How do the earthquakes in New Zealand and Nepal compare? What comparisons can we make? Geographical location Tectonic location Cause Effects Responses A B Geographical location Tectonic location Description of cause Primary and secondary effects Immediate and long term responses C D How do the earthquakes in New Zealand and Nepal compare? New Zealand Geographical location Tectonic location Cause Primary Effects (2) Secondary Effects (2) Immediate Responses (2) Long Term Responses (2) Nepal Exam technique-Possible exam questions where comparison is the skill (8marks) 0 Higher marks 0 0 1 mark 1-2 marks Gives basic, generic descriptive or weak explanation points Communication is unclear 2-3 marks 3-5 marks Case study is named but is not integrated. Gives basic, generic descriptive and/or explanation points Communication is fairly clear and information is communicated by brief statements. There is some accuracy of spelling. 4-6 marks 6-8 marks Appropriate case study is named, located and incorporated effectively. Description/explanati on is specific and accurate Communication is articulate. Effective use of geographical terms. There is clear accuracy of spelling, punctuation and grammar. 1 Basic Foundation marks 2 Clear Similarities:• Also • Similarly Differences:• Compared to • In contrast to • On the other hand • Whereas • However Level 3 Detailed What connectives can we use to show comparison? Compare the immediate and long term responses to earthquakes in rich and poor parts of the world Success Criteria Name and locate the examples Compare x2 immediate responses Compare x2 long term responses Description/ Explanation Quality of written communication Responses not sufficient to reach level 1 Green pen improvement points VF1=which mountain range does Nepal sit in the foothills of? VF2=Which type of plate boundary or name the tectonic plates involved. VF3=Use time more effectively-this needs completing please. VF4= Improve literacy-spellings; capitals; paragraphs. VF5=Write the question as the title VF6= Develop your description of cause. VF7=To compare you need to look at the same factor e.g. number of deaths against number of deaths. VF8=Look at the structure of your work-you have not used the success criteria To finish-stick things in Underline titles!!! Model answer I have studied the 2015 earthquake in Kathmandu, Nepal and the 2011 earthquake in Christchurch New Zealand. The LEDC country of Nepal sits in the foothills of the Asian Himalayas at the destructive collision zone of the Eurasian and Indo – Australian plates. The MEDC of New Zealand, in the continent of Oceania off the SE coast of Australia, differs from this as it sits on a conservative plate margin as the Pacific and Philippine plate move side by side. The similarity between these 2 earthquakes lies in the fact that it is plate movement that generated the friction that caused the earthquake. One primary effect of the earthquakes was loss of life. In New Zealand 181 People lost their life in contrast to Nepal where the death toll was over 8500. Another primary effect if the destruction of infrastructure. In New Zealand many city centre buildings were severely damaged with the cathedral losing its central spire. However, in Nepal over half the countries public and private schools were damaged (16,000).