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इंटरनेट
मानक
Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information
Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
“जान1 का अ+धकार, जी1 का अ+धकार”
“प0रा1 को छोड न' 5 तरफ”
“The Right to Information, The Right to Live”
“Step Out From the Old to the New”
Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan
Jawaharlal Nehru
IS 13947-5-2 (2004): Low-Voltage Switchgear and
Controlgear, Part 5: Control Circuit Devices and Switching
Elements, Section 2: Proximity Switches [ETD 7: Low Voltage
Switchgear and Controlgear]
“!ान $ एक न' भारत का +नम-ण”
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda
“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”
“!ान एक ऐसा खजाना > जो कभी च0राया नहB जा सकता ह”
है”
ह
Bhartṛhari—Nītiśatakam
“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”
IS 13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2(1
2): 2004
999)
Indian Standard
LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR
SPECIFICATION
PART 5 CONTROL
CIRCUIT DEVICES AND SWITCHING
Section
2 Proximity
—
ELEMENTS
Switches
ICS 29.1 30.20; 29.120.99
BUREAU
MANAK
June 2004
OF
BHAVAN,
IN DIANSTAND”
9 BAHADUR
SHAH
NEW DELHI 110002
A RDS
ZAFAR
MARG
Price Group 18
Low-Voltage Switchgear
and Controlgear
Sectional Committee,
ET 07
NATIONAL FOREWORD
This Indian Standard (Part 5/See 2) which is identical withIEC6C)947-5-2(1999)
‘Low-voltage switchgear and
controlgear — Part 5-2: Control circuit devices and switching elements — Proximity switches’ issued by the
International Electrotechnical
Commission (lEC) was adopted .by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the
recommendations
of Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear Sectional Committee and approval of the
Electrotechnical Division Council.
In the adopted standard, certain conventions are, however, not identical to those used in Indian Standards.
Attention is particularly drawn to the following:
a) Wherever the words ‘International
‘Indian Standard’; and
Standard’ appear referring to this standard, they should be read as
b) Comma (,) has been used as a decimal marker, while in Indian Standards,
use a point (.) as the decimal marker.
the current
practice is to
Only the English language text has been retained while adopting it in this Indian Standard, and as such the
page numbers have been given afresh here since they are not the same as in IEC Publication.
CROSS REFERENCES
In this adopted Indian Standard, reference appears to certain International Standards for which Indian Standards
also exist. The corresponding
Indian Standards which are to be substituted in their respective places are
listed below along with their degree of equivalence for the editions indicated:
International Standard
Corresponding Indian Standard
Degree of
Equivalence
IEC 60050 — 441 (1984) .International
Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) — Chapter
441 : Switchgear, controlgear and fuses
IS 1885 (Part 17) :1979 Electrotechnical
vocabulary
: Part “17 Switchgear
and
controlgear
Equivalent
IEC 60068-2-6(1995)
Environmental testing
— Part 2 : Tests — Test Fc : Vibration
(sinusoidal)
IS 9000 (Part 8) :1981 Basic environmental
testing procedures for electronic and electrical
Items : Part 8 Vibration (sinusoidal) test
do
IEC 60068-2-14(1984)
Environmental testing
— Part 2 : Tests — Test N : Change of
temperature
IS 9000 (Part 14): 1988 Basic environmental
testing procedures for electronic and electrical
items: Part 14Test N: Change of temperature
do
IEC 60068-2-27(1987)
Environmental testing
— Part 2: Tests — Test Ea and guidance:
Shock
IS 9000 (Part 7fSec 6) : 1988 Basic
environmental
testing
procedures
for
electronic and electrical items: Part 7 Impact
test, Section 6 Test Ee : Bounce
do
IEC 60068-2-30
(1 980)
Environmental
testing — Part 2 : Tests — Test Db and
guidance : Damp heat, cyclic (12 + 12 hour
cycle)
IS 9000 (Part 5/See 2) : 1981 Basic
environmental
testing
procedures
for
electronic and electrical Items: Part 5 Damp
heat (cyclic) test, Section 2 12 + 12h cycle
do
(Continued on third cover)
IS
tEC
13947
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1 999)
Indian Standard
LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR —
SPECIFICATION
PART
5 CONTROL
CIRCUIT
Section
1
DEVICES
AND SWITCHING
2 Proximity
ELEMENTS
Switches
General
The provisions of the General Rules in part 1 (IEC 60947-1) are applicable to this standard,
where specifically called for. General Rules clauses and subclauses thus applicable, as well as
tables, figures and appendices,
are identified by references to part 1, e.g. subclause 7.1.9.3 of
part 1 or annex C of part 1.
Clauses 1 to 8 contain the general requirements.
proximity switches are given in annex A.
1.1 Scope
Specific
requirements
for the various
types of
and object
This part of IEC 60947 applies to inductive and capacitive proximity switches that sense the presence
of metallic and/or non-metallic objects, ultrasonic proximity switches that sense the presence of
sound reflecting objects, photoelectric
proximity switches that sense the presence of objects
and non-mechanical
magnetic proximity switches that sense the presence of objects with a
magnetic field.
These proximity switches are self-contained,
have semiconductor
switching elements(s)
and
are intended to be connected to circuits, the rated voltage of which does not exceed 250 V
50 Hz/60 Hz a.c. or 300 V d.c. This Standard is not intended to cover proximity switches with
analogue outputs.
The object of this standard
–
is to state for proximity
switches:
definitions;
classification;
— characteristics;
–
product information;
normal service,
— constructional
–
1.2
mounting
and transport
and performance
conditions;
requirements;
tests to verify rated characteristics.
Normative
references
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through
constitute provisions of this part of IEC 60947. At the time of publication,
were valid. All normative documents are subject to revision, and parties
on this part of IEC 60947 are encouraged
to investigate the possibility
recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. Members of
registers of currently valid International Standards.
IEC 60050(441):1984,
International
Switchgear, controlgear and fuses
IEC 60068-2-6:1995,
Environmental
Electrotechnical
‘Vocabulary
reference in this text,
the editions indicated
to agreements
based
of applying the most
IEC and ISO maintain
(IEV)
–
Chapter
testing – Part 2: Tests – Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)
441:
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
2004
IEC 60068-2-14:1984,
Environments/
testing – Part 2: Tests – Test N: Change of temperature
IEC 60068-2-27:1987,
Environmental
testing – Part 2: Tests – Test Ea and guidance: Shock
IEC 60068-2-30:1980,
Environmental
heat, cyclic (12 + 12 hour cycle)
IEC 60364
(all parts),
IEC 60446:1989,
testing – Part 2: Tests - Test Db and guidance:
Damp
E/ectrica/ insta//ations of bui/dings
Identification of conductors by colours or numerals
IEC 60536:1976,
Classification
against electric shock
IEC 60947-1:1996,
of electrical and electronic equipment with regard to protection
Low-voltage s witchgear and contro/gear - Part 1: Genera/ ru/es
IEC 60947-5-1:1997,
Low-voltage
s witchgear and corttrolgear – Part 5-1:
devices ands witching elements – Electromechanical control circuit devices
Control
circuit
IEC 61”000-4-2:1995, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement
techniques – Section 2: Electrostatic discharge immunity test – Basic EMC publication
IEC 61000-4-3:1995,
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4: Testing and measurement
techniques – Section 3: Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test
IEC 61000-4-4:1995,
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4: Testing and measurement
techniques – Section 4: Electrical fast ‘transient\burst immunity test – Basic EMC publication
IEC 61020-5-1:1991,
Electromechanical
s witches for use in electronic equipment
Sectional specification for pushbutton switches – Section 1: Bfank detail specification
ISO 630:1995,
Structura/ stee/s - Plates, wide flats, bars, sections and profiles
-
Part 5:
Is
IEC
2
13947
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2):
2004
(1 999)
Definitions
Clause 2 of part 1 applies with the following
Alphabetical
additions:
index of definitions
A
Adjuster of a proximity switch .................................................................................
Adjuster of a capacitive proximity switch ............................................................ .....
Adjuster of an ultrasonic proximity switch ........... .....................................................
Ambient light for a photoelectric
proximity switch ....................................................
Assured operating distance (sa). .................. ................................................ ...........
Axial approach ..... ...................................................................................................
2.2.15
2.2.15.1
2.2.15.2
2.4.7
2.3.1.7
2.3.3
B
Blind zone .......... ....................................................................................................
Break function ........................................................................................................
2.3.1.3
2.4.1.2
c
Capacitive proximity switch .....................................................................................
Currents (~ .............................................................................................................
2.1.1.2
2.4.5
D
Damping material ...................................................................................................
Differential travel (/-/) ..............................................................................................
2.2.5
2.3.5
E
Effective operating distance (sr) ..............................................................................
Embeddable proximity switch ..................................................................................
Emitter ...................................................................................................................
Excess gain for a photoelectric
proximity switch ......................................................
2.3.1.5
2.2.9
2.2.12
2.4.6
F
Free zone ...............................................................................................................
Frequency of operating cycle (fl ..............................................................................
2.2.4
2.4.3
I
Independent (snap) action ......................................................................................
Inductive proximity switch ..................................... ...................................... ............
2.4.2
2.1.1.1
L
Lateral approach
....................................................................................................
2.3.2
M
Make function .........................................................................................................
Make. break. or changeover function ..................... ..................................................
Maximum operating distance ..................................................................................
Minimum operating distance ...................................................................................
Minimum operational current ("/m)............................................................................
2.4.1.1
2.4.1.3
2.3.1 .2.2
2.3.1 .2.1
2.4.5.2
N
No-load supply current (/O) ......................................................................................
Non-damping
material ............................................................................................
Non-embeddable
proximity switch ...........................................................................
Non-mechanical
magnetic proximity switch .............................................................
3
2.4.5.3
2.2.6
2.2.10
2.1.1.5
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
o
OFF-state
operating
Operation
current (/r) ................ ..............................................................................
distances (s) ................................. ..........................................................
of a proximity switch ...............................................................................
2.4.5.1
2.3.1
2.3
P
Parts of proximity switches ................................................................................. ....
Photoelectric
proximity switch .................................................................................
Proximity switch (IEV 441-14-51) ............................................................................
2.2
2.1.1.4
2.1.1
R
Rated operatit?g distance (sn) .................................................................................
Receiver .................................................................................................................
Reference axis .......................................................................................................
Reflector ...................... ................................................................................. .........
Repeat accuracy (~ .............................................................. .................................
Response time proximity switch ..............................................................................
2.3:1.1
2.2.13
2.2.2
2.2.14
2.3.4
2.4.1.4
s
Semiconductor
switching element ......................................................... ..................
Sensing face ..y ...................... ................................................................................
Sensing range (sol).......................... ...................................... ..................................
Sound absorbing material .......................................................................................
Sound reflecting material .............................. ..........................................................
Standard target ............. ............. ........................................... .. ................................
Switching element characteristics
...........................................................................
Switching element function ................................................................... ......... .........
2.2.1
2.2.11
2.3.1.2
2.2.8
2.2.7
2.2.3
2.4
2.4.1
T
Time
Total
Turn
Turn
delay before availability (tv) ............................................................................
beam angle ....................................................................... .............................
off time for a photoelectric
proximity switch .....................................................
on time for a photoelectric
proximity switch ........................................... ..........
2.4.4
2.3.1.4
2.4.1.6
2.4.1.5
u
Ultrasonic proximity switch ........ ..............................................................................
Usable operating distance (sU) ................................................................................
2.1
Basic definitions
2.1.1
proximity switch
a position switch which is operated
[IEV 441-14-51]1)
without
mechanical
2.1.1.1
inductive proximity switch
a proximity switch ‘producing
an electromagnetic
semiconductor
switching element
2.1.1.2
capacitive
proximity
switch
a proximity switch producing an electric
switching element
1)
see
2.1.1.3
2.3.1.6
IEC
60051)(441).
contact
field
with the moving
within
field within a sensing
a sensing
zone
part
and
having
zone and having a semiconductor
a
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
2.1.1.3
ultrasonic proximity switch (see figure 2)
a proximity switch transmitting
and receiving
having a semiconductor
switching element
ultrasound
2.1.1.4
photoelectric
proximity switch (see figure 1)
a proximity switch which senses objects that either
and having a semiconductor
switching element
waves
reflect
or interrupt
2.1.1.5
non-mechanical
magnetic proximity switch
proximity switch which senses the presence of a magnetic
swltchlng element and no moving parts in the sensing element
2.2
Parts of a proximity
field
a sensing
visible
zone
or invisible
and
light
and has a semiconductor
switch
2.2.1
semiconductor
switching
element
an element designed to switch the current
semiconductor
2.2.2
Reference
within
of an electric
circuit
by controlling
conductivity
of a
axis
2.2.2.1
reference axis for inductive, capacitive,
non-mechanical
magnetic and ultrasonic
proximity switches
an axis perpendicular
to the sensing face and passing through its centre
2.2.2.2
reference axis for types R and D photoelectric
proximity switches
an axw located midway between the optical axis of the emitter and this of receiver
lenses (see figure 1)
2.2.2.3
reference axis for type T photoelectric
proximity
an axis perpendicular
to the centre of the emitter
2.2.3
standard target
a specified object
sensing distances
used for making
comparative
2.2.6
non-damping material
a material which has negligible
measurements
on the characteristics
influence
of the operating
of a proximity
on the characteristics
5
or
switches
2.2.4
free zone
a volume around the proximity switch which is kept free from any material
the characteristics
of the proximity switch
2.2.5
damping material
a materi; l which has an influence
elements
I
distances
capable
switch
of a proximity
switch
and
of affecting
IS 13947
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1-999)
2.2.7
sound-reflecting
material
a material which reflects the ultrasound
2.2.8
sound-absorbing
a material
with
detectable echo
material
negligible
reflecting
waves and gives detectable
characteristics
for
2.2.9
embeddable
proximity switch
a proximity
switch is “embeddable”
when any damping
sensing face plane without influencing its characteristics
d
2.2.10
non-em beddable proximity switch
a proximity switch is “non- embeddable”
when a specified
necessary in order to maintain its characteristics
2.2.11
Sensing
echoes
ultrasound
material
waves
can
which
be ,placed
free zone around
gives
around
its sensing
no
the
face is
face
2.2.11.1
sensing
face of an inductive
proximity
a surface of the proximity switch through
switch
which the electromagnetic
2.2.11.2
sensing face of a capacitive proximity
a surface of the proximity switch through
switch
which the electric
2.2.11.3
sensing face of an ultrasonic proximity switch
a surface of the proximity switch where ultrasound
field emerges
field emerges
is transmitted
and received
2.2.11.4
sensing face of a non-mechanical
magnetic proximity switch
a surface of the proximity switch through which the change in a magnetic
2.2.12
emitter
the light source,
2.2.13
receiver
the detector,
emitter
2.2.14
reflector
a specified
switches
lens and necessary
lens and necessary
device
used to reflect
circuitry
circuitry
field is detected
which provide the light beam
to monitor
the presence
light back to the receiver
6
of the light beam from the
for type R photoelectric
proximity
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
2:2.15
Adjuster
2.2.15.1
adjuster of a capacitive
proximity switch
a part of capacitive proximity switch used to set the operating distance.
for influence due to target material, transmission
medium and installation
Its use compensates
(mounting) conditions
2.2.15.2
adjuster of an ultrasonic or a photoelectric
proximity switch
a part of an ultrasonic or a photoelectric
proximity switch used to set the operating
within the sensing range
2.3
Operation
of a proximity
2.3.1
operating distances (s)
a distance at which the target
the output signal to change
distance
switch
approaching
the sensing
face along the reference
axis causes
2.3.1.1
rated operating distance (sn)
the rated operating
distance
is a conventional
quantity used to designate
the operating
distances. It does not take into account either manufacturing
tolerances
or variations due to
external conditions such as voltage and temperature
2.3.1.2
sensing range (sol)
the range within which the operating
distance
may be adjusted
2.3.1 .2.1
minimum operating distance
the lower limit of the specified sensing
range of an ultrasonic”or
2.3.1 .2.2
maximum operating distance
the upper limit of the specified sensing
range of an ultrasonic
2.3.1.3
blind zone
the zone between
be detected
the sensing
2.3.1.4
total beam angle
the solid angle around
level drops by 3 dB
face and the minimum
the reference
proximity
switch
or photoelectric
proximity
switch
operating
axis of an ultrasonic
7
photoelectric
distance,
proximity
where no object
switch,
where
can
the sound
IS 13947
IEC
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
60947-5-2
(1 999)
~“n’e’’’---m
Figure1a - Type T, emitterand receiver- Trough beam photoelectric
%
Blind zone
for reflector --h-
‘
Figure1b - Type R, emitter-receiver-andreflectw- Retroreftactwephotoelectric
G::::=EEZI
1.
