Download LD7835 - Leadtrend Technology

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
LD7835
07/29/2015
Non-isolation Buck Solution
High Power Factor LED Controller
REV: 01
General Description
Features
The LD7835 is a floating switch buck solution with Active

High Power Factor Controller Integrated
PFC (APFC) control for LED lighting. It is easy to design

High Efficiency Transition Mode Operation
with minimum cost and PCB size. The device operates in

Good Accurate Current Regulation
transition mode (TM) and integrates with complete safety

Current Ripple Reduction (CRR) Function
requirement protections.

Wide Range of UVLO

Built in OVP on VCC pin

LED Open Protection

LED Short Protection
With power factor correction and TM control, the system is
enabled to achieve high PF and high efficiency and to
meet most of the international standard.

OCP (Cycle by cycle current limit)
The LD7835 also features LED open protection (ZCD

OTP (Over Temperature Protection)
OVP), LED short protection, over current protection (OCP),

250mA/-250mA Driving Capability
and over temperature protection (OTP). It makes the
circuit designers easily to meet most of the safety
Applications
requirements in either normal or abnormal test.

LED Lamp、LED bulb Application
Typical Application
VCC
RUP
COMP
ZCD
LD7835
RDOWN
RF (Option)
CS
GND
GATE
AC
Input
EMI
Filter
Rs
Fig. 1 Application circuit
1
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
CF (Option)
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Pin Configuration
SOT-26 (TOP VIEW)
CS
OUT
VCC
6
5
35
YWS pp
1
2
COMP GND
4
3
ZCD
YY, Y : Year code (D: 2004, E: 2005…..)
WW, W : Week code
PP
: Production code
S35
: LD7835
Ordering Information
Part number
Package
Top Mark
Shipping
LD7835 GL
SOT-26
YWS/35
3000 /tape & reel
The LD7835 is ROHS compliant/ green packaged.
Pin Descriptions
Pin
NAME
FUNCTION
1
COMP
Compensation pin for internal error amplifier
2
GND
Ground
3
ZCD
4
VCC
Power Supply to VCC
OUT
Gate Signal Output
5
6
CS
Over voltage protection setting, Quasi resonance detector,
support programmable maximum on-time.
Connecting a sense resistor to ground, support CRR function
setting.
2
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Block Diagram
VCC
UVLO
Comparator
All Block
internal bias
& VREF
UVLO
(ON)/ (OFF)
VCC OVP
VOVP
/28V
VREF OK
PG
VCC OK
VCC OVP
Driver
Stage
S Q
OUT
ZCD OVP
PG
R
4V
Time
Out
0.6V/1V
Fmax
Limit
ZCD
S
Q
PWM
Comparator
Max On
Limit
Ramp
Vref
OCP
Comparator
Generator
gm
COMP
GND
3
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
LEB
1.2V
FB
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
R
www.leadtrend.com.tw
CS
LD7835
Absolute Maximum Ratings
VCC
-0.3V ~ 30V
CS
-1V ~ 6V
ZCD
-0.3V ~ 6V
COMP
-0.3V ~ 6V
ZCD Source/ Sink Current
-2mA ~ 1mA
OUT
-0.3V ~ 30V
Operating Junction Temperature
150C
Storage Temperature Range
-65C to 150C
Package Thermal Resistance (SOT-26, JA)
200C/W
o
Power Dissipation (SOT-26, TJ=125 C, TA=85C)
200mW
Lead temperature (Soldering, 10sec)
260C
ESD Voltage Protection, Human Body Model
2.5KV
ESD Voltage Protection, Machine Model
250 V
Caution:
Stress exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the
Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stress above Recommended Operating Conditions may affect
device reliability.
Recommended Operating Conditions
Item
Min.
Max.
Unit
VCC
13
24
V
VCC pin capacitor
4.7
22
F
COMP
0.8
5
V
COMP pin capacitor
0.47
2.2
F
Operating Junction Temperature Range
-20
125
C
Note:
1.
It’s essential to connect VCC pin with a SMD ceramic capacitor (0.1F~0.47F) to
filter out the undesired switching noise for stable operation. This capacitor should be
placed close to IC pin as possible
2.
Connecting a capacitor to COMP pin is also essential to filter out the undesired
switching noise for stable operation.
3.
The small signal components should be placed close to IC pin as possible.
4
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Electrical Characteristics
( VCC =14.0V, TA = 25C unless otherwise specified.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
Symbol
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
VCC=10V
IVCC_ST
-
-
10
A
COMP=3V, ZCD=2V
IVCC_14
-
1
-
mA
IVCC_PRO
-
2
-
mA
UVLO (OFF)
VUV_OFF
7.7
8.2
8.7
V
UVLO (ON)
VUV_ON
15
16
17
V
VCC OVP Threshold
VCC_OVP
27
28
29
V
-
-
200
-
A/V
VCMP
5
5.5
6
V
Level 1, COMP =5V
TON_MAX1
-
15
-
s
Level 2, COMP =5V
TON_MAX2
-
21
-
s
Level 3, COMP =5V
TON_MAX3
-
29
-
s
VCMP_PRE
-
0.6
-
V
Vref
0.194
0.2
0.206
V
VOCP
1.1
1.2
1.3
V
VOCP_SS
-
0.45
-
V
Soft-Start Time
TSS
12
16
20
ms
LEB time
TLEB
-
250
-
ns
Lower Clamp Voltage
VZCD_LC
-
0
-
V
ZCD OVP Threshold
VZCD_OVP
3.8
4
4.2
V
TDEB_OVP
-
1.6
-
s
VZCD
-
0.6
-
V
VZCD_HYS
-
0.4
-
V
TZCD_BLK
1.5
2
2.5
s
FS, MAX(150kHz)
TMIN
5.34
6.67
8
s
During Soft-Start
TMIN_SS
-
11
-
s
Supply Voltage (VCC Pin)
Startup Current
Operating Current
(with 1nF load on OUT pin)
Protection Tripped
(OVP, OTP)
Compensation(COMP Pin)
gm
(1)
COMP Pin Open Voltage
Programmable Max-On Time
Pre-charge voltage during
(1)
soft-start
Current Sensing (CS Pin)
Reference voltage
OCP Threshold
(Cycle by Cycle)
During soft-start
Zero Current Detector (ZCD Pin)
ZCD OVP Comparator
De-bounce
Input Voltage Threshold
