Download World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

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Transcript
Presented by
Faith Harrison
Jennifer Yarrow
Overview
 SDO and SSO
 Brief history and description
 W3C Members
 Open Standard /W3C Requirements
 An Industry problem
 Group activity
 Wrap up
Standards Developing Organizations/
Standards Setting Organizations
 Standards Developing Organization
 American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
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Sole U.S. representative for ISO
Accredited more the 270 private and public standard
developers.
 NISO
 Accredited developer by the ANSI
 Standards Setting Organizations
 W3C (formal)
 OASIS
 ITEF
History
 Tim Berners-Lee
 Founded in October 1994
 Headquarters:
 MIT/CSAIL – USA
 ERCIM – France
 Keio University – Japan
 Many others
What do they do?
 International consortium, keep full time staffing and
work on development projects with their member
organizations.
 Specifications
 Guidelines
 Software
 Tools
 Ensure compatibility and agreement among industry
members in the adoption of new standards.
Member Organizations
 Introduce new ideas:
 W3C workshops

Resource Description Framework (10/25-10/26/07)
 Incubator activities

Common Web Language (Ended 10/15/07)
 Member Submissions
 Current members:
 IBM
 HP
 Nokia
 Chevron
Process of an activity
Dardailler, Daniel. Web Open Standards. Mary 14, 2007. http://www.w3.org/2007/05/dd-saopen.html
What are open standards?
 Publicly available
 Various rights associated with it
 Restricted with royalty-free
 Technologies approved by formalized committees
 Patents
 Reasonable and non-discriminatory licensing (RAND)
Requirements for W3C Open Standards
 Transparency
 Relevance
 Openness
 Impartiality and consensus
 Availability
 Maintenance
Industry Problems
 Patents
 Trade-offs (best technology or unencumbered)
 Undiscovered claims
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Unexpected royalty fees
Complex licensing requirements
Litigation
 “Submarine patents”

JPEG standard
Examples of W3C standards
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CSS
CGI
DOM
HTML
RDF
SVG
WSDL
XACML
XHTML
XML
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XML Events
Xforms
SOAP
SRGS
SSML
VoiceXML
XML Information Set
XML Schema
Xquery
XSLT
Wrap up
 SDO/SSO
 History/description of W3C
 Current members and their benefits
 Standards
 Patents
Q &A
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