I
%
Blind zone
for reflector -+-
Figure1c - Type D, emitter-receiverand object- Oiffusereflectivephotoelectric
Figure 1- Sensing range (sol) photoelectric proximity switches (see 7.2.1.3 and 8.4)
2.3.1.5
effective operating distance (sr)
the operating
distance of an individual
voltage and mounting conditions
2.3.1.6
usable operating distance (su)
the operating distance of an individual
~roximity
proximity
2.3.1.7
assured operating distance (sa)
the distance from the sensing face within
under specified conditions is assured
2.3.2
lateral approach
the approach of the target perpendicular
switch,
switch,
measured
measured
which the correct
to the reference
2.3.3
axial approach
the approach of the target with its centre maintained
at stated
under specified
operation
conditions
of the proximity
axis
on the reference
temperature,
axis
switch
IS
IEC
2.3.4
repeat accuracy (1?)
the value of variation of the effective
operating
distance
Switching
2.4.1
switching
element
element
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
(sJ under specified
2.3.5
differential travel (H)
the distance between the operating point when the target
the release point when the target moves away
2.4
13947
approaches
2) :2004
( 1999)
conditions
the proximity
switch and
characteristics
function
2.4.1.1
make function
a make function causes load current
flow when a target is not detected
2.4.1.2
break function
a break ‘function causes load current
flow when a target is not detected
to flow when a target
not to flow when a target
2.4.1.3
make-break, of changeover function
a switching element combination which contains
2.4.1.4
response time for a proximity switch
the time required for the device switching
the sensing zone
element
to respond
2.4.1.6
turn off time for a photoelectric
proximity switch
the time required for the switching element to respond
with excess gain of 0,5 (see 2.4.6)
substantially
2.4.3
frequency of operating cycles (f)
number of operating cycles performed
independent
by a proximity
and load current
is detected
one make function
2.4.1.5
turn on time for a photoelectric
proximity switch
the time required for the switching element to respond
with excess gain of 2 (see 2.4.6)
2.4.2
independent (snap) action
a switching element function
is detected
not to
and load current
and one break function
after the target
enters
or exits
after the target enters the sensing
range
after the target exits the sensing
range
from the velocity
of the target
switch during a specified
period of time
2.4.4
time delay before availability (tv)
the time delay before availability is the time between the switching on of the supply voltage
the instant at which the proximity switch becomes ready to operate correctly
9
to
and
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
2.4.5
Currents
(/)
2.4.5.1
off-state current (Ir)
the current which flows through
the load circuit of the proximity
2.4.5.2
minimum operational current (Im)
the current which is necessary to maintain
2.4.5.3
no-load supply current (/.)
the current drawn by a three
connected to a load
ON-state
or four-terminal
conduction
proximity
2.4.6
excess gain for a photoelectric
proximity switch
the ratio of the light received by the photoelectric
operate the photoelectric
proximity switch
2.4.7
ambient light for a photoelectric
for the purpose of this standard,
that originating from the emitter
switch in the OFF-state
of the switching
switch
proximity
switch
proximity switch
ambient light is the light received
Blind zone
from
Sen;ing range
element
its supply
to the
light
by the receiver
when
required
Total beam
angle
Reference axis
i
Figure 2-
Ultrasonic
proximity
10
switch
operating
distances
to
other than
-1
Maximum operating distance
not
Table 11st ps.11 digit
SENSING
2nd pos.11 digit
MEANS
3.1
.
I
Classification
3rd pos./3 digits
of proximity switches
4th pos.11 digit
MECHANICAL
INSTALLATION
3.2
CONSTRUCTION
FORM
AND SIZE
3.3
SWITCHING ELEMENT
FUNCTION (OUTPUT)
3.4
5th pos.11 digit
6th pos.11 digit
3.5
METHOD OF
CONNECTION
3.6
TYPE OF OUTPUT
i = induchve
1 = embeddable
FORM (1 capital letter)
A = NO (make)
P = PNP-output
1 = integral leads
C = capacitive
2 = non-embeddable
A = cylindrical
B = NF (break)
3 or 4 terminal d.c.
2 = plug-in
U = ultrasonic
3 = either
threaded barrel
C = changeover
N = NPN-output
3 = screw
9 = other
D = diffuse reflective
photoelectric
B = cylindrical smooth
barrel
M = non-mechanical
magnetic
C = rectangular with
square cross-section
R = retroreflective
photoelectric
D = rectarigular with rectangular cross-section
T = through beam
photoelectric
DIMENSION
(make-break)
3 or 4 terminal d.c.
P = programmable
D = 2 terminal d.c.
by user
F = 2 terminal a.c
S = other
U = 2 terminal
a.c. or d.c.
(2 numbers
S = other
for diameter or side length
Ultrasonic proximity switch example:
u
3
A30
A
D
2
Ultrasonic
Either
Cylindrical threaded
NO (make) function
2 terminal d.c.
Plug in
030
mm
IS
13947
IEC
3
(1 999)
Classification
Proximity
table 1.
3.1
switches
according
the sensing
Classification
to various
by a capital
to the mechanical
is designated
according
general
characteristics
letter designates
installation
by one digit in the second position.
to the construction
the construction
The two numbers designate
side for rectangular types.
3.4
Classification
form
and size
The switching
3.5
element
Classification
element
is designated
by a capital
function
according
Classification
according
The method of connection
4
4.1
one capital
types or a length
letter placed in the fourth
to method
is designated
letter and placed in the fifth position.
of connection
by a one-digit
number
placed in the sixth position.
of characteristics
The characteristics
Operating
of a proximity
conditions
Rated and limiting
Rated voltages
Currents
(4.3)
(4.3.1 )
(4.3.2)
Rated supply frequency
(4.3.3)
Frequency
cycles
Normal
switch shall be stated
(4.2)
values
of operating
load and abnormal
Short-circuit
Utilization
characteristics
categories
position.
to type of output
by a capital
(4.3.4)
load characteristics
(4.3.5)
(4.3.6)
for the switching
element
12
of one
function
Characteristics
Summary
letter and two
or rectangular.
of cylindrical
to switching
The type of output is designated
3.6
form, e.g. cylindrical
the size, e.g. the diameter
according
in
letter in the first position.
The construction
form and the size are designated
by three digits,
numbers. This three-digit designation
is placed in the third position.
The capital
as shown
means
means is designated
installation
Classification
according
to sensing
according
The mechanical
3.3
are classified
Classification
In this standard
3.2
2) :2004
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
(4.4).
in the following
terms.
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
4.1.1
Operation
of an inductive
or capacitive
proximity
switch
The output signal is determined
by the presence or absence of a designated
object in the
electromagnetic
or electric field which absorbs or alters energy radiated from the sensing face.
4.1.2
Operation
of an ultrasonic
proximity
switch
The output signal is determined
by the presence or absence of a designated
sensing zone which reflects ultrasound energy radiated from the sensing face.
4.1.3
Operation
of a photoelectric
proximity
Operating
4.2.1
Operating
The relationship
4.2.1.1
4.2.2
Operating
The relationship
distance(s)
between
distances
the operating
distance
and capacitive
distances
of an ultrasonic
the operating
switches
range values are given in the relevant
annexes.
proximity
distances
Sensing
switch
is shown in figure 4.
range (sd)
Operating
distance(s)
Sensing
range (sJ
For photoelectric
proximity
is shown in figure 3.
in the relevant
Sensing
4.2.3.1
that either
(sn)
are specified
distance(s)
between
of inductive
4.2.2.1
4.2.3
object
conditions
Rated operating
Rated operating
in the
switch
The output signal is determined by the presence or absence of a designated
reflects or interrupts visible or invisible light radiated from the emitter.
4.2
object
proximity
annexes.
of a photoelectric
switches the operating
proximity
distances
13
switch
are given as the sensing
range (sd).
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
Reference axis
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.<’+
.......... ......
..[u
I
% msx
s~ ~~~
sn
Standard target
1
.
—;
sr mm
1.
sumax+H
I
..
I
Sr mex +H
k
~+H
Assured operating
armin+H
. . . . . ..i“”
1. . . . . . .
su min
J
,
......... ......
i
Sa
sumin+H
Sensing face
/
I
Proximity
switch
Figure 3- Relationship
between operating distances of inductive
and capacitive proximity switches (see 4.2.1, 7.2.1.3 and 8.4.1)
-.
.;.......
.....
----....
1i..
tieterence axis
I
smax
Effective operating
distance
-%
Minimum operating
distance
I
~a+H
Maximum operating
distance
Assured operating
distance
I
Standard target
...
,
%
%nm
“J
~in+H
I
p
r
Figure 4-
+d
Ultrasonic proximity
‘witch
Relationship
between operating distancea of ultrasonic
switches (see 4.2.2, 7.2.1.3 and 8.4.1)
14
proximity
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
4.3
Rated and limiting
4.3.1
values for the proximity
switch and switching
element(s)
Voltages
The proximity
4.3.1.1
switch and its switching
Rated operational
voltage
element(s)
are defined
by the following
rated voltages:
(UJ
The rated operational
voltage
NOTE
The manufacturer
range shall be designated
may state a range between the limiting values which include all the tolerances
Ue.
The relationship
between
(Ue) (or range) shall not exceed 250 V a.c. or 300 V d.c.
Ue and U~ is shown below:
, .....
..EE5E*H4.....-.*
u~
L
u~~ln- 15-%
4.3.1.2
Rated
Uemax+ lo%
voltage
insulation
(Ui)
The rated insulation voltage of a proximity switch is the value of voltage
voltage tests and creepage distances are referred.
For proximity switches
insulation voltage.
4.3.1.3
the highest
Rated impulse
When the rated
applies.
impulse
4.3.1.4
drop
Voltage
of U,, this
rated operational
withstand
voltage
withstand
voltage
voltage
to which the dielectric
shall be considered
to be the rated
(UimP)
is declared
by the manufacturer,
4.3.1.3
of part 1
(Ud)
The voltage drop is the voltage measured across the active output of the proximity switch when
carrying the operational
current flows under specified conditions.
The values are specified
in 7.2.1.15.
4.3.2
Currents
The proximity
4.3.2.1
See7.2.1
4.3.2.2
switch and its switching
Rated operational
current
element
are defined
(/e)
.11.
Minimum
operational
current
(/m)
See 7.2.1.12.
15
by the following
currents.
IS
13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2
4.3.2.3
2):
2004
(1999)
OFF-state
current
(Ir)
See 7.2.1.13.
4.3.2.4
No-load
supply
The no-load supply
manufacturer.
4.3.3
current
current
(/.)
of a three-
or four-terminal
proximity
shall be stated
by the
Rated supply frequency
The rated supply frequency
4.3.4
Frequency
4.3.5
Normal
4.3.5.1
shall be 50 Hz and/or 60 Hz.
of operating
The frequency of operating
by the manufacturer.
cycles (f)
cycles
load and abnormal
shall be in accordance
element
with the relevant
capacities
and behaviour
shall comply with the requirements
Making
A switching
and breaking
element
capacities
under abnormal
shall comply with the requirements
Short-circuit
4.3.6.1
element
it is not nacessary
to specify separately
given in table 5.
it is not necessary
to specify separately
characteristics
Rated conditional
short-circuit
current
The rated conditional
short-circuit
current
proximity switch shall withstand satisfactorily
Utilization
of switching
conditions
NOTE
For a switching element to which a utilization category is assigned,
a making and breaking capacity.
4.3.6
or stated
given in table 4.
NOTE
For a switching element to which a utilization category is assigned,
a making and breaking capacity.
4.3.5.2
annexes
load characteristics
Rated making and breaking
under normal conditions
A switching
4.4
switch
categories
of a proximity switch is 100 A prospective.
the test specified in 8.3.4.
for the switching
The
element
The utilization
categories
as given in table 2 are considered
standard. Any other type of
application
shall be based on agreement,
between manufacturer
and user, but information
given in manufacturer’s
catalogue or tender may constitute such an agreement.
16
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Table 2 – Utilization
Kind of current
Catagory
Alternating current
AC-12
categories
for switching
elements
Typical
application
Control of resistive loads and solid state loads with
optical isolation
AC-140
Control of small electromagnetic
(closed) current s0,2 A:
loads with holding
e.g. contactor relays
Direct current
5
5.1
Product
DC-12
Control of resistive loads and solid state loads with
optical isolation
DC-13
Control of electromagnets
information
Nature
of information
The following
information
shall be given by the manufacturer.
5.-1.1 Identification
a) The manufacturer’s
name or trade mark.
b) A type designation or other marking which makes it possible to identify the proximity switch
and get the relevant information from the manufacturer
or his catalogue (see table 1).
c) Reference
to this standard
if the manufacturer
claims compliance.
Basic rated values and utilization
d) Rated operational
voltage(s)
(see 4.3.1.1 ).
currents
e) Utilization category and rated operational
rated frequency/frequencies
or at direct current, d.c.
f) Rated insulation
voltage
9) Rated impulse withstand
h) IP code (see 7.1.10).
i)
Pollution
degree
(see 4.3.1 .2).
voltage
(see 4.3.1 .3).
(see 6.1.3.2).
j) Type and maximum ratings of short-circuit protective
k) Rated conditional short-circuit
current (see 4.3:6.1).
1) Electromagnetic
m) Operating
compatibility
distances
n) Repeat accuracy
o) Differential
at the rated operational
device (see 7.2.5).
(EMC) (see 7.2.6).
(see 7.2.1 .3).
(see 7.2.1 .4).
travel (see 7.2.1 .5).
P) Frequency of operating cycles (see 7.2.1 .6).
r) Minimum operational current (see 7.2.1 .12).
s) OFF-state
t)
No-load
current
(see 7.2.1 .13).
supply current
(see 4.3.2.4).
u) Voltage drop (see 7.2.1.1 5).
v) Switching
w) Mounting
x) Physical
element
function
application,
dimensions
(see 2.4.1).
embedctable
or non-embeddable
(see 7.3).
y) Excess gain (see 7.2.1 .10).
17
(see 2.2.9 and 2.2.10).
voltages
and
IS
13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2
5.2
2) :2004
(1 999)
Marking
5.2.1
General
Marking of data under a) and b) of 5.1.1 is mandatory on the nameplate or marked on the body
of the proximity switch in order to permit the complete information
to be obtained from the
manufacturer.
Cylindrical proximity switches of 12 mm or smaller body diameter may provide this marking on
the cord or on a tag permanently attached to the cord, located no further than 100 mm from the
body of the device.
Marking shall be indelible
removable in service.
and
Data under c) to y) when
manufacturer’s
literature.
not included
5.2.2
Terminal
Subclause
5.2.3
identification
7.1.7.4
Functional
Instruction
legible,
and
on the
shall
not
proximity
be placed
switch,
shall
be marked
for installation,
where
operation
shall indicate
6
service,
mounting
service
conditions
Normal
be included
in the
markings
The above documents
any.
6.1
normally
and marking
this
is not apparent
Proximity
switches complying
following standard conditions.
the recommended
and transport
with
this
by the construction
of the
and maintenance
The manufacturer
shall specify in his documents or catalogues
operation and maintenance
of the proximity switch.
Normal
shall
on parts
applies.
The sensing face
proximity switch.
5.3
easily
the conditions
extent and frequency
for installation,
of maintenance,
if
conditions
standard
shall
be capable
of operating
under
the
NOTE
If the conditions for operation differ from those given in this standard, the user shall state the deviations
from the standard conditions and consult the manufacturer on the suitability for use under such conditions.
6.1.1
6.1.1.1
Ambient
air-temperature
Inductive,
proximity
capacitive,
switches
non-mechanical
magnetic
and ultrasonic
These proximity switches shall operate between the ambient temperatures
of -25 ‘C to +70 “C.
The operating
characteristics
shall be maintained
over the permissible
range of ambient
temperature.
NOTE
For ultrasonic proximity switches, due to the
temperature, the operating distance may change by 0,17
fact that the
per kelvin.
speed
of sound
is dependent
upon air
‘).
i
18
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
6.1.1.2
Photoelectric
proximity
switch
Photoelectric
proximity switches shall operate
to +55 ‘C. The operating
characteristics
shall
ambient temperature.
