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Table of Contents
Director’s report ...............................................................................................................................4
Research programs ........................................................................................................................6
Institute organisational structure ........................................................................................44
Institute achievements: Grants .............................................................................................52
Institute achievements: Awards ...........................................................................................58
Institute achievements: Outreach activities ..................................................................60
Institute achievements: External partnerships .............................................................64
Contacts ............................................................................................................................................69
Publications .....................................................................................................................................70
Director’s Report
The Institute fosters a dynamic research
culture at RMIT through the establishment
of disciplinary strategic initiatives across
the three RMIT Colleges—Science
Engineering and Health, Business and
Design and Social Context.
The Institute’s focus on high impact
platform technologies research of
national and international standing
was demonstrated by research
conducted as part of three key
research programs, Informatics and
Networks, Innovative Engineering
Systems, and Nano Materials and
Devices. The activities within these
three programs are focused on
developing innovative solutions in:
Director
Professor Xinghuo Yu
The objective of the Platform
Technologies Research Institute
(PTRI) has been to take a leading
role in research in the integration
of smart materials and systems
into technology platforms for future
industry requirements. An integrated
approach is central to the way PTRI
undertakes research, focusing on
total system performance via a
multi-disciplinary approach through
coordinated design and fusion
of smart materials and systems.
This approach is reflected in the
Institute’s performance over the
past year in relation to establishing
partnerships, research funding and
projects and outreaching activities
and has provided the foundation for
the Institute’s five year review held
during 2014.
4
•
bioinformatics, network
modelling, optimisation and
dynamics, logistics, media and
communication and space
technologies;
•
Advanced manufacturing,
sports engineering technology,
advanced energy and systems
and structures;
•
functional materials, lab-on-achip and bio-nanotechnology.
PTRI’s performance during 2014
showcased the commitment of its
researchers to excellence in attracting
research income, publications and
providing a sustainable research
environment for its research students.
In total, PTRI’s research income
accounted for $12,384,755 of
RMIT’s total Research Income of
$45,650,251 in 2014.
In terms of ARC Discovery and
Linkage outcomes PTRI key
researchers succeeded in winning
seven ARC Linkage grants including
four administered by RMIT – and
eight ARC Discovery grants with
six of those administered by RMIT.
Furthermore, RMIT was a recipient
of one ARC Future Fellowship grant
and four DECRA grants – of which
two will be joining RMIT in 2015 – and
six LIEF grants, one of which will be
administered by RMIT.
PTRI researchers successfully
attracted funding for the Space
Management Environment
CRC and also the Ian Potter
NanoBiotechnology Research
Laboratory to RMIT, and participated
in the Wound Management Innovation
CRC, ARC Research Hub for
Australian Steel Manufacturing and
gained funding from the Natural
Disaster Resilience Program.
PTRI researchers continued to
produce books, book chapters and
publish their research in quality
journals and as part of conference
proceedings. The focus on publishing
in high impact journals continued
with researchers publishing in
journals such as Advanced Materials,
IEEE Transactions on Parallel and
Distributed Systems, IEEE Photonics
Technology Letters, Nanoscale, IEEE
Transactions on Industrial Electronics,
Nanotechnology, Journal of Chemical
Physics, Journal of Applied Physics,
ACM Transactions on Intelligent
Systems and Technology, IEEE
Sensors Journal, Applied Energy,
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces,
and Geophysical Research Letters.
PTRI researchers and students have
also contributed to high impact
research, for example Professor Vipul
Bansal and his team, including PhD
candidate Zahra Homan, collaborated
with CSIRO scientists to develop
a new antibacterial fabric that can
kill a range of infectious bacteria,
such as E coli, within ten minutes.
The new antibacterial fabric has
the built-in ability to fight bacteria
and this could relegate hospitalacquired infections to the sidelines
ultimately having a major impact on
the cost to the Australian healthcare
system. The results were published
in the prestigious journal Advanced
Functional Materials and featured on
the journal’s cover.
In another project, a partnership with
the Transport Accident Commission
led to Professor Dinesh Kumar and
his team receiving a research grant
enabling them to investigate the
development and application of
assistive technology for people with
reduced mobility. This led to the
publication of the book: Devices for
Mobility and Manipulation for People
with Reduced Abilities which has
provided clinicians, users,engineers,
scientists, designers and other
tech-savvy professionals with muchneeded assistance as they examine
technologies for robotic wheelchairs
and prostheses.
PTRI recognises the importance
of establishing connect between
research and industry need and
this formed the foundation for its
commercialisation activities to
conduct research that is relevant
to industry, builds capacity and
has a high impact. Research into
smart grid early fault detection
technology that can help reduce
the risk of bush fires by Associate
Professors Alan Wong and Wayne
Rowe led to Associate Professor
Wong commercialising the research
and establishing IND Technology
with private investors. The company
then signed its first contract with
one of the major power distribution
companies in Victoria to install the
early fault detection system in 2014.
In another collaboration, Professor
Franz Fuss collaborated with
Australian tech entrepreneur Brad
Bond on the fitness invention
VERSUS for sensing data collection,
funded through the Victorian
Government’s Technology Voucher
program to develop the prototype.
In order to develop a niche in aged
care technology, PTRI co-funded
a Manager, Commercialisation and
Industry Linkage position which
facilitated a partnership between
RMIT and the Mornington Peninsula
Shire Council.
Media attention constitutes a
different aspect of impact- an
article on acupuncture research
led by Professor Mike Xie attracted
great media interest with articles
in over 50 outlets including the
Medical Observer, The Age and The
Australian. The research was made
possible by an Inter-Institute Seed
grant and led to interviews by The
Australian newspaper on talk back
radio in Sydney.
PTRI’s focus is on multidisciplinary
collaborations across the colleges,
schools and research institutes. To
support the Institute’s collaborative
activities, PTRI received strategic
research project funding for 7
projects designed to provide
a platform for future research
developments and industry funding
opportunities. To encourage cross
institute collaboration, the projects
were funded in collaboration with
the Health Innovations Research
Institute, the College of Science,
Engineering and Health and the
College of Business.
Another example of cross institute
collaboration is the establishment of
the Centre for Additive Manufacturing
which is an initiative between
specialist researchers in the
Schools of Aerospace Mechanical
and Manufacturing Engineering,
Civil, Environmental and Chemical
Engineerin, Applied Sciences and
Industrial Design with expertise
in laser technologies, materials
science, digital design and additive
manufacturing. The Centre has
already produced a successful
collaboration with members receiving
an ARC Linkage grant for 2014-2017.
PTRI’s outreach activities program
delivers a Distinguished Lecture
and Research Seminar series which
continued to host lectures and
seminars on PTRI’s topic areas
presented by high profile speakers
at international and national level.
PTRI also continued the Bi-Monthly
Networking Seminar Series where
young researchers are invited
to present on their research and
engage with their peers to discuss
and establish collaborations for
future endeavours. This network
has so far been very well received
by RMIT’s young researchers who
also encouraged PhD students to
attend and engage in discussions.
This activity establishes a research
environment which promotes
a culture of sharing ideas and
collaboration between young
researchers and their peers.
A review of the Institute was
conducted by an external panel of
experts. The Panel found that as a
multi-disciplinary, university-wide
Research Institute, PTRI had filled a
niche and supported the achievement
of outcomes over and above
the contributions made by other
institutional areas and structures. The
panel identified the following as future
priorities for consideration:
•
Reinvigorate governance and
management with appropriate
key performance measures and
resourcing to achieve the desired
outcomes.
•
Build externally-facing focus and
capability and the emphasis on
research translation.
The Vice-Chancellor’s Executive and
the Vice-Chancellor approved the
Panel’s overall recommendation:
“that the Research Institute be
reconstituted to better reflect
changes in the field and/or to better
support RMIT’s Research and
Innovation Strategy.”
2015 promises to build further on our
past achievements as the Institute is
consolidating its new direction as
recommended by the findings of the
2014 Institute Review.
Professor Xinghuo Yu,
Director,
Platform Technologies
Research Institute
5
Research Programs
Informatics and
Networks Program
Program summary
The objective of the Informatics
and Networks research program
is to develop innovative platform
technologies in big data,
bioinformatics, network modelling,
optimisation and dynamics, supply
chain management and logistics,
media and communication and
space science. We aspire to
improve the management and
systems performance of structured
processes to meet surging
demands for efficiency, quality
and safety in an integrated and
environmentally sustainable way.
Key research activities
•
Program Leader
Professor Andrew Eberhard
6
Develop tools for big data:
research and development for
supporting prediction, decisionmaking and visualisation
systems for complex problems.
