Download RNA and Protein Synthesis

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA and Protein Synthesis
1. What does the abbreviation RNA stand for?
Ribonucleic acid
RNA and Protein Synthesis
2. List three ways RNA is different from DNA.
a. The sugar in RNA is ribose, not
deoxyribose.
b. RNA is usually single-stranded, not
double stranded.
c. RNA has uracil in place of thymine.
RNA and Protein Synthesis
3. If DNA is the “master plan,”
then what is RNA?
RNA is a Blueprint
from the master plan
RNA and Protein Synthesis
4. Name three main types of RNA?
a. Messenger RNA (mRNA)
b. Transfer RNA (tRNA)
c. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Ribosome
RNA and Protein Synthesis
5. What type of RNA combines with proteins to
form ribosomes? rRNA
?
Proteins
Ribosome
RNA and Protein Synthesis
6. What type of RNA carries an amino acid to a
ribosome during protein synthesis? tRNA
Amino acid
?
RNA and Protein Synthesis
7. Proteins are made up of
a)
b)
c)
d)
rRNA
amino acids
enzymes
codons
RNA and Protein Synthesis
8. How many different kinds of amino acids
make up proteins in the body?
20
RNA and Protein Synthesis
9. What type of RNA carries copies of instructions
for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from
DNA to the rest of the cell? mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
10. What process is shown below?
Transcription
RNA
Polymerase
mRNA
DNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
11. Where in the cell does transcription take
place?
In the nucleus
mRNA
DNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
12. What is the enzyme that transcribes mRNA
from DNA called? RNA Polymerase
?
mRNA
DNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
13. What molecule is being made by RNA
polymerase? mRNA
?
RNA
Polymerase
DNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
14. How many codons are shown on the mRNA?
3
mRNA
1
2
3
RNA and Protein Synthesis
15. Transcribe the following strand of DNA into mRNA.
Template DNA
mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
15. Transcribe the following strand of DNA into mRNA.
Template DNA
mRNA
16. What enzyme were you simulating when you
transcribed DNA into mRNA?
RNA Polymerase
RNA and Protein Synthesis
17. What process is shown below? Translation
Protein
Ribosome
tRNA
mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
18. What is the large, gray molecule? Ribosome
Protein
?
tRNA
mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
19. What is the function of the ribosome?
a. Ribosomes “read” DNA to make RNA.
b. Ribosomes edit RNA to make DNA.
c. Ribosomes “read” mRNA to make
proteins.
d. Ribosomes break apart proteins into
amino acids.
RNA and Protein Synthesis
20. What are the building blocks that
make up the protein shown below?
Protein
?
tRNA
mRNA
Ribosome
Amino acids
RNA and Protein Synthesis
21. What is the name of the molecule that
carries an amino acid to the ribosome? tRNA
Protein
Ribosome
Amino
acid
?
mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
22. What is a group of three bases on tRNA called
that are complementary to the three bases of a
codon of mRNA? Anticodon
Amino
acid
tRNA
?
RNA and Protein Synthesis
23. What is the name of the long molecule
that the ribosome is translating? mRNA
Protein
Ribosome
Amino
acid
tRNA
?
RNA and Protein Synthesis
genetic code ,
24. The table below shows the __________
which is a collection of codons of mRNA and the
amino acids they code for.
RNA and Protein Synthesis
25. What are the anticodons that match the three
mRNA codons shown below?
tRNA
tRNA
tRNA
anti codons
1
2
3 mRNA codons
RNA and Protein Synthesis
26. Use the codon chart to determine which amino
acid the AUG codon codes for.
tRNA
tRNA
mRNA codons
tRNA
M
RNA and Protein Synthesis
27. Use the codon chart to determine which amino
acid the CCU codon codes for.
M
tRNA
tRNA
tRNA
P
mRNA codons
RNA and Protein Synthesis
28. Use the codon chart to determine which amino
acid the AAG codon codes for.
M
P
tRNA
tRNA
tRNA
K
mRNA codons
RNA and Protein Synthesis
29. The process of making proteins on the
ribosome based on instructions from
messenger RNA is called
a.
b.
c.
d.
DNA synthesis
Transcription
Translation
RNA editing
RNA and Protein Synthesis
30. Where in the cell does translation
take place? In the cytoplasm
RNA and Protein Synthesis
31. The process by which the genetic code
of DNA is copied into a strand of RNA is
called
a.
b.
c.
d.
translation
transcription
transformation
replication
RNA and Protein Synthesis
32. In messenger RNA, each codon calls for
a particular
a.
b.
c.
d.
nucleotide
enzyme
promoter
amino acid
RNA and Protein Synthesis
33. What space does DNA go in?
DNA
B
RNA and Protein Synthesis
34. What space does mRNA go in? G
DNA
mRNA
RNA and Protein Synthesis
35. What space does protein go in?
DNA
Protein
mRNA
E
RNA and Protein Synthesis
36. What space does translation go in?
I
DNA
Protein
mRNA
Translation
RNA and Protein Synthesis
37. What space does protein synthesis go in? A
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Protein
mRNA
Translation
RNA and Protein Synthesis
38. What space does transcription go in?
C
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
Protein
mRNA
Translation
RNA and Protein Synthesis
39. What space does tRNA go in? J
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
Protein
mRNA
tRNA
Translation
RNA and Protein Synthesis
41. What space does codon go in? K
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
Protein
mRNA
Translation
tRNA
codon
RNA and Protein Synthesis
41. What space does amino acids go in? H
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
Protein
mRNA
Amino acids
Translation
tRNA
codon
RNA and Protein Synthesis
Anticodon
42. What goes in space F?
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
Protein
anticodon
mRNA
Amino acids
Translation
tRNA
codon
RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA Polymerase
43. What goes in space D?
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
Protein
anticodon
mRNA
Amino acids
Translation
tRNA
codon
RNA and Protein Synthesis
Ribosome
44. What goes in space L?
Protein Synthesis
DNA
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
Protein
anticodon
mRNA
Amino acids
Translation
tRNA
codon
Ribosome