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Causes of the Renaissance
What is the Renaissance?
• Rebirth
• Explosion of New Ideas & Learning
• Rebirth
• Explosion of New Ideas & Learning
• Rediscovery of Classical Greek &
Roman Culture
• Humanism—worth of Individual
• Secularism—worldly not religious
Causes of the Italian Renaissance
• Crusades
• Control of Mediterranean Trade
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Crusades
Control of Mediterranean Trade
Sophistication of Italian City-States
Growth of Banking & Trade
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Crusades
Control of Mediterranean Trade
Sophistication of Italian City-States
Growth of Banking & Trade
Excess Wealth: de Medici family of
Florence
• Printing
Press
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
Italy
North
Italian
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Italy
Rome, Florence,
Venice
Mediterranean Trade
De Medici
Michelangelo,
Da
Vinci, Raphael
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
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North
Amsterdam,
Antwerp, London
Rhine & Thames
Rivers
Jacob Fugger
Jan Van Eyck,
Brueghel
Italian v. Northern Renaissance
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Italy
Rome, Florence,
Venice
Mediterranean Trade
De Medici
Michaelangelo, Da
Vinci, Raphael
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North
Amsterdam,
Antwerp, London
Rhine & Thames
Rivers
Jacob Fugger
Jan Van Eyck,
Brueghel
Political Intrigue
Machiavellian Intrigue
• Wrote The Prince
• studied the politics of
Florence, Venice &
Rome
• analyzed use of power,
force, & Deception
• How to book for future
leaders
Niccolo Machiavelli
• Including...
De Medici Family of Florence
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Cosimo & Lorenzo
city improvements
patron of the arts
peace & prosperity
Savonarola
• Franciscan Friar
• banned gambling, swearing, etc.
• burned books & paintings
The Borgia: First Italian Crime Family
• Pope Alexander VI
– bribery, extortion, nepotism,
torture
• Casare Borgia
(son)
– multiple murders, mercenary
• Lucrezia Borgia
(daughter)
– incest?
– What really happened to
her husbands?
Effects of the Renaissance
Renaissance Art
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perspective
light & motion
study of human form
emotion & drama
new subject matter>secularism
science & mathematics
composition & balance
changing perspective of man & his role in the
world
• unique vision of each artist
Effects of the Renaissance
• Advances in Science & Technology led to the
European Exploration of the World
• Secularism led to the Protestant Reformation
• Humanism encouraged the growth of
Democracy & the Fight for Human Rights
• Role of Women in Society Improved
• Renaissance Art led to the Age of Classical
Music and Art in Europe
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