LEARNING TARGETS- Plate Tectonics E-1 P-3-50? What are the LAYERS OF THE EARTH? Give the thickness of each layer and its composition. Include Asthenosphere and Lithosphere. THE LAYERS OF THE EARTH. Create a visual display that shows the layers of the earth, in proportion to their actual thickness, labeling each with their correct thickness and composition. E-7 How do scientists study the interior structure of the earth? E-8 Where do most volcanoes and earthquakes occur? Use the Seismic Eruptions program on the desktop computers to analyze where volcanoes and earthquakes most frequently occur. E-9 What is the difference between OCEANIC CRUST and CONTINENTAL CRUST? E-2 Define EARTHQUAKE GENERAL ASSIGNMENTS E-3 What is a SEISMOLOGIST? E-10 Understand the theory of PLATE TECTONICS. Include: Alfred Wegener Fossil Evidence Rock/Mountain Range Evidence Age of Sea Floor Puzzle Piece Shape of Plate Boundaries E-11 How do CONVECTION CURRENTS in the mantle drive Plate Tectonics? E-4 Understand the difference between the following SEISMIC WAVES: P-WAVES S-WAVES SURFACE WAVES E-5 What is an EPICENTER and FOCUS? How do seismologists locate EPICENTERS? E-6 Locate the following: THE RING OF FIRE THE MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE THE 7 PRIMARY PLATES AND 8 SECONDARDY PLATES CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/12/1208_03 1208_tsunami.html E – 12 P-2-75 E – 13 P-10-100 E – 14 P-11-150 E – 15 How do rocks move and change forms? The rock cycle. THE ROCK CYCLE. For this project, you need to demonstrate your knowledge of the Rock Cycle through any form that you wish. It can be a diorama, a project display board, a power point, or anything else that works for you. The display should be a teaching tool, easily to understand and a quality piece of work. How do engineers make a building safe? Research and build a model of a home/building that uses earthquake prevention mechanisms. Include a description of the techniques. What are the major factors that determine the intensity of ground shaking from an earthquake? Create ground scenarios, have a controlled structure, and use the WMS shake table to demonstrate how these factors effect ground shaking. What are the 3 types of earthquakes the Pacific Northwest could experience? How and where do they occur? E – 16 What evidence led scientists to believe that the last MEGATHRUST QUAKE in Washington occurred in January of 1700?