Download Chronology - Michelangelo

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Cologne Cathedral provides an impressive array of gargoyles with over 108 created in the 13
century and over the following 800 years. Another important artwork constructed in this period
includes the Saint-Elisabeth-Church at Marburg one of the very first hall-churches built in
Cathedral Gargoyl
The 13th century is seen as the late Byzantine period of rule in Greece, and the weakening of
rule after the sacking of Constantinople. It is usually referred to as the Palaeologeian era. The
Palaeologan Dynasty, beginning with Michael VIII Palaeologus in 1259 was a last golden age of
Byzantine art. The continuation of the prosperity of arts and culture was largely due to the
increased cultural exchange with Italian artists. Crete, which had been under Venetian rule
since 1211, played a significant role in importing and exporting style and work between Greece
and Western Europe. This influence can be seen in the new interest in landscapes and pastoral
scenes, and a replacement of traditional mosaic-work with detailed cycles of narrative frescoes.
An example of this can be seen in a large group of frescos at the Mystras Church. The most
important aspect of the Cretan School was it`s creation of icons, which demonstrate the less
austere attitude and new appreciation for purely the decorative qualities of painting.
In the 13th century it was largely the French Gothic which continued to influence Hungarian
artwork. Romanesque churches were expanded to include features of the Gothic such as in the
Gothic Protestant Church of Avas. In more rural areas folk characteristics appeared in
Romanesque frescoes such as those of small villages. Examples of this can be seen in the
churches at Szalonna and Süvéte.
Giovanni Pisano (1248-1314 approx) worked as a sculptor during the height of mediaeval Italy’s
prosperity. His role in the revival of the Gothic in Tuscany means he is often regarded as the
most important sculptor and influential artist of the 13th century. Developing away from the
apprenticeship of his father, Pisano’s work shows a mixture of the Gothic French style and