Hysteresis
ZCD Blanking Time
Minimum (ON+OFF)-Time, FMAX
Minimum ON+OFF-Time
5
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
Symbol
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
VOUT_L
-
-
0.5
V
Gate Drive Output (OUT Pin)
Output Low Level
VCC=15V, ISINK=20mA
Output High Level
VCC=15V, ISOURCE=5mA
VOUT_H
8
-
VCC
V
Output High Clamp Level
VCC=15V
VOUT_CL
12
13
14
V
Rising Time
(1)
VCC=15V, CL=1nF
-
-
120
-
ns
(1)
VCC=15V, CL=1nF
-
-
30
-
ns
TOUT_SS
-
80
-
s
TOUT
120
160
200
s
-
-
140
-
C
-
-
30
-
C
Falling Time
Time out
Time out Period during Soft
start
Time out Period after soft start
OTP (Over Temp. Protection)
OTP Trip level
(1)
OTP Hysteresis
Note:
(1)
(1)
Guaranteed by Design.
6
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Typical Performance Characteristics
8.6
17.5
8.4
UVLO (OFF) (V)
UVLO (ON) (V)
17.0
16.5
16.0
7.6
-40
40
0
Fig. 2
80
120 125
0
-40
Temperature (C)
UVLO (ON) vs. Temperature
Fig. 3
1.25
11
1.20
10
1.15
1.10
80
120
125
UVLO (OFF) vs. Temperature
9
8
7
1.05
1.00
-40
6
0
40
80
120 125
0
-40
Temperature (C)
Fig. 4 Operating Current vs. Temperature
Fig. 5
1.35
0.22
1.30
0.21
Reference Voltage (V)
OCP Threshold (V)
40
Temperature (C)
Start-up Current (uA)
Operating Current (mA)
8.0
7.8
15.5
15.0
8.2
1.25
1.20
1.15
40
120
80
Temperature (C)
Start-up Current vs. Temperature
0.20
0.19
0.18
1.10
-40
0
Fig. 6
40
80
120
0.17
-40
125
80
Fig. 7 Reference Voltage vs. Temperature
7
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
40
Temperature (C)
Temperature (C)
OCP Threshold vs. Temperature
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
0
www.leadtrend.com.tw
120 125
125
4.15
29.5
4.10
29.0
VCC OVP Threshold (V)
ZCD OVP Threshold (V)
LD7835
4.05
4.00
3.95
3.90
-40
0
40
80
28.5
28.0
27.5
27.0
-40
120 125
0
40
Fig. 9
6.0
200
5.8
180
Time out (us)
COMP Pin Open Voltage (V)
Fig. 8 ZCD OVP Threshold vs. Temperature
5.6
5.4
5.2
5.0
120
125
VCC OVP Threshold vs. Temperature
160
140
120
-40
0
40
80
100
120 125
-40
0
Temperature (C)
Fig. 10
40
80
120 125
Temperature (C)
COMP Pin Open Voltage vs. Temperature
Fig. 11 Time out vs. Temperature
0.66
ZCD Input Threshold (us)
20
18
Max-On Time1 (us)
80
Temperature (C)
Temperature (C)
16
14
12
10
-40
0
40
80
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.58
0.56
-40
120 125
0
Temperature (C)
Fig. 12
Max-On Time1(COMP=5V) vs. Temperature
Fig. 13
8
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
40
80
120 125
Temperature (C)
www.leadtrend.com.tw
ZCD Input Threshold vs. Temperature
LD7835
Time
Out
Application Information
0.6V/1V
Operation Overview
S
Fmax
Limit
ZCD
LD7835 is an LED controller for lighting application. The
Q
PWM Comparator
Max On
Limit
transition mode (TM) technique meets the requirements
R
Vref
GM
for high power factor and high efficiency. It minimizes
Ramp
Generator
the external component counts and the PCB size for
FB
OCP
Comparator
COMP
compact application.
CS
1.2V
Fig. 14
The control mechanism of LD7835 is a voltage-mode
During the delay time as shown in Fig. 15, the junction
operation. The switch turn-on time is fixed while the
capacitor of the MOSFET resonates with the inductor
turn-off time varies in steady state. Therefore, the switch
and
the
drain-source
voltage
(VDS)
decreases
frequency changes in response to the different voltages.
accordingly. So, the MOSFET consumes less voltage
The affected frequency reduces EMI noise. LD7835 also
and the power dissipation will be minimized.
features LED open protection, LED short protection,
over current protection, and over temperature protection.
OUT
No extra mains voltage sensing is required as what the
VCMP
traditional current mode PFC controllers behaves for
RAMP
IPEAK
power saving.
Inductor
Current
0A
TON
TDIS
VOUT
Ramp Generator Block, Zero Current
Inductor
Voltage
Detection (ZCD) and ZCD OVP
Fig. 14 shows typical ramp generator block and ZCD
0V
Rdown/(Rup+Rdown) ∙VOUT
Delay Time
-(VIN-VOUT)
block. The COMP pin voltage and the output of the ramp
ZCD
Voltage
generator block are compared to determine the
MOSFET On-time, as shown in Fig. 15.
0.6V
VIN
0
The LD7835 features transition mode (TM) operation.
Minimum
Voltage Turn-on
VDS
The zero current detection block circuit detects the ZCD
0V
signal to turn on the MOSFET soon after the voltage
across ZCD falls to 0.6V and also the current through
Fig. 15
the inductor reaches zero. Instead, if there’s no signal
detected within 160s, the time-out will generate a
signal to turn on MOSFET to ensure the system operate
Fig. 16 illustrates the operation of over voltage
properly.
protection, where ZCD divider resistors continue to
detect the output voltage as the gate switches in off
state and return the information to ZCD. If the output
voltage increases to trip the threshold, it will signal that
there may be some LED(s) open.
9
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
The LD7835 will
LD7835
The following table is a suggestion for maximum
then discharge VCC with a souring current (ICC_PRO) till
ON-time setting.
VCC drops to UVLO (OFF) level. LD7835 will shut down
its operation until VCC rises up to next UVLO (ON) level.
If the open situation remains still, the system will enter to
hiccup mode.
_