The development of effective
and efficient techniques to
address the multiple dimensions
of Big Data. We explore five
main research areas with
multiple applications in the
field of health, resource
management, smart cities, and
finance, to mention a few.
•
Develop ICT technology
platforms for quality ageing
that complement what the
medical field has done to
extend longevity.
•
Develop solutions to dynamic
supply chain management and
logistics problems and create
smarter cities and optimised
logistics networks.
•
Develop severe weather event
monitoring, modelling and
prediction, space environment
management and multiple
platform earth observation
systems. We are working
towards developing new
methods, new algorithms
and frontier technologies for
satellite positioning, navigation
and timing, space situation
awareness (including space
object and debris monitoring and
tracking, precise satellite orbit
determination), space weather
and climate change modelling.
•
Applied research in network
modelling and the optimisation
of electricity, transport/
distribution, health systems,
information, social and economic
networks. Applications include
epidemiology and biosecurity,
e-crime, ecological networks
and natural disaster modelling
and optimisation and complexity.
•
Global collaborative engineering
of automation software,
cloud-enabled test service
for embedded software on
physically distant platforms,
and architectural design of such
globally distributed softwareintensive platforms.
The Informatics and Networks
program focuses on automation
solutions and processes using its
strengths across areas combining
tools from Big Data, mathematical
techniques for analytics, network
models, optimisation, computer
and software architecture, software
engineering, information retrieval,
space science and global positioning.
No aspect of human life has
escaped the impact of the
Information Age, and computers
have become available for all
aspects of human endeavours,
encompassing issues from the
personal to global.
This program aims at establishing a
world– leading centre of excellence
recognised internationally for its
cutting edge applied research in
‘next generation’ informatics and
network platform technologies.
Projects and centres
•
Australia-India Research
Centre for Automation Software
Engineering (AICAUSE)
•
Applied Logistics
•
Big Data Infrastructures
- Data Analytics
•
Network Modelling,
Optimisation and Dynamics
(NetMOD)
•
Satellite Positioning for
Atmosphere, Climate and
Environment Centre (SPACE)
•
RMIT Technologies
Initiative for Ageing
Australia-India Research
Centre for Automation
Software Engineering
(AICAUSE)
Director: Professor Heinrich Schmidt
Laboratory Manager: Dr Ian Peake
Software Engineer: Lasith Fernando
Research Fellows: Dr Jan Olaf Blech,
Dr Huai Liu, Dr Maria Spichkova
PhD Students: Mohsen Laali,
Terry Zhou
The Australia India Research Centre
for Automation and Software
Engineering (AICAUSE) is a RMIT
University Centre in the College of
Science, Engineering and Health
(SEH) linking schools such as
Computer Science and Information
Technology (CSIT), Electrical and
Computer Engineering (SECE),
Civil and Environmental Science
Engineering (SCECE) with schools
in the College of Design and Social
Context (DSC) such as the School of
Property, Property Construction and
Project Management and School
of Media and Communications in
conducting distributed systems and
software architecture research.
The State of Victoria, Department
of Business and Innovation, has
contributed to the establishment
of the VITElab, and ultimately
AICAUSE, through a grant from the
Digital Futures Fund for the initial
four years (2012-2016) and financial
sustainability beyond the four years
is a key target for the Centre.
Research context
Research is now globally organised
and increasingly connected with
industry. Deployment of highly
skilled and qualified personnel to
remote locations for industries such
as resources, manufacturing and
power generation is an expensive
and difficult issue to manage for
large organisations. As such there is
an emerging trend toward equipment
and testing being controlled from a
central but remote site. It is ideal if
these remote sites are established in
a suburban area where the relevant
personnel wish to locate themselves
and their families.
The KNX Facility (robotics) in the Advanced Manufacturing Precinct
7
Remote automation is increasingly
software-intensive, however
software can be risky and costly to
maintain. This is due to complex
and non-standardised plant and
subsystem requirements, longlived systems with changing needs
and globally distributed software
development, amongst others. The
Australian economy in particular is
heavily reliant on such industries,
yet suffers from remoteness and
skills shortages and thus will depend
on and increasingly be driven by
innovation in automation software.
Although there are already some
examples of these technologies
deployed in the field, such as
for example driverless trains and
mobile mining equipment, they
are restricted in their scope and
functionality, while the technology
for remote automation is advancing
at a rapid pace. As communications
and automation technology evolves,
there are increasing opportunities
for more impactful industrial remote
site-controlled technologies to be
put in place in Australia. Eventually
this will lead to technology ‘trickle
down’ for the remote community at
large. One of the key challenges that
faces increased field deployment
of more complex remote controlled
technology is the integration of
software, the overall structure of the
software architecture, and the agile
collaborative engineering process
especially for software development.
The Centre is training a number
of PhD and post-doctoral staff
and these staff are rotated to both
ABB Melbourne and India through
internships with ABB. The Centre
contributes to the development of
expert employees for ABB, their
customers and other VITELab users.
In addition, multiple links with Indian
academic institutions have been
established to enhance the teaching
and research at RMIT.
8
Research themes
AICAUSE research is organised in
projects either funded by industry
partners and/or competitive grants
or pre-studies aiming at grant
proposals targeting government or
industry funding. Current and future
specific grant and PhD projects are
described in the broad research
program themes:
•
Parallel and Distributed
Platforms Architecture Design
•
Cyber-physical Systems
Verification and Testing
•
Virtual Collaboration, Platforms
and Agility
Parallel and Distributed
Platforms Architecture
Design (PADx2)
Cyber Physical Systems (CPS)
are widespread in safety-critical
domains such as, e.g., vehicles,
production machinery, aircraft or
medical devices. Failures of these
systems may lead to considerable
loss of money or even endanger
human lives. This is one of the
most challenging areas of system
engineering also because of the
complexity of computing and
physical dynamics, especially in
distributed control of interconnected
systems. The main challenge is to
combine two worlds, the physical
and the virtual one; software
components operate in discrete
program steps, meanwhile the
physical components evolve over
time intervals following physical
constraints. Considering in addition
such aspects as usability and
automation aspect, with focus on
readability and ease of use (which are
especially important while developing
safety-critical and/or remotely
deployed systems), the architecture
design and system development
become even more complicated.
Control is increasingly distributed
and decentralised requiring the
coordination of systems of systems
with physical and virtual resources
spread across devices and across
sites. This makes the analysis of the
dependencies between system’s
components as well as requirements
of engineering problems one of the
focal points of our research program.
CPS architecture is concerned with
structure and design of this kind of
system, with the development and
improvement of architecture-centric
development processes, which can
be adapted and scaled to specific
project needs.
Areas of specific interest include
requirements engineering, reuse
and evolution roadmaps for selfadapting or fault-tolerant component
and service-based architectures,
with emphasis on deploying new
components in running serviceoriented ecosystems and human
factor as well as sustainability.
Cyber-Physical System
Verification and Testing (CPSVT)
Current activities include spatial
aspects of CPS and cloud-based
framework for testing CPS.
Guaranteeing properties of software
systems by using mathematically
founded reasoning (software
verification), such as showing the
absence of errors in program code,
is a well-established research topic.
Different techniques and tools such as
model checkers and theorem provers
have been established to support
and automate verification tasks. In
our work, we are adapting existing
software verification techniques
and establishing new methods to
explore and verify properties of the
spatial behaviour of automation
systems that are controlled by
software, including exploration of
collision freedom, safety and spatial
aspects of quantitative performance
characteristics.
The focus on cost-effective distributed
and remote testing for cyber-physical
automation systems (robotics) over
clouds is associated with:
•
novel testing methodologies
for the cost-effective test case
selection and light-weight test
result verification for parallel
execution from the cloud;
•
a test harness where testing is
delivered as a service remotely
instead of in the field with the
aim of improving the testing
performance and reducing
its cost;
•
a virtual environment that
simulates the real-life cyberphysical systems; and
•
an architecture where virtual
testing is conducted on the
simulated systems to prevent
the massive cost of testing on
real-life systems.
Research interests in this program
include software safety and
reliability monitoring for robotic
or automated physical systems
directly co-operating with humans,
operating on humans, or in closest
proximity around humans with risks
of injury or endangering human
lives. The research also focuses on
spatio-temporal aspects of modelchecking and model-driven testing
in addition to novel cloud-based
testing methods. Furthermore, it
looks at cost-effective test case
selection and light-weight test result
verification for widely distributed
systems as well as high-efficacy
testing-as-a-service in the cloud
for cyber-infrastructures and the
architectural design for testability.
