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dominant in Poland as in the rest of Europe. The illustration on the Gniezo Doors shows the
importance of St. Adalbert as a moral guide for the people in the capital of Poland.
The significance of the doors is its representation of the concentration of religious notions and
morals throughout Euoprean society, a feature of Christian art of the time. The embossed
images on the door fit within the Romanesque style. Of equal importance in Polish architecture
at this time is the Prokop church in Strzelno.
Today it remains the biggest Roman church in Poland and contains recently discovered unique
Roman columns with figural bas-relief. Columns of this nature have only been found in the
Cathedral of Jacob in Santiago de Compostella or in Cathedral of St Marco in Venice.
Gniezno
Doors
Portugal
The 12th century saw the Reconquista gradually edge through Portugal from north to south,
ushering the Romanesque style of building cathedrals and castles across the country. The
constructions at Braga and Rates remained influential architectural models in Northern Portugal
and notable Romanesque monastic churches arose at Manhente, Rio Mau, Travanca, Paço de
Sousa, Bravães and Pombeiro.
The Romanesque style followed the course of the Reconquista through to Southern Portugal.
Notable progression was made during the reign of Afonso Henriques who endorsed one of the
most important monastic foundations of the time, the Santa Cruz Monastery. Afonso Henriques
also supported Romanesque constructions at Oporto, Coimbra, Viseu, Lamego and Lisbon.
Of all these buildings it is only the Cathedral of Coimbra which remains unmodified in its original
Romanesque style.
The troubled times of the Reconquista resulted in the fortress-like characteristics of Portuguese
cathedrals, in particular distinctive crenellations and an absence of decoration other than those
over portals and windows. A unique example of this style is the Round Church constructed by
the Knights of Templar in the Castle of Tomar.
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