000
11
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
861
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
271
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
351
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
121
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
36
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
27
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
21
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
36
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
3,086
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
4,535
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
13/20/67
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3/13/85
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
464 (77%)
15
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
127 (76%)
3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
All food items
18
Agricultural raw materials
7
Agricultural raw materials
2
Fuels
9
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(061) Sugar, molasses and honey
6
59
25
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(667) Pearls, precious & semi-precious stones
80
90
79
(03) Fishery products
22
(058) Fruit, preserved, and fruit preparations (no juice)
6
(111) Non-alcoholic beverages, n.e.s.
12
(03) Fishery products
5
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
United States, EU (27), Australia, Japan, Tonga
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
68
24/22/9/8/5
(2000) 0.2448
(2010) 0.2254
ISO, ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, United States, China Hong Kong SAR, EU (27), China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
95
46/19/17/12/1
(2000) 0.7630
(2010) 0.6423
–
FOOD SECURITY
658 (49%)
- 104
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
648 (38%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
381
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
8-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
10 - 5
115
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
GUAM
KIRIBATI
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
540
35
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
810
42
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
180
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
100
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
88
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
48
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
23
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
23
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
27
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
155
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
8 (28%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
75
1
2
21
91
All food items
Fuels
1
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
1
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
17
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
98
94
3
9
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
1
97
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
59/19/10/7/2
(2000) 0.5125
(2010) 0.8252
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
98
–
65
Japan, Taiwan Province of China, EU (27), Republic of Korea,
Thailand
10
Agricultural raw materials
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
14 (85%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
27/10/63
Thailand, Ecuador, Japan, China Hong Kong SAR, United
States
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
33/32/22/3/3
(2000) 0.5851
(2010) 0.7261
–
FOOD SECURITY
415 (63%)
51
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
32 (49%)
5
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
8-5
116
OCEANIA
MARSHALL ISLANDS
MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES OF)
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
180
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
700
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
72
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
54
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
111
31
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
n.a.
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
54
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
n.a.
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
41
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
n.a.
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
22
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
29
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
25
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
171
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
270
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
10/19/70
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
5 (25%)
2
68
–
31
1
99
65
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
31
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
3
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
78
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
29/15/13/12/9
(2000) 0.5218
(2010) 0.7048
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
26 (97%)
10
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
Thailand, Singapore, United States, Japan, EU (27)
19/4/77
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
All food items
100
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Thailand, Japan, United States, China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
–
99
99
99
61/17/13/8
(2000) 0.7155
(2010) 0.9324
–
FOOD SECURITY
2 (2%)
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
54 (38%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
-5
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a. - 31
31
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
117
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
NAURU
NEW CALEDONIA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
20
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
18,580
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
20
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
10
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
251
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
5
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
107
14
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
38
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
30
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
41
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
54
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
9,283
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
4/52/44
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
2/29/69
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
20 (73%)
n.r.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
444 (39%)
5
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
2
All food items
5
Agricultural raw materials
1
Agricultural raw materials
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(272) Crude fertilizers (excluding those of division 56)
(335) Residual petroleum products, n.e.s., related mater.
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
New Zealand, India, Australia, EU (27), Republic of Korea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
88
98
88
9
1
96
34/30/13/11/8
(2000) 0.7587
(2010) 0.5244
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(284) Nickel ores & concentrates; nickel mattes, etc.
(281) Iron ore and concentrates
(03) Fishery products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Republic of Korea, Australia, Japan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
2
93
95
83
8
4
97
42/23/17/15
(2000) 0.6412
(2010) 0.6215
–
FOOD SECURITY
65 (69%)
35
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
839 (32%)
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
339
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
8-8
118
OCEANIA
NIUE
NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
260
19
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
460
7
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
1
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
61
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
1
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
30
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
–
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
43
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
–
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
23
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
29
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
0.0005 (2%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
3 (46%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
41
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
14
Agricultural raw materials
2
Fuels
17
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
28
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(684) Aluminium
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
97
27
(287) Ores and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s.
74
20
17
(03) Fishery products
(269) Worn clothing and other worn textile articles
11
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
EU (27), Nigeria, New Zealand, India, Peru
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
98
46/40/9/2/1
(2000) 0.3577
(2010) 0.5037
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
76
55
(334) Petroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
22
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
EU (27), Japan, Taiwan Province of China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
3
97
75/19/3
(2000) 0.3678
(2010) 0.5512
–
FOOD SECURITY
3 (61%)
3
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
40 (50%)
11
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
119
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
PALAU
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
460
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
462,840
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
11
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
20
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
6,858
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
10
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
3,040
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
40
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
49
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
20
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
69
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
50
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
56
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2009
204
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
9,319
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
3/21/77
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2008-2009
34/42/23
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
11 (94%)
6
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
2
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
5,254 (98%)
61
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
98
All food items
–
Fuels
–
Fuels
19
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
2
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
54
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(03) Fishery products
Agricultural raw materials
19
Agricultural raw materials
8
99
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
67
97
(971) Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and
concentrates)
29
(282) Ferrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel
1
(283) Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cemen
22
(112) Alcoholic beverages
1
(333) Petroleum oils, oils from bitumin. materials, crude
16
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, Taiwan Province of China
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
99
98/1
(2000) 0.5646
(2010) 0.9096
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Australia, EU (27), Japan, China, Philippines
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
86
44/14/14/10/4
(2000) 0.3497
(2010) 0.3674
ICCO, ICO,
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
56 (55%)
30
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
1,507 (46%)
- 242
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
36 - n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
120
OCEANIA
SAMOA
SOLOMON ISLANDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
2,840
24
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
28,900
3
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
183
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
538
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
66
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
223
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
39
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
27
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
68
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
33
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
46
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
561
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
768
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
12/26/62
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
36/8/57
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
12 (23%)
2
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
186 (99%)
25
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
23
Agricultural raw materials
2
Agricultural raw materials
76
Fuels
–
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
97
1
77
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
–
1
92
(03) Fishery products
55
(24+25) Forestry products
75
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
15
(03) Fishery products
11
(112) Alcoholic beverages
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
New Zealand, American Samoa, United States, Singapore,
Australia
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
7
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
6
96
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
85
49/24/11/7/5
(2000) 0.6280
(2010) 0.7439
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
China, EU (27), Republic of Korea, Thailand, Japan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
63/10/5/4/3
(2000) 0.5817
(2010) 0.7295
–
FOOD SECURITY
120 (47%)
61
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
152 (48%)
39
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
9-5
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
21 - 11
121
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
TOKELAU
TONGA
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
10
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
60
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
1
750
41
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
104
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
n.a.