Virtual Collaboration,
Information Architecture and
Agility (VCI2A)
Research on system architecture
and its intertwining with multidomain development processes,
particularly quality and evolution
designed to reduce life cycle costs
and increase quality (maintainability,
performance, reliability) of similar
large scale/legacy automation
software systems is central to this
research program. Product line
architecture is the lingua franca
and reference for the views of
different stakeholders and formal
domain-specific documentation
and artefacts from different phases,
projects and parties that come
together to deliver the overall
software-intensive automation
project. Modern software platforms
supporting such development
processes are heterogeneous by
nature, and address evolution,
architecture recovery, refactoring,
planning, quality, cost analysis,
security and confidentiality issues
beside the traditional lifecycle
phases from analysis through design
to implementation.
Points of interest for this research
program are: empirical global
software and systems engineering
research, cloud-enabled
virtualisation of laboratories and
collaboration, tele-presence and
visualisation infrastructures; agile
teams and methods for rapid
software-enabled innovation and
productivity gains, with larger
numbers of smaller teams, operating
across time zones, and with very
short incremental design-build-anddeploy cycles (measured in hours or
days rather than months or years),
usage of verification tools to perform
analysis and optimisations as well as
ensuring confidence in systems.
Virtual Interoperability Test
Lab (VITELab)
VITELab is an eResearch platform
which provides a global laboratory
and ‘lab-scope’, connecting
industry and University sites, to
enable global collaboration in
experimental design and testing of
large-scale cyber-physical systems,
that is automation systems in plants
and/or buildings that are highly
software-intensive, supported
through information systems and
special computer servers in local
and remote data centres.
VITELab facilities include:
•
•
•
A Global Operations
Visualisation (GOV) Lab provides
videoconference and streaming
capability to remote sites
combined with high resolution
tiled display wall. The display wall
is driven by a dedicated local
display driver cluster compatible
with parallel rendering
middleware such as SAGE and
Google Liquid Galaxy.
Advanced Manufacturing Robot
Interoperation Test (AMRIT)
Lab provides industrial robot
arms equipped with adaptive
3-fingered grippers, connected
to the GOV Lab, and including
sensors and cameras as ‘eyes
on the robots’.
Cyber-Physical Simulation (CS)
Rack provides parallel cloud
computing capability to support
modelling and simulation.
•
A private network providing
connectivity between sites
supported by dedicated links
and research software stacks.
Achievements
Parallel and Distributed
Platforms Architecture
Design (PADx2)
Human Oriented Formal Methods
(HOFM) Workshop
An international workshop was
organised by the AICAUSE on 1
September 2014, co-located with
the 12th International Conference
on Software Engineering and Formal
Methods. This workshop aimed
to bring together researchers,
engineers and practitioners
from academia and industry to
baseline the state of the art in this
increasingly important domain, as
well as to give more visibility to
research activities at AICAUSE.
It also aimed to develop a future
vision and roadmap of usability and
automation, focusing especially on
readability and ease of use.
The workshop brought together
speakers from AICAUSE at RMIT,
Airbus, University of Zurich
(Switzerland), Karlsruher Institut
für Technologie (KIT), Grenoble
INP (ENSIMAG), INSA Lyon,
INRIA, University of Queensland,
and the CSIRO. It also provided
opportunities to further explore
joint international projects.
The workshop was organised by
Professor Heinz Schmidt and
Dr Maria Spichkova.
Workshop Webpage:
http://hofm2014.wordpress.com
International Conference on
Software Engineering and Formal
Methods (SEFM)
The 12th edition of the International
Conference on Software Engineering
and Formal Methods (SEFM) was
held in Grenoble, France on 1-5
September 2014. The aim of the
conference was to bring together
practitioners and researchers from
academia, industry and government
to advance the state of the art in
formal methods, to facilitate their
uptake in the software industry and
to encourage their integration with
practical engineering methods.
9
Dr Maria Spichkova attended the
conference to chair the HOFM
workshop, co-located to the SEFM,
and to give a talk on HumanOriented Formal Methods: Human
Factors + Formal Methods. At the
conference, discussions were held
to collaborate with colleagues from
the European universities.
Visit to Germany
Dr Maria Spichkova visited the
Technical University of Munich,
Siemens and Fortiss GmbH in
Munich, to discuss research papers
and planned collaborations with
Professor Manfred Broy, Professor
Tobias Nipkow, Professor Bernhard
Schaetz, Dr Daniel Ratiu, as well
as with other colleagues from TU
Munich, Siemens and Fortiss GmbH.
Cyber-Physical System
Verification and Testing (CPSVT)
ABB India
Professor Heinz Schmidt and
Dr Huai Liu visited ABB India
in Bangalore. During meetings
with researchers, engineers, and
managers at ABB India a number
of joint research projects were
identified for further collaboration.
36th International Conference on
Software Engineering (ICSE)
Professor Heinz Schmidt and
Dr Huai Liu attended the ICSE
which was held 4-6 June 2014
in Hyderabad, India which
brought together researchers
and practitioners from the global
community of software engineering.
Dr Liu presented on Metamorphic
Fault Tolerance: An Automated and
Systematic Methodology for Fault
Tolerance in the Absence of Test
Oracle in the Testing and Evolution
session of the New Ideas and
Emerging Results (NIER).
CASS Travel Grant
Dr Huai Liu was awarded the
prestigious CASS Foundation
Travel Grant of $3,000 to attend the
36th International Conference on
Software Engineering.
International Visiting Fellowship
to USTB
Dr Huai Liu was awarded the
International Visiting Fellowship
by the University of Science and
Technology Beijing, China of
CNY10,000 (approx. $1,900). Dr Liu
used the funds to visit Professor
C.A. Sun at the University of
Science and Technology, Beijing,
China in late September 2014.
During the visit, Dr Liu presented
an open lecture and discussed
opportunities for collaborative
research with Professor Sun. Dr Liu
is currently working on two joint
papers with Professor Sun on the
testing of services.
Reliability Technologies and Tools
for Services-Based Systems
(RTTSBS), 2014 Asia-Pacific
Services Computing Conference
(APSCC2014)
Dr Huai Liu served as the Program
Committee Co-Chair of Reliability
Technologies and Tools for ServicesBased Systems (RTTSBS), a special
track in the 2014 Asia-Pacific
Services Computing Conference
(APSCC2014). Dr Jan Olaf Blech, Dr
Ian Peake, and Dr Maria Spichkova
also served as the members of the
Program Committee.
Virtual Collaboration,
Information Architecture and
Agility (VCI2A)
Collaborative Engineering
The collaborative engineering project
explores means for supporting
digital collaboration between
distributed sites such as production
plants for development, operation,
maintenance, and services. The
RMIT portion of the project started
in late 2013 and was funded until
August 2014 with $80,000 by the
ABB Corporate Research Centre
in Bangalore, India. Scientific
challenges addressed in this project
comprise security and confidentiality
issues, which are targeted using
semantic interpretation and
visualisation of collaboration data
and formal plant models and means
to reason about them. In addition
to this, the project develops a
collaboration show case based on
open system software.
BeSpaceD
BeSpaceD is a model checker
for probabilistic spatio temporal
behavioural models. Design goals
of our framework are the ability
to model spatial behaviour in
a component oriented, simple
and intuitive way, the possibility
to automatically analyse and
verify systems and integration
possibilities with other modelling
and verification tools
RMIT University VxLab manager Ian Peake. Picture: Robert Este
10
Virtual Interoperability Test
Lab (VITELab) – VXROOM
extension
At the end of 2014 a major
refurbishment of the facility was
implemented. The GOV Lab was
upgraded to support a high end
board room with lighting flexibility
to suit a range of layouts accessing
either tiled video wall or curved
projection screen. Network and data
services in the virtual experiences
lab were upgraded to support the
rapid and flexible reconfiguration of
panels and PCs in the room.
Following a major refurbishment,
the former VR centre in RMIT’s
Building 91 level 1, now new Virtual
Experience Lab (VxLab), has become
the only academic facility in Australia
to combine connectivity to industrial
automation labs with state-of-the-art
high resolution visualisation and cloud
computing capabilities.
The VxLab provides a distributed
virtual laboratory targeting multipleuse cases connecting industry
and RMIT sites in Australia and
internationally. It offers a pivotal
capability for global collaboration
in research areas such as heavy
industry, games and immersive
experiences in virtual and
augmented reality, building and
construction management, as well
as new remote teaching initiatives.
