Download What did you learn from the video yesterday? Origins of Judaism

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Bell Work 9-21-16
How are Christianity and
Islam similar?
2. What did you learn from
the video yesterday?
Origins of Judaism
ancient Israelites
(Hebrews or Jews) were
nomadic people who
migrated from Mesopotamia
to Canaan (present-day
Israel & Lebanon) around
2000 BCE.
 Almost
everything we know about
the Israelites is based on the
Hebrew Bible.
 Hebrew Bible = Old Testament of
the Christian Bible.
 The first 5 books of the Hebrew
Bible are know as the Torah, which
is comprised of stories about the
ancient Israelites and descriptions
of Hebrew law.
The Israelites were the
founders of Judaism, one of
the 1 monotheistic religions.
Most other people of the time
practiced polytheistic
The Israelites believed their
God was all powerful and the
Judaism teaches that a person
serves God by studying the
Torah and living by its
 The Star of David, is the
universal symbol Judaism.
 There
are 3 major Jewish Sects:
1.Orthodox Jews – obey the
Torah without question.
2.Conservative Jews Interpret
3. Reform Jews
Torah to
make it
relevant today
Worship Practices
 Jews
worship in a synagogue or
 Usually they are built so that the
congregation faces towards
Jerusalem during worship.
 An ark, or cabinet, at the front of
the synagogue contains the scroll
of the Torah.
Worship Practices
 A lamp
called the eternal light
hangs before the ark,
symbolizing the eternal presence
of God.
 A rabbi (“teacher”) leads prayers
and reads passages of the
Hebrew Bible or Torah during the
service. He or she will also
deliver the sermon.
 Some
Jews follow strict dietary
laws based on passages from
the Hebrew Bible.
 These laws establish what is
kosher, or acceptable for Jews to
 Animals that are considered
unclean, like pigs & shellfish, are
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