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
41
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
n.a.
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
44
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
n.a.
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
27
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
n.a.
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
45
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
374
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
0.02 (26%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
81
8
–
11
66
All food items
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
3
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
41
(054) Vegetables
(292) Crude vegetable materials, n.e.s.
(057) Fruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried
7
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
96
43/33/9/7/4
(2000) 0.1127
(2010) 0.1290
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
88
9
18
Membership in international commodity bodies
2
Agricultural raw materials
(059) Fruit and vegetable juices, unfermented, no spirit
Export concentration ratio
6 (80%)
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
(042) Rice
Nigeria, EU (27), United States, South Africa, Thailand
19/18/63
(075) Spices
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
China Hong Kong SAR, United States, New Zealand, Japan,
Republic of Korea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
93
80
9
4
85
35/20/13/12/5
(2000) 0.5790
(2010) 0.6368
INBAR
FOOD SECURITY
0.035 (51%)
- 0.011
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
72 (49%)
54
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
122
OCEANIA
TUVALU
VANUATU
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
30
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
12,190
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
60
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
10
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
240
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
4
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
126
15
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
50
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
47
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
25
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
30
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
–
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
47
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
32
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
717
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
17/13/70
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
21/9/70
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
0.1 (33%)
0.3
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
45 (85%)
7
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
67
All food items
Agricultural raw materials
13
Agricultural raw materials
1
Fuels
1
Fuels
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
5
15
80
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
97
–
91
(03) Fishery products
59
(03) Fishery products
(684) Aluminium
13
2LOVHHGVROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVLQFOƃRXUQHV
3
8
)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGIUDFW
2
93
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
93
(24+25) Forestry products
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
Japan, EU (27), Australia, United States, Fiji
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
59/14/7/7/6
(2000) 0.1631
(2010) 0.3943
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
Thailand, Japan, EU (27), New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
86
67/20/3/2/1
(2000) 0.5065
(2010) 0.8075
ITTO
FOOD SECURITY
3 (18%)
2
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
110 (38%)
13
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
10 - 5
123
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
WALLIS AND FUTUNA
GENERAL INFORMATION
Total area (square kilometres), 2009
140
Agricultural area (as a percentage of total area), 2009
43
Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010
14
Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010
6
Women in labour force (as a percentage of total labour force),
2010
33
Labour force in agriculture (as a percentage of total labour
force), 2010
17
Women in agriculture (as a percentage of labour force in
agriculture), 2010
100
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (in millions of US$), 2010
n.a.
GDP by economic activity (as a percentage of GDP), 2009
(agriculture / industry / services)
n.a.
COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE
Commodity exports (in millions of US$ and as a percentage of
merchandise exports), 2009-2010
Commodity exports (as a percentage of GDP), 2009-2010
0.001 (2%)
n.a.
Exports by commodity groups (as a percentage of total
commodity exports), 2009-2010
All food items
83
Agricultural raw materials
17
Fuels
–
Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold
–
Three leading commodity exports (as a percentage of
commodity exports), 2009-2010
70
(071) Coffee and coffee substitutes
36
(072) Cocoa
25
(073) Chocolate, food preparations with cocoa, n.e.s.
Leading destination markets for commodity exports (as a
percentage of commodity exports), 2009-2010
New Caledonia, United States, EU (27), Canada, Pakistan
Export concentration ratio
Membership in international commodity bodies
9
100
55/25/11/7/2
(2000) 0.3956
(2010) 0.4505
–
FOOD SECURITY
Commodity import value (in millions of US$ and as a
percentage of merchandise import value), 2009-2010
Net food imports (in millions of US$), 2010
23 (41%)
19
MDG 1.1: Percentage of population below 1US$ (PPP) per day,
1990/92 and 2007/09
n.a.
MDG 1.9: Percentage of the population undernourished, 1991
and 2007
n.a.
124
UNCTAD
THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2012
UNITED NATIONS
Printed at United Nations, Geneva – GE.12-50294 – April 2012 – 1,367 – UNCTAD/SUC/2011/8
U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T
THE STATE OF COMMODITY
DEPENDENCE 2012
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