Applied Logistics
Project leader:
Professor Caroline Chan
Research team:
Professor Prem Chhetri, Associate
Professor Colin Arrowsmith,
Associate Professor Booi Kam, Dr
Victor Gekara, Dr Ahmad Abareshi,
Professor Shams Rahman
Research context
The objective of the Applied
Logistics project is to develop
analytical tools and business IT
systems to enhance work place
productivity, improve supply
chain performance, ameliorate
transportation provisions and
augment operational efficiency of
logistics systems.
In this era of globalisation, demand
for unprecedented volumes of
business and consumer products and
services is creating vast transnational
supply chains and logistics networks.
Meanwhile increasing urbanisation
is overstretching the capacities of
our cities’ infrastructure, landside
transport networks, air and sea
routes. With increasing trade and
growing population come urban
planning issues, transportation
constraints, engineering challenges
and spatial decisions.
Finding solutions to the upgrading
of ageing logistics infrastructure and
ascertaining the optimal location
and development of decisions for
creating new urban centres and
logistics hubs drives the research
agenda for the Applied Logistics
projects. In addition, the capacity of
Emergency Services Agencies, such
as Fire, Police, and Ambulance, to
respond effectively is enhanced
when these agencies have
appropriate information about the
likelihood and spatial distribution of
emergency calls. Such information
can be used to guide optimal
resource allocation in anticipation of
likely load, and to identify conditions
of increased risk, so that preventive
strategies can be implemented. The
use of technologies such as real
time database access and mobile
phone provides unhitherto access
to information required in the right
place at the right time.
While working with many
government departments and
industry associations, the
research project provides research
infrastructure to develop applied
business solutions to their logistics
and supply chain problems. Using
RMIT’s global presence and its
international networks, the research
activities of this project are being
expanded to resolve various
logistics problems internationally.
Research themes
Emergency services
management
This theme is linked to two ARC
linkage grants with the Queensland
Fire and Emergency Services. The
aim of this research theme is to
use innovative advanced methods
of geographic visualisation and
spatially based temporal modelling
of urban fires to demonstrate the
utility of this approach, and to inform
response strategies to be developed
by Fire Services in the Queensland
Department of Emergency Services.
A data sharing agreement with
Metropolitan Fire Brigade has been
signed to expand the scope of this
research in Melbourne to evaluate
the response time to emergency
calls and to develop strategies to
enhance emergency service delivery
in urban areas.
Skills, Training and Innovation
Research Group (STIRG)
This research theme contributes
to the skilling and workforce
development knowledge base.
In liaison with the Transport and
Logistics Industry Skills Council
(TLISC), which develops national
training packages for the sector,
training providers and industry
employers and employees, the study
explores the relationship between
skilling and workforce productivity.
This research provides an evidence
base for the development and focus
of skills enhancement and training in
the industry.
The research team – Dr Darryn
Snell and Dr Victor Gekara from
the Skills, Training and Industry
Research Group – have secured a
Category 1 Grant from The National
Centre for Vocational Education and
11
Training (NCVER). This NCVER study
investigates whether skills should
be reconfigured to ensure effective
transferability for the benefit of
both employers and employees
in the context of rapidly changing
economic circumstances.
Data quality in
e-supply chain
This research theme focuses on
data quality in e-supply chain. The
study investigates data quality and
standard used in electronic trading
and e-supply chain, particularly
in food and healthcare industry. It
contributes to the industry through
the identification of benefits and
savings to relevant industry through
the whole supply chain approach,
ensuring correct information is used
and delivered to the right party in the
right place at the right time.
Achievements
In 2014 the Applied Logistics project
has completed a number of externally
funded research projects including:
Dr Ahmad Abareshi and Dr Siddhi
Pittayachawan received a $16,300
grant for a project on Personal
Cloud use in Australia: consumers’
expectations, experiences and impact
on communications consumption.
Professor Prem Chhetri received
a research grant for a project
titled Predicament of a marketbased education system: Impact
of Government regulations and
immigration policy on Registered
Training Providers. This study aims
to advance understanding of the
impact of immigration policies on
the operation of Registered Training
Organisations (RTOs) in Australia and
how it affected the overseas student
market. This project generates
evidence on whether the removal of
barriers to entry for private operators
had increased competition, improved
service and product quality, and
lowered costs for students.
A new study of the Australian
healthcare industry involving RMIT
Researchers led by Professor
Caroline Chan revealed the impact
that inaccurate and inconsistent
data can have on patient safety. The
Australian Healthcare Industry Data
Crunch Report is based on research
by RMIT University, the Medical
Technology Association of Australia
(MTAA), the National E-Health
Transition Authority (NEHTA) and
GS1 Australia. The report outlines
areas where adoption of the GS1
System of global standards and
the National Product Catalogue
(NPC) could significantly improve
data quality, leading to savings of
between $30 million and $100 million
a year. The study was commissioned
Representing RMIT Dr Ferry Jie, Professor Caroline Chan and Associate Professor
Booi Kam at the Asian Freight, Logistics and Supply Chain (AFLAS) awards.
12
by the healthcare industry with the
support of the NEHTA Supply Chain
Reform Group to focus attention on
the need for continuous data quality
improvement in healthcare.
Dr Ferry Jie from the School
of Business IT and Logistics
was awarded a 2014 Endeavour
Research Fellowship which will
provide support to undertake
study, research and professional
development overseas. The
Australia Awards Endeavour
Resesarch Fellowships form part
of the Australian Government’s
Australia Awards.
Professor Prem Chhetri attended a
joint symposium between Australian
Universities, Nanjing Institute of
Geography and Limnology of
Chinese Academy of Sciences
in Nanjing in February 2014. The
Symposium received funding from
an Australia China Science and
Research Fund (ACSRF) grant and
was also supported by Federation
University Australia’s Collaborative
Research Network. The Symposium
identified Ecosystems services as a
key component of wetland research,
providing opportunities for RMIT
researchers to map out joint activities
with Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Professor Prem Chhetri was
appointed to the International Panel
of Experts on a multi-million dollar
EU funded project – Management
of Weather Events on Transport
Systems (MOWE-IT). The goal of
the MOWE-IT project is to identify
existing best practices and to
develop methodologies to assist
transport operators, authorities and
transport system users to mitigate
the impact of natural disasters and
extreme weather phenomena on
transport system performance.
Big Data Infrastructures
– Data Analytics
making systems, anomaly
detection, and data mining.
Project leaders: Professor Timos
Sellis, Professor Mark Sanderson
Research team: Professor Dimitirios
Georgakopoulos, Associate
Professor Xiuzhen (Jenny) Zhang,
Associate Professor Tao Gu,
Associate Professor James Thom,
Associate Professor Lawrence
Cavedon
Highly streaming data
Research context
Big Data is changing the way we
solve problems that deal with
multiple data dimensions – volume,
velocity, veracity, variety and value.
In 2013, Big data has been chosen
by the Australian Government and
other organisations as one of the
underpinning technologies to take
on the challenges of massive data
and its multiple dimensions.
The RMIT Big Data project focuses
on research and development
for supporting prediction, decisionmaking and visualisation systems
for complex problems. We aim
to strengthen such an activity
through building the necessary
infrastructure and technologies
behind the analytics capability.
We develop effective and efficient
techniques to address the multiple
dimensions of Big Data. In particular,
our group explores five main research
areas with multiple applications in the
field of health, resource management,
smart cities, and finance, to mention
just a few.
Research themes
Complex networks and
data analytics
Data analytics is the cornerstone
to get insights from data by
identifying trends and presenting
these findings in an easy and
simplified way that everyone can
understand. By complex data
analytics, the group is providing not
only analysis, but also developing
algorithms and techniques to
handle large and interconnected
data sets (graphs). In particular,
we investigate efficient indexing
techniques, machine learning
approaches to assist decision
Current information systems are
challenged by processing data that
arrives at high speed from sensors,
networks, or log files. For example,
streams can be generated by users
of social networks (tweets, posts),
or coordinates provided by tracking
devices. Typically, streaming data is
volatile, as it rapidly varies. The Data
Analytics group designs algorithms
that efficiently manage data
streams in contexts that require fast
response and monitoring.
Data fusion
Data is stored by organisations
with different purposes. This fact
makes data take up a different
format or level of detail (specificity),
and at the same time be reusable or incompatible with other
organisations. In order to get
insights from data among different
repositories and formats, we focus
on seeking novel approaches to
unify these sources of information.
The Data Analytics group is
investigating methods to handle
structured and semi-structured data
from social network data, scientific
papers and geospatial data.
Data access
Security and privacy have been the
onus of centralised or distributed
information systems, and in the
era of Big Data this is not an
exception. We study how to safely
treat information, how to trace
the source of data and ensure
its integrity (provenance), how to
safely preserve data, or how to
efficiently query data sources.
