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BANGLADESH / Dhaka
PEOPLE
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
Population, total (m)
128.1
137
138.8
140.6
…
…
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.3
…
…
0.93
Population growth (annual %)
2009 est.
Sex ratio male/female
…
…
…
…
…
Life Expectancy at birth, total (years)
61
63
64
64
…
…
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & 2ndry school (%)
102
…
…
…
…
…
Adult literacy rate (15 years and over, %)
…
…
…
53.5
…
…
Female
…
…
…
48.0
…
…
Male
…
…
…
58.7
…
…
40.7
…
19.3
…
…
…
…
…
106
…
…
…
ECONOMY
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 est.
GDP (current US$ billions)
47.1
60
62
68
…
…
GDP real growth (annual %)
5.9
6.0
6.6
6.4
…
…
Industry (% of GDP)
25
27
28
28
…
…
Agriculture (% of GDP)
26
20
20
19
…
…
Services (% of GDP)
49
53
52
52
…
…
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
14
17
19
20
…
…
Imports of goods and sevices (% of GDP)
19
23
25
27
…
…
32.4
38.5
45
45.4
…
…
72
…
…
…
…
…
Labour Force, total (m)
Female participation in labor force (rank out of 134)
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Energy: Production thousand metric tons
Energy: Imports, net (% of energy use)
1268
1099
1366
2093
…
…
Energy: Electricity Production million kwh
14739
21162
22742
22783
…
…
Energy: Electricity Consumption
12461
19196
20954
21181
…
…
…
2,825
3,877
5,278
5,789
6,113
International reserves (US$ m)
Debt service paid (US$ m)
…
805
685
1,066
1,102
952
280
813
697
653
…
…
ODA and Official Aid (US$ m)
1,172
1,336
1,222
1,502
…
…
Workers' remittances, received (US$ m)
1,968
4,314
5,428
6,562
…
…
FDI, net inflows (US$ m)
Workers' remittances, received (% of GDP)
4.2
7.2
8.8
…
…
Industrial Production growth rate (annual %)
6.2
8.3
9.7
9.5
…
…
Industries
cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical
fertilizer, light engineering, sugar
Main industrial development issues
Poor infrastructure - lack of skilled labour and mid-level technical expertise
Import - Commodities
machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, petroleum
products, cement
Import - Partners
China 17.7%, India 12.5%, Kuwait 7.9%, Singapore 5.5%, Hong Kong 4.1% (2006)
Export - Commodities
Garments, fish, jute goods, leather products
Exports - Partners
US 24.9%, Germany 12.8%, UK 9.8%, France 5% (2006)
INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 est.
Paved roads (% of total)
31
…
…
…
…
…
Internet users (per 1,000 people)
0.2
0.8
1.1
1.4
…
…
0
1
4
12
…
…
2009 est.
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
Time required to start a business (days)
…
50
50
74
…
…
Ease of doing business (rank out of 181)
…
…
…
…
104
110
Business impediments (Top 3)
Transparency - inefficient government bureaucracy - policy instability
Promising sectors
The new industrial policy has identified 16 "prioritised" sectors, including agriculture and
agricultural-processing, shipbuilding, renewable energy, software products and high valueadded readymade garments
UNIDO COOPERATION
An ongoing Integrated Programme has been formulated by UNIDO in close consultation with the Government for a total amount of USD
2,284,995 in view to enhancing Productivity and improving International Competitiveness of Potential Industry subsectors. Six (6) projects on
quality support programme are also being implemented amounting an allotment of USD 9,896,680.
USEFUL CONTACTS WITHIN THE COUNTRY
UNIDO Field Office
P.O. Box 3059 55 Lodi Estate New Delhi, 110003 INDIA Tel.: +91 1124643484 FAX: +91
1124620913 E-mail: [email protected]
International Organization Participation
ADB, ARF, BIMSTEC, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory),
ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU,
ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP,
UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMIT,
UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Ministry in charge of Industry
Ministry of Industries Shilpa Bhaban 19 Motijheel Commercial Area Dhaka 1000
Tel.: 880-2-956-704 Fax: 880-2-861-9588 E-mail: [email protected]
Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI) 65-66 Motijheel Commercial Area, Dhaka-1000 Tel.: 880-2-9552562 Fax: 880-2-9560830
E-mail: [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] Web site: www.dhakachamber.com
Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce & www.fbcci-bd.org E-mail: [email protected] Address: Federation Bhaban 60 Motijheel
Industries(FBCCI)
C/A, Dhaka-1000 Tel. 9560482, 9560102-3 Fax: 7176030, 9560588
Some associations and trade bodies
Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) Head
Office - Complex 23/1 Pantha Path Link Road Kawran Bazar, Dhaka 1215 Tel.: +880 2
9144552/3 Fax.: +880 2 8125732 [email protected] www.bgmea.com.bd
Bangladesh Agricultural Machinery Merchants Association 97 Noawbpur Road (3rd
Floor), Dhaka 1100 Tel: (02) 288678
Foreign Investors Chamber of Commerce and Industry Mahbub Castle (4th Floor)
35/A, Purana Paltan Line Inner Circular Road, Dhaka-1000 Tel:8319448, Fax: 8319449
Email: [email protected]
Bangladesh Aushad Shilpa Samity (Bangladesh Association of Pharmaceutical
Industries) Chartered Accounts Bhaban (6th Floor), Karwan Bazar, 100, Kazi Nazrul
Islam Avenue, Dhaka Tel: (02) 317606/818098
Bangladeshyo Cha Sangsad (Tea Association of Bangladesh) Dar-E-Shahidi (3rd
Floor), 69, Agrabad C/A. Chittagong Tel: (031) 501009, 502536
IMPACT OF THE GLOBAL CRISIS (Mid 2009)
Global GDP is expected to shrink at both market exchange rates and in purchasing power parity terms in 2009, registering falls of 3% and 1.8%
respectively. Global trade will contract in 2009 for the first time since 2001. The poor economic performance in the US and Europe will have a
negative impact on Bangladesh's external sector, as the two regions import more than 50% of Bangladesh's commodities. The economic
downturn in the Middle East will have a direct impact on overall household spending in Bangladesh, as the area is the country's largest source
of overseas workers' remittances. The lower level of oil prices in 2009 relative to 2008 will lead to a modest reduction in Bangladesh's import
bill, but it will not be enough to reduce the substantial gap that exists between exports and imports, and post trade deficits is therefore expected
in 2009-10.
Main sources: ADB - EIU - HDR - UNIDO Infobase - World Bank - World Economic Forum - World Fact Book