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Study Guide - Maya, Aztec, Inca test Friday 5/3
Facts about each civilization
Maya
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They moved north into the Yucatan.
Their “Golden Age” was from CE 300 to 900.
They had a loose confederation of city­states ruled by individual kings.
They developed a counting system based on 20.
They were polytheistic, worshipping many gods.
Stepped pyramids were the setting for religious ceremonies.
They kept written records with pictographs.
Pok­a­tok was a ceremonial game recalling games played by the gods.
Aztec
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Sun god requires human sacrifice to rise each day.
Tenochtitlan was their capital and it was in Lake Texcoco.
The Spanish conquistadors played a part in their empire collapsing.
They built a giant temple to the sun god in Tenochtitlan.
They built artificial islands, chimapas, to raise crops
They were polytheistic, worshipping many gods.
Stepped pyramids were the setting for religious ceremonies.
They kept written records with pictographs.
Inca
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Expansion of the empire began in CE 1438 with Pachacuti.
The Spanish conquistadors played a part in their empire collapsing.
The capital city was Cuzco.
Their sun god was known as Inti.
They were polytheistic, worshipping many gods.
They kept records using quipu, a rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors.
The government took the harvest, dividing it among the people and storing part.
The empire spoke the common language of Quechua.
They had 12,500 miles of roads that were only for government use.
Short Answer: Answer each question completely it in at least three sentences.
● Explain the three possible reasons for the fall of the Maya.
● Describe the Aztec legend that told the people where to settle.
● Describe the Inca’s sacrificial rituals.
Compare and Contrast: For each question, write one paragraph (8 sentences) that discusses similarities and
one paragraph (8 sentences) that discusses differences. Each paragraph should clearly state what you are
talking about and include specifics examples.
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Compare and Contrast the Mayas and the Aztecs.
Compare and Contrast the Aztecs and the Incas.
Mapping
On a map, be able to locate the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations