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FALL OF ROMAN EMPIRE Pax Romana Third Century Population: Population:
Increased as borders of · Decreasing due to wars and plagues
the Empire extended and · Less people to work & provide public servies more people became citizens; new cities sprang up; people were proud to be Roman citizens Government: Controlled by strong emperors and efficiently administered by officials with a sense of duty; provinces were allowed a large measure of self­ government Army: Played a defensive role as control by the emperor ended civil wars; long period of peace; the legions, composed of Roman citizens, defended Rome’s borders from attack Taxes and Wealth: Peace encouraged widespread commerce and great prosperity; taxations was just and the office of tax collector a high honor Government:
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No succession to throne­> power struggles
Government controlled prices
Forced farmers to stay on land
Diocletian divided the empire
Constantine made Constantinople capital in the East Army:
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Because of no legal succession to throne, military generals competed to become emperors
Incompetent military men
Thievery
Difficulty getting soldiers due to declining population
Mercenaries hired (foreign soldiers) Taxes and Wealth:
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Increased taxes to support the armies
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Coins declined in value as more copper was added­> barter increased
Roads began to decay
Industry and trade declined
Government tax collectors
Germanic barbarians plundered the border and destroyed towns ·
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Social Causes of Fall:
· Decline in values such as patriotism, discipline, and loyalty to state
· Apathy= being indifferent, not caring * 476AD= Fall of Roman Empire