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Patterns of Motor Development
Development progresses from head to toe, so
the first volitional muscle control involves the
head and neck and progresses downward
Pattern of development from the trunk outward
to the extremities, thus sitting precedes throwing
a ball
Gross to fine
Pattern of large muscle control preceding small
muscle control, so children can throw and catch
a big ball before they can draw a picture
Mass to specific
Gradually developing ability to isolate muscles
for movement. Initially, when a child rolls over
she does so as a single unit, but soon gains
adequate control over specific parts of her body
so that the roll becomes more controlled,
occurring in a smooth sequence of head and
shoulders followed by trunk and hips and
completed with the legs