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Name _____________________________ Class _________________ Date __________________
The Progressives
Vocabulary Builder
Section 1
DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and fill in the blank with the term in
the term pair that best completes the sentence.
1. A wide-ranging reform movement that arose to address numerous problems that
resulted from industrialization became known as _______________________.
(progressivism/reactionism)
2. A _______________________ allows a recently passed law to be placed on the
ballot so that voters can either approve or reject the law. (referral/referendum)
3. The passage of the _______________________ meant that U.S. senators would now
be elected directly by voters. (Seventeenth Amendment/ILGWU)
4. A _______________________ enables voters to remove an elected official by special
election. (recall/filibuster)
5. Progressive governor _______________________ pushed for a set of reforms that
became known as the Wisconsin Idea. (Ida Tarbell/Robert M. La Follette)
6. The Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire was a _______________________ example of
the type of tragedies that resulted in the early 1900s from a lack of workplace safety
laws. (concrete/made-up)
7. Through his book How the Other Half Lives, _______________________ revealed
the grim conditions in New York tenements. (Jacob Riis/Lincoln Steffens)
DIRECTIONS On the line provided before each statement, write T if a
statement is true and F if a statement is false. If the statement is false, write
the correct term on the line after each sentence that makes the sentence a
true statement.
_____ 8. Voters can place proposed laws on the ballot for public approval by using
referendums.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 9. Reform-minded journalists became known as muckrakers because they
exposed the filth of society.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 10. In 1904 Robert M. La Follette exposed the corruption of city governments in
The Shame of the Cities.
______________________________________________________________
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
1
The Progressives
Name _____________________________ Class _________________ Date __________________
The Progressives
Vocabulary Builder
Section 2
DIRECTIONS On the line provided before each statement, write T if a
statement is true and F if a statement is false. If the statement is false, write
the correct term on the line after each sentence that makes the sentence a
true statement.
_____ 1. The Eighteenth Amendment barred the manufacture, distribution, and sale of
alcoholic beverages.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 2. The work of the National Association of Colored Women included the
formation of settlement houses, hospitals, and schools that served African
Americans.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 3. The Women’s Christian Temperance Union was one of the organizations that
led the organized crusade against alcohol.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 4. The National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman
Suffrage Association merged to form the Prohibition League.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 5. Reformers who believed that alcohol was responsible for crime, poverty, and
violence against women and children called for suffrage—a ban on making,
selling, or distributing alcohol.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 6. The North American League of Concerned African Americans, whose
members included Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Harriet Tubman, campaigned
against poverty, segregation, and lynchings.
______________________________________________________________
_____ 7. Some people who argued against women’s suffrage held the notion that most
American women did not want to vote.
______________________________________________________________
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
2
The Progressives
Name _____________________________ Class _________________ Date __________________
The Progressives
Vocabulary Builder
Section 3
bully pulpit
Elkins Act
Hepburn Act
Meat Inspection Act
Newlands Reclamation Act Pure Food and Drug Act
Square Deal
framework
DIRECTIONS Look at each set of four terms. On the line provided, write
the letter of the term that does not relate to the others.
_____
_____ 1. a. U.S. Forest Service
b. conservation
c. suffrage
d. Newlands Reclamation Act
2. a. Prohibition
b. Elkins Act
c. Hepburn Act
d. railroads
DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains
at least one word from the word bank.
3. What laws did Congress pass to protect consumers from abuses by the food and drug
industries?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
4. What measures were enacted during the Roosevelt administration to provide
irrigation for dry lands?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
5. What act strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), and what powers
did the act give to the ICC?
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
3
The Progressives
Name _____________________________ Class _________________ Date __________________
The Progressives
Vocabulary Builder
Section 4
Brownsville incident
Clayton Antitrust Act
Federal Reserve Act
New Freedom
Nineteenth Amendment
Sixteenth Amendment
DIRECTIONS Choose five of the vocabulary terms from the word bank.
Use these words to write a summary of what you learned in the section.
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
DIRECTIONS Read each sentence and choose the correct term from the
word bank to replace the underlined phrase. Write the term in the space
provided and then define the term in your own words.
1. The amendment ratified in 1913 established an income tax. ____________________
Your definition: _______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
2. The amendment that granted women’s suffrage was proposed by Congress in 1918
and ratified in 1920. ____________________________________________________
Your definition: _______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
3. The law that clarified and extended the Sherman Antitrust Act supported workers by
legalizing strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing. ___________________________
Your definition: _______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
4
The Progressives