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WT/TPR/S/322/Rev.1 • Cabo Verde
- 69 subscriptions in 2014, and Cabocom the remaining 0.7%. The internet penetration rate was 53.5%
in 2014 (277,339 subscriptions), mostly via 3G mobile internet (258,150 subscriptions).
4.75. The concept of licensing for electronic communication operators is not foreseen in the
telecom law (Legislative Decree No. 7/2005). To enter the market, it is only required to obtain
authorization from ANAC under this decree's regime of authorization. However, if there is a need
for frequency to provide the service, it is necessary to have a right of use, which is regulated by
the same law and can be obtained by assignment or public auction.
4.76. Cabo Verde is connected to two international submarine cable systems through landing
stations located near Praia: "Atlantis-2" (Argentina to Portugal) and the "Western African Cable
System" (WACS) (U.K. to South Africa). CV Telecom holds the concessions for the infrastructure
and is required to offer access at a regulated price (the price must be cost-oriented but ANAC can
do international benchmarking if necessary to fix the price). The Cabo Verdean islands are
connected by a fibre-optic backbone.
4.77. Telecom tariffs are regulated by ANAC for fixed-line services (local calls, international calls);
interconnection; local loop unbundling; and wholesale leased lines. It is mandatory for the
regulator to determine the relevant markets and the operator with significant market power.
Value-added telecom services have been completely liberalized.
4.78. CV Telecom is under a universal services obligation under the concession contract. However,
under new proposed rules, universal services can be provided by any operator (one or more) and
would be financed by a Fund for Universal Service and Information Society.131 Number portability
was introduced in May 2013. Cabo Verde does not have a Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO)
regime.
4.79. There is a municipal tax for telecoms companies (taxa municipal de direitos de passagem)
for the rights of passage in the private and public municipal domains. The tax is charged to
customers by telecom companies providing landline services (capped at 0.25% of the telecom bill),
subject to annual approval by the municipality.132
4.5.5 Tourism
4.80. Tourism is the principal economic activity in Cabo Verde, with revenues of around
€300 million in 2014, about half of total exports of goods and services (Chart 1.2 and Table A4.2).
The basic policies on tourism are provided in the Strategic Plan for Tourism Development
2010-13133, and the Tourism Law of 2011.134 The Tourism Law provides for free and
non-discriminatory access for all investors and service providers in the tourism sector. The applied
tourism regime is more liberal than Cabo Verde's bound regime under the GATS, which provides
for a number of limitations on commercial presence in the three scheduled service subsectors
(hotel and restaurants; travel agencies and tour operators; and tour guides). In practice, Cabo
Verde applies no discriminatory measures and limitations on commercial presence, according to
the authorities.
4.81. The tourism industry is regulated by the Directorate-General for Tourism of the Ministry of
the Tourism, Investment and Business Development. A Tourism Development Fund (Article 8) was
established to finance the tourism promotion activities by the Directorate-General. The funding
(CVEsc 727 million in 2014) is sourced from the new tourist tax (Contribuição Turística) introduced
on 1 May 2013 (section 3.2.6).135 Foreign tourists also pay a visa fee of €25.
131
The Fund can be financed by contributions from operators and spectrum revenues or other, to be
determined by law.
132
Article 103, Legislative-Decree No. 7/2005 of 28 November 2005.
133
Online information. Viewed at:
https://portoncv.gov.cv/dhub/porton.por_global.open_file?p_doc_id=763.
134
Law No. 85/VII/2011 of 10 January 2011.
135
Decree-Law No. 20/2013 of 28 May 2013.