Achievements
The Data Analytics group spent
a lot of efforts to approach
Industry, Victorian and Australian
government organisations to
establish collaborations with
respect to research projects.
In particular, the group:
(a) linked to potential
industry partners including
SuperPartners, Victrac, the GPT
Group, Telstra, The Department
of Economic Development,
Jobs, Transport and Resources
(DEDJTR) and several others;
(b) prepared and submitted 4
Linkage Projects, a Laureate
Fellowship application and 5
Discovery projects.
The group has been successful in
acquiring four new Victoria NICTA
scholarships to support PhD
students. In addition, an internal
project on developing a preliminary
analytics platform was done with
2 MSc students as interns. The
group also supported two early
career researchers in their ARC
Discovery Early Career Researcher
Award (DECRA) applications as
well as one applicant for the RMIT
VC Fellowships. In addition to
that, a regular weekly seminar was
established in CSIT (Big Data and
Data Analytics group seminar)
with several internal and external
(invited) talks.
Infrastructure and architectures
Data is distributed in different
locations and new technologies
are being investigated to store and
communicate large repositories. In
addition to this, the Data Analytics
group conducts research in cloud
computing technologies.
13
Data Analytics Lab
In mid 2014, NICTA (previously
known as National ICT Australia
Ltd) and RMIT’s School of
Computer Science and Information
Technology (CSIT) agreed to create
a joint Data Analytics Lab. The lab
was launched on 20 November
2014 at a very successful event
that attracted over 200 people.
The lab aims to combine the
expertise of NICTA’s Machine
Learning Research Group, rated
amongst the top five groups of
its kind in the world, with RMIT’s
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology, widely
recognised as a leader in data
analytics and information retrieval,
as well as in intelligent systems,
distributed systems, cloud and
service computing.
Victorian Government
Department of State
Development, Business and
Innovation (DSDBI)
The School of Computer Science
and Information Technology hosted
an industry-focused workshop
in conjunction with the Victorian
Government Department of
State Development, Business
and Innovation (DSDBI) on A
Conversation with Industry.
The theme of the evening was
two-fold: Big Data and Complex
Analytics, and Sensor Networks
and the Internet of Things. In
addition to Professors Timos Sellis
and Dimitrios Georgakopolos, the
workshop featured invited speakers
from IBM Research Lab, Transurban,
and a representative from the
Banking industry to talk about
challenges relevant to the themes.
The workshop generated further
engagement with a number of other
corporations and organisations
which were present, notably Telstra
and Transport Safety Victoria and
involved discussion of how our
technology/research can potentially
help different industry organisations.
The Data Analytics Lab combines the
expertise of NICTA’s Machine Learning
Research Group with RMIT’s School
of Computer Science and Information
Technology.
The Lab is led by Professors
Mark Sanderson and Timos Sellis
from RMIT’s CSIT in conjunction
with NICTA’s Machine Learning
Research Group, and currently
includes several PhD students and
four postdoctoral researchers.
A key aim of the Lab is to leverage
University, NICTA and industry
expertise to achieve significant and,
tangible impacts to organisations
and society by deriving the benefits
from software systems research
and by solving challenging industry
ICT R&D problems.
14
In March 2014 Professor Timos
Sellis also participated in a panel
discussion: Big Data and Analytics
– Building Better Businesses,
Communities and Lives as part of
the Industry Summit organised by
Engineers Australia and Infotech
Enterprises. He also delivered
a talk Transforming Big Data
into Unlimited Knowledge to
the industrial event Technology
and Innovation – the Future of
Customer Experience and Business
Intelligence organised in August
2014 in Melbourne and Sydney.
Network Modelling,
Optimisation and
Dynamics (NetMOD)
Project leader: Professor Lewi Stone
Research team: Professor Andrew
Eberhard, Professor Kathy
Horadam, Professor John Hearne,
Professor Liuping Wang, Professor
Xinghuo Yu, Associate Professor
Vic Ciesielski, Associate Professor
Xiaodong Li, Associate Professor
Asha Rao, Associate Professor
Sergei Schreider, Dr Babak Abbasi,
Dr Stephen Davis
Research context
Networks exist as structures in
almost all natural and human
designed systems including
industrial, critical infrastructure,
social, biological and economic
areas. All these involve global and
connected human activities; many
are urban. Networks can be designed
and their behaviour optimised,
predicted, repaired and recovered.
Industrial networks should be
designed using smart technologies.
Efficient use of water and power
networks is critical to climate
adaption strategies. These systems
need to be optimised for efficiency
and robustness. Future cities must
better understand and use their
distribution and information networks.
Health infrastructures and processes
can be managed as networks.
Computer networks and the internet
control the spread of information
across the planet. Social networks
facilitate this spread further and
have enormous political and social
implications. Global security issues,
whether it be the threat of terrorist
groups, money laundering or
computer and infrastructure takedowns, may only be understood
and apprehended through the
development of methods for
studying complex network
structures and dynamics.
The objective of the NetMOD
research project is to achieve
national and international recognition
in the field of network modelling,
optimisation and dynamics of
high-value real networks through
research, collaborative partnerships
and publication. Applications are
made in disaster management
and response, management of
critical distribution networks (blood
supplies), the study of epidemics
and disease propagation, the
study of computer networks and
security and the study of social and
economic networks.
Research themes
Based on existing strengths, a set
of key NetMOD research directions
have been identified for the coming
years. These include:
Network theory
Fundamental to the study of
networks is the field of mathematical
graph theory. Graphs are the most
primitive mathematical descriptions
of complex networks, and are
comprised of a collection of nodes
(say players) and edges connecting
pairs of nodes if there is some
identifiable links between them.
Graph theory is a systematic study
of the structural properties of such
networks including questions of
connectivity, resilience, cycles,
clustering, communities and small
world and scale-free features.
Powerful mathematical theories
built around these properties,
and developed at RMIT, are being
harnessed for studying real world
applications.
Computer networks and
information security
Ecological networks and
natural disaster modelling
The spread of malicious computer
viruses over networks is viewed as a
major threat to global infrastructures.
Advanced environmental modelling
requires careful attention to
ecological networks. Our research
groups are using modern
optimisation techniques and
Bayesian statistical methodologies
to design nature reserves and
assess conservation practices under
different climate scenarios. Similar
spatial network methodologies are
required for modelling fire damage
scenarios, a major hazard for
Australian landscapes. RMIT has a
strong group of resource modellers
working in these activities.
We study mathematical approaches
for securing computers/
networks e.g. authentication and
cryptography), controlling the spread
of computer viruses and maintaining
the integrity of the network.
E-crime
Money laundering activities and
terrorist network activities both
operate actively via the internet,
and as such can be traced through
the study of large on-line datasets.
We are developing sophisticated
network tools to locate anomalous
activities in typical data sets
gathered from banking exchanges
and internet activities.
Epidemiology and biosecurity
There is a very active group of
theoretical biologists researching the
manner in which human diseases
spread through population contact
networks. We are at the forefront of
modelling global pandemics which
have the potential to wipe out tens
of millions of the human population
(as in 1918). The models are being
used for exploring mitigation
strategies and health policies.
Another on-going and successful
project involves developing new
network technologies for improving
BioSecurity and BioSurveillance (as
funded by the Gates Foundation).
Mathematical modelling
In addition to the static underlying
graph, many network systems
have their own changing complex
dynamics. Mathematical modelling
techniques are exploited to study and
optimise the flow of traffic through
a network of roads, or the spread of
an epidemic through a population of
individuals. Nonlinear mathematical
models may be used to fit the
dynamical complexities observed in
real-world datasets and forecast the
future under different scenarios.
Applications currently under
investigation:
Optimisation and complexity
Networks that deliver critical
infrastructure such as power,
telecommunication, transport and
water networks are man made and
hence need to be designed for
efficiency and stability. As these
networks change, critical decisions
need to be made to optimise these
changes subject to constraints
imposed by the existing network
structure and demands on the
systems’ operational parameters.
Not only are these systems complex
but the algorithms used to optimise
these changes have an inherent
complexity measure that governs
their numerical performance. The
ill conditioning of models need
careful handling if large scale
methods are to be successful. Often
these problems are multi-objective
and involve integer decision
variables. We are developing
a new group in the area within
the School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences and hope to
collaborate more with the School of
Computer Science and Information
Technology’s optimisation group in
this domain.
Network switch.
Photo FreeImages.com/Paul Pasieczny
15
Achievements
The Research Team were successful
in achieving Category 1 funding in
the form of an ARC Linkage and an
ARC Discovery Grant. The group
also received other significant
grants from Defence Science and
Technology Organisation (DSTO) and
Enterprise Connect – Researchers in
Business 2014.
