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
"All it takes for evil to prevail is for good men <people> to do
nothing“
 Bruce Edwards
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EQ' S
 What factors caused the War?
 Who were the major countries involved?
WW2 KWL
Puzzle
SL 1- 8
Hitler’s acts of aggression flow chart
1
2

Hitlers and Germany’s
aggression
 Revenge Factor - Treaty
of Versailles
 Aided by Italy’s alliance
Conditions caused by
the Great Depression
 Appeasement by
Britain and France

3
4
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Hitler promised the German
people Lebensraum- living
space, which meant getting
back land that was
“wrongfully” taken after WW I
and expanding into new
territories.
Hitler Violated the Treaty of
Versailles with the following
acts of aggression
1.
In 1935, He announced he
would rebuild the Germany
military. He created an air
force and expanded the
military from 100, 000 to
550,00o.

5
Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland in 1936 and Hitler
annexes Austria in 1937, Anchluss- Union of
Germany and Austria.
3. Hitler annexes Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland) in
1938, which was a new country created after WWI
out of German land.
2.
6
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Included Britain, France
and Germany
Britain & France practice a
policy of Appeasement –
giving in to an aggressor
nation in order to avoid
war.
Britain & France agree to
allow Hitler to annex
Austria & Czech if he
promises to make no more
territorial demands.
7
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Hitler and Mussolini were both Fascists so
Italy and Germany were allies.
Later Tokyo would be added making it the
Berlin/Rome/Tokyo Axis as Japan allied itself
with Germany and Italy.
8
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If you have only one match and you walked into a room
where there was an oil burner, a kerosene lamp, and a
wood burning stove, which one would you light first?
EQ'S
 What event started WW2?
 Why was the Battle of Britain so important?
SL 9 -21
Maginot Line Websites
Mapping WW2 – Alliances + battles (flash)
Movie scene of Pearl Harbor (Battle of Britain)
9
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Hitler knew that he would not honor the
Munich agreement.
He thought that a big disadvantage for
Germany in WWI was that it had to fight a
two front war.
So, Hitler and Stalin sign a non- aggression
Pact, which is an agreement not to fight
against each other.
10
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Hitler invades Poland in
1939
Blitzkrieg – lightning war
Germany unleashes a fast
and brutal attack to
steamroll over Poland (falls
in 8 days)
This set the tone for a
much faster paced war
than WWI
11
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Britain & France immediately declare war on
Germany (Sept. 3 1939)
U.S. Proclaims neutrality and also passes the
Neutrality Acts
Neutrality Acts of 1935, 36, 37 – banned the
sale or transport of weapons to warring
nations
12
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There are three major theatres to war – Europe ,
Asia, Africa
In Europe
 1940 Hitler invades Norway & Denmark
 France waits along the Maginot Line for a German
Attack (phony war)
 Maginot Line – a series of fortifications built by
France along their border with Germany to prevent
another German invasion
13
14
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German forces defeat
British & French forces in
Northern France, driving
the allies into the sea
300,000 allied troops had
to be evacuated across the
English Channel
June of 1940 Paris falls &
France has to surrender to
the Germans
15
After France falls to the
Nazis only Britain is left
to stand against Hitler
 Germany’s air force –
the Luftwaffe
bombards England
during the fall of 1940
to prepare the way for
German troops to
invade England.
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16
Hitler’s goal was to knock out radar systems,
airfields and other defense means.
 The Royal Air Force – Britain’s Air Force - Fights
valiantly against the Luftwaffe causing Hitler to
bomb London and other major cities.
 During this time Winston Churchill’s leadership kept
British Morale high.
 Result: Hitler never achieved his goal and gave up
his plans of invading Britain
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17
18
19
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Why?
He thought that Russia’s vast resources of Oil
and wheat would help him when he did
invade Britain
Also he thought the Russian military was
poorly trained and equipped wouldn’t put up
much of a fight
High Jewish population
20
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Should the U.S. have gotten involved sooner
in World War 2??
 Write a paragraph explaining your position
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EQ'S
 How did fighting start in the Pacific?
 Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
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SL 21 – 28
Pacific Map
Show Battle scene of movie Pearl Harbor
21
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Background
 Japan’s population was growing rapidly.
 Being a small nation, Japan desperately needed
resources
 So it turns to a military government to pursue a
policy of expansion in the Pacific.
 In September of 1931 Japan invades Manchuria,
which was a mineral rich region in China.
22
The U.S. placed a trade
Sanctions on Japan to
protest their invasion
of China
 The U.S. stopped
exporting Steel and Oil
to Japan.
 This really hurt Japan’s
Industrial capabilities.
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23
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Japan wanted to invade
and occupy other Asian
countries, which were
presently colonies of
European nations.
Since these nations were
occupied with Hitler, Japan
felt that the U.S posed the
biggest threat to them
building a Pacific Empire.
24
The U.S. entire Pacific
Fleet was docked at
Pearl Harbor (Hawaii)
 On the Sunday
morning of December
07, 1941, Japanese
bombers attack.
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25
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In less than 2 hours
Japanese has sank 5
battleships, 3 destroyers
and numerous other
vessels
250 U.S planes were
destroyed
Over 3,000 Americans were
killed
Result: The U.S. military is
severely weakened
 America declares war on
Germany and Japan
26
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“We would die on our feet than live on our
knees” – F.D.R.
EQ’S
 Why was the Japanese so successful?
 How did the U.S. respond?
 What was the purpose of D-Day