6.1.2
between the ambient temperatures
be maintained
over the permissible
of -5 ‘C
range of
Altitude
Subclause
6.1.3
6.1.2 of part 1 applies.
Climatic
6.1.3.1
conditions
Humidity
The relative humidity (RH) of the air shall not exceed 50 % at 70 “C. Higtrer relative
are permitted at lower temperatures,
e.g. 90 ?4. at +20 “C.
humidities
NOTE
Condensation on the sensing face and the change of humidity may influence the operating distances. Care
should be taken of condensation which may occur due to variations in temperature. (50 V. RH at 70 “C equivalent to
100 % RH at 54 ‘C).
6.1.3.2
Pollution
degree
Unless otherwise stated by the manufacturer,
a proximity switch is intended for installation
under environmental
conditions of pollution degree 3 as defined in 6.1 .3.2 of part 1. However,
other pollution degrees may apply depending upon the micro-environment.
6.2
Conditions
during
transport
and storage
A special agreement shall be made between the user and the manufacturer
if the conditions
during transport
and storage,
e.g. temperature
and humidity conditions,
differ from those
defined in 6.1.
6.3
Mounting
Mounting dimensions
annex A.
7
Constructional
7.1
7.1.1
and conditions
and
Constructional
shall be according
performance
to the relevant
specification
sheet
of
requirements
requirements
Materials
Materials shall be suitable for the particular
comply with the relevant test requirements.
Special attention
to protect certain
application
shall be called to flame and humidity
insulating materials against humidity.
NOTE
Requirements
7.1.2
Current-carrying
and shall
resisting
enable
the equipment
qualities,
and to the necessity
strength
and
are under consideration.
parts and their connections
Current-carrying
parts shall have
capacity for their intended use.
the
necessary
mechanical
to
current-carrying
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
For electrical connections,
no contact pressure shall be transmitted through insulating material
other than ceramic or other material with characteristics
not less suitable, unless there is
sufficient resiliency in the metallic parts to compensate
for any possible shrinkage or yielding of
the insulation material.
7.1.3
Clearances
and creepage-distances
When the manufacturer
declares a rated impulse withstand voltage,
part 1 apply. If no value for UimP has been declared, the requirements
7.1.4
Uim , tables 13 and 15 of
of }.2.3 apply.
Actuation
Proximity switches
the characteristics
7.1.5
Vacant
7.1.6
Vacant
7.fl.7
Terminals
7.1.7.1
Constructional
Subclause
7.1.7.2
7.1.7.1
7.1.7.3
capacity
means
may have integral
connecting
additions.
leads;
in this case the outer
sheath
of the
leads shall be 2+$1 m long.
Connection
Subclause
target,
requirements
of part 1 applies with the following
switches
Proximity
connecting
of the standard
of part 1 applies.
Connection
Subclause
7.1.7.4
7.1.7.2
or absence
of part 1 applies.
-Connecting
Subclause
7.1.7.3
are tested for operation by the presence
of which are specified in 8.3.2.1.
7.1.7.4
identification
and marking
of part 1 applies with the following
Proximity
according
switches with
to table 3.
Proximity
switches
integral
with terminal
connecting
connections
leads
additions.
shall
have
shall be identified
20
wires
according
identified
with
to table 3.
colours
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Table 3 – Connection
Type
I
Function
2 terminals
a.c. and
and wiring
identification
Wire
Wire colour
+
Brown
Blue
I Terminal nutnber,~
NO (make)
NC (break)
2 terminals d.c.
unpolarized
NO/NC
programmable
NO (make)
2 terminals
d.c.
polarized
NC (break)
NO (make)
+
—
Brown
Blue
Black
1
3
4
Brown
Blue
Black
1
3
2
Brown
Blue
Black
1
3
4
Brown
Blue
Black
1
3
2
Brown
Blue
Black
White
1
3
4
2
output
L
3 terminals
a.c. and
NO (make)
output
a.c Jd.c.
.L
NC (break)
output
+
4 terminals
d.c.
polarized
Change over
(make/break)
1
4
Brown
Blue
+
NC (break)
I
+
—
output
3 terminals
d.c.
polarized
3 terminals
polarized
2004
NO output
NC output
I
1)
It is recommended
z)
Terminal numbers (except for a.c. proximity switches and proximity switches
8 mm connector) shall be the same as integral connector pin numbers.
1
2
that both wires are of the same colour.
I
using 3 terminals
I
The bi-colour of green-and-yellow
(green/yellow)
shail be used only to identifv the Protective
conductor (IEC 60446). To rnaintain-histo~ic
integrity of earth secu~ity, the coiour g~een shall
not be used for any other purpose than to identify the protective earth conductor.
7.1.8
Vacant
7.1.9
Provisions
7.1.9.1
for protective
Constructional
Subclause
7.1.9.1
earthing
requirements
of part 1 applies with the following
NOTE 1 For proximity switches having class II insulation,
connected to the protective earth terminal (see IEC 60536).
NOTE 2 Proximity switches with maximum
provision for protective earthing.
rated voltages
addition.
the outside
not exceeding
metal
enclosure
is not required
either 50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c. need no
Consideration
must be given to the safety insulation of the supply and its transformer
accordance with the installation rules (see IEC 60364).
21
to be
(if any) in
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
7.1.9.2
Protective
Subclause 7.1.9.2
7.1.9.3
earth terminal
of part 1 applies.
Protective
earth terminal
marking
and identification
Subclause 7.1.9,.3 of part 1 applies.
7.1.10
Degree of protection
Proximity switches, when installed in accordance with the -manufacturer’s
instruction shall have
minimum IP65 protection,
except for photoelectric
switches which shall have minimum IP54
protection and shall be verified according to 8.2.
NOTE
During the test for the degree of protection the operation of the proximity switch is not required.
7.1.11
Requirements
for proximity
switches
with integrally
connected
cables
See annex C.
7.1.12
Class II proximity
switches
These devices shall not be provided with means for protective earthing (see IEC 60536).
For class II proximity
7.2
Performance
switches
7.2.1.1
Operating
by encapsulation,
apply to clean new equipment.
conditions
General
The equipment
shall be mounted in accordance
with
specification
sheet (annex A) or by the manufacturer.
For the tests of 7.2.1.3 through
7.2.1.2
see annex B.
requirements
The following requirements
7.2.1
insulated
Operating
The proximity
7.2.1.6
the load shall be adjusted
given
in the relevant
to provide 0,2 le.
limits
switch shall operate
a) between
85 % and 110
b) between
85
Y.
the instructions
9!o
satisfactorily
of Ue, or
Ue ~in and 110
!Yo
of Ue ~ax, or
c) over the range UB.
For d.c., the value of the ripple voltage
7.2.1.3
Operating
(pea~ to peak) shall not exceed
0,1 Ue (see 4.3.1 .1).
distances
The operating distances are measured according to 8.4. The operating distances
when the target is moving towards the proximity switch in an axial approach.
22
are stated
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
For inductive
and capacitive
distances is shown in figure 3.
For ultrasonic
figure 4.
proximity
For photoelectric
in figure 1.
7.2.1 .3.1
switches,
proximity
Effective
proximity
the relationship
switches,
operating
switches,
is
relationship
between
the relationship
distance
The effective
operating
distance
temperature
of 23 “C * 5 “C.
the
between
the operating
between
the
distances
the operating
operating
is shown
distances
in
is shown
(sr)
measured
For inductive and capacitive proximity
rated operating distance (sn):
at the
switches
rated
voltage
it shall be between
and
at
an
ambient
90 % and 110 % of the
o,9sn<srsl,lsn
— For ultrasonic
proximity
switches
maximum operating distances:
it shall
be any
distance
between
the
minimum
and
Smin < Sr < Smax
7.2.1 .3.2
Usable
operating
distance
(su)
Usable operating distance is measured over the ambient
voltage at 85 YO and 110 Y. of their rated value.
— For inductive and ultrasonic
effective operating distance
proximity
(sr):
switches,
temperature
it shall be between
range and the supply
90 % and 110 % of the
o,9sr<su<l,lsr
— For capacitive
proximity
operating distance (sr):
switches,
it shall
be between
80
9’o
and 120
Y.
of the effective
0,8srssUSl,2sr
7.2.1 .3.3
Assured
operating
distance
(sa)
— For inductive proximity switches, the assured operating distance is between O
of the rated operating distance Sn:
Y.
and 81
Y.
?.
and 72
YO
o<saso,9xo,9sn
For capacitive proximity switches, the assured
of the rated operating distance Sn:
operating
distance
proximity
switches
()<5a<(),9xo,8sn
7.2.1 .3.4
Sensing
range (sJ for photoelectric
The sensing
range is measured
The sensing
range is shown:
according
to 8.4.
in figure
1 la for type T: emitter
and receiver,
in figure
11 b for type R: emitter,
receiver
and reflector,
in figure
1lC for type D: emitter,
receiver
and object.
23
is between
O
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
The sensing range is stated by the manufacturer
according to the test method specified in 8.4.2.
7.2.1 .3.5
Sensitivity
proximity
and operating
switches
distances
for O lx and 5 000
of non-mechanical
For non-mechanical
magnetic proximity switches,
the operating
their tolerances shall be declared by the manufacturer.
7.2.1.4
Repeat
accuracy
lx of ambient-light
magnetic
sensing
characteristics
and
(1?)
The repeat accuracy of the effective operating distance (sJ is measured over an eight hour
period at an ambient temperature
of between 23 ‘C * 5 “C at a relative humidity of any value in
the range of 6.1.3.1 to a tolerance of *5 % and with a specified supply voltage.
The difference
between
operating distance (sr):
any
two
measurements
~<
7.2.1.5
Differential
shall
not exceed
10 % of the
effective
0,1 s,
travel (H)
The differential
travel is given as a percentage
of the effective
operating
distance
(sr).
The measurement
is made in accordance
with 8.4.1.3
at an ambient
temperature
of
23 “C A 5 ‘C and at the rated supply voltage.
It shall be less than 20 Y. of the effective
operating distance (sr):
/+< 0,2 Sr
7.2.1.6
Frequency
7.2.1 .6.1
Inductive,
of operating
capacitive
cycles (f)
and ultrasonic
proximity
The frequency of operating cycles shall be in accordance
be measured according to 8.5.1 and 8.5.2.
7.2.1 .6.2
Photoeiect~ic
The frequency
proximity
of operating
switchas
with the relevant annexes and shall
switch
cycles (f) is determined
‘=
from the formula:
bn;~fi
where
ton is the turn on time;
tofl
is the turn off time;
and shall be stated by the manufacturer;
to.and to~,
shall be measured
7.2.1.7
according
Time delay before availability
The time delay before availability
to 8.5.3.
(tv) (Start-up
shall not exceed
time)
300 ms.
During this time the switching element shall not give any false signal. A false signal is a signal
other than zero which appears for longer than 2 ms (see 8.3.3.2.1).
NOTE
Zero signal means that only OFF-state
current flows through the load.
24
I
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
7.2.1.8
Turn on time (ton)
The turn on time and the measuring method shall be stated by the manufacturer.
7.2.1.9
Turn
off time
(toti)
The turn off time and the measuring
7.2.1.10
Excess
method shall be stated by the manufacturer.
gain, photoelectric
proximity
switch
The excess gain and the measuring method shall be stated by the manufacturer.
7.2.1.11
Rated operational
current
(IJ
The rated operational current shall be:
50 mA d.c. or
200 mA a.c. r.m.s.
Greater
values may be agreed
7.2.1.12
Minimum
The minimum
upon between
operational
operational
current
current
manufacturer
(Im)
shall be:
2 terminals
/m <5 mA d.c. or a.c. r.m. s.
3 or 4 terminals
/m <1 mA d.c.
and verified
7.2.1.13
according
OFF-state
and user.
to 8.3.3.2.2.
current
(Ir)
The maximum current (/r) which flows through the load circuit of a proximity switch in the OFFstate shall be:
/r s 1,5 mA d.c. or
2 terminals
/r s 3 mA a.c. r.m.s.
/rs 0,5 mA d.c.
3 or 4 terminals
and verified
7.2.1.14
according
Switching
The switching
to 8.3.3.2.4.
7.2.1.15
element
element
Voltage
The voltage
to 8.3.3.2.3.
operation
shall be independent
according
to 8.3.3.2.5
U~ <8 V d.c. or
U~ <10 V a.c. r.m.s.
3 or 4 terminals
action
drop (Ud)
drop measured
2 terminals
operation
Ud <3,5
V d.c.
25
shall be:
and shall be verified
according
IS
13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2
7.2.2
Temperature
Subclause
2) :2004
(1 999)
rise
7.2.2 of part 1 applies with the following
additions.
The temperature
rise limit f-or proximity switches is 50 K. This temperature
exterior of enclosure, metailic or non-metallic
materials, and for terminals.
7.2.3
Dielectric
The proximity
switch shall be capable
Impulse
The minimum
switches
voltage
test voltage
of withstanding
insulated
by encapsulation,
generator
and breaking
a) Making and breaking
in 8.3.3.4.
see annex B.
are: 1,2/50 ps impulse;
it is permissible
Ability to make and break under normal
Making
tests specified
shall be 1 kV.
NOTE
For ~roximity devices with sizes below M12
protection components to achieve this requirement.
7.2.4.1
the dielectric
withstand
The characteristics
of the impulse
source energy: 0,5 J.
7.2.4
for the
properties
For class II proximity
7.2.3.1
rise applies
source
impedance:
for the manufacturer
load and abnormal
to specify
500 Q;
external
load conditions
capacities
capacities
under normal conditions
The switching elements shall be capable of making and breaking currents without failure
under the conditions stated in table 4, for the relevant utilization categories and the number
of operations indicated, under the conditions specified in 8.3.3.5.
b) Making and breaking
capacities
under abnormal
conditions
The switching elements shall be capable of making and breaking currents without failure
under the conditions stated in table 5, for the relevant utilization categories and the number
of operations under the conditions specified in 8.3.3.5.
26
IS 13947 (Part
IEC 60947-5-2
Table
5/See 2) :2004
(1 999)
4 – Verification
o.f making and breaking capacities
of switching
elements
under normal conditions
corresponding
to the utilization
categories
1,
‘Normal
Mske ‘)
conditions
of use
Bresk 2,
Number and rate of operations
for make snd break
Utilization
I
T
category
Ille
AC-12
AC-140
DC-13
1
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
1,
= rated operational
u,
= rated operational
/
=
u
=
P
=
TOw =
Cos q)
Ulue
Ille
i-
Number of
operations
or
To,g5
T0,95
l--
DC-12
Coa q
or
U/ue
0,9
1
1
0,3
1
Operations
per minute
ON-time
ms
3)
0,9
6050
6
50
1
0,3
6050
6
20
1
1 ms
61350
6
1
1
6 Pm. 4)
6050
6
T0,95
current
voltage
current to be made or broken
voltage before make
Ue/, = steady-state power consumption
time to reach 95 ‘A of the steady-state current, In milliseconds
1) See 8.3.3.5
2)
For tolerances
3)
The first 50 operations
4)
The value “6 x P results from an empirical
to and upper I]mit of P = 50 W.
Table
on test quantities,
see 8.3.2.2
shaft be run at U/Ue = 1,1 with the loads set at U,
relationship which is found to represent most d.c, magnetic loads up
5 – Verification
of making and breaking
abnormal
conditions
corresponding
capacities
of switching
elements
to the utilization
categories
1,
under
Conditions anormalea d’emploi z)
Utilization
cate-gory
Make and breaks)
Ul”ue
Ille
4)
6
DC-12
1,1
See note
0,7
10
Operations
per minute
ON-time
ms
6
20
5)
rated operational
current
voltage
= current to be made or broken
= voltage before make
/,
=
U,
= rated operational
U
Number of
operations
Not applicable
DC-13
/
Cos p
Not applicable
AC-12
AC-1-4O
Number and rate of operations
for make and break
NOTES
1) See 8.3.3.5.
2)
The abnormal condition is to simulate a blocked open electromagnet.
3)
For tolerances
4)
An overload
conditions,
on test quantities,
5)
This test is covered by the test performed according to table 4, note 3.
protection
device
see 8.3.2.2.
specified
by the manufacturer
27
may
be used to verify
the abnormal
IS
13947
IEC
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
7.2.5
2) :2004
(1999)
Conditional
short-circuit
current
The switching element shall withstand the stresses
conditions specified in 8.3.4.