Collaborations
Tel Aviv University (Israel),
Princeton University and National
Institutes of Health (USA)
Professor Lewi Stone collaborated
with researchers from Tel Aviv
University (Israel), Princeton
University and National Institutes of
Health (USA) to develop a simple
human influenza epidemiological
model that predicts multi-annual
outbreaks. The research team
designed a simple epidemiological
model based on 12 years of Israeli
influenza surveillance data, resulting
in a remarkable level of prediction
accuracy that has not yet been
achieved elsewhere.
The study, published in the
Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences (http://www.
pnas.org/content/111/26/9538.
abstract), looked at Tel Aviv, Israel’s
largest city, using data from June
2001 to January 2013. The data
was obtained from the Maccabi
Health Maintenance Organisation,
whose medical surveillance covers
about 45 per cent of the Tel Aviv
population. The model captures the
complex interaction between the
changing supply of new susceptible
individuals arising due to loss of
immunity in the population through
antigenic drift, the strong transient
dynamics following the appearance
of a new strain, and the timing of the
climatic cycle each year.
Workshops and Conferences
NetMOD staff participated in a
number of national and international
conferences:
•
International Conference on
Operations Research and
Enterprise Systems (ICORES)
France, March 2014.
•
5th Workshop on Complex
Networks CompleNet 2014,
Bologna, Italy,
12–14 March 2014.
•
NetSci2014, in Berkeley
California, 2–6 June 2104.
•
Third International Workshop
on Complex Networks and their
Applications in Morocco,
23–27 November 2014.
•
Professor Xinghuo Yu presented
four IEEE Distinguished
Lectures in China, Sydney
and Melbourne.
•
Professor Xinghuo Yu and
Adjunct Professor Jinhu Lu
organised the International
Workshop on Complex
Networks held at RMIT in
Melbourne on 30 May 2014.
The International Workshop on Complex Networks and Applications held at RMIT University on 30 May 2014 was organised
by Professors Xinghuo Yu and Jinhu Lu an Adjunct Professor at RMIT University, and speakers included Professor Ljiljana
Trajkovic (IEEE Fellow) from Simon Fraser University, Canada and Professor Maciej Ogorzalek (IEEE Fellow) from Jagiellonian
University, Poland
16
Satellite Positioning for
Atmosphere, Climate
and Environment Centre
(SPACE)
Director: Professor Kefei Zhang
Research team: Dr James Cameron
Bennett, Dr Brett Carter, Mr Lucas
Holden, Associate Professor Chunsun
Zhang, Professor John Le Marshall,
Professor Gottfried Kirchengast,
Professor Craig Smith, Dr Robert
Norman, Dr Witold Rohm, Dr David
Silcock, Dr Suqin Wu, Professor Prem
Chhetri, Dr Suelynn Choy, Dr GangJun Liu, Dr Aramesh Seif
Research context
The Satellite Positioning for
Atmosphere, Climate and
Environment (SPACE) Research
Centre at RMIT University is
committed to advancing the
global competitive status of the
Australian space industry. The main
function of the Centre is to perform
cutting-edge research into platform
technologies for space, atmosphere
and climate applications.
The Australian Government has
identified Space and Astronomy
as one of its National Innovation
Priorities, focusing on three core
areas; Earth observation, satellite
communication technologies and
commercial precision Position,
Navigation and Timing (PNT).
In 2010 the SPACE Research Centre
was established at RMIT University
to develop new and enhance
existing Australian space science
capabilities. The Centre’s research
focuses on the development of
platform technologies for space,
atmosphere and climate research.
The Centre draws together a strong
team of national and international
experts, with a plenitude of skills
and research experience.
Professor Kefei Zhang says ‘space junk’ poses a huge threat to our satellites.
The Centre is committed to becoming
a serious player in the global space
community, conducting worldclass and cutting-edge research,
education and innovation activities.
The RMIT SPACE Research Centre
is working towards developing new
methods, new algorithms and frontier
technologies for satellite positioning,
navigation and timing, space situation
awareness (including space object
and debris monitoring and tracking,
precise satellite orbit determination),
space weather and climate change
modelling. Research is conducted
in the context of new generation
global navigation (GNSS) and geoenvironmental satellite systems, to
support a wide range of applications.
Research themes
The current research themes focus
on four main streams:
Satellite positioning
and navigation, geodesy
and surveying
The GNSS/ Geodesy stream aims
to investigate platform technologies,
theory, innovative algorithms and new
methodologies for satellite positioning
and tracking, geospatial science,
geodesy and surveying applications.
Atmospheric modelling
and space weather
The atmospheric modelling stream
explores the nuances and chaotic
pattern systems that are an integral
part of space weather, climate
science, environmental monitoring
and precise positioning.
Space debris and tracking
and satellite orbit
determination
The space debris and tracking
stream focuses on the space
environment management and
space situational awareness
(SSA) issues related to the
efficient operation and use of
space vehicles using precise orbit
determination techniques, satellite
laser ranging and navigation for
debris surveillance, space weather
and atmosphere modelling and
conjunction analyses.
Smart people mobility
and object tracking
(Ubiquitous Positioning)
The smart people mobility and
object tracking stream aims to
develop innovative seamless mobile
tracking solutions using GNSS,
WiFi, RFID, INS, magnetometers
and smart phones etc. These
advanced positioning and tracking
platforms will have a wide range
of applications including, for
example, Olympic competition/
sports activities, location-based
services, health care, emergency
management and intelligent
transportation systems.
17
Achievements
Space Management
Environment CRC
RMIT University is one of three
essential participants of a new
Australian Cooperative Research
Centre (CRC) for Space Environment
Management, based at Mount
Stromlo in the Australian Capital
Territory. Enabled by a $60
million grant from the Australian
Government’s Department of
Industry, the CRC creates a hightech consortium of aerospace
industry companies, including
universities and some of the world’s
leading space agencies.
Professor Kefei Zhang, Director
of RMIT’s SPACE Research Centre
is involved in two Programs within
the CRC – Orbit Determination and
Predicting Behaviours of Space
Objects with Dr Brett Carter and
Dr Suqin Wu from RMIT, and Space
Asset management with Dr Robert
Norman and Dr Suqin Wu. The new
Space Environment Management
CRC builds on world-leading
Australian innovations to reduce and
ultimately prevent the loss of satellite
capacity. The CRC has developed
four research programs: tracking,
orbits, collisions, and manoeuvre –
with RMIT bringing expertise in orbits
and collisions to the new CRC.
Current technology requires daily
tracking to maintain predictive
capability of space debris and
the CRC seeks to improve orbit
determination techniques to extend
the tracking interval to at least two
days and reduce the future cost of
debris tracking infrastructure.
The aim is also to improve collision
avoidance prediction at least 10fold, which will help make collision
avoidance prediction useful for the
first time. Key outcomes of RMIT’s
input to this research will be new
methods and platform systems for
robust orbit prediction, improved
collision warning, reliable ballistic
coefficient estimation, and the effects
of solar activity variability. RMIT has
a long history of collaborating with
industry and began working with EOS
Space Systems in Australia in 2005
via an ARC-APAI linkage project.
18
Natural Disaster Resilience
Program (NDRP)
Professor Kefei Zhang led a team
of scientists in the field of GNSS
meteorology from RMIT University,
The University of Melbourne, CRC
for Spatial Information and the
Bureau of Meteorology on a project
on Strengthening the severe
weather prediction using the
advanced Victorian regional global
navigation satellite systems which
has received a $590,451 grant from
the Natural Disaster Resilience
Grants Scheme (VIC).
At the NDRP project meeting.
Endeavour
Research Fellowship
The SPACE Research Centre
welcomed Dr Aramesh Seif who
attracted an Endeavour Research
Fellowship to fund her research
at RMIT University for 6 months.
The goal of the Endeavour
Research Fellowship scheme is to
internationalise Australian higher
education and research. Dr Seif
visits us from Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia, where she earned her PhD
degree in the area of ionospheric
scintillation measured using groundbased GPS receivers. During
her stay, Dr Seif worked with the
Centre scientists on understanding
the occurrence of ionospheric
scintillation events using both
ground- and space-based GPS
receiver platforms, towards the
underlying goal of developing an
accurate forecast capability.