SL27-34
27
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Why were the Japanese
so successful?
28
Without American or
European deterrence
Japan expanded its
control into most of
East and South East
Asia
 Including U.S.
Controlled territories of
the Philippines and
Guam

29
Douglas McArthur –
The Allied Commander
of the Pacific (U.S.
General)
 Island Hopping –
strategy employed by
the U.S. to gradually
move closer to the
Japanese mainland.
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30
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Midway
Iwo Jima
Wake Islands
Guadalcanal
Guam
Coral Sea
Okinawa
Phillipines
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Other Important Terms
 Kamikaze
31
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Bataan Death March
Definition: After a major battle between the Allies and the Japanese that took
place in the Philippines in May 1942, the Allies surrendered and were made to
march five to ten days, or about 100 kilometers.
Context: The Bataan Death March and the imprisonment of the soldiers at Camp
O'Donnell resulted in 3,000 American deaths.
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Battle of Midway
Definition: A major victory for the Allies that took place on Midway Island June 46, 1942
Context: By cracking Japan's naval code and learning about the planned invasion
of Midway Island, the Allies achieved their first victory over Japan.
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Guadalcanal
Definition: A six-month campaign on the island of Guadalcanal in the South
Pacific that was an attempt to stop Japanese expansion in the South Pacific
Context: The Guadalcanal campaign lasted from November 1943 to March 1944
and resulted in the defeat of the Japanese.
32
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On June 6, 1944 the allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy,
France with 176,000 troops and 5,000 vessels.
Code named Operation Overlord and nick named D-Day, Allied Forces
(US, Great Britain and France) attempted to liberate France from
German control and drive German forces back into Germany
33
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One Soldier said “The
gates opened and I became
a visitor to hell”.
The invasion was a success,
but it cost the allies
numerous soldiers
34
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“Victory has a hundred fathers, but defeat is
an orphan”
 J.F.K.
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EQ’s
 What was the Holocaust?
 How many Jews died? How?
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SL 35-41
Hitler’s Holocaust movie segment
35
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Hitler’s goal of a pure Germany
The process wasn’t moving fast enough so he put in place his Final Solution to
the Jewish Problem
His Final Solution was genocide - or extermination of the Jews.
The SS would round up Jews and send them in mass numbers to prison camps
As soon as Jews stepped of the train they were separated into two groups, Fit for
work & not Fit.
Those not fit for work was then sent to Death Camps.
36
37
The Most famous Nazi
Death Camp was
Auschwitz
 Methods of Killing:
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 Shooting
 Oven Crematory's
 Poison Gas
38
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The Nazi’s even did
experiments on Jews.
 Such as seeing how
long a person could
survive in freezing
water, live without
food,
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40
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Over 6 million Jews were killed
Not only Jews, but also Mentally ill, Disabled,
Elderly, Homosexuals, Poles, and Gypsies
were sent to Concentration & death camps
Overall the Holocaust accounted for nearly
12 million deaths.
41
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Why do you always find something in the last
place you look???
EQ'S –
 Was the U.S. right in dropping the atomic bomb?
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SL 44- 48
Atomic bomb facts / Activity
Manhattan Project movie
42
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The Red Army is closing in
on Berlin
Deep in the Fuhrer Bunker,
Hitler and his new wife
(married just that morning)
commit suicide.
Nazi soldiers take their
bodies above ground and
burn them.
His last will and
testament……
43
The Project to build the
worlds first atomic
bomb was called the
Mahattan Project.
 Several U.S. scientist
worked secretly in
Alamogordo New
Mexico.
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44
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On August 6, 1945, the U.S.
dropped an Atomic Bomb on
Hiroshima, Japan
60,000 – 80,000 died
immediately because of the
blast
100 sq. miles of the city was
destroyed
Aug. 7 The U.S. demands
immediate and Conditional
surrender
Aug. 9 a second bomb was
dropped on Nagasaki
45
September 2, 1945
Japan Surrenders
 VJ Day
 Ending WWII
 Over 150,000 Japanese
died as a result of the
two A- Bombs.
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46
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“Do not dwell on what’s past but never
forget it either”
 Thomas Randall
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EQ'S  What are some effects of ww2?
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Timeline Quiz
Cost of the war w-sheet
Review for the Test
47
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“I never thought I would see the horrible
things that I have seen in this century”
 Franklin D. Roosevelt
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EQ’s
48
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