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How do the earthquakes in New Zealand and
Nepal compare?
What comparisons can we make?
Geographical location
Tectonic location
Cause
Effects
Responses
A
B
 Geographical
location
 Tectonic location
 Description of cause
Primary and
secondary effects
Immediate and
long term
responses
C
D
How do the earthquakes in New Zealand and Nepal compare?
New Zealand
Geographical
location
Tectonic
location
Cause
Primary
Effects
(2)
Secondary
Effects
(2)
Immediate
Responses
(2)
Long Term
Responses
(2)
Nepal
Exam technique-Possible exam questions where comparison is the skill (8marks)
0
Higher
marks
0
0
1 mark
1-2
marks
Gives basic, generic
descriptive or weak
explanation points
Communication is
unclear
2-3
marks
3-5
marks
Case study is named
but is not integrated.
Gives basic, generic
descriptive and/or
explanation points
Communication is
fairly clear and
information is
communicated by
brief statements.
There is some
accuracy of spelling.
4-6
marks
6-8
marks
Appropriate case
study is named,
located and
incorporated
effectively.
Description/explanati
on is specific and
accurate
Communication is
articulate. Effective
use of geographical
terms. There is clear
accuracy of spelling,
punctuation and
grammar.
1
Basic
Foundation
marks
2
Clear
Similarities:• Also
• Similarly
Differences:• Compared to
• In contrast to
• On the other hand
• Whereas
• However
Level
3
Detailed
What connectives can we
use to show comparison?
 Compare the immediate and
long term responses to
earthquakes in rich and poor
parts of the world
Success Criteria
 Name and locate the examples
 Compare x2 immediate
responses
 Compare x2 long term responses
Description/
Explanation
Quality of written
communication
Responses not sufficient to reach level 1
Green pen improvement points
VF1=which mountain range does
Nepal sit in the foothills of?
VF2=Which type of plate boundary
or name the tectonic plates involved.
VF3=Use time more effectively-this
needs completing please.
VF4= Improve literacy-spellings;
capitals; paragraphs.
VF5=Write the question as the title
VF6= Develop your description of
cause.
VF7=To compare you need to look at
the same factor e.g. number of
deaths against number of deaths.
VF8=Look at the structure of your
work-you have not used the success
criteria
To finish-stick things in
Underline titles!!!
Model answer
I have studied the 2015 earthquake in Kathmandu, Nepal
and the 2011 earthquake in Christchurch New Zealand.
The LEDC country of Nepal sits in the foothills of the Asian
Himalayas at the destructive collision zone of the Eurasian
and Indo – Australian plates. The MEDC of New Zealand, in
the continent of Oceania off the SE coast of Australia,
differs from this as it sits on a conservative plate margin as
the Pacific and Philippine plate move side by side. The
similarity between these 2 earthquakes lies in the fact that
it is plate movement that generated the friction that
caused the earthquake.
One primary effect of the earthquakes was loss of life. In
New Zealand 181 People lost their life in contrast to Nepal
where the death toll was over 8500. Another primary
effect if the destruction of infrastructure.
In New
Zealand many city centre buildings were severely damaged
with the cathedral losing its central spire. However, in
Nepal over half the countries public and private schools
were damaged (16,000).