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Viral/Bacteria Review
• How do viruses reproduce?
• Through lytic or lysogenic infection
• What are the differences between a lytic and
a lysogenic infection?
• Lytic is fast working whereas, lysogenic can
remain dormant for awhile.
• How do bacteria reproduce?
• Binary fission
• conjugation
• What makes up a virus?
• A protein coat with either RNA or DNA
• What makes up a bacteria?
• DNA with cell organelles
• Maybe a flagella or cilia
• Cell membrane, some have cell walls
• How do viruses get their food?
• They don’t they are not alive
• How do bacteria get their food?
• Either as an autotroph or a
• heterotroph
• What are the two ways of a bacteria getting
their food as an autotroph?
• Either through sunlight or chemicals
• What are the differences between the shapes
of viruses and bacteria?
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Viruses are geometric and bacteria are either:
Bacilli- rod shaped
Cocci- round shaped
Spirilli- spiral shaped
• Name viral diseases
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Smallpox
Polio
Measles
AIDS
Mumps
Influenza
Yellow fever (mosquito born)
Rabies (bite from animal)
Common cold
• Name bacterial diseases
– Salmonella
– Strep throat
– Typhoid Fever
– Diptheria
– Tuberculosis
– Tetanus
– Leprosy
– Syphilis
Cholera
Bubonic Plague
• What good things come from bacteria?
• Food products such as cheese and yogurt
• They help break down food in the intestines
• What two main groups of bacteria are there?
• Archaebacteria and Eubacteria
• Where will you find methanogens?
• In the intestines of cows
• Where will halophiles and thermophiles be
found?
• Salt water and hot water sources
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