=  ×
 + 
RZCD
Max. Ton
Suggestion
(Ω)
(Typ.)
(Ω)
44k<RZCD
15s
46k
28k<RZCD<32k
21s
30k
RZCD<20k
29s
18k
Current Ripple Reduction (C.R.R) Function
VCC
LD7835 features current ripple reduction function to
UVLO(ON)
minimum the output capacitor. The C.R.R rate is subject
UVLO(OFF)
to RF resistance as shown in Fig. 1. The following table
t
is a suggestion for CRR rate setting.
Output
Voltage
Vout
RF
CRR
Suggestion
(Ω)
Effective Rate
(Ω)
16k<RF
Heavy
18k
7k<RF<8k
Light
7.5k
RF<0.2k
Disable
0
LED Opened
t
ZCD
ZCD OVP
Tripped
OVP
Level
t
OUT
The C.R.R effect is dependent on C.R.R rate, AC line
and RUP in fixed output capacitance as shown in the
Switching
following table for tuning reference.
Switching
Non-Switching
t
C.R.R Rate
Fig. 16
Programming Maximum ON-time
AC Line
Rup
Current Ripple
Disable
NA
NA
Original
Light
↓
↑
Lightest
Heavy
↑
↓
Heaviest
LD7835 features adjustable maximum ON-time to limit
power output in abnormal operation. The selection of
If C.R.R function is enabled, the output capacitance and
maximum ON-time is subject to ZCD resistance as
the saturation knee point of inductor can be minimize.
shown in Fig. 17. ZCD resistance can be obtained from
However, power factor and THD will be slightly lower
below:
than disabled condition. It’s a trade-off factor between
power factor and current ripple.
RUP
LED Short Protection
ZCD
If some LED is in short condition, VCC will drop to UVLO
RDOWN
(OFF) level and disable the LD7835. The LD7835 will
not resume operation until VCC rises up to next UVLO

