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2016 DW CONFERENCE: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER
MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
BH/FB&H EXPERIENCE IN
SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER
MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF
PREPARATION FOR THE EU
MEMBERSHIP
Vienna: May 12 and 13, 2016
Hazima Hadžović, Assistant to Minister in the Water Sector, Federal Ministry of
Agriculture, Water Management and Forestry
2016 DWC : “SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
Contents:
• Current status of Waste Water Collection and Treatment Sector in
Federation B&H
• Status and activities in Water Supply and Sanitation Sector related to EU
accession
• EU Funds Assistance (IPA) - existing and planned
• Plans for sector development (organisation, regulation, strengthening and
building infrastructure)
•
Affordability of services at current tariffs
• Expected sustainability challenges in managing new waste water systems
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2016 DWC : “SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS OF THE SANITATION SECTOR –
ORGANISATION AND REGULATIONS
-
Sanitation Sector (SS) as part of the Water Services Sector (WSS) –
responsibility of 10 cantons 79 municipalities;
-
WSS is regulated by 10 cantonal laws on communal activities;
-
The law on communal activities at the FB&H level has not been enacted;
-
Line institutions are 10 Cantonal Ministries for Environement and Physical
Planning in hierarchy with Federal Ministries of ET and PP and on B&H
level with MoFTER B&H
-
Organisational scheme on next slide
3
2016 DWC : “SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS OF THE SANITATION SECTOR –
ORGANISATIONAL SCHEME
4
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS OF THE SANITATION SECTOR –
REGULATIONS AND PLANNING DOCUMENTS
-
SS and urban waste water identified as a significant pressure on
the water >>> goals and measures have been set out to reduce the
pressures;
-
The measures imply from the Law on Environment Protection, the
Law on Water and Government Regulation on conditions for
discharging waste water and other regulations;
-
Next slides show some indicators of curent status which imply the
measures in the WSS:
5
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS OF THE SANITATION SECTOR
– OBLIGATIONS FROM PLANNING DOCUMENTS
Number of settlements with over 2,000 people in BiH
Basin
FBiH
RS
BD BiH
BiH
Sava River
141
85
6
232
Adriatic Sea
34
5
175
90
Total:
39
6
271
6
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS IN THE SECTOR OF WATER SERVICES –
EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE
-
Existing infrastructure of SS is not at the satisfactory
level, indicators of status:
BiH
FBiH
RS
BD BiH
Indicator
Mm3
Water abstracted for public water-supply*
282
182
97
2.8
Water provided to consumers*
121
62
57
1.8
Out of which for households
93
50
41
1.6
Non-revenue water
161
120
40
1.0
57 %
66 %
41 %
35 %
81
53
26
2.3
Out of which treated urban wastewater
3%
5%
0%
0%
Use of industrial water – own sources
184
80
104
Water abstracted for agriculture
93
24
69
Total water abstracted (2013)
556
286
270
Total water demand (2021)
641
320
318
Percentage of non-revenue water in the total water abstracted
for public water-supply
Urban wastewater discharge
2.9
7
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
CURRENT STATUS IN THE SECTOR OF WATER SERVICES TARIFFS
-
The existing tariff is on average Euro 0,61/m3 and hardly covers or can’t
cover operational costs of the system;
-
The decision on tariffs is the role of Municipal Councils;
-
No regulatory body for water services tariffs, regulations which
determine the lowest water services price, no adopted methodology;
-
Insufficient cost recovery in water services – additional significant issue
in RBM plans for Sava river;
-
In summary, the key water and sanitation sector challenges in B&H are:
•
•
•
•
Establishing tariffs based on cost recovery principle,
Increasing wastewater treatment coverage,
Improving effectiveness and operational efficiency of utilities,
Improving water quality and treatment of drinking water in rural areas;
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2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO EU ACCESSION
• B&H obligated to harmonize its legislation with the EU Acquis and to implement
EU integration requests; the environment sector and WSS have one of the bigest
tasks;
• The requirements and principles of EU water directives into national legislation on
water were transposed in the following % :
•
•
•
•
•
•
91% - Water Framework Directive, 2000/60/ EC;
71% - Urban Waste Water Directive, 91/271/ EEC;
30% - Drinking Water Directive, 98/83/EC;
30% - Groundwater Protection Directive 2006/118/EC;
70% - Flood Risks |Directive 2007/60/EC;
30% - Nitrates Directive 91/676/EEC.
