Download Joint Development at Downtown Rail Stations U.S.

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2.5
Conclusion
These three projects offer various lessons and implications if considered together with
one another. First, they were all renovation projects utilizing historic station buildings. Their
histories, from dedication to renovation, are very similar: they all were created to take over the
duties of other smaller stations around the turn of the century; they all experienced deterioration
with the decline of the railroads from the 1950s through the 1970s; they were all listed in the
National Register of Historic Places in the latter stages of their deterioration; and finally, they
were redeveloped around 1990, after a series of efforts of revitalizations. There were, however,
differences among them in terms of their physical way of redevelopment. To accommodate a
new food court, the South Station project reproduced a formerly demolished west wing. The
Union Station project did not create any new buildings, but rather generated a new mezzanine
level within the existing historic building. In contrast to the other two projects, the 30th Street
Station did not produce any new spaces. These differences are because of its original floor plan
and the current status of each building. Of the three stations, only 30th Street Station had a large
retail and food area, i.e., the South Concourse, from the time of its dedication, and it had kept
this until the time of its redevelopment. On the other hand, South Station and Union Station did
not include an aggregated retail area although they did have scattered commercial space. In
addition, a part of the South Station building was demolished during its period of deterioration.
Thus, the lesson here is that it is important to make the most of existing historic buildings and
to reconstruct demolished floors or construct new floors that are consistent with the existing
buildings if they are needed to increase the revenue through the rent.
We can find one more lesson in terms of the preservation of historic buildings. These
three projects renovated historic stations as stations, while many other old stations were
converted into museums, libraries, and shopping malls which did not offer transportation
facilities any longer. The success of these three examples is that they have become vital
transportation facilities as well as important shopping destinations. Each purpose contributes to
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