REVIEW OF THE KEYNOTE SPEECH ï® ï® ï® ï® ï® ï® ï® Well structured paper Broad overview of the status of STI in Africa Information of the WB and ADB North Africa grouped with Middle East Manufacturing picked as an illustrative case to characterise Africaâs industialisation Competitive Industrial Performance Index (CIP), the Global Competitive Index (GCI) and the Knowledge Economy Index (KEI) used for comparative analysis. The paper picks also Tunisia in Africa for detailed comparison with India and Malaysia and draw lessons for the rest of Africa. ï® ï® ï® ï® The paper arrives as the same conclusion as arrived at using other set of indicators. The conclusion is that Africaâs industrial performance is dismal. The paper gives detailed definitions of Innovation and the complex National Innovations Systems to assist policy makers to understand these concepts with a view to making informed policy decisions. On STI the paper recommends investment in extensive training and research as necessary steps toward transforming the continent into a knowledge society. He wisely recommends concentrating the limited resources towards well targeted research.