7.2.6
Electromagnetic
compatibility
The operating characteristics
electromagnetic
interferences
manufacturer.
resulting from short-circuit currents under
(EMC)
of the proximity switch shall be maintained at all levels of
(EMI) up to and including the maximum
level stated by the
The proximity device to be tested shall have all the essential
represents and shall be in a clean and new condition.
design details
Maintenance
cycle is not permitted.
7.2.6.1
or replacement
Radiated
In accordance
7.2.6.2
electromagnetic
field strength
Electrostatic
discharge
be applied
test voltage
7.2.6.3
(ESD) immunity
test voltage
by the contact
discharge
method
to proximity
devices
with
shall be 4 kV.
The test voltage shall be applied
metallic enclosures.
The minimum
MHz.
with IEC 61000-4-2.
The test voltage shall
metallic enclosures.
The minimum
field immunity
shall be 3 V/m.
band: 80 MHz to 1000
In accordance
by the air gap discharge
method
to proximity
devices
with non
shall be 8 kV.
Fast “transient immunity
“In accordance
with IEC 61000-4-4.
The minimum
test voltage
For process
industry
shall be 1 kV.
and when cables
are longer
than 2+%1 m the minimum
test voltage
shall
be 2 kV.
7.2.6.4
it
with IEC 61000-4-3.
The minimumlest
Frequency
of parts during or after a testing
of the type which
Surge immunity
For proximity devices it is not necessary to test for surge immunity. The operating environment
of these devices is considered to be well protected against surge voltages caused by lightning
strikes.
28
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
7.2.6.5
Immunity
Provisionally
7.2.6.6
7.2.7.1
and until further
Immunity
Provisionally
7.2.7
to conducted
to voltage
and until further
Emission
disturbances
induced
by RF fields
study no tests are required.
dips
study no tests are required.
requirements
Conditions
during
measurement
The measurement
shall be made in the operating
mode
producing the highest emission in the frequency band being
with normal applications
(see clause 4).
Each measurement
shall be performed
in defined
including
grounding
conditions
investigated
which is consistent
and reproducible
conditions.
Descriptions
of the tests, test methods and setups are given in the standards listed in table 7.
The contents of these standards are not reproduced here, however modifications
or additional
information needed for the practical application of the tests are given here.
Proximity devices which are intended to be powered by public mains supply, therefore within
the scope of IEC 61000-3-2
and IEC 61000-3-3,
regarding low frequency emission shall also
comply with the requirements
of these standards.
7.2.7.2
Emission
limits
Table 7 gives the limit values for proximity devices installed in normal service conditions.
Table 7Port
Emission limits for proximity devices
Limits
Frequency range
30 MHz to 230 MHz
Standard
40 dB (pV/m) quasi peak,
measured
at 10 m distance
Enclosure
230 MHz to 1 000 MHz
47 dB (pV/m) quasi peak,
measured at 10 m distance
0,15 MHz to 0,50 MHz
79 dB (pV) quasi peak
66 dB (pV) average
0,50 MHz to 30 MHz
73 dB (pV) qwesi peak
60 dB (pV) average
AC power
These limits are given for proximity
devices
exclusively
used
(environment
2). W;en they may be used in domestic environment,
be included in the instructions for use:
CISPR
11
CISPR
11
in industrial
the following
environment
warning shall
Warning
This is a class A product. In a domestic
environment
this product
may
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
29
cause
radio
IS 13947 (Part
IEC 60947-5-211
7.3
Physical
5/See 2) :2004
999)
dimensions
Proximity
switches
with standardized
specification
sheet (annex A).
NOTE
7.4
physical
dimensions
are
given
in
the
Proximity switches with other dimensions are also covered by this standard.
Shock
and
vibration
Shock
7.4.1
In accordance
with
Six shocks applied
IEC 60068-2-27
with the following
in each direction
along three mutually perpendicular
Pulse shape:
half-sine
Peak acceleration:
30 gn
Duration
11 ms
7.4.2
of the pulse:
conditions:
axes (six separate
Frequency
IEC 60068-2-6
with
the
following
conditions,
along
three
1 mm for inductive, capacitive, non-mechanical
and ultrasonic proximity switches
0,5 mm for photoelectric
proximity
magnetic
switches
Sweep cycle duration:
5 min
Duration of endurance at resonant
frequency or at 55 Hz:
30 min in each of the three axes (90 min in all).
Results
mutually
10 Hzto55Hz
range:
Amplitude:
7.4:3
tests):
Vibration
In accordance
with
perpendicular axes:
to be obtained
After the test, the operating characteristics
8
relevant
shall remain as given in clause 4.
Tests
Unless otherwise
(23 t -5) “C.
8.1
8.1.1
stated
the tests
shall be carried
out at an ambient
Kinds of tests
General
Subclause 8.1.1 of part 1 applies.
8.1.2
Type tests
Type tests are intended to verify compliance with this standard.
This comprises the verification of:
a) Temperature
rise (8.3.3.3).
b) Dielectric properties (8.3.3.4).
30
air temperature
of
IS
13947
IEC
c) Making and breaking
conditions (8.3.3.5).
d) Performance
under conditional
e) Constructional
f)
capacities
requirements
Degree of protection
distances
(8.4).
h) Operating
frequency
(8.5).
Electromagnetic
j)
Shock withstandability
k) Vibration
8.1.3
Routine
short-circuit
elements
current
under
abnormal
are
(8.2).
(8.6),
(7.4.1).
the
inspection
Sampling
Subclause
(7.4.2).
responsibility
and
of
verification
the
manufacturer
of electrical
and
are
usually
the
the dielectric
test is
tests
Compliance
8:3
to
tests
These tests are subject
Subclause
limited
operation.
8.1.4 of part 1 applies
8.1.-5 Special
8.2
normal
(8.3.4).
The inspection may be supplemented
by a dielectric test. When performed,
carried out according to 8:3.3.4, the test duration may be reduced to 1 s.
8.1.4
and
tests
tests
mechanical
compatibility
withstandability
Routine
switching
2) :2004
( 1999)
(8.2).
g) Operating
i)
of
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
to agreement
between
with constructional
manufacturer
and user.
requirements
8.2 of part 1 applies where applicable.
Performances
8.3.1
Test sequences
The type and sequence
Sample
of tests to be performed
on five representative
No. 1
Test No. 1-
temperature
Test No. 2 – mechanical
Test No. 3 – dielectric
rise (8.3.3.3).
properties
properties
of termina(s
(8.2.4 of part 1).
(8.3.3.4).
Test No. 4 – visual inspection.
Sample No. 2
Test No, 1 – degree of protection
Test No, 2 – vibration
(annex C of part 1).
(7.4.2).
Test No. 3 – frequency
of operating
Test No. 4 – operating
distances
(8.4).
Test No. 5-
properties
(8.3.3.4).
dielectric
cycles (8.5).
31
samples
are as follows:
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
Sample
No. 3
Test No. 1 – degree of protection
Test No. 2-
shock (7.4.1).
Test No. 3-
frequency
(annex C of part 1).
of operating
cycles (8.5).
Test No. 4 – operating
distances
(8.4).
Test No. 5-
properties
(8.3.3.4).
Sample
dielectric
No. 4
Test-No.
1-
making and breaking
capacities
Test No. 2 – dielectric
properties
(8.3.3.4).
Test No. 3 – operating
distances
(8.4).
Sample
(8.3.3.5).
No. 5
Test No. 1-
electromagnetic
Test No. 2 – performance
compatibility
under short-circuit
Test No. 3-
dielectric
properties
(8.3.3.4).
Test No. 4-
operating
distances
(8.4).
There shall be no failure
(8.6).
conditions
(8.3.4).
of any of the above tests.
NOTE 1 More than one test sequence or all test sequences may be conducted on one sample at the request of the
manufacturer. However, the test shall be conducted in the sequence given above for each sample.
NOTE 2 For class II proximity switches insulated by encapsulation, additional samples are required (see annex B).
For pri ximity switches with integrally connected cables, additional samples are required (see annex C).
8.3.2
General
8.3.2.1
test conditions
General
requirements
Subc,ause
8.3.2.1
of part 1 applies
8.3.2.1.1
Standard
unless otherwise
target for inductive
specified
and capacitive
with the following
proximity
switches
The target is square shape having a thickness of 1 mm and made of carbon
Fe 360 as defined in ISO 630 and it shall be of the rolled finish.
The length (a) of the side of the square
— the diameter
of the circle inscribed
three times the rated operating
For a capacitive
proximity
addition.
steel
is equal to
on the active surface
distance
Sn whichever
of the sensing
is greater
switch, the target shall be connected
32
(figure
to earth.
face, or
5).
e.g. type
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
[EC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
3
\
&
Capacitive -a
only
..-.
a
8.3.2.1.2
=
The target is square
finish. For dimensions
8.3.2.1.3
= proximityswitch
= sensing face
= target
= opersting distance
= dketilon of motion
Method of measuring
target for ultrasonic
Standard
Standard
.—.
+
f
1
2
3
4
5
Figure 5-
—.— ----
the operating
proximity
distance
(8.3.2.1
and 8.4.1)
switch
shape, having the thickness of 1 mm and made from
see relevant specification
sheets in annex A.
target for photoelectric
proximity
metal
with rolled
switch
a) Type R
For the purpose of this test, the standard
specified by the manufacturer.
target
is the reflector
which
is either
supplied
or
is the emitter
which
is either
supplied
or
b) Type T
For the purpose of this test, the standard
specified by the manufacturer.
target
c) Type D
1) 100 mm x 100 mm white paper with 90 0/’ reflectivity,
2)
200 mm x 200 mm white paper with 90 % reflectivity.
8.3.2.1.4
Standard
target for non-mechanical
For non-mechanical
manufacturer.
8.3.2.2
proximity
switches
the
proximity
target
switch
shall
be
specified
by
the
Test quantities
Subclause 8.3.2.2
8.3.2.3
magnetic
magnetic
Evaluation
of part 1 applies except for 8.3.2.2.3.
of test result
The condition
of the proximity
applicable to each test.
switch
after
each
test
shall
The proximity switch is deemed to have met the requirements
requirements of each test and/or test sequence as applicable.
33
be checked
by the verification
of this standard
if it meets
the
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.3.2.4
Test reports
Subclause 8.3.2.4
8.3.3
Performance
8.3.3.1
under no load, normal
load and abnormal
load condition
Operation
Subclause 8.3.3.1
8.3.3.2
of part 1 applies.
Operating
Operational
8.3.3.2.1
of part 1 applies.
limits
voltages are defined under 7.2.1.2.
Time delay before availability
The test is performed with the proximity switch connected to a test circuit shown in figure 6.
The target is placed in a position such that the switching element !s in the ON-state. With rated
operational
voltage Ue, or with the minimum value of the rated operational
voltage when it is
given as a range, the load is adjusted to obtain the minimum operational current /m.
The time delay before availability
and the duration of any false signal are measured
by
recording the signal across the load with an oscilloscope
as the bounce-free
“Switch” is closed.
for a d.c. switching
element.
Figure 7a shows the
Figure 7 shows typical oscillograms
oscillogram
when
when the switching
For inductive
3 s“.
the switching
element
and capacitive
element
is in ON--state
and
figure
7b shows
the oscillogram
is in OFF-state.
proximity
switches
the target shall be positioned
The measured time delay before availability,
the time
accordinq to 7.2.1.7. The duration of the false signal,
figures 7: and 7b, shall be according to 7.2.1.7.
-
at either
1/3 Sn or
between t3 and to in figure 7 shall be
if any, the time between L and ti on
Ue or Ue ~ln
T
I
Switch
(bounce-free)
Trigger input
:’---
0
:-
osc’’’oscope
,,
For 3 terminal /
d.c. proximity
switch
~
~
_klk+_
Figure
6 – Test circuit
‘“””--””””””signa’inp”
for the verification
of time delay before availability
(see 7.2.1.7 and 8.3.3.2.1)
34
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
A
output
signal
ON-state
Output signal during
I
to
1
tl
I
b
I
I
tz
tq
4
Time (t)
Figure 7a - Switching element is in ON-stste
output
signal
A
Output s!gnal during
to
tl
tp
tq
4
Time
(t)
Figure ?b - Switching element is in OFF-stete
to
=
t,
t2
t3
t~
=
=
=
=
supply is switched
beginning of false
end of false signal
end of time delay
maximum time for
on
signal (if any)
(if any)
delay (300 ms)
to,
which means that toand t,are the same time marks.
NOTE 1
The false signal (if any) may begin at
NOTE 2
In case of no false signal, the time mark t~ can have any position between
NOTE 3
The waveform of the false signal (if any) is not defined.
Figure 7-
Signal output across
35
toand t4.
load in figure 6 (see 8.3.3.2.1)
Is 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
[EC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.3.3.2.2
Minimum
operational
The test is performed
current
with the proximity
(Im)
switch connected
Rt
to a testcircuit
shown in figure 8.
: resistive load
R2 : resistive load
For 3 termmal /“
d.c. proximity
switch
V
: high impedance voltmeter
>0,2 MKVV
mA : milliammeter
D
s
RI
S
R2
: switch
Meters:
r.m.s. for a.c.
average for d.c.
A
Test circuit for the verification
of minimum operational
current OFF-state current,
voltage drop and independent snap action (see 8.3.3.2.2, 8.3.3.2.3, 8.3.3.2.4 and 8.3.3.2.5)
Figure 8-
The target
is placed in a position
such that the switching
element
is in the ON-state.
With supply voltage Ue and the switch S being open, the load “Rl is adjusted
current /m. The measured value shall not exceed the value specified in 7.2.1.12.
The switching
8.3.3.2.3
element
OFF-state
shall not change
current
to obtain
the
state during the test.
(/,)
With the circuit in figure 8 and the switch S closed, the load R2 is adjusted
operational
current /e when the supply voltage is the highest Ue. The target
position such that the switching element is in the OFF-state.
to obtain the rated
is then moved in a
The (Ir) current shall be measured with supply voltage Ue + 107. or with the maximum value of
the supply voltage U~ where it is specified as a range. The (/r) current shall not exceed the
value specified in 7.2.1.13.
8.3.3.2.4
Independent
(snap)
action
Independent (snap) action -shall be checked at maximum and minimum operating load currents
at both maximum and minimum rated operating voltages. Resistive loads of appropriate value
shall be used for each of the four tests.
These tests shall be carried out by moving the target from a position where the switching
element is in the OFF-state to a position where the switching element is in the ON-state and
observing the output on an oscilloscope.
The switching element function shall be substantially
independent
from the velocity of the target and the output shall switch between the ON and the
OFF states without oscillating, or holding at any intermediate level.
36
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.3.3.2.5
Voltage
drop (Ud)
The voltage
drop is measured
across the active outputs of the proximity
switch when
the switching
element
is in the ON-state
and carrying the rated operational
current
(/e)
at 23 ‘C + 5 ‘C ambient temperature and at the lowest rated frequency. This measurement is
performed with the circuit in figure 8 and the switch S closed. The load Rz is adjusted to
obtain the rated operational
current (/e) with the supply voltage Ue. The voltage drop U,-Jis
measured:
.
at Ue+l
OO\’ and Ue–150h,
or Ue ~aX +1070
and Uemin–15Yo,
— or UB ~aX and UB min
The measured
8.3.3.3
voltage
drop shall not exceed
Temperature
the values specified
in 7.2.1.15.
rise
The proximity switch, installed in free air, is supplied with its rated operational voltage (~e) (or
the highest operational voltage of its voltage range), and connected to a load corresponding
to
its rated operational current (Ie) until the thermal equilibrium is reached.
The temperature
rise, measured on the terminals
enclosure shall not exceed 50 K (see 7.2.2).
when
The length of conductor
shall be 2+$1 m.
8.3.3.4
Dielectric
connected
to each terminal
applicable,
and on any point
properties
The test for verifying
dielectric
properties
shall be made:
— in accordance
with 8.3.3.4 of part 1 if the manufacturer
impulse withstand voltage Uim~ (see 4.3.1 .3);
has declared
— in accordance
with 8.3.3.4.1
has been declared.
of this standard
For class II proximity
8.3.3.4.1
of the
Application
switches
and 8.3.3.4.2
insulated
and 8.3.3.4.3
by encapsulation,
a value for the rated
if no value of Uimp
see annex B.
of the test voltage
This test is to be carried out under circumstances
approaching
actual service conditions e.g.
with conductors
attached. The external surface of all insulating parts likely to be touched in
service shall be made conducting by being closely covered by a metal foil.
