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WT/TPR/S/322/Rev.1 • Cabo Verde
- 27 3 TRADE POLICIES AND PRACTICES BY MEASURE
3.1 Introduction
3.1. Together with more than 80 other countries around the world, Cabo Verde is using the
UNCTAD Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA) for customs processing and clearance.
Cabo Verde began using the ASYCUDA in 1988, and ASYCUDA++ has been operational since
1 January 2003. A multipurpose software application, ASYCUDA enables electronic exchange of
data between national operators, the customs administration, foreign counterparts and
international institutions. The system is installed at Customs Headquarters in Praia as well as in
all 12 customs offices across Cabo Verde. The European Union has agreed to provide funding for
the upgrading of the system to ASYCUDAWorld.1 The new version should be ready for the entry of
data as from 1 August 2015. With the completion of test, training and finalization, ASYCUDAWorld
should be fully operational by the end of this year. Fully implemented, this web-based platform
should complete the transformation to paperless customs clearance in Cabo Verde.
3.2. A longer-term project is also underway to integrate the Port Management Information
System (JUP) used by the port operator ENAPOR, the electronic system of licensing/approval of
imports and exports (Título do Comércio Externo - TCE), and the customs procedures of the
General Directorate of Customs (DGALF) to create a single window for international trade (JUCE).
The World Bank has noted that the consolidation of the two systems is expected to produce
efficiency gains, including a reduction in the number of days needed to complete an import
transaction from 18 in 2013 to less than 15 by 2016.2
3.2 Measures Directly Affecting Imports
3.2.1 Import procedures and requirements
3.3. The general regime for the start-up and registration of businesses is described in section 2.4.
For commercial operators, i.e. importers, exporters, wholesalers, retailers, commercial agents,
travelling salesmen, market vendors (feirante), or traders (negociante), an additional system of
approval and registration is applied further to Decree-Laws Nos. 59/1999, 69/2005
(of 31 October 2005) and 30/2009 of 17 August 2009 (section 4.5.5.1). Commercial operators
register with the Department responsible for commerce at the Conservatory of Commercial
Registry and obtain an operating permit.3 The authority to issue operating permits has been
delegated to the Chamber of Commerce. Neither the Conservatory nor the Chamber of Commerce
apply any kind of economic needs test. Industrial enterprises importing for their own needs and
tourism establishments do not have to register.4
3.4. In the course of its accession negotiations, Cabo Verde acknowledged that its business
licensing legislation could be at odds with GATT Articles III and VIII with respect to minimum
capital requirements, warehouse ownership restrictions, registration fees, and other registration
provisions. An action plan was accordingly presented to revise provisions governing minimum
capital, warehousing, and fees by December 2008, and other aspects of Decree-Law No. 69/2005
by the end of 2010.5
3.5. Based on Decree Law No. 69/2005, new ordinances regulating the issuance of ID cards for
commercial operators and the annual renewal of their operating permits were issued in the second
1
Macauhub "União Europeia vai pagar novo sistema informático das alfândegas de Cabo Verde"
19 December 2013. Viewed at: http://www.macauhub.com.mo/pt/2013/12/19/uniao-europeia-vai-pagarnovo-sistema-informatico-das-alfandegas-de-cabo-verde.
2
The time frame refers to customs clearance and technical controls, port and terminal handling, and
inland transportation and handling of a standard shipment as measured in the World Banks' Doing Business
2014. World Bank/International Development Association, Program document for the Eighth Poverty Reduction
Support Credit (PRSC-8), Report No. 73468-CV, 27 March 2014.
3
The purpose of the Conservatory of Commercial Registry is stipulated in Decree-Law No. 25/2008
of 1 September 2008. The form to be used for the inscription in the Registry is presented in Ordinance
No. 34/2008 of 8 September 2008.
4
Industrial enterprises register as such in the Industrial Registry.
5
WTO document WT/ACC/CPV/21/Rev.1, 25 June 2007.