Victorian Research Fellowship
SPACE Research Centre’s Dr Brett
Carter has been a visiting research
scholar supported by a Victorian
Research Fellowship at the Institute
for Scientific Research at Boston
College exploring the predictability
of space weather disturbances that
can affect essential communication
technologies. Alongside scientists
at Boston College, and as part
of his joint RMIT-Boston College
research project, Dr Carter has
been investigating phenomena in
the ionosphere. His particular focus
was on understanding Equatorial
Plasma Bubbles that regularly
cause radio communication
disruptions in the low latitude
region close to the equator. New
findings by Dr Carter, published
in the Journal of Geophysical
Research – Space Physics, show
that physical processes that have
been found to govern the likelihood
of these ionospheric disturbances,
have paved the way for a reliable
forecasting system to be developed
in the not-too-distant future. It is
anticipated that in collaboration with
research partners at the Boston
College and the Australian Space
Forecast Centre at the Bureau of
Meteorology, a reliable bubble
prediction system will be developed
and used operationally.
Conferences and workshops
Drs Brett Carter and Robert Norman
attended and presented at the
American Geophysical Union Fall
Meeting in San Francisco, CA,
USA. The AGU Fall meeting is the
largest gathering of geoscientists
and space scientists in the world,
with more than 24,000 delegates
over 5 days. Dr Carter presented
Modelling and predicting the daily
equatorial plasma bubble activity
using the Tiegcm and Dr Norman
presented Atmospheric profiling
using GPS Radio Occultation over
the Australian and Antarctic regions.
Professor Kefei Zhang delivered
a plenary talk at the Workshop on
Space debris precision tracking
and orbit determination, in Wuhan,
China, 19 May 2014.
Further information is available
on the website:
www.rmit.edu.au/SPACE
Dr Brett Carter next to the GPS antennas at the Institute for Scientific Research at Boston College – GPS is one of the key
technologies affected by ionospheric plasma bubbles
19
RMIT Technologies
Initiative for Ageing (TIA)
Project leaders: Professors Athman
Bouguettaya
and Dimitrios Georgakopoulos
Research team:
Professor Mark Sanderson,
Professor Timos Sellis, Associate
Professor Tao Gu, Associate
Professor Margaret Hamilton,
Dr Flora Salim, Dr Marilena Kavoura
Research context
By the year 2050, 3.5 million people in
Australia will need some form of aged
care and with this new era Australia
will need to address a number of
challenges in relation to the social and
economic impact to the economy,
society and the broader environment
in managing the requirements of the
ageing population.
The My Aged Care Initiative
of the Australian Government
Department of Social Services is
one major reform which focuses on
social adherence/satisfaction and
provider development/sustainability
as the core indicator for its
future development. The RMIT
Technology Initiative for Ageing
(TIA) has identified this as an
opportunity and aims to address a
wide spectrum of age related needs
and contribute with innovative,
practical technology solutions.
The research team also looked at
how the matter of ageing is being
handled in Europe, and this provided
insight into a future strategy for ICT
in aged care through analysis of large
scale projects in the Ageing Well
field.. In the European Commisssion’s
New Horizon2020 program - The
EU’s Framework Programme for
Research and Innovation employs
the new term ‘ICT in Active Ageing’
and instead of the previous term
‘Ambient Assisted Living’ the program
now employs the term ‘Active
Assisted Living’.The focus of RMIT’s
TIA initiative is on developing the
future generation of IT solutions
for the well-being of older people
through multidisciplinary research.
This research draws from emerging
technologies and platforms at RMIT
in service computing, security and
20
privacy, design, sensor networks,
aged care studies, intelligent systems,
and business models. It explores new
modes of interactions in multi-faceted
environments where senior citizens
naturally and non-invasively interact
with the healthcare system through
multiple channels.
Research Themes
Customer centricity
One client-one view and personalised
home care.
Social interaction
Online communities, smart mobility
and transportation services.
Health and Safety
Medication reminder devices,
prediction and detection of falls,
monitoring of quality of sleep,
and monitoring and tracking
physical activity.
Engaging with Industry
Tele-aged care services for chronic
diseases and evidence-based cost
benefit outcomes.
Workforce efficiency
Mobile assisted e-learning, apps to
support efficiency and customerfamily-carer interaction.
Active Local Communities
Capture and integrate information
for the benefit of providers to run
business monitoring/analysing/
assessment tools for validating
interventions.
Achievements
During the period 2014-2015
fundamental multi-discipline
research dynamics from across
RMIT invested in the development
of the new ‘Gerontechnology’
concept. Discussions with private
organisations such as Benetas and
local councils and communities
have led to the development of a
State of the Art of the Ageing Era
framework with the Mornington
Peninsula Shire (MPS) as the
leading strategic partner.
Some significant actions and
achievements include collaborations
developed between the RMIT
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology (CSIT)
and other RMIT stakeholders,
such as the School of Media and
Communication, the School of
Health Sciences (wellness and
complementary and integrative
medicine, the School of Vocational
for Health and Social Studies, the
School of Global, Urban Social
Studies (GUSS), Global Cities
Research Institute (GCRI).
Industry engagement
Benetas, one of the leaders in
the area of aged care, expressed
interest in collaborating with RMIT
in the development of their strategic
plan for technology-based aged care
business improvement. Benetas
was particularly interested in the
proposal ‘A Customer-Centric
Home Care via smart and secure
services’ which aims to develop
a comprehensive set of IT tools
that deliver innovative solutions
for the one client. This one view
approach supports novel smart
services, and provides data-driven
assessment of related health and
financial outcomes. The proposed
approach is based on an open
platform that will allow the inclusion
of external 3rd-party services and
commercially available technologies.
Enabling technologies proposed
in this proposal include monitoring
Quality of sleep, Fall prevention and
detection, Monitoring activity, Smart
reminders, Tele-Monitoring chronic
diseases, Tracking, Smart objects
and Monitoring physical activity,
Smart mobility and transportation,
Carers assistant smart services, One
Client-One View, Data IntegrationSecurity-Privacy.
Mornington Peninsula Shire
(MPS)
Several proposals have been
discussed within the framework
of the ‘Positive Ageing Strategy
2013–18 of Mornington Peninsula
Shire’.
Transportation project
The project addresses the following
questions:
•
How are technologies including
digital media used in the
practical elements of transport?
•
How might they be better
used? What are the logistics
of using different types of
transport for people?
•
How are technologies and
digital media used within the
logistics of transport and how
might they be better used?
There will be an analysis of mobility
and activity patterns of individuals
over time using custom mobile
applications. The intelligence
generated from the data analytics
could be used to enrich the qualitative
data collection and the ethnography
studies. Feedback loop through
the crowdsourced information and
crowd sensed mobile data could
be facilitated by providing people
with personalised travel and activity
information and recommendations.
Gardening project
The project includes a digital and
virtual component, using google
maps and a participatory mapping
platform which includes a process
that includes both documentation
of the garden as it develops and
online participation and comment
by people who cannot always be at
the garden site itself. The garden will
be made both online and offline and
there will be a continuous relationship
between both with the digital
interface enabling people to remotely
discuss and thus engage with and
participate in its development and
with gardening processes.
Cross-disciplinary projects
CSIT-GUSS: Identifying the
consumer choice for smart aged
care (Smart Age Care)
The purpose of this study is to
shed light on the philosophy and
technologies for enabling people as
they age to continue to live fulfilling
lives - whatever their condition given the interactive environments in
which they live. This is an exercise
for identifying new thinking and
processes that would enable people
to access best possible solutions
in order to meet their needs and
preferences and enjoy better lives
as they age. The long term interest
in this activity is to build up a
socio-technical profile prospect for
enabling technologies in aged care.
CSIT-GCRI: The social care agenda
in the world’s most rapidly ageing
society: learning from Japan
The aim of the project is to review
and update the Japanese context
of social care, while identifying
innovative solutions in aged care
support, technology and community
housing. The long term interest
in this activity is to build up an
Australian - Japan collaboration
for enabling technologies in aged
care. Priority is given to studies of
the social dimension of Assistive
Technologies (AT) and Ambient
Assistive Living (AAL). In developing
new technological assistance, a
good balance (combination of)
between AT/AAL, applicability, social
inclusion, and implementation cost
should be achieved.
21
Innovative
Engineering Systems
Program (IES)
Program summary
The program aims to develop an
interdisciplinary approach to design,
development and operation of large
scale systems in manufacturing,
sports engineering technology, energy
systems and innovative structures.
The program is focused both
on fundamental (modelling and
simulation) and applied (design,
development, testing and
manufacturing) research leading
to advanced and innovative
technologies and products, with
impact in various areas such
as medicine, health, life style,
architecture, production, aerospace,
sport, defence and energy.
Key research activities
Program Leader
Professor Franz K. Fuss
•
Fundamental research into new
multifunctional materials and
structures and their applications,
including energy absorption.