The proximity switch shall be capable of withstanding
the test voltage
type test, and 1 s for routine test with the following conditions:
live parts of the switching
between
earthed;
–
between live parts of the switching element and surfaces of the proximity
touched in service, conducting or made conducting by metal foil;
switch
–
between
if any.
to electrically
and parts of the proximity
for 1 min for a
-
live parts belonging
element
applied
separated
37
switching
switch intended
elements,
to be
likely to be
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.3.3.4.2
Value of the test voltage
A sinusoidal
voltage
The test voltages
of power frequency
is applied
according
are given in table 6.
Table
Rated
8.3.3.4.3
There
Results
insulation
6
Dielectric
voltage
DC
AC
v
v
test voltage
(r.#s.)
v
75
50
500
150
125
1 250
300
250
1 500
to be obtained
shall be no unintentional
N“OTE 1 ExceptIon
suppressing means.
to 8.3.3.4.1.
is an intentional
disruptive
disruptive
discharge
discharge
during the test
designed
for the purpose,
e.g.
transient
overvoltage
NOTE 2 The term “disruptive discharge” relates to a phenomenon associated with the failure of insulation under
electrical stress, in which the discharge completely bridges the insulation under test, reducing the voltage between
the electrodes to.zero or nearly to zero.
NOTE 3
The term “sparkover” is used when a disruptive discharge occurs in a gaseous or liquid dielectric.
NOTE 4 The term “flashover”
gaseous or Ilquid medium.
NOTE 5
is used when a dwruptwe
8.3.3.4.4
Impulse
The test is performed
— the proximity
voltage
withstand
according
device is not powered
test shall be applied:
a) between
all terminals
b) between
terminals
c) between
supply.
each output
connected
intended
produces
permanent
of a dielectric
in a
together
in a liquid or
additional
requirement:
and earth;
to the power supply;
and each terminal
— three positive and three negative
intervals of not less than 5 s.
strength;
during the test;
to be connected
terminal
loss of dielectric
test
to 7.2.3.1 with the following
the impulse
NOTE
occurs over the surface
The term “puncture” is used when a disruptive discharge occurs through a solid dielectric.
NOTE 6 A disruptive discharge in a solid dielectric
gaseous dielectric, the loss may be only temporary.
–
discharge
pulses
shall
intended
be applied
The impulse voltage withstand test is designed as a type test.
38
to be connected
between
each
to the power
two
points
at
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.3.3.5
Making
and breaking
capacities
Tests for verification of making and breaking
test requirements
stated in 8.3.2.1.
8.3.3.5.1
capacities
shall be made according
to the general
Test circuits
The load impedance shall be placed on the load side of the device as shown
circuit voltage with the test current flowing shall not be less than Ue.
in figure
9. The
Ue
Ue
1
T
0
H#:;;hedevi’e
Ix/e
2 termmal a.c. or
2 termmal d.c.
a)
Figure
9-
Test circuit for the verification
Making
8.3.3.5.2
The load circuitry
8.3.3.5.3
and breaking
shall be adjusted
Making
The load circuitry
8.3.3.5.4
b)
and breaking
shall be adjusted
Results
capacities
of making
8.3.4.1
Performance
Test circuit
and breaking
capability
(see 8.3.3.5)
under normal conditions
to give the values shown in table 4.
capacities
under abnormal
conditions
to give the values shown in table 5.
to be obtained
After the test, the effective operating distance
remain within the limits given in 7.2.1.3.1.
8.3.4
3 termmal d.c.
under short-circuit
of the proximity
current
switch
shall be measured
and
conditions
and test procedure
The proximity switch “PSi’ in new condition shall be mounted as in service, in free
connected to the test circuit with the same size wire as used in service, see figure 10.
air, and
The short-circuit
protective device “SCPD” shall be of the type and rating stated by the manufacturer. This “SCPD” shall be omitted if the proximity switch is integrally protected against
short circuits.
39
Is
13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1 999)
The target is placed in a position such that the switching element is in the ON-state; RI k
selected so that the current flowing through the proximity switch is equal to its rated operational
current. The supply S shall be adjusted to 100 A prospective
short-circuit
current. The “SC’i
switch, parallel with RI load, is intended to cause the short circuit. The open circuit voltage
shall be 1,1 times the rated operational voltage or the maximum value of the voltage range.
The test shall be performed three times by randomly closing the “SC” switch. The test current
is maintained until the SCPD or the internal short-circuit
protection in the proximity switch has
operated. The interval between each of the three tests shall be not less than 3 min. The actual
time between tests shall be stated in the test report. After each test, the “SCPD” shall be
replaced or reset.
SCPD
I
CL
,,,
1
-U--p’l
I
L-—l
Ps
under test
supply
s
/
I
SC switch
Prospective short-c!rcult
current 100 A
a) 2 termmal a.c. or 2 termmal d.c.
SCPD
RI
-
e
supply
.
a
Ps
under test
I
SC switch
Prospective short-circuit
current 100 A
b) 3 terminal d.c.
Figure 108.3.4.2
Results
Short-circuit
Testing
8.4.1
8.4.1.1
of operating
Inductive,
Test
A proximity
(see
8.3.4.2)
to be obtained
After the test, the operating distance
within the limits given in 7.2.1.3.1.
8.4
testing
capacitive,
of the proximity
switch -shall be measured
and remain
distances
non-mechanical
magnetic
and ultrasonic
according
to the relevant
proximity
switches
conditions
switch
in new condition
is mounted
annex
and the target
is moved, not faster than 1 mm/s, towards and away from the sensing face of the proximity
switch in an axial direction. The operating distances are measured as shown in figures 3 and 4.
40
I
IS ~ 3947 (Part
IEC 60947-5:2
Effective
8.4.1.2
operating
distance
5/See 2) :2004
(1 999)
(s,)
The effective operating distance is measured at the rated voltage or at any voltage within the
voltage range and at 23 “C & 5 ‘C ambient air temperature. The measured value shall be within
the limits given in 7.2.1.3.1.
8.4.1.3
Differential
travel (H)
The differential travel is defined as a percentage
measurement is made at the ambient temperature
target
away
shall
from
8.4.1.4
Usable
Usable
with
be
the
moved
supply
the
proximity
switch.
The
measured
operating
operating
the
towards
proximity
distance
distance
voltage
towards
the proximity
8.4.1.5
Repeat accuracy
switch
value
within
shall
the
(sr)
range
be according
and
then
be
moved
to 7.2.1.5.
(su)
is measured
at
of the effective operating distance (s,). The
of 23 “C k 5 “C at rated supply voltage. The
over
the
–25
“C to +70
‘C
ambient
temperature
range
and 110 Y. of its rated value. The target shall be moved
The measured value shall be within the limits given in 7.2.1.3.2.
85
switch.
Y.
(R)
The repeat accuracy of the effective operating distance (s,) is measured over an 8 h period
with an enclosure temperature within 23 “C & 5 “-C and with supply voltage Ue.& 5 0/0 or at any
voltage *5 ‘Z within the rated operational voltage range. The target shall be moved towards the
proximity switch. The measured value shall be within the limits given in 7.2.1.4.
8.4.2
8.4.2.1
Photoelectric
Testing
proximity
of the sensing
This test is performed
photoelectric proximity
clean air conditions, at
and at an ambient light
8.4.2.2
Source
switches
range (sd)
at rated voltage or at any voltage within the voltage range with new
-switches, except when specified as verification after another test, in
any ambient temperature between 23 “C ~ 5 “C, both in darkness (O lx)
of 5000 lx obtained as per 8.4.2.2.
of ambient
light
a) Either:
24 x 36 (35 mm) slide projector,
with glass condensing
lens of focal length 80 mm, with
anticaloric
(heat) filter removed,
with tungsten halogen lamp, colour temperature
between
3000
K and 3200
K (by varying
supply voltage)
and delivering
5 000 lx measured
with Iuxmeter
and obtained
by varying
the distance
between
the light source
and the
Iuxmeter.
b) Or:
Xenon
lamp delivering
5000
lx measured
with
distance between the light source and the Iuxmeter.
41
Iuxmeter
and
obtained
by varying
the
K 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
8.4.2.3
Type T
The receiver is moved, not faster than 1 mm per second
emitter and the maximum and minimum operating distances
a) without
ambient
b) with ambient
in an axial direction,
are measured:
the
light (O lx);
light (5 000 lx).
The light source is positioned at an angle of 5° * 1° to the reference
receiver (see figure 11a, type T).
8.4.2.4
towards
axis and is aimed at the
Type R
The reflector, per 8.3.2.la)
is moved, not faster than 1 mm per second in an axial direction,
towards the photoelectric proximity switch and the sensing range is measured.
a) without
ambient
b) with ambient
light (O Ix);
light (5 000 lx).
The light source is positioned at an angle of 5° * 10 to the reference
photoelectric
proximity switch (see figure 11 b, type R).
8.4.2.5
at the
Type D
There are two standard
targets:
— target
per 8.3.2.1.3
(cl)
for operating
distances
not exceeding
— target
per 8.3.2.1.3
(c2) for operating
distances
above 400 mm.
400 mm;
The target is moved, not faster than 1 mm/s in an axial direction,
proximity switch and the sensing distance is measured:
a) without
ambient
b) with ambient
Results
The sensing
towards
the photoelectric
light (O lx);
tight (5 000 lx).
The light source is positioned at an angle of 15° + 10 to the reference
photoelectric
proximity switch (see figure 1lc, type D).
8.4.2.6
axis and is aimed
axis and is aimed at the
to be obtained
range shall be as stated by the manufacturer
42
(see 7.2.1 .3.4).
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
m
<
<“j,
,
Emitter
Receiver
..
I
_
1
Figure Ila - Type T, emitter end receiver
Luxmeter
and receiver
:
%
-
0
Reflector
Figure 11b - Type R, emitter-receiver end reflector
Luxmeter
! . .,
and receiver
:
Target (see 8.3.2.1 .3)
Figure llc - Type D, emitter-receiver end object
Figure 11-
Testing
of the seneing
43
range (see 8.4)
Is 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
-i
@-’--Method 2
Method 1
line
/ ofCentre
target
1 = proximity switch
2 = target
3 = disc in non-magnetic
and non-conducting
material
NOTE
To avoid angular influence from one target to another, the disc shall be constructed to include at least
10 targets, if the rated operating distance (sn) is less than 10 mm, or 6 targets for higher operating distances.
Figure
8.5
12-
Testing
When
method
8.5.1
Methode for meaeuring the operating frequency
mechanical
magnetic proximity switches
for the frequency
the proximity
described,
Method
a) Inductive,
of operating
of inductive, capacitive
(if applicable)
I
and non-
cycles
switch frequency of operating cycles exceeds the limit of the measuring
the manufacturer
shall state the method of measurement.
for measuring
capacitive
the frequency
and non-mechanical
of operating
cycles
magnetic proximity
I
switches
As shown in figure 12, the targets are fixed on the front (method 1) or sides (method 2) of
teeth on a rotating disc, the spaces between the teeth being 2a, in such a manner that they
can pass in front of the sensing face of the proximity switch at a distance equal to half of the
rated operating distance.
Each target shall have the same dimensions as those specified in 8.3.2.1. The output signal
of the proximity switch is measured with the speed of rotation of the disc increasing from O.
The targets of the rotating
switches are tested.
disc
shall
be connected
to earth
when
capacitive
proximity
An illustration of the output signal of proximity switches is given in figure 14.
With the speed increasing, the durations t, and t2 decrease.
For direct current proximity switches, the rated value of the operating frequency is obtained
when t, or t2 correspond to 50 ~s, or when the characteristics
of the output signal, in the
“ON” or “OFF” states, reaches the values specified in the relevant annexes.
For alternating
current proximity switches, the rated value of the operating frequency
obtained when either t, or t2 corresponds to one-half period of the supply frequency (fb).
44
is
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
b) Ultrasonic
proximity
switch
As shown in figure 13 the targets
teeth on a rotating disc.
are fixed on the front
(method
1) or sides
(method
2) of
The spaces between the teeth being 3a in such a manner that they can pass in front of the
sensing face at the minimum operating distance and the proximity switch shall be adjusted
to thi-tolerating
distance.
I
W
1
2
S min.
.
Yr
‘ ‘,<
(3>’
I,
.,-=’
L-
@-”-Method 2
Method 1
Centre line
/ of target
1 = proximity switch
2 = target
3 = disc in non-magnetic
and non-conducting
material
NOTE 1
targets,
To avoid angular influence from one target to another, the disc shall be constructed
NOTE 2
Method 2 is only applicable
Figure 13-
Methods
output
signal
to narrow-beam
for meaauring
angled proximity switches,
the operating
f, ultrasonic
frequency
proximity
switch
t
I
.—
Figure 14-
to include at least 10
Output
t,
t~
.
signal of direct current
of operating
45
.-a
t,
*
Time (t)
proximity switch during the measurement
frequency f
IS
13947
(Part 5/See
IEC 60947-5-2
The operating
2):
2004
(1 999)
frequency
f is determined
from the following
f=~
8.5.2
Results
8.5.3.1
t,+ tp
to be obtained
The values obtained
8.5.3
formula:
shall be not less than those given in the relevant
Photoelectric
proximity
Measurement
annexes.
switches
means
As shown in figure 15, a rotating disc with one or more targets is fixed parallel to the sensing
face of the proximity switch at a distance less than 10 cm, and in such a way that the reference
axis of the proximity switch passes through the centre of the target.
4
1
2
3
4
Receiver
Disc
Emitter
Reference
1
2
3
4
sensor
Figure 15 – Measurement
For types T and R, the effective
For type D, the surface
standard target.
If the operating
distance
means for turn-on
rotating
target
ton
shall
and turn-off time t.ff
be made
the tests, then the manufacturer
A recorder (for example, a memory oscilloscope)
the proximity switch and by the reference sensor
Measurement
time
Emitter-receiver
Disc
Target
Reference sensor
beam shall be fully broken by the rotating
of the
affects
1
2
3
4
Emitter-receiver
Disc
Reflector
Reference sensor
A reference sensor having a switching frequency
under test (E UT) is also put around the disc.
8.5.3.2
Type D
(diffuse reflective)
Type R
(retro-reflective)
Type T
(through beam)
of turn-on
target.
of the same
material
as the
shall state the test distance.
at least ten times
higher than the equipment
can draw simultaneously
(see figures 16 and 17).
curves
delivered
by
time (f,.)
The positional relationship
between the reference sensor and the EUT shall be adjusted while
rcoving
the disc slowly so that the output of the reference
sensor changes
its state
simultaneously
with the output of the EUT.
46
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
To measure tOn,the
disc speed is adjusted so that the EUT is operated
.
the maximum operating frequency stated by the manufacturer.
at approximately
The turn-on time fOn is the maximum
observed delay between the output
sensor and the change of state of the EUT output (see figure 16).
of the
half of
reference
State B
Reference sensor
output
State A
1
Target detected
Equipment
under
test output
Delay
K
Q
No target detected
NOTE
The diagram refers to logic?; states A and B. A and B will differ according to the type of proximity switch
.
Figure
8.5.3.3
M-easurement
01 turn-off
16 – Turn-on
time
ton measurement
time (tOff]
The positional relationship
between the reference sensor and the EUT shall be adjusted while
moving the disc slowly so that the output of the reference
sensor changes
its state
simultaneously
with the output of the EUT.
To measure tOff,the disc speed is adjusted so that the EUT is operated
the maximum operating frequency stated by the manufacturer.
at approximately
half of
The turn-off time tOffis the maximum observed delay between the noted output of the reference
sensor and the change of state of the EUT output (see figure 17).
State B
Reference sensor
output
State A
Target detected
+ — + Delay
Equipment
under
test output
No target detected
NOTE
The diagram refers to logical states A and B. A and B will differ according to the type of proximity switch
Figure 17-
Turn-off
time tOffmeasurement
47
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
(1999)
IEC 60947-5-2
8.52.4
Results
2004
to be obtained
0{ operating
The frequency
cycles f determined
less than that given by the manufacturer.
by the formula
given
in 7.2. i.6.2
shall be not
I
Verification
8.6
of the electromagnetic
compatibility
The tests shall be performed under the following conditions:
— the proximity device mounted in free air shall be connected
the rated operational
current (/e) and supplied with its rated
maximum voltage of its voltage range) (Ue);
— the connecting
leads shall be 2+81 m. For proximity
type of cable used shall be specified
devices
by the manufacturer
to a load corresponding
to
operational
voltage (or the
not having
and recorded
integral
cables,
the
in the test report.
