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Transcript
Pre-Thomasine saying
Scenario #1
Thomas 5:1c–2b
Scenario #2
Thomas 5:1c–2b
First redaction
(original Thomas)
+ Thomas 5:1a–b
+ Thomas 5:1a–b
+ Thomas 5:3a–b
Second redaction
+ Thomas 5:3a–b
– Thomas 5:3a–b
Thus, what is left of Johnson’s argument is an appeal to common sense: Scenario #2 appears to be a
little suspicious, since it presupposes that the same strophe was first inserted and then omitted. Yet
this hypothetical course of events is imaginable and cannot be dismissed without further
argumentation to the contrary.
Nevertheless, I do not think that the situation is hopeless. I suggest that Scenario #1 is more
likely and that the formal structure of saying 5 indicates that Thomas 5:3a–b was a secondary
expansion. First, there can be little doubt that the Synoptic/pre-Thomasine version of the
hidden/revealed saying has a parallel structure: hidden – manifest / hidden – manifest (A – B / A –
B). The following synoptic table illustrates the structure of the saying according to Thomas 5:1c–2b
and Matt 10:26:
Thomas 5:1c–2b
Matt 10:26
A
5:1c καὶ [τὸ κεκρυμμένον] ἀπό σου
A
οὐδὲν γάρ ἐστιν κεκαλυμμένον
B
5:1d ἀποκαλυφ<θ>ήσετ[αί σοι ·]
B
ὃ οὐκ ἀποκαλυφθήσεται
A
5:2a [οὐ γάρ ἐσ]τιν κρυπτὸν
A
καὶ κρυπτὸν
B
5:2b ὃ οὐ φανε[ρὸν γενήσεται]
B
ὃ οὐ γνωσθήσεται
Once the hidden/revealed saying became a part of Thomas and was expanded by Thomas 5:1b,
it could no longer retain the formal structure it had before. The redactor, however, did not destroy or
disregard the parallelism of the saying; rather, he transformed it. Whereas in the pre-Thomasine
version of the saying, Thomas 5:1c and Thomas 5:1d functioned as two opposing units, in Thomas
they form a single unit: Thomas 5:1c–d. In this new parallel structure, Thomas 5:1c–d stands opposite
to Thomas 5:1b, just as Thomas 5:2b stands opposite to Thomas 5:2a. As a result, the redactor came
up with a chiastic saying: come to know that which is manifest and you will know that which is
hidden, for there is nothing hidden which will not become manifest (B – A / A – B).84 The following
table illustrates the new parallel structure of the saying:
84
Chiasm appears to be one of the more frequently-used structural devices in Thomas. See the discussion in chapter 11.
18
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