Judaism Founder Abraham founded Judaism when he promised his God to leave his homeland full of idol worshippers to start a new life in “the promised land” Date founded • Judaism, one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world, was founded some 3500 years ago somewhere in the middle east Basic beliefs • They state their basic beliefs in 13 principles stated by Rambam • Judaism is a monotheistic religion, meaning they only believe in one God Gods • Yahweh or YHVH Concepts of Afterlife • Olam haBa( afterlife) which means the “coming world” Religious or other Texts • • • • • • • Tanakh Torah Talmud Midrash Responsa The Septuagint Zuhar Geographic area Number of Believers Today • There are approximately 14 212 800 Jewish people in he world. 43 percent of these people live in the Israel (6 103 200), a close 40 percent live in the United States (5 700 000), and small amounts live in European countries such as France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. There are few in Canada, Mexico, Russia, Argentina, and Brazil as well. Interactions with Politics • Middle Ages: 500 years ago, there were a lot of differences between state and religion. Judaism an exception to this norm. During the Middle Ages, a Jewish government called the Qahal existed. This was a government that used Jewish principles and ideologies to rule over the primarily Jewish population. After the Jewish Emancipation, mostly in the 19th century, he Qahal was banned and he Jewish religion remained as just a religion.