The test shall be performed:
a) with the target set at a position
such that the switching
element
is in the OFF-state;
b) with the target~et
such that the switching
element
is in the ON-state;
c) for inductive
or 3 Sn.
at a position
and capacitive
For the test according
to 7.2.6.3
proximity
the following
devices,
additional
— cylindrical proximity devices shall be mounted
clamped between the locknuts of the device
plane;
the target
mounting
shall
be positioned
conditions
in a non-embeddea
shall be connected
apply:
Inanner. A metal washer
to the reference ground
— rectangular proximity devices shall be mounted in a non-embedded
plate which shall be connected to the reference ground plane;
manner
on a flat metal
— the method of connection
to the reference ground plane shall be in accordance
manufacturer’s
instructions,
if given, and sha~ be stated in the test report.
Performance
at 1/3 sn
with the
criteria
During the tests the state of the switching element shall not change for more than 1 ms for d.c.
devices and one half wave of supply frequency for a.c. devices.
8.6.1
Electromagnetic
The test is performed
8.6.2
Electrostatic
field immunity
according
discharge
to IEC 61000-4-3
and 7.2.6.1.
immunity
The test is performed
according
to IEC 61000-4-2
and to 7.2.6.2 and shall be repeated
10 times at each measuring point, with a minimum time interval of 1 s between pulses.
8.6.3
Fast transient
immunity
The test is performed according to IEC 61000-4-4,
placed in the capacitive coupling clamp.
8.6.4
Emission
and to 7.2.6.3,
with all the connecting
requirements
The test is performed
according
to CISPR 11 group 1, class A, and 7.2.7.
48
leads
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 21:2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
8.7
Test results
and test report
The test results shall be documented
in a comprehensive
test report. The test report shall
present the objective, the results and all relevant information of the tests. The test report shall
define the proximity device under test, including the cable layout and the necessary auxitiary
equipment. Any deviation from the test plan shall be mentioned.
Where a range of proximity devices are made according to the same principle and design, and
using the same type of components,
tests may be performed
on representative
samples.
Furthermore
based on first results, the testing laboratory may limit the tested frequency range
for radiation or conduction tests and shall include in the report the frequency range used.
49
IS
IEC
13947
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
( 1999)
Annex
A
(normative)
Specification
sheets
MODEL
INDUCTIVE
CYLINDRICAL
WITH
A.1 (1A)
1A
PROXIMITY
THREADED
SWITCHES
BARREL
Dimensions
The dimensions and thread sizes shown in figure A.1 (1A) shall be according to table A.1 (1A).
leads shall be
Within the dimensional
limits of C/l and /2 all rigid parts of the connecting
included. The diameter of unthreaded
port~on d, shall not exceed the minor diameter of the
thread. For type 11 embeddable, the thread can b~ omitted and the diameter reduced to d2 on a
length not exceeding
/3 = 1 mm. For type 12 the thread can be omitted and the diameter
reduced to dz on a length not exceeding /3 = 2 Sn.
Across flats (AF)
s
Target
Figure A.1 (1A) - Dimensions
Table A.1 (1A) – Dimensions
I
Ssnsing mssns:
inductive (1)
1
embeddsbls
I
I
Dimensions
2
nonembeddsble
Body
Type
Nuts
m
d3*
+0,1 5
msx.
13
4
15
80
17
4
20
50
100
24
4
26
50
100
36
5
42
d,
/1
12
Thresd size
min.
msx.
40
60
40
11A08
12A08
11A12
12A12
M12x
11A18
12A16
M18X1
11A30
12A30
“ d3min.
in millimetres
M8x1
M30
X
1
1,5
=l,13AF
50
AF
IS
13947
IEC
A.2 (1A)
Rated operating
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1 999)
distances
The rated operating distance, for embeddable
and non-embeddable
proximity switches, shall
be according to table A.2 (1A). The rated operating distance is a conventional
quantity, it does
not take into account either manufacturing
tolerances or variations due to external conditions
such as voltage and temperature
(s-ee 2.3.1.1 and 7.2.1.3.1).
Table A.2 (1A) – Rated operating distances in millimetres
I
Type 11- Embeddable
Form and size
A.3 (1A)
Form and size
Rated operating
distance
Rated operating
distance
A08
1
A08
2
A12
2
A12
4
A18
5
A18
8
A30
10
A30
15
Installation
Embeddable
A.2 (1A) a.
Type 11- Non-embeddable
I
proximity
(mounting)
switches,
Non-embeddable
proximity
figure A.2 (1A) b.
when installed
switches
when
in damping
installed
material
in damping
y/////////////////////
shall be according
material
shall be according
y/////////////////////
!
II
>3xd1
t
Free zone or non-dampmg material
(e.g. a non-metalllc material)
a) Embedded in metal
b) Not embedded in metal
Figure A.2 (1A) - Installation
51
(mounting)
to figure
to
IS 13947
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
A.4 (1A)
Frequency of operating
Minimum requirements
cycles (f) in operating
Switching
Form and size
Installation
A12
A18
A30
element
function:
–
A or B
Type of output
Por
A08
cycles per second
N
D
1
500
300
2
300
200
1
400
200
2
200
100
1
200
100
2
100
50
1
70
50
2
50
30
F
5
NOTE
The frequency of operating cycles are only stated for the most common types. For all other possible types
(according to table 1 Classification) the frequency of operating cycles shall be stated by the manufacturer.
52
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
MODEL
INDUCTIVE
CYLINDRICAL
WITH
A.1 (IB)
16
PROXIMITY
SMOOTH
SWITCH
BARREL
Dimensions
The dimensions
shown in figure A.1 (IB) shall be according
to table A.1 (lB). Within
dimensional limits of d, and /2, all rigid parts of the connecting leads shall be included.
No part of the proximity
switch within the length /2 shall exceed the diameter
the
d,.
Sensingface
l—
\
.-. —.- -----
-.-.
—.-. —.- .-. —.—.-
_.— —___ -----
.-. —.- .- ._. - -. —.- -----
------
dl
#-[
i
u
t
/
Target
/3
/1
s“
I
Figure A.1 (IB) - Dimensions
Table
A.1 (IB) – Dimensions
Sensing means:
inductiva (1)
1 Em beddable
type
IIB04
IIB06
A.2 (IB)
Rated operating
in millimetres
Dimensions
d,
11
/2
13
min.
max.
max.
4
25
50
0,5
6,5
40
60
1
distances
The rated operating distance shall be according to table A.2 (l B). The rated operating distance
is a conventional
quantity. It does not take into account either manufacturing
tolerances
or
variations
due to external
conditions
such as voltage and temperature
(see 2.3.1.1
and
7.2.1.3).
53
IS I 3947
IEC
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
60947-5-2
(1 999)
Table
A.2 (IB) – Rated
operating
distance
in millimetres
Type 11 - Embeddsble
A.3 (IB)
Installation
The proximity
Type
Rated operating
distance
B04
0,8
B06
1
(mounting)
switch when installed
in damping
material
Figure A.2 (lB) - Installation
A.4 (IB)
Frequency of operating
Minimum requirements
Form and size
I
Mechanical
cycles
shall be according
in damping
(f) in operating
installation
1
B06
NOTE
1
I
1
material
cycles
per second
Type of output
N
D
300
600
I
Same as A.4 (1A),
54
-
Switching element function: A or B
Por
B04
to figure A.2 (lB).
500
I
250
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
INDUCTIVE
RECTANGULAR
WITH
A.1 (IC)
SQUARE
IC
PROXIMITY
SWITCHES
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
em bendable,
26 mm x 26 mm. Overall and mounting
A.1,1 (IC) Type 11C26 inductive,
dimensions
shall be according
to figure A.1 (lC). The rigid part of the cable assembly is
included in the overall dimensions.
The cable entry shall allow the passage and ensure the
anchorage as well as the tightness of a-cable with an external diameter of 7 mm to 10 mm.
I ConnectIon to internal terminals
Only one sensing face which
may occupy any of the three sides
Cable entry
I
26
I
,-,-
195
1
75
--i
<
Y
04,2
pi
o+
(2x)
26
95 max.
L-----J
Figure A.1 (IC) – Dimensions
55
in millimetres
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
35 mm x 35 mm. Overall and moqnting
A,l.2 (IC)
Type 12C35 inductive, non-embeddable,
dimensions
shall be according to figure A.1.2 (lC). The rigid part of the cable assembly is
included in the overall dimensions.
Onlyonesensingfacewhich
mayoccupyanyof thefive-sides
/
_AJ
.._._,
._.
__
-.--.
—
-----.-.
—.—
.-.
—.-----—.
A
<
@ 5,3
..—.
z
f
-
1
I
I
-
18
20
15
Cable entfy
60
*
m
78
.
100 max.
.
Figure A.1:2 (IC) - Dimensions in millimetres
embeddable
A.1.3 (IC)
Type 12C30 inductive, non-embeddable
and type 11C30 inductive
30 mm x 30 mm. Overall and mounting dimensions shall be according to figure A.1.3 (lC). The
rigid part of the cable assembly is not included in the overall dimensions.
e
Only one sensing face
which may occupy
any of the five sides
\
!
.. ........ .
Sensing
face
Cable entry
------------
J
30
.—.—. .
12 min.
@ 4,3
3
II
—.- .— -.-.
,-. —
.- .- .-.:
‘Q
.—. —.- .—----
------
------
---
;+
3
26
-
41
‘ 5,3
0
95 max.
Figure A.1.3 (IC) - Dimensions in millimetres
56
21
30
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
A.1.4 (IC) Type 12C40 inductive, non-embeddable
– Type IIC40 inductive embeddable 40 mm
x 40 mm. Overall and mounting dimensions
shall be according to figure A.1.4 (lC). The rigid
part of the cable assembly is not included in the overall dimensions.
P
Only one sensing face
which may occupy
any of the five sides
.. . . . .
...
Sensing
face
q
Cable entry
------.—----
40
.-. ...—.
16 min.
--;-.
—.—
.—
-------------..=..-.
—
‘-1
~+~
-.—
.IQ
.... ‘
-t-i-, ,
1
I
r------
.—
05’3
3
-H-793
30
4~
-&[email protected]
25
-
60
45
Figure A.1.4 (IC) - Dimensions
A.2 (IC)
Rated operating
in millimetres
distance
The rated operating distance shall be according to table A.2 (lC). The rated operating distance
is a conventional
quantity, it does not take into account either manufacturing
tolerances
or
variations
due to external
conditions
such as voltage and temperature
(see 2.3.1.1 and
7.2.1.3).
Table A.2 (IC) - Rated operating
Type
A.3 (IC)
Installation
Rated operating distance
11C26 embeddable
C35 non-embeddable
10
15
11C40 embeddable
12C40 non embeddable
15
20
11C30 embeddable
12C30 non-embeddable
10
15
(mounting)
A.3.1 (IC)
Figure
distance in millimetres
Type IIC proximity switch installed in damping material is shown in figure A.2 ([C).
A.2 (IC) a shows the proximity switch with front sensing face. Figure A.2 (IC) b shows
the proximity
switch with side sensing
face installed.
57
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) : 2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
n
o
1
Sensing face
b)
Figure A.2 (lC) - Installation
A.3.2
(IC)
Type
12C proximity
L
of a IIC proximity
switch installed
in damping
switch
in damping
material
material
as shown
in figure
Sensing face
a) Angle mounting
/,
b) Channel mounting
Sensing face
\ Sensing face
d) Not embedded in damping material
c) Embedded in damping material
Figure A.3 (IC) – Installation
of 12C35 in damping
58
material
A.3 (lC).
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
A.4 (IC)
Frequency of operating
Minimum requirements
cycles (f) in operating
cycles
per second
Switching-element
Form and size
Instsllaticm
Por N
D
40
1
40
C35
2
100
50
C30
1
70
50
1
50
50
and
NOTE
function: A or B
Type of output
C26
C40
-
‘Same as A.4 (1A).
59
F
5
is 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
2004
MODEL
INDUCTIVE
WITH
A.1 (ID)
ID
RECTANGULAR
PROXIMITY
SWITCHES
RECTANGULAR
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
Type 12D non-embeddable
proximity switches shall have overall and mounting dimensions
according to figure A.1 (ID) and table A.1 (ID). Parts of the cable assembly are not included in
the overall dimensions.
........... ,,
E ‘[ i ‘i
_
40 *1,5
Sensing face
Cable entry
_.-;---i
“
16 min.
4
/2
lL
Cableentry
Al.+_.--_...+.
~
1
I
I
bl
I
I-=--l
Figure A.1 (ID) - Dimensions
Table A.1 (ID) - Dimensions
I
in millimetres
max.
Type
/1 msx.
/2 = b2
12D60
120
45
50
12D80
135
65
80
60
b,
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1999)
A.2 (ID)
Rated operating
distance
The rated operating distance for non-embeddable
proximity switches -shall be according
to
table A.2 (ID). The rated operating distance is a conventional
quantity, if does not take into
account either manufacturing
tolerances
or variations
due to external conditions
such as
voltage and temperature
(see 2.3.1.1 and 7.2.1 .3).
Table A.2 (ID) - Rated operating
Type
I
distances
Rated operating distance
1.2D60 non-embeddable
25
I
12DLt0 non-em beddable
A.3 (ID)
Installation
The installation
figure A.2 (ID).
in mi’llimetres
I
40
(mounting)
of the 12D60 and 12D80 proximity
switches
in damping
material
is shown
I
Free zone or non-dampmgmaterial
(for instance a non-metalhcmaterial)
Figure A.2 (ID) - Installation
A.4 (ID)
Frequency of operating
Minimum requirements
cycles
of 12D in damping
(f) in operating
material
cycles per second
-
Switchrng element function: A or B
Form snd size
NOTE
Installation
Type of output
Por N
D
D60
2
25
15
D80
2
10
10
Same as A.4 (1A).
61
F
5
in
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
2004
MODEL
CAPACITIVE
CYLINDRICAL
WITH
A.1 (CA)
CA
PROXIMITY
THREADED
SWITCHES
BARREL
Dimensions
The dimensions are thread sizes shown in figure A.1 (CA) shall be according to table A.1 (CA).
Within the dimensional
limits of d, and /2, all rigid parts of the connecting
leads shall be
included. The diameter
of unthreaded
portion d2 shall not exceed the minor diameter of
the thread. The thread can be omitted and the diameter
reduced to d2 on a length not
exceeding /3 <2 x Sn.
Across flats (AF)
Sensing face
\
/\
Target
Sn
I
Figure A.1 (CA) - Dimensions
Table -Al (CA) - Dimensions
in millimetres
Dimensions
Sensing meens:
capacitive (C)
Nuts
Body
Type
CA18
CA30
“
d,
1,
I*
Thresd size
min.
max.
M18x 1
50
100
50
100
M30
X
1,5
m
d3*
+0,15
max.
24
4
28
36
5
42
AF
d3 min. = 1,13AF
62
m
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
A.2 (CA)
Rated operating
The rated operating
in clause A.3 (CA).
distance
distance
(sn)
is adjusted
by the manufacturer
under mounting
conditions
stated
The rated operating
distance shall be set according to table A.2 (CA). The rated operating
distance
is a conventional
quantity,
it does not take into account
either manufacturing
tolerances or variations due to external conditions such as voltage, temperature,
humidity and
mounting conditions.
Table A.2 (CA) – Rated operating distances
Type
A.3 (CA)
Installation
in millimetres
Rated operating distance
CA18
5
CA30
10
(mounting)
Ta
nl
Capacitive proximityswitch
II
=
Figure A.2 (CA) - Installation
A.4 (CA)
Frequency
Minimum requirements:
of operating
(mounting)
cycles (f)
10 operating cycles per second for type A18 and type A30.
63
IS 13947
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
CAPACITIVE
WITH
CB
PROXIMITY
SMOOTH
(.Under consideration.)
64
SWITCHES
BARREL
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
CAPACITIVE
RECTANGULAR
WITH
A.1 (CC)
CC
SQUARE
PRO-XIMITY
SWITCHES
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
Overall and mounting dimensions of type C30 shall be according to figure A.1 (CC) a and type
C40 shall be according to figure A.1 (CC) b. Apart from these dimensions,
the design of the
proximity switch is not restricted. The mountina dimensions are included within the dimensions
of the housing, but the cable entry dimensions~re
not.
Only one sensing face
wh!ch may occupy
any of the fwe sides
t
4
-..
‘F
30
12 min.
___
—.:---.,_
._.
.—
.-.
:.
___
,_____
._
._.
_
.
._.
_
.
_
:Q-~~ 3
++-.
Ill
04,3
21
26
30
T 5,3
41
-
95 max.
Figure A.1 (CC) a - Dimensions,
P
Only one sensing face
which may occupy
any of the five sides
.
type C30 in millimetres
. . .. .......
Sensing
face
$
Cable entry
40
16 min.
‘-------:
J
I
40
45
60
Figure A.1 (CC) b - Dimensions,
65
type C40 in millimetres
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 21:2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
A.2 (CC)
Rated operating
The rated operating
in clause A.2 (CC).
distance
distances
(sn)
is adjusted
by the manufacturer
under mounting
conditions
stated
The rated operating distance shall be according to table A.2 (CC). The rated operating distance
is a conventional
quantity, it does not take into account either manufacturing
tolerances
or
variations
due to external conditions
such as installation
(mounting),
voltage, humidity and
temperature.
Table A.2 (CC) – Rated operational
Rated operating
Type
A.3 (CC)
Installation
distance in millimetres
CC30
10
CC40
15
(mounting)
Figure A.2 (CC) - Installation
A.4 (CC)
Frequency
Minimum
requirements:
distance
of operating
10 operating
(mounting)
cycles (f)
cycles per second for type C30 and type C40.
66
IS
13947
IEC
MODEL
CAPACITIVE
A.1 (CD)
2) :2004
(1 999)
CD
RECTANGULAR
WITH
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
PROXIMITY
RECTANGULAR
SWITCHES
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
Type D80 proximity switches shall have overall and mounting dimensions
according
A.1 (CD). Parts of the cable assembly are not included in the overall dimensions.
to figure
Target
—T————~
.%
I
~
,,
...........................:
1:
40*1,5
.&
Sensing face
I
I
1
I
I
Cable ent
4
16 min
11
0,
“&---- ”-”i”-”-”-’-&”-
80
- .–;
65
.-. -.-.
i.-._._._
+._
- “+”-”-”-”:”-”-”-”-
+“-
Figure A.1 (CD) - Dimensions
A.2 (CD)
Rated operating
distance
_.l.
_._..
Cable entry
!
05,3
Cable entry
in.millimetres
(sn)
The rated operating
in clause A.2 (CD).
distance
is adjusted .by the manufacturer
The rated operating
distance
shall be: Sn = 40 mm.
The rated operating
distance is a conventional
manufacturing
tolerances
or variations
due
(mounting), voltage, humidity and temperature.
under mounting
conditions
stated
quantity, it does not take into account either
to external
conditions
such as installation
67
IS
IEC
I 3947
(Part
60947-5-2
A.3 (CD)
5/See
2) :2004
(1999)
Installation
(mounting)
The proximity switch shall be mounted on damping material. The dimensions
of the damping
material shall be at least three times the outside dimensions of the capacitive proximity switch.
Damping
material
in opposite
of the sensing
tace shall not be closer than 3 x Sn.
t!%%
Damping material
(earthed metal)
Figure A.2 (CD) - Installation (mounting)
A.4 (CD)
Frequency
of operating
cycles
(t)
Minimum
requirement:
10 operating
cycles per second.
68
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947’5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
THREADED
BARREL
ULTRASONIC
PROXIMITY
A.1 (UA)
UA
CYLINDRICAL
SWITCHES
Dimensions
The dimensions and thread size shown in figure A.1 (UA) shall be according to table A.1 (UA).
Within the dimensional
limits of d, and /2, all rigid parts of the connecting
leads shall be
included. The diameter .dz may exceed the diameter of the thread according
to extended
sensing ranges. The diameter C/dof the unthreaded part shall not exceed the minor diameter of
the thread.
Sen
/,
-
Figure A.1 (UA) - Dimensions
Table
A.1 (UA) - Dimensions
I
in millimetres
Dimensions
Nuts
AF
24
m
d3*
+0,1 5
msx.
T
4
U3A30..A
M30 x 1,5
M30
50
150
0
36
5
U3A30.. B
M30 x 1,5
tv130
50
150
0
36
5
U3A30.. E
M30
X
1,5
70 max.
50
150
35
36
5142
1
M42
35
150
0
50
6
35
50
6
U3A42.. D
M42
U3A42,. E I
M42 x 1
“ d~min.
X
I
70 max.
I
50
I
150
= 1,13AF
69
I
28
I
I
I
I
42
42
57
57
1s 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 9991
A.2 (UA)
Sensing
range
The operating distances max. and min. for ultrasonic proximity switches shall be according to
table A.2 (UA). These distances are conventional
quantities,
they do not take into account
variations due to external conditions such as temperature,
altitude and humidity.
Table A.2 (UA) –“Requirements
Sensing range
for sensing range in millimetres
from
to
Target size
mm
A
60
300
loxlo
0
300
800
20 x 20
I
500
IDI
E
800
A.3 (UA)
Installation
According
to the instructions
A.4 (UA)
Frequency
2000
6000
I
loox
100
loox
100
(mounting)
of the manufacturer.
of operating
Shall be stated by the manufacturer
per minute.
cycles (f”
either in operating
70
cycles
per second or in operating
cycles
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
ULTRASONIC
RECTANGULAR
WITH
A.1 (UC)
SQUARE
UC
PROXIMITY
SWITCHES
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
Overall and mounting dimensions
shall be according to figure A.1 (UC). Apart from these
dimensions,
the design of the proximity switch is not restricted. Within the overall dimensions
of the housing, the mounting dimensions
are included but the cable entry dimensions
are not
included.
c
Only one sensing face
which may occupy
anyof the five sides
..
/
Sensing
face
“’”””””’
Cable entry
40
16 mln
2
‘-------
_.—
—
-.—
—
‘“-ql-‘-----:,
6------
25
*
---------&
‘-’--uI
--
60
.
120 max.
.Figure A.1 (UC) - Dimensions
Sensing
40
.
45
I
A.2 (UC)
30
of type U3C40
range
The maximum
and minimum operating distances for ultrasonic
proximity switches shall be
according to table A.1 (UC). These distances are conventional
quantities, they do nol take into
account variations due to external conditions such as. temperature,
altitude and humidity.
71
IS
IEC
13947
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1 999)
Tableau A.1 (UC) - Requirements
Sensing range
for sensing
to
from
range in millimetres
Target eize
mm
A
60
300
c
300
1 000
A.3 (UC)
Installation
According
to the instructions
A.4 (UC)
Frequency
lox
10
20 x 20
(mounting)
of the manufacturer.
of operating
Shall be s~ated by the manufacturer
per minute.
cycles
(f)
either in operating
72
cycles per second or in operating
cycles
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
MODEL
ULTRASONIC
WITH
A.1 (UD)
UD
RECTANGULAR
PROXIMITY
RECTANGULAR
SWITCHES
CROSS-SECTION
Dimensions
proximity
switches
shall have overall and mounting
dimensions
Type U3D80 ultrasonic
according
to figure A.1 (UD). Parts of the cable assembly are not included in the overall
dimensions.
40’15Lm-#6mn
F=’1
Ka’
“q”-”- ”-’:”- ”-”-”-c )“-
00
65
– .-r
. -.-..- .<. _.-. ___ ___
- +------{
------(
p--
-“+--”-”-
Cable entry
[
Cable enhy
32,5
0 5,3* 0,3
40
H-
Figure A.1 (UD) - Dimensions
A.2 (UD)
Sensing
- -
of type U3D80 in millimetres
range
The operating
distances
shall be according
to
conventional
quantities, they do not take into account
as temperature,
altitude and humidity.
73
table A.2 (UD). These
variations due to external
distances
conditions
are
such
IS
IEC
13947
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1 999)
Table A.2 (UD) – Requirements
Sensing
from
range
to
A
60
300
c
300
1 000
E
800
6000
A.3 (UD)
Installation
According
to the instructions
A.4 (UD)
Frequency
Shall be stated
per minute.
for sensing range in miilimetres
Targst size
mm
lox
10
20 x 20
Ioox
loo
(mounting)
of the manufacturer.
of operating
by the manufacturer
cycles (f)
either in operating
74
cycles per second
or in operating
cycles
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Annex
B
(normative)
Class
II proximity
switches
insulated
Requirements
6.1
and
by encapsulation
-
tests
General
This annex specifies constructional
requirements
and tests for class II proximity switches
parts of devices in which insulation
of class 11, according
to IEC 60536, is achieved
encapsulation.
All parts
insulation
6.2
which are not encapsulated
shall
concerning clea~ances and creepage
follow the
distances.
requirements
specified
for
double
Definitions
The following
definitions
apply to this annex.
*
B.2.1
encapsulation
process by which all components, conductors and ends of Integral cables are encased
Insulating compound by suitable means such as embedding or potting
in an
B.2.1.1
embedding
process of completely encasing electrical device(s) by pouring a compound over it (them) in a
mould, and removing the encased device(s) from the mould after solidification
of the compound
—
B.2. I.2
potting
embedding process in which the mould remains
attached
to the encased
B.2.2
compound
thermosetting, thermoplastic, catalytically cured and elastomeric
and/or additives, after solidification
electrical
device(s)
materials with or without fillers
B.2.3
temperature
range of the compound
the ambient temperature range as stated in 6.1.1 of IEC 60947-1
6.5
Marking
Proximity switches according to this annex shall be marked with the following symbol
c1
D
This symbol
is 60417 -2-IEC-5172.
75
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
B.7
Constructional
6.7.1
Choice
requirements
of compound
The compound
tests in B.8.
6.7.2
and functional
shall be chosen
Adhesion
so that the encapsulated
proximity
switches
comply
with the
of the compound
The adhesion of the compound shall be sufficient to prevent the ingress of moisture between
the compound and all encapsulated
parts and to prevent movement of the encapsulated
portion
of the cable if any.
Compliance
shall be verified
by the tests of B.8.1 .2.5 and B.8 1.2.2.
Compound
Figure
B.7.3
Dielectric
Subclause
6.1 - Encapsulated
device
properties
7.2.3 applies
with the following
changes:
the test voltage
When Uimp is declared by the manufacturer,
of the maximum rated operational voltage in the first column
IEC 60947-1 for the stated overvoltage category.
When Uim is not declared by the manufacturer,
table 6 of rhis standard plus 1 000 V.
B.8
B.8.1
the test voltage
Tests
Kind of tests
B.8.1.1
Subclause
General
8.1.1 of IEC 60947-1
shall be the next higher category
of table H.1 or H.2 of annex H of
applies.
76
shall be the voltage
stated in
IS 13947
IEC
B.8.1.2
(Part .5/See
60947-5-2
2) :2004
(1999)
Type tests
The following
order.
B.8.1 .2.1
sequence
Dielectric
of six tests shall be applied
to each of three samples
in the specified
tests in new conditions
Subclause 8.3.3.4 of IEC 60947-1 applies with the exception that the values of voltage shall be
applied between the stripped joined ends of the cable or the shorted terminals and any point of
the surface (or metallic foil on the surface) of the encapsulated device (see figure Bl).
No breakdown
B.8.1 .2.2
of the insulation
Cable tests (if applicable)
Proximity switches
annex C.
B.8.1 .2.3
provided
Rapid change
Test Na shall be performed
with integrally
of temperature
in accordance
-
TA and T~ are the minimum
–
transition
— number
–
shall occur.
exposure
of cycles:
1)
of
test
with IEC 60068-2-14
and the maximum
temperatures
with the following
values:
stated in B.2.3;
3 h.
damage
shall be observed.1)
Impact test
as follows
(see figure B.2).
is placed on a rigid support.
Three impacts of 0,5 J shall be applied near the centre
axis (for cylindrical shape) of the encapsulated
device.
The impacts
with requirements
5;
time tl:
The test is performed
The sample
cables shall comply
2 min to 3 rein;
time t2:
After the test, no visible
B.8.1 .2.4
connected
are obtained
by dropping
of the largest
surface
or the longest
a steel ball 0,25 kg from a height of 0,20 m.
Smail cracks of the Moulding compounds, if any (see figure B.1 ) are acceptable
and B.8.1 .2.5. They-shall not impair the results of the final test of B.8.1 .2.6.
77
after tests B.8.1 .2.3, B.8.1 .2.4
IS 13947 (Part
IEC 60947-5-2
5/See 2) :2004
(1 999)
-(3---’S’ba”ba”
,
h
t
I
I
/
Sample under test
///////
////A%//z%z//%w//
/4
L
Figure B.2 - Test device
The support is considered
than 0,1 mm.
sufficiently
After the test, no visible damage
B.8.1 .2.5
55 “c;
number
6.
of cycles:
The test report shall state which variant
After the test, no visible damage
Following
in 8.3.3.4.1
Dielectric
test
and
Subclause
1)
is less
variant
with the following
1 or variant
values:
2.
shall be observed.1)
test after stresses
B.8. 1.2.5,
8.3.3.4.2
Routine
with IEC 60068-2-30
is applied:
the
with
dielectric
the test
properties
voltage
The results to be obtained shall be as stated
current shall not exceed 2 mA at 1,1 Ui.
B.8.1.3
energy
shall be observed.1)
in accordance
upper temperature:
B.8.1 .2.6
under the impact
Damp heat, cyclic test
The test Db shall be performed
–
rigid if its displacement
shall
being
be checked
applied
in 8.3.3.4.3
by respecting
tests
specified
for 1 min.
with the addition
that the leakage
tests
8.1.3 applies but the dielectric test is mandatory.
Small cracks of the moulding compounds, if any (see figure B.1) are acceptable
and B.8. 1.2.5. They shall not impair the results of the final test of 9.8.1.2.6,
78
after tests B.8.1 .2.3, B.8.1 .2.4
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Annex
C
(normative)
Additional
for proximity switches
connected cables
requirements
with integrally
C.1
General
This annex gives additional requirements
applying
cables for electrical connection to other equipment
proximity switches with integrally
and/or to the powsr source.
The cable integrally connected to such proximity switches is not corrsidered
user. This annex states the constructional
and performance
requirements
cable anchorage and the cable entrance seal.
C.2
connected
replaceable by the
for the cable, the
Definitions
The following definitions apply to this annex:
C.2.1
cable connected proximity switch
proximity switch having integrally connected
and/or to the power source
leads for electrical
C.2.2
cable entrance sealing means
sealing means between cable and device enclosure
cable abrasion and which may provide required sealing
Constructional
C.7.1
Constructional
C.7.1.1
temperate
damage
to the
requirements
requirements
switch
rating
and
shall
be
provided
environmental
with
flexible
cable
of appropriate
voltage,
current
and
condition.
The length of cable provided may be specified in the relevant product standard.
C.7.1.2
Cable anchorage
The cable anchorage
electrical connections
Movement
connection
C.7.1.3
performance
so as to prevent
from
Cable material
The pr~ximity
NOTE
and
to other equipment
providing the required protection
of enclosure and cable anchorage
C.2.3
cable anchorage
means to relieve mechanical stress from the cable termination
electrical connection between the device and the cable
C.7
connection
shall be such that a force being applied
integral to the device.
of the cable in to or out of the proximity
or internal parts of the device.
Cable entrance
sealing
to the cable is not transmitted
switch shall not cause damage
to
to the cable
means
A sealing means shall be provided at the cable entrance to the proximity switch suitable
degree of protection specified for the proximity switch (see annex C of IEC 60947-1).
NOTE The sealing means may be inherent in the device encapsulation.
79
for the
IS 13947
(Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
C.7.2
Performance
requirements
The cable and the cable
given in clause C.8.
C.8
entrance
sealing
means
shall
be capable
of withstanding
the tests
Tests
The purpose of these tests is to ensure integrity of the cable anchorage during transit handling
and installation.
Once installed, the proximity switch and cable should be fixed relative to each
other.
C.8.1
Type tests
The following sequence
specified order.
C.8.1.1
of four tests
shall
be performed
on a representative
sample
in the
entry, applied
to the
Pull test
The cable shall be subjected to a steady pull along the axis of the cable
insulating jacket of the cable for a duration of 1 min.
The pull force shall be 160 N for the cable diameter greater than or equal to 8 mm. The pull
force for cable diameters of less than 8 mm shall be of the value (in N) of 20 times the external
cable diameter (in mm).
C.8.1.2
Torque
test
The cable shall be subjected to a torque of 0,1 Nm or limited to the value giving an angle of
torque of 360°. The torque shall be applied to the cable, clockwise for 1 min and then counterclockwise for 1 rein, at a distance of 100 mm from the proximity switch entrance.