 × 
 + 
(ON) level. If the short condition remains still, the system
will enter to hiccup mode.
Fig. 17
10
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Over Current Protection (OCP)
The LD7835 detects the MOSFET current from the CS
pin, which is for the pulse-by-pulse current limit and
output
current
feedback.
The
maximum
voltage
threshold of the CS pin is set at 1.2V. From above, the
MOSFET peak current can be obtained from below.

=


Over Voltage Protection (VCC OVP)
The maximum rating of the VCC pin is limited below 30V.
To prevent VCC from damage due to fault condition, the
LD7835 is implemented with OVP function on VCC pin,
this value is about 28V. As soon as the VCC voltage is
over OVP threshold voltage, the output gate drive circuit
will be shutdown simultaneously thus to stop the
switching of the power MOSFET until the next UVLO
(ON) arrives. The VCC OVP function of the LD7835 is
an auto-recovery protection. The Fig. 18 shows its
operation. Upon removal of the OVP condition will
resume the VCC level and the output operation
VCC
OVP Tripped
OVP Level
UVLO(ON)
UVLO(OFF)
t
OUT
Switching
Non-Switching
Switching
t
Fig. 18
Output Drive Stage
An output stage of a CMOS buffer, with typical
250mA/-250mA driving capability, is incorporated to
drive the power MOSFET directly.
The output voltage
is clamped at 13V to protect the MOSFET gate even
when the VCC voltage rises over 13V.
11
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Package Information
SOT-26
Dimension in Millimeters
Dimensions in Inches
Symbol
Min
Max
Min
Max
A
2.692
3.099
0.106
0.122
B
1.397
1.803
0.055
0.071
C
-------
1.450
-------
0.057
D
0.300
0.500
0.012
0.020
F
0.95 TYP
0.037 TYP
H
0.080
0.254
0.003
0.010
I
0.050
0.150
0.002
0.006
J
2.600
3.000
0.102
0.118
M
0.300
0.600
0.012
0.024
θ
0°
10°
0°
10°
Important Notice
Leadtrend Technology Corp. reserves the right to make changes or corrections to its products at any time without notice. Customers
should verify the datasheets are current and complete before placing order.
12
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
LD7835
Revision History
Rev.
Date
Change Notice
00
2014/08/28
Original Specification.
01
2015/07/29
Update equation of Fig 17.
13
Leadtrend Technology Corporation
LD7835-DS-01 July 2015
www.leadtrend.com.tw
Document related concepts

Mains electricity wikipedia, lookup

History of electric power transmission wikipedia, lookup

Power engineering wikipedia, lookup

Buck converter wikipedia, lookup

Switched-mode power supply wikipedia, lookup

Opto-isolator wikipedia, lookup

Current mirror wikipedia, lookup

Alternating current wikipedia, lookup

Voltage optimisation wikipedia, lookup

Power electronics wikipedia, lookup

Voltage regulator wikipedia, lookup

Schmitt trigger wikipedia, lookup

Resistive opto-isolator wikipedia, lookup

Rectifier wikipedia, lookup

Stray voltage wikipedia, lookup

Surge protector wikipedia, lookup

Distribution management system wikipedia, lookup

Current source wikipedia, lookup

Triode wikipedia, lookup

Pulse-width modulation wikipedia, lookup

Variable-frequency drive wikipedia, lookup

Ohm's law wikipedia, lookup

Islanding wikipedia, lookup

Power inverter wikipedia, lookup

Electrical ballast wikipedia, lookup

Electrical substation wikipedia, lookup

Thermal runaway wikipedia, lookup

Three-phase electric power wikipedia, lookup

Mercury-arc valve wikipedia, lookup

Immunity-aware programming wikipedia, lookup

Control system wikipedia, lookup