Chicano Studies 141a U.S. History/Chicano Perspective Mike Ornelas Office: G-103E, email [email protected], (619) 388-2266 COURSE OUTLINE American civilization from the Mexican and Chicano perspective. Considers the period of discovery through the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and the Period of Reconstruction. The complete one-year course, Chicano Studies 141a-b, satisfies the graduation requirements in American Institutions and California State Government. (FT) REQUIRED BOOKS: David Weber Michael Ornelas Michael D. Coe Foreigners in their Native Land: Historical Roots of the Mexican Americans Between the Conquests: Readings in Early Chicano History, 4th ed. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs, Fifth Edition Ronald Wright Stolen Continents: The "New World" Through Indian Eyes (optional) COURSE OBJECTIVES: 1. To define the nature of Chicano history in the Southwestern region of the United States through major periods and historical events. 2. To illustrate the unique historical evolution of Chicanos across the earliest pre-Columbian periods through the mid-19 century. 3. To illustrate the complex nature of the Chicano experience across three major periods: the pre-Columbian, the Spanish Colonial experience in the American Southwest and the emergence of the United States. 4. To illustrate the complex nature of Chicano/White relations from the earliest times to the mid19th century and the origins of anti-Mexican and stereotypical views. 5. To show the influence of the United States on the political evolution of the Mexican Republic and its Constitution. 6. To illustrate the evolution of United States constitutional principles and their influence on the political evolution of the Mexican Republic. 7. To examine the Chicano experience in light of the Mexican American War and the implications of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Chicano Studies 141a page 2 GRADES: Final grades will be determined through a combination of criteria according to the following formula: Attendance, participation in class discussion and quizzes will comprise 25% of the grade. There will be 3 periodic written exams (or major take-home assignments) which will each comprise 25% of the grade (75% total). The exams will be based upon class discussion, lecture and all reading assignments. It is essential that each student continue to read all assignments in advance of each class session. In addition, personal commentary and analysis of the various reading assignments is strongly encouraged. It is the students' responsibility to be aware of the reading assignments under discussion for a particular week. Make-up exams or assignments will only permitted under extraordinary or emergency situations. COURSE CONTENT AND FORMAT: Chicano Studies 141a will explore the earliest origins of the Chicano from the pre-Columbian periods to the mid-19th century. It will include selected aspects of the Chicano historical experience including the United States. Also included will be the impact of the Spanish Conquest on the "mestizaje" of native Americans, Spanish and Mexican expansion into the American Southwest, the infiltration of Americans into the Southwest, the early contacts between whites and Chicanos, the collision of cultures both in Mexico as well as the northern Mexican frontier, major political, cultural and economic clashes which characterize this early period, as well as events which lead to the Mexican American War (1846-1848). A comparative study of the evolution of the respective political systems and constitutions of the United States and Mexico will also be included. This course satisfies Mesa College's Multicultural Studies graduation requirement and in combination with Chicano Studies 141b satisfies the American Institutions requirement. MAJOR PERIODS, TOPICS, AND READING ASSIGNMENTS: I. Pre-Columbian Mexico and the Spanish Conquest to 1521 Early civilization, the domestication of plants, village evolution Reading: Coe, Chapters 1-3 The Archaic, pre-Classic, Classic, and post-Classic periods, major developments Universal Cultural Traits The pre-Classic, the Early Villages and Early Civilizations, Olmec Reading: Coe, Chapters. 4-5 The Classic Period, Rise of the Great Civilizations, Teotihuacan, Maya Reading: Coe, Chapter. 6 The Epiclassic and the post-Classic, Toltecs, Aztecs and the Spanish Conquest Reading: Coe, Chapter 7-10, Epilogue. Wright, Part One **Exam #1 covers all of the above Chicano Studies 141a page 3 II. Colonial Mexico and the northern frontier (1521-1810) The evolving image of the northern frontier Spanish and American exploration into the northern frontier Settlement and colonization of the northern frontier Frontier societies in New Mexico, Texas, Arizona and California Church and state, an evolving relationship Yankee infiltration and the hardening of stereotypes The American Revolution, The French Revolution and the impact on Mexico British and Spanish colonialism, the end of an era The early origins of Manifest Destiny and its impact on the Mexican Republic Reading: Page numbers in parentheses indicate "Key Terms and Study Questions" section Ornelas, Between the Conquests Introduction, pp. 3-17 “Aztlan,Cibola and Frontier New Spain”, pp. 19-38 (303-304) “The Northern Outposts”, pp.39-61 (305-306) “Spaniards, Mexicans and Americans”, pp. 63-87 (307-308) “Pueblos, Spaniards and History”, pp. 89-107 (309-310) “Sexual Violence in the Politics and Policies of Conquest”, pp. 109-132 (311312) “The Origins of Anti-Mexican Sentiment in the U.S.”, pp. 133-164 (313-314) “The Borderlands in North American History”, pp. 165-174 (315-316) Weber, Foreigners in Their Native Land Chapters 1, 2 III. The American and Mexican Independence movements, the Mexican Southwest, the U.S. and Mexico collide Growing stresses in the late colonial periods The American Revolutionary movement-impact on Mexico The role of Hidalgo, Morelos, Victoria, Guerrero in the Mexican Independence El Plan de Iguala and the Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis) The 1824 Colonization Act and the infiltration of Anglos into Texas The Texas Revolt The origins of stereotypes on the frontier The Mexican Southwest-society, culture, heterogeneity The impact of American policy toward Mexico and Manifest Destiny Chicano Studies 141a page 4 Reading: Page numbers in parentheses indicate "Key Terms and Study Questions" sections Ornelas, Between the Conquests Introduction, pp. 177-195 “Texas,’This Most Precious…Territory’” pp. 197-212 (317-318) “Initial Contacts: Redeeming Texas Mexicans, 1821-1836”, pp. 213-228, (319320) “The Texas Declaration of Independence”, pp. 229-232 “The Treaty of Velasco”, pp. 233-236 Weber, Foreigners in their Native Land pp. 87-139 Wright, Part Two **Exam #2 covers sections II and III. IV. The mid-19th century, the Mexican American War, Manifest Destiny and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo The U.S. and Mexico during the 19th century, clash with Manifest Destiny Confrontation with the United States James K. Polk and the Southern Slavocracy The birth of the Chicano The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Readings: Pages in parentheses indicate "Key Terms and Study Questions" sections Ornelas, Between the Conquests “The ‘Texas Game’ Again? Peopling California and New Mexico”, pp. 237-272 (321-322) “The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Selected Articles”, pp. 273-276 (323-324) “The Protocol of Queretaro”, pp. 277-278 (325) “Citizenship and Property Rights: U.S. Interpretations of the Treaty”, pp.279-300 (327-328) Weber,”Foreigners in Their Native Land pp. 140-235 Wright, Part Three **Exam #3 covers section IV. Several relevant videos will be presented throughout the semester including: In Search of the Maya, The Lost Kingdoms of the Maya, The Rise and Fall of the Aztec Empire, La Otra Conquista, The Sword and the Cross, The United States/Mexico War, Los San Patricios. La Otra Conquista contains some scenes of overt sexuality and is unrated or should be rated R.