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History of Greek and Latin
Influence on the English
Language
It’s a pretty big deal
Educated people in the western Roman
Empire spoke Latin
 Today, this area is: Spain, Italy, France
and Portugal
 Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese
are descended from Latin and they are
called “Romance” (Roman) languages.

100 B.C. Roman Empire
Britain was inhabited by farmers
 Romans built roads on raised
embankments English called them
highways.
 Romans built towns for trade markets.
They built layered roads (stratum) called
straets, now called streets today
 Romans measured streets by mille which
was 1000 paces, now called miles.

43 A.D. Roman Emperor Claudius
Ceaser conquered Britain

Inland European
conquerors invaded
England and
brought AngloSaxon. In 597
England became a
Christian country
and the church’s
official language
was Latin
5th Century A.D. Romans left

Moors from Africa invaded Spain. They
had access to Greek books kept in
Alexandria. This made Greek literature
available to England.
711 A.D.



Alfred had major
literary works
translated into Latin
including grammar
terms, plant names,
medical terms etc.
Over 450 words were
implemented into
English.
Terms concerning art,
religion, medicine or
education are all
Latin.
871-899 King Alfred the Great

William invaded
Britain. The official
language of Britain
became French,
which brought more
Latin into English.
1066 A.D. William the Conquerer


Newton was the last
English speaking
scientist to write a
major work in Latin
in 1687: Principia
Mathematica
English was being
used in schools, but
Latin was still
taught.
1400’s Isaac Newton

All things Greek and Latin were cherished
and there was a commitment to
replicating the style of arts and language
of these ancient cultures.
The Renaissance 1500-1650




16th/17th centuries:
English was taught
in schools.
All educated
Europeans learned
Latin.
Latin was an
internationally
understood
language.



17th/20th centuries:
Roman Catholic
church continues to
use Latin.
English continued to
incorporate Latin
and Greek into
everyday language.
The past few centuries
Document related concepts

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