C.8.1.3
Push test
The push force shall be applied
entrance.
along the axis of the cable as close
The force is increased slowly to 20 N. The force shall be applied
with a 1 min pause between applications.
After the tests, no visible damage
the cable shall be observed.
C.8.1.4
of the cable entrance
sealing
as possible
to the cable
for 1 min for each time and
means and no displacement
of
Bend test
The cable shall be loaded and bent in the following
a) Suspend a 3 kg mass by attaching
axis of the cable entrance vertical.
b) Tilt the proximity
1 min.
it to the cable
1 m from the cable entrance
for
c) Tilt the proximity switch 90” in the opposite direction relative to vertical so as to cause
opposite 90° bend in the cable, maintaining the position for a duration of 1 min.
an
Results
90° to cause a 90° bend in the cable,
maintaining
and with the
that position
C.8.2
switch
manner:
to be obtained
There shall be no damage to the cable, cable sealing means, cable entrance or electrical
connecting
means of the proximity switch. This will be verified by visual examination
and
verification of compliance with the stated 1P designation.
80
IS 13947 (Part 5R3ec 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Annex D
(normative)
Integral
D.1
Plug-in
following
coupled
proximity
figures.
connectors
switches
They
shall
shall
for plug-in proximity
incorporate
provide
a
minimum
an
integral
switches
connector
protection
rating
in accordance
of
IP65
when
with
the
correctly
with their mating connector.
0“0’%
#
n
b
I
H
5,5 i“,z
Note 2 —
7,2.~z
—
NOTE 1
Pin identification
NOTE 2
switches.
For a provisional
NOTE 3
Protective
—
Sealing face
numbering is riot necessary.
period the use of 1/2” UNF is permissible
as an alternative
to M12 on a.c. proximity
earth pin shall be omitted for class II proximity switches.
Figure D.1 - M12 0 3-pin integral
connector
81
for a.c. proximity
switches
IS
I 3947
IEC
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
2):
2004
(1999)
—
NOTE
.—.
.—
Sealing face
The central pin may be omitted when not necessary.
Figure
D.2 - M12
0 5-pin
integral
connector
for d.c. proximity
switches
ilk
2+:’
,
-dFigure
D.3 -8
M
5 *0,05
ml
—
1,75 .;,1
6 min.
—
Sealing face
mm 0 3-pin integral
connector
82
for d.c. proximity
switches
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
3+;’
2+;’
01 * 0,03
--i
t---t
1,75 .:,1
IE
@[email protected];,llAl
-+
t---+l
u
5 +0,05
--’ LJ=
—
6 min.
—
Sealing face
Figure D.4 - 8 mm 0 4-pin integral connector for d.c. proximity switches
83
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
—8”’”1
i-’5*0’-lI
,,,65+0,10 n
.’V?P
xl
W*R:4O+31O
I
/.J
/,/l
8
c‘d
,5*0,4
,,2_g
~
L
NOTE
3
Sealingface
NOTE
1
Pin identification numbering is not necessary.
NOTE 2 For a provisional
proximity switches.
NOTE 3
period,
the use of l/2”-20UNF-2A
is permissible
as an alternative
The protective earth pin shall be omitted for class II proximity switches.
Figure
D.5 - Ml 20
4-pin integrel connector for a.=. proximity switches
84
to Ml 2 on a.c.
IS
13947
IEC
‘8”’”
77
-1,78+0,25
4P
4
1
[email protected]
——————
—
010,5 0
-0,3
!-
~c
/’
‘?’730+0,15
o
—
1,65+~’10
‘2
.-
I
I
A
—
2) :2004
(1 999)
1
/-Ezl
5 PLC
(Part 5/See
60947-5-2
R4,40+$10
M12’,OX1
la
00,76+0,03
-1
.O1O
2,55 o’
M
41
Pin identification
NOTE 2 For a provisional
proximity switches.
NOTE 3
numbering
period,
NOTE
3
d
is not necessary,
the use of l/2”-20UNF-2A
is permissible
as an alternate
The protective earth pin shall be omitted for clase II proximity switchee.
Figure D.6 - Ml 20
L
I---7Q,2
Sealingface
NOTE 1
2,54*0,25
5-pin integrel connector for a.c. proximity switches
85
to M12 on a.c.
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2):
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
2004
—8
min. —
— 3 max.
- 1,7S*0,25
g,lo
10
97,60
[
~
!-55+:’0
Sealingface --l
NOTE
1
Pin identification
NOTE 2 For a provisional
proximity switches.
NOTE 3
numbering is not necessary.
period,
the use of l/2’’-2OUN2A2A
is permissible
as an alternative
The protective earth pin shall be omitted for class II proximity switches.
Figure
D.7 - Ml 20
6-pin
integral
connector
86
for a.c. proximity
switchee
to Ml 2 on a.c
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
( 1999)
Annex E
(normative)
Additional
E.1
requirements for proximity switches
in strong magnetic fields
General
The provisions
E.1.2
of this section
of IEC 60947-5
apply unless specified
otherwise
in this annex.
Scope and object
This annex is applicable for proximity
example electric weld fields (normally
switches which operate within strong magnetic fields, for
alternating) or electrolytic fields (normally constant).
The object of this annex is to state the performance
switches which operate in strong magnetic fields.
E.2
suitable for use
and the test conditions
for proximity
Definitions
E.2.5
magnetic
field
the magnetic
field
induction
in the meaning of this standard is defined
(flux density). The value is stated in teslas [V. s/m2]
by the value
of the magnetic
E.2.5.1
alternating magnetic field
a magnetic field with alternating direction of the magnetic induction with a fundamental
frequency f of 45 Hz to 65 Hz where the reference value is the peak value of the magnetic
induction
E.2.5.2
constant magnetic field
a magnetic field with a temporal constant value of the magnetic induction, where the reference
value is the mean value of the magnetic induction. A total ripple content of *5 YO is allowed
E.2.5.3
Immunity
E.2.5.3.1
immunity to an alternating magnetic field
a proximity switch is immune to an alternating magnetic field when the state of the output is not
changed by the influence of the alternating magnetic field under specified conditions
E.2.5.3.2
immunity to a constant magnetic field
a proximity switch is immune to a constant magnetic field if the change – due to the influence
of the constant magnetic field – of the effective operating distance (sr) is not higher than the
value specified
87
Is 13947 (Part 5/See 21:2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
E.3
Classification
According
E.3.7
to table 1 with the following
Classification
according
Immunity
to an alternating
E.3.7.1
The immunity to an alternating
eighth position.
E.3.7.2
Immunity
E.3.7.3
to the type of the influencing
Immunity
magnetic
magnetic
to a constant
The immunity to a constant
eighth position.
addition:
magnetic
to an alternating
E.7
Construction
E.7.2.I.6
E.7.2.1 .6.1
Inductive
The frequency
of
according to 8:5.
E.7.5
of operating
Immunity
The following
values
a) alternating
magnetic
Magnetic
magnetic
Magnetic
E.7.5.1
E.7.5.1.1
by a capital
letter
Y, placed
in the
field is designated
letter Z, placed
in the
magnetic
field
by a capital
requirements
proximity
shall
be
switches
stated
by the
manufacturer,
and
measured
switch
in accordance
field
shall be applied:
field maximum
O to 0,1 T, peak value;
induction:
b) constant
cycles
to a magnetic
in the
cycles
and capacitive
operating
letter X, placed
field and to a constant
and performance
Frequency
by a capital
field
field is designated
The immunity to both types of magnetic
eighth position.
field
field
field is designed
magnetic
magnetic
field
induction:
O to 0,1 T, mean value.
Performance
In an alternating
The state of
with E.8.9.1.
the
output
shall
E.7.5.1.2
In a constant
Subclause
switches.
7.2.1 .3.1 applies,
The effective
the magnetic
operating
field.
Test is made according
magnetic
not
magnetic
field
change
when
tested
field
with the following
distance
proximity
addition
(sr) shall not deviate
to E.8.9.2.
88
for inductive
and capacitive
proximity
mo~e than *3O ‘Yo over the state range of
. ..........——__.
—.
—-—._....——..
-. .... . . ..
. .,.,
_____
_ ,.
..
...... . ...
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
E.8
Tests
E.8.9
Verification
E.8.9.1
Immunity
E.8.9.1.1
NOTE
The
of immunity
to an alternating
Inspection
and test sequence
Other test configurahons
test
shall
magnetic
field
(see figure E.1 )
may be set up.
be performed
as follows:
the magnetic
a) The sensor (1) for measuring
interior of the air-core inductor (4).
field
shall
be arranged
in the centre
of the
inductor
(4) shall be energized
with alternating
current
(A), until the
b) The air-core
oscilloscope
(3) shows a peak value of the magnetic induction of 0,1 T. This value /ref of the
current shall be noted.
NOTE To adjust the value /,ef, it is allowed to use a phase control up to 30°.
c) The sensor (1) is removed and the proximity switch (1) shall be arranged in the air-core
inductor, so that the reference axis of the proximity switch is identical with the axis of the
air-core inductor (4) and the sensing face of the proximity switch is at the mid point (U2) of
the air-core inductor.
Tests should
perpendicular
be performed
with the orientations
to the magnetic field.
d) The air-core inductor (4) shall be energized
t (s) = 3/f, but not less than 0,1 s.
e) The test according
proximity
switches
with the value /ref for an approximate
in line
and
time
to d) shall be performed;
–
with the target located
at 3 x Sn from the sensing
–
with the target located
at 1/3 x Sn from the sensing
E.8.9.1.2
of the
face;
face.
Results to be obtained
The state of the output shall not change by switching on and switching off /ref or during the time
/ref current flows in the air-core inductor.
After the test, the effective
NOTE
operating
For sensing face diameters
distance
(s,) shall remain in accordance
with 7.2.1.3.1.
larger than 18 mm, the target in the off condition may be removed.
89
_________ . . . ... _.
. ..-——.
_- ———__
IS 13947 (Part ‘5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
5
I
:
\
1 Sensor
2
3
4
5
A
I
D
L
Figure
E.1 - Examples
E.8.9.2
Immunity
E.8:9.2.1
NOTE
Inspection
Measuring instrument for the magnetic induction
Oscilloscope (to indicate the peak value)
Air-core inductor (the number of windings is not stated)
AC ammeter
Alternating current
Proximity switch
Interior diameter of the air-core inductor 2100 mm
Length of the air-core inductor 2100 mm
of test configuration
to a constant
magnetic
and test sequence
for verification
of the immunity
to an alternating
field
field
(see figure
E.2)
Other test configurations may be set up.
The test shall be performed
as follows.
a) The sensor (1) for measuring the magnetic
air gap between the iron cores (3).
induction
shall be arranged
in the centre
of the
coils (4) shall be energized with direct current (A) until the measuring
b) The inductance
instrument for the magnetic induction (2) shows the magnetic induction of 0,1 T. The value
/ref of the current shall be noted.
c) The sensor
(1) is removed and the proximity switch (1) shall be arranged in the middle of the
air gap between the iron cores (3) and so thatthe sensing face is in line with the outsides of
the iron cores (3).
90
. .. .
1S 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(l-999)
d) The effective operating distance sr shall be measured by axis approach
the direct current A being adjusted to each of the following values:
o
lref
0,2
/ref
0,4
Iref
0,6
l,e~
0,8
/ref
of -the target
with
1,0 /ref
E.8.9.2.2
Results
to be obtained
In the whole range of the direct current A, the deviation of the effective operating distance Sr
shall be within *3-0 Y. of the value measured at O /ref.
1
2
3
Sensor
Measuring instrument for the magnetic induction
Iron core of the magnetic inductor
(inner diameter of iron core = 100 mm)
4 Inductance coils
5 DC ammeter
A Direct current
I
Proximity switch
AS Air gap between core (3) >2 x proximity switch diameter
with a minimum of 40 mm.
NOTE
For test purposes,
the rest of the switch.
the parts of the proximity switch affected
Figure E.2 - Example
by the magnetic
of test configuration
for verification
in a constant magnetic field
91
field may be separated
of the immunity
from
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 2) :2004
IEC 60947-5-2
(1 999)
Annex F
(informative)
Symbols for proximity
m
switches
General symbol
v
Inductive proximity switch
4-terminal d.c. PNP output, NO NC
E
>------L+
) -n-
I
@
> -m-’
3
>..
-
0
:
L.
- L+
1-----
>
-n-
- L-
Ultrasonic proximity switch
2-terminal d.c. NC
Retroflective photoelectric proximity switch
3-terminal d.c. NPN output, NO
.*.
m
m
c
.&i.
>..
Capacitive proximity switch
2-terminal d.c. NO
.L+
).
.
.
.
.
L1/L+
u
R
)
I
-B-’
@
o
>------L-
m’
> -n-
“ NIL-
Ttirough beam photoelectric proximity switch
3-terminal d.c. NPN output, NC
-
‘L+
- L-
Non-mechanical magnetic proximity switch
3-terminal d.c. PNP output, NO
Diffuse reflective photoelectric proximity switch
3-terminal d.c. NPN output, NC
f
I
I
D
)
~>
@
~>---
NOTE
E
‘>----”-L+
1
>------L+
M
-D-,
) -0-,
o
”-”
L-
)------L-
It is permitted to have different orientations of the symbols provided that all information required is retaim
Figure F.1 - Examples
of symbols
92
for proximity
awitchea
(Continued frornsecond cover)
International Standard
Corresponding Indian Standard
Degree of
Equivalence
IEC 60112(1979) Method for determining the
comparative and the proof tracking indices of
solid insulating
materials
under moist
conditions
IS 2824: 1975 Method for determining the
comparative tracking index of solid insulating
materials
under moist conditions
(first
revision)
Equivalent
IEC 60364 (all parts) Electrical
of buildings
SP 30:1985
Not
Equivalent
installations
National electrical code
IEC 60947-5-1 (2000) Low-voltage switchgear
and controlgear — Part 5-1 : Control circuit
devices
and switching
elements
—
Electromechanical
control circuit devices
IS 13947 (Part 5/See 1) :2003 Specification
for low-voltage switchgear and controlgear :
Part 5 Control circuit devices and switching
elements,
Section
1 Electromechanical
control circuit devices (first ;evision)
Identical
IEC 61000-4-2
(1995) Electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) — Part 4 : Testing and
measurement
techniques
— Section 2 :
Electrostatic discharge immunity test — Basic
EMC publication
IS 14700
(Part
4/See
2)
: 1999
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) : Part 4
Testing and measurement techniques, Section
2 Electrostatic discharge immunity test —
Basic EMC publication
do
IEC 61000-4-4
(1995) Electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) — Part 4 Testing and
measurement
techniques
— Section 4 :
Electrical fast transient/burst
immunity test
— Basic EMC publication
IS 14700
(Part
4/See
4)
: 1999
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) : Part 4
Testing and measurement techniques, Section
4 Electrical fast transie-nt/burst immunity test
— Basic EMC publication
do
Amendment No. 1 to the above International
this standard.
Standard issued on June 1999 has already been incorporated
in
The Technical Committee responsible for the preparation of this standard has reviewed the provisions of the
following International Standards and decided that these are acceptable for use in conjunction with this
standard:
Title
/nfernationa/ Standard
IEC 60446(1 989)
Identification
of conductors
by colours or numerals
IEC 60536(1 976)
Classification of electrical and electronic
against electric shock
IEC 61000-4-3 (1995)
Electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) — Part 4: Testing and measurement
electromagnetic
field
techniques — Section 3 : Radiated, radio-frequency,
immunity test
tEC 61020-5-1 (1991)
Electromechanical switches for use in electronic equipment — Part 5: Sectional
specification for pushbutton switches — Section 1 : Blank detail specification
ISO 630:1995
Structural
equipment
with regard to protection
steels — Plates, wide flats, bars, sections and profiles
For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value,
observed or calculated, expressing the result of ‘a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with
IS 2:1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised)’. The number of significant places retained in
the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.
Bureau of Indian Standards
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harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods
and attending to connected matters in the country.
Copyright
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implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications), BIS.
Review of Indian Standards
Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Standards are
also reviewed periodically; a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed; if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken up for
revision. Users of Indian Standards should ascedain that they are in possession .of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of ‘BI.S Catalogue’ and ‘Standards: Monthly Additions’.
This Indian Standard
has been developed
Amendments
Amend No.
from Doc : No. ET 07 (51 45).
Issued Since Publication
Text Affected
Date of Issue
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