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Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage
Chart
Ferrous Metals
Cast Iron
Carbon Steel 1000,4000,5000 series
Stainless Steel
Heavy equipment, machine frames.
Fasteners like rivets, nails, wire, chains
and machine parts. Medium carbon steel
is used for gears, shafts, tool shanks. High
carbon steel is used for screwdrivers,
cutting tools, blades, drills, springs,
bearings and knives.
Sinks, cutlery, kitchen utensils, surgical
tools.
Nonferrous Metals
Aluminum
Copper
Brass
Bronze
Tin Plate
Used in chemical and food processing,
fasteners, structural members, aircraft
structural components, hardware, car and
truck wheels, decorative trim, awnings,
siding, storage tanks, boats, missiles, truck
and trailer assemblies.
Water pipes, electrical circuit boards,
electrical wire, roofing.
Jewelry, water valves, boats, fittings,
hardware, electrical sockets, bullet
casings, ornaments.
Pipe fitting, statues, coins, and bearings.
Tin cans.
Ceramics
Abrasives
Clay
Glass
Porcelain
Belts, paper, grinding wheels, sand
blasting.
Tiles, pottery, stoneware.
Windows, bottles, jars, cookware.
Bathroom fixtures, insulators for spark
plugs, and other electrical applications.
Plastics
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS)
Kitchenware, food processors, mixers,
camera cases, appliances and tool
housings, instrument panels, luggage,
sporting goods, safety helmets,
© 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart – Page 1
Cellulose Acetate ( CA )
Polyamide (PA) and Nylon
Polycarbonate
Polyethylene (PE)
Polypropylene
Polymethyl Methacrylate Acrylic
Polystyrene (PS)
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Styrene-Butadiene - Rubber
Epoxy Resin
Melamine-Formaldehyde
Polyester Resins
Silicones
Urea-Formaldehyde
telephones, battery cases.
Photo films, magnetic recording films,
handles and knobs, sheet packaging for
products, brushes, combs, textiles.
Bearings, gears, casings for power tools,
packaging for foods such as bacon and
cheese. Textiles, fishing lines, carpet,
rollers and bearings.
Electrical components (due to heat
resistance and insulation properties)
glazing, eyewear lenses, CDs, bullet-proof
glass, theft-proof packaging.
Food and liquid containers, squeeze-type
bottles, toys, garbage cans, milk crates,
buckets, bowls.
Medical equipment, syringes, containers
with hinges, automobile ducts and trim,
outdoor carpet, string, rope, nets, crates,
and kitchenware.
Models, automobile taillights, aircraft
canopies, windows, furniture, illuminated
signs.
Model kits, blister packaging, lenses,
disposable plates, cups, utensils, sound
and heat insulation, marine applications.
Film for meat packaging, pipes, gutters,
bottles, soles of shoes.
Sealants, adhesives, vibration mounting
materials, footwear, tires, hoses, and latex
paint.
Adhesives, surface coatings, castings,
electronic components.
Coatings (Formica counter tops), electrical
insulation.
Gears, pump impellers, lawn sprinklers,
boat and car bumpers, shell chairs, and
containers.
Molds, finishes for glass and fabrics,
adhesives, sealants and gaskets, Silly
Putty, electrical insulation on wire and
components.
Appliance parts such as pot handles and
knobs.
Composites
Fiber Glass
Automobiles, trucks, aerospace industry,
sporting goods such as archery bows, golf
clubs, skis, bicycles, tennis rackets, circuit
© 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart – Page 2
Plywood
Sandwich Boards
boards.
Construction sheathing and furniture.
Hollow-core doors, room dividers, display
models, and furniture.
Hardwoods
Ash
Balsa
Beech
Elm
Oak
Poplar
Walnut
Cherry
Maple
Mahogany
Basswood
Tool handles, ladders, laminating, and
sports equipment.
Commercial model making especially aero
modeling industry, sandwich construction
in aircraft and boats.
Chairs, toys, tool handles, turnings, steam
bending
General furniture construction, garden
furniture, and turned items.
General furniture construction and veneer
plywood. Boat building, garden furniture,
and posts.
General furniture construction and model
construction.
Veneer and solid wood for furniture,
handles such as gun stocks.
Solid wood for furniture.
Solid wood for furniture.
Solid wood for furniture.
Commercial model making, carving and
pattern making.
Softwoods
Cedar
Fir/Hemlock
Pine
Outdoor furniture and siding, posts.
Residential construction.
Finish construction work, trim, furniture.
Material uses charts can be found in Chapter Eleven of the text listed below.
Hutchinson, J. & Karsnitz, J.R. (1997). Design and problem solving in technology.
Glencoe McGraw-Hill.
© 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Introduction to Engineering Design Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart – Page 3
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