Notes for remainder of Roman Empire Republic – 509 BC Led by two consuls – elected by citizens Reported to and advised by the Senate Developed code of laws – Twelve Tables Stated that all free citizens had the right to be treated equally. Set standards of justice Innocent until proven guilty Judges examined evidence in all cases 200 BC – seizing territory throughout the Mediterranean region Allowed conquered people to become Roman citizens. Able to build a strong, loyal state in the empire. Julius wanted to become emperor – Senate answered him with death (Ides of March) Augustus (Octavius) 1st emperor. His rule brought much needed peace - Pax Romana – lasted 200 years Chrisitanity – started in Palestine Followers of Jesus Christ Peter and Paul established the Christian Church in Rome. 1st emperors persecuted Christians – Nero was worst. AD 392 – official religion of Rome Decline – late AD 300’s Rival forces against each other. Germanic groups attacked from the north AD 395 – Rome divided into eastern and western empire East known as BYZANTIUM – lasted about another 1000 years West fell to Germanic tribes – ended. West spread classical culture and Christianity. Roman law shaped legal systems in other countries Latin – basis for modern European romance languages: French, Italian and Spanish Influenced architectural styles in the Western world.