• Assessment of transposition and harmonization is in process for other EU
Directives: Monitoring of Waters Status; Environmental Quality Standards; Discharge
of Dangerous Substances; Bathing Water Directive; Freshwater Fish Water Directive;
•
The transposing percentages are increasing, however, effective application and
implementation of the new legislation is not secured, which is still a major challenge;
9
2016 DWC : ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO EU ACCESSION
• Prepared documents for Sava Watershed in B&H :




Sava RBM plan in FB&H;
Sava RBM plan in RS;
Sava RBM plan in BD B&H, and
Roof Report and program of measures for RBM plans for Sava Watershed
in B&H;
• Prepared documents for Adriatic Sea Watershed:
 Neretva with Trebišnjica RBM plan in FB&H;
 Trebišnjica RBM plan in RS;
 Roof Report with program of measures for the RBM plans for Adriatic Sea
Watershed in B&H;
 Cetina and Krka RBM plan in FB&H;
• These RBM Plans and PoMs are related to the planning cycle 20152021, adoption expected in 2016, but their implementation is a challenge
for SS for the following reasons:
10
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO EU ACCESSION
DETERMINED STATUS OF WB AS REQUESTED BY THE EU
Table: 1
Total status assessment of surface water bodies based on monitoring findings
Good status
No. of WBs
Moderate status
Bad status
Poor status
No. of WBs
Length (km)
No. of WBs
Length (km)
No. of WBs
Length (km)
No. of WBs
Length (km)
FBiH
80
21
345.15
13
175.41
10
155.95
36
774.22
RS
62
9
100.63
53
1,168.66
0
0.00
0
0.00
BD BiH
3
0
0.00
3
67.47
0
0.00
0
0.00
TOTAL:
145
30
445.78
69
1,411.54
10
155.95
36
774.22
Table: 2
Candidates for HMWBs and AWBs
HMWBs
AWBs
Number
Length (km)
Number
Length (km)
FBiH
23
335.90
6
49.69
RS
51
570.48
21
228.99
BD BiH
5
102.20
3
15.23
79
1,008.6
30
293.9
Total:
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2016 DW CONFERENCE: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO EU ACCESSIONSTATUS OF WB AS REQUESTED BY THE EU
Table: 3
Status of WB as requested by EU
High
Good
Moderate
Lengthh
(km)
132
854.6
75
783.2
79
597.0
10
157.9
RS
0
0.00
351
2,232.45
125
1,676.68
242
1,816.3
2
BD BiH
0
0.00
3
22
132
854.6
429
274
Total:
No.. VT
7.27
3,022.92
No.. VT
5
209
Length
(km)
Bad
No..
VT
FBiH
Length
(km)
Poor
88.96
2,362.64
No.. VT
Length
(km)
No.. VT
Length
(km)
No. VT
237
2.354.80
533
4.747.45
0
0.00
718
5,725.43
214.21
0
0.00
30
310.43
2,188.4
3
237
10%
19%
Dobar status
Slab status
Loš status
1.281
854.6
Length
(km)
10,783.31
3022.92
2188.43
2362.64
16%
Visok status
2.354.8
2354.8
34%
21%
Total
Umjeren status
Visok status
Dobar status
Slab status
Loš status
Umjeren status
12
2016 DWC : ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES RELATED TO EU ACCESSIONSTATUS OF WB AS REQUESTED BY THE EU
Determineted Status of water bodies
13
2016 DWC : ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
ASSISTANCE FROM EU FUNDS (IPA) – precondition
for IPA funds and existing support
• A precondition to use IPA II funds for all sectors including Environment
is adoption of sector strategy at the B&H level;
• B&H Environment Strategy and other documents for EU integration
are prepared in draft version in 2014, but still awaiting adoption;
• Due to the non-fulfillment of the above precondition, since 2013 B&H
environment sector has a limit for application and use of IPA II funds for
co-financing projects;
•
Other EU funds such as the WBIF, and bilateral donors as SIDA, also
sets the same requirement to support SS projects; SIDA already
canceled its funding for UWWT within the WATSAN FBiH and RS;
14
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
ASSISTANCE FROM EU FUNDS (IPA) - PLANNED?
