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Wuthering Heights
Lecture one
Shahd Alshammari
AOU, 2014
• 1847
• Emily Bronte wrote it under the pseudonym Ellis
• Early reception of the novel. Refer to page 352
• Victorian Reaction to the novel as too violent and
• The setting/home description by Lockwood.
• Home setting as orderly, but chaotic on the
• The wild external landscape is significant“spatial expression of the themes and
emotions portrayed”
• Lockwood’s first impression of Heathcliff.
• The first description of Thrushcross Grange.
• Indoors rather than from its exterior. This
contrasts with Wuthering Heights.
• Location and opposition
• Heathcliff’s characterization. (360-361)
• Lord Byron’s Byronic hero- dark and obsessive
mentality, inspires fear.
• Byronic or Gothic Hero.
• How did Victorians react to his character as
well as the other characters?
• Emotional and Physical Violence.
Structure of Wuthering Heights and
the Idea of Home
• A sense of disturbed familiarity in which the
novel is structured.
• Patterns of repetitions, variation, chronology.
• Home: Henry James ‘house of fiction’multiple perspectives, house with many
• Characters repeat the same experiences,
naming, and genealogy. (365-366)
• Repetition-with-variation
Narrators and Perspectives
• 1st person narrators.
• Lockwood’s initial narrative dated 1801, closing 1802
• Lockwood: represents the majority of the novel’s
readership. He is not at home at Wuthering Heights.
• Lockwood’s bewilderment.
• Nelly Dean- at home both at WH and TG. Discuss her
perspective and reliability. (367-68) She narrates the events
of 20 years ago.
• Catherine’s diaries and voice.
• Epistolary narrative- Isabella’s letter in Vol 1
• Narrative uncertainty is a reason the novel is considered
confused, despite its chronological structure.
Wuthering Heights as Romance
• Hybrid form
• Reasons why it is described as a romance.
• The term originated as a term for fictional
adventurers and tales of courtly love in the
Middle Ages.
• WH has strong connections with Gothic
• Differences and Similarities between Gothic
novels’ characters and WH. Discuss (372-73).
• Critic George Henry Lewes argued that the
novel has real issues/emotions and ‘truth’
• Discuss the issues and truths in terms of
domestic life, social exclusion, economic
• Discuss various interpretations of the love
between Catherine and Heathcliff and how
this has been depicted in film versions
Wuthering Heights Study Questions
Wuthering Heights Study Questions