Roman Art- 27 B.C.-400A.D. • Roman civilization dominates the western world • Romans excel in the art of architecture • In painting and sculpture, Romans often copied or borrowed from the Greeks) Roman Art- 27 B.C.-400A.D. The Flavian Amphitheater or The Colosseum Rome, Italy Completed in 80 A.D. 160 feet high Originally designed for lavish spectacles…esp. battles between animals and GLADIATORS 50, 000 Romans could be seated inside. The outer wall is 16 stories, and went all away around and had polls to support an awning 4 horizontal bands, 3 with arches with Greek style columns, 2nd a 3rd story arches has statues Cells below held animals and Gladiators, they would flood the lower level to stage fake naval battles Many of the materials have been removed/stolen to use for other buildings This is the model for the modern stadium, tickets were required and doorways numbered. • It is thought to be a copy of a bronze original • an idealized image of Augustus • based on the 5th-century BC statue of the Spear Bearer by a famous Greek sculptor • Greek and Roman artists created marble and bronze copies of the famous Greek statues. Augustus of Prima Porta 1st century BCE • Since copies in marble lack the strength of bronze, they required struts or supports, which were often carved in the form of tree trunks, figures, or other kinds of images.