• The Plan of the FB&H WM Strategy, predicted that 40% of the EU funding
and other IFIs will be for projects related to improvement of water services
by 2022 (approximately EUR 450 million)
• Recent estimate is EUR 2.800 million ( 2.100 million for WW, and 700
million for DW) by 2035;
• To use this source of funding, it is necessary that:
1. Establishment of the DIS, decentralized management of EU Funds
(basis for multi-annual programming) of IPA funds for projects in B&H;
2. Adoption of Environment Strategy at the B&H level and other
accompanying documents;
• Planning for use of IPA funds for SS without these two conditions is not
possible. What are the alternatives?
• FB&H Government is trying to find short-term solutions with the new loan to
help municipalities with implementation of ongoing projects.
15
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
PLANS FOR SECTOR DEVELOPEMET
-
ORGANISATION, REGULATION AND STRENGHTENING
• Improving the SS in the current circumstances should focus on
strengthening the capacity of staff and operational efficiency of PUCs
(benchmarking, asset management, reducing non-revenue water,
training and licensing of staff, including management and municipal
decision-makers), using positive examples of successful PUCs;
• Inclusion of B&H PUCs in the project activities of DWP-IWAD-WB
and ORF/GIZ with funding from Austria, Germany and Swiss Gvts as
way to improve water services;
• Indicative is greater interest for these activites of PUCs from
B&H/FB&H than others SEE countries;
• Including municipalities with curent investment projects is a priority;
16
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
PLANNES FOR SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
- BUILDING OF INFRASTRUCTURE
- SS infrastructure in FB&H is needed for 175 settlements with
more then 2,000 people in the following order:
a) Settlements over 10,000 ES (tertiary treatment) sensitive areas,
b) Settlements over 15,000 ES (secondary treatment)
c) Settlements w/ 10,000-15,000 ES (secondary treatment)
d) Settlements w/ 2,000-10,000 ES,
- Increasing share of public water supply in rural areas is urgent,
in order to eliminate issues of water quality in the local PUCs and
protect peoples health;
- Part of these measures is being implemented through the ongoing
projects (EIB WATSAN FB&H and RS, Project sewerage and WWTP
in Bihac, WWTP Sarajevo, Mostar ...;)
17
2016 DWC: ”SUSTAINABLE WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EU ACCESSION”
Vienna, May 12 and 13, 2016
EXPECTED CHALLANGES
– NEW TARIFFS NECESSARY SERVICE SUSTAINABILITY
• The need for building infrastructure is unquestionable, as is the need for
the solution of two biggest challenges, as a precondition for service
sustainability: - Tariffs increase for water services to households and
- Harmonization of tariffs for households and industry!
• The possible solutions to the above challenges are the adoption by the
FB&H Parliament:
1.
The Law on communal activities at the FB&H level, which is a big
challenge, as it requires agreement of all 10 cantons and/or
2.
Amendment to the Law on Water prescribing the obligation of the FB&H
Government or FMAWMF for the adoption of regulations on the lowest base
price for WS, which is also a major challenge, because it requires positive
opinion of all 10 cantons;
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Thank you for your attention!
Hazima Hadzovic,
Assistant to Minister, FMoAWMF, FB&H
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Phone: +387 33 72 66 51
E-mail: [email protected]
www.fmpvs.gov.ba
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