•
Development of sustainable
energy focusing on fundamental
energy science, applied
technologies and systems and
sustainable energy design, policy
and assessment research.
•
Sports engineering and smart
technology, human movement
and sports science, customised
design and sustainability of
sports products, with a focus on
smart equipment for health and
sport, and sports aerodynamics.
•
Design, operational,
optimisation, manufacture,
and applications of Unmanned
Aircraft Systems.
Projects and centres
•
Centre for Additive
Manufacturing
•
Centre for Innovative Structures
and Materials (CISM)
•
Sports Technology
•
Sustainable Electrical Energy
•
Unmanned Aircraft Systems
(UAS)
Advanced Manufacturing Precinct – 3D Imaging Professor Milant Brandt
and students.
22
Centre for Additive
Manufacturing (previously
Advanced Polymeric and
Metallic Structures)
Director: Professor Milan Brandt
Research team: Professor Mark
Easton, Professor Ma Qian,
Professor Mike Xie, Associate
Professor Donald Wlodkowic ,
Associate Professor Martin Leary,
Dr Shoujin Sun, Dr Wei Xu, Dr Scott
Mayson, Dr. Maciej Mazur, Dr. Joe
Elambasseril and Dr Ya Feng Yan
Research context
The Centre for Additive
Manufacturing is designed to
innovate and research up-to-date
and relevant advanced additive
manufacturing technologies,
materials science and processes
in partnership with Australian
companies to make them more
competitive globally and in global
supply chains.
A key focus of the Centre research
is direct (additive) or rapid
manufacturing–involving fabrication
of components in advanced
materials such as high performance
metals, plastics and composites, by
moving from the ‘rapid prototyping’
domain to full-scale, production of
customised functional final products
and parts, directly from design
without the need for tooling in the
critical path. This is particularly
suited to low-medium volume,
higher value, customised and
difficult-to-manufacture products
that are typically acquired at
premium price. These technologies
have the potential to deliver a
‘quantum leap’ in the manufacturing
process, dramatically increasing
manufacturing flexibility, efficiency
and customer responsiveness, and
significantly reducing time to market,
cost and energy consumption.
The research and learning
approach is project based and
industry driven and relevant,
where new concepts of design and
manufacture are explored, tested
and established concurrently.
This ‘smart node’ was fabricated using 3D metal printing at RMIT Centre for
Additive Manufacturing.
Project design provides research
scenarios and projects for Masters,
PhD students through to post
doctorate research. Industry
involvement is an integral part
of the Centre through input into
the development, validation and
moderation of research projects.
The Centre for Additive
Manufacturing brings together
several key research staff in the
Schools of Aerospace, Mechanical
and Manufacturing Engineering,
Civil, Environment and Chemical
Engineering, Applied Sciences and
Industrial Design generating critical
research mass in this area and
position the University as the key
research provider in the area locally
and globally.
Achievements
The Research Team were successful
in achieving Category 1 funding in the
form of an ARC Discovery Grant, as
well as a Technology Development
Voucher awarded by Victorian
Department of State Development
and Business Innovation.
The group welcomed four new PhD
students and oversaw the completion
of PhDs by two candidates.
Professor Milan Brandt was also part
of the team involved in a successful
patent application for a project
entitled A method for producing a
customised medical implant.
Research themes
The current research themes focus on
the following research questions:
•
Advanced manufacturing
technologies and methods.
•
Materials science and the
development of new powder
alloys, micro and mechanical
structures with a metals focus.
•
Advanced design using topology
optimisation, development
of novel approaches to
topology optimisation and the
development of algorithms.
•
Applying design and optimisation
of components into real industrial
based products.
23
Centre for Innovative
Structures and Materials
Director: Professor Mike Xie
Researchers: Professor Chun Qing
Li, Professor Sujeeva Setunge,
Dr Xiaodong Huang, Dr Jie Yang,
Dr Gang Ren, Dr Ricky Wing Ki
Chan, Dr Shiwei Zhou, Dr Jianhu
Shen, Dr Shanqing Xu
Research students: PhD candidates:
Mr Arash Ghaedizadeh, Ms Anooshe
Rezaee Javan, Mr Hadi Latifi,
Mr Yangfan Li, Mr Sen Lin,
Mr Dingjie Lu, Mr Fei Meng, Mr Xin
Ren, Mr Hamed Seifi; and MEng
candidate: Kai Yang
Research context
The objectives of the Centre for
Innovative Structures and Materials
(CISM) are to conduct internationally
leading research on techniques for
creating innovative and efficient
structures and materials, to
develop novel structural systems
and alternative materials for a
sustainable future, and to combine
research excellence with industry
engagement. CISM was established
in July 2012 following significant
research outcomes achieved by
its predecessor, the Innovative
Structures Group.
Members of CISM have conducted
pioneering work on the theoretical
development and practical application
of various structural optimisation
techniques. These techniques have
been widely used around the world
by engineers and architects to design
innovative buildings and bridges,
and to create new microstructures of
materials and composites.
CISM researchers have been
awarded 17 major grants by the
Australian Research Council (ARC).
Recent projects funded by the ARC
include design of composites for
exceptional functional properties
by maximising the Poisson effect,
topology optimisation of load-carrying
structural systems with periodic
geometrical patterns, optimisation of
building structures considering wind
loading, design of microstructures
for materials and composites with
exceptional functional properties, and
topology optimisation for advanced
engineering nanostructures.
24
Financial support to the research
team has also been provided by
various companies such as Boeing
and Arup.
Research themes
The Centre’s research themes are
as follows:
•
Shape and topology
optimisation of a wide range of
engineering structures.
•
Conceptual design of buildings
and bridges using topology
optimisation techniques.
•
Design of microstructures of
materials and composites for
enhanced performances.
•
Static and dynamic testing
of biological and man-made
materials.
Achievements
During 2014 the Centre was engaged
in a range of research projects.
Several examples are given below.
Design of materials with
exceptional properties
In this project, we have developed
a series of new materials with
unusual mechanical properties.
We have extended the concept
of buckling-induced-patternswitch to the design of novel three
dimensional metamaterials with
negative Poisson’s ratios over a
large strain range. The highlight
of this work is that our designs
are based on very simple initial
geometric shapes. Using topology
optimisation techniques, we have
also obtained metamaterials with
negative linear compressibility,
negative area compressibility, zero
linear compressibility, and zero area
compressibility.
Concurrent topology
optimisation of structures
and materials
We have developed a hierarchical
concurrent design approach to
maximising the stiffness or natural
frequency of a structure. Multiple
material phases are considered in
the topology optimisation which is
performed on both macro and micro
scales. The design of the macro
structure and the material micro
structure is coupled. The effective
material properties of the periodic
micro structure are integrated into
the analysis of the macro structure.
In turn, the micro sensitivity
makes use of the macro structure
displacement field so that the global
static and dynamic properties such
as the stiffness and frequency are
taken into account in the local
topology change on the micro scale.
Various design problems of cellular
and composite structures and
materials have been solved which
demonstrate the capability and
advantages of the approach.
Application of structural
optimisation techniques
to the design of bridges
and buildings
Structural optimisation techniques
have reached a certain level of
maturity and their applications in
architecture and civil engineering
practice have increased in the
past decade. In this project, we
have applied the Bi-directional
Evolutionary Structural Optimisation
(BESO) technique to the design of
bridges and buildings. The design
applications aim to find the stiffest
form of bridges and buildings under
different geometric, constructional
and loading conditions. A series of
innovative bridge and building design
concepts have been obtained. This
research has clearly demonstrated
the benefits and potential of using
topology optimisation in engineering
and architecture.
The work shown below was part of
a research project conducted by the
Centre together with SIAL and Arup
on using the BESO technique to
design structural connections. This
‘smart node’ was fabricated using
3D metal printing at RMIT Centre for
Additive Manufacturing.
Further information is available
on the website:
www.rmit.edu.au/research/cism
Sports Technology
Project leader: Professor Franz
Konstantin Fuss
Research team: Professor
Aleksandar Subic, Professor
Stephen Bird, Professor Aaron
Smith, Professor Olga Troynikov,
Associate Professor Noel Lythgo,
Associate Professor Firoz Alam,
Dr Florian Mueller, Dr Amanda
Benson, Dr Michael Azari, Professor
Peter Dabnichki
Research context
The global sports business is worth
US$800 billion annually and is as
big as the global aerospace industry.
Participation in sport is becoming
more important for prevention and
treatment of chronic diseases such
as type II diabetes, cardiovascular
diseases and obesity, and thus is
expected to have a positive impact on
national and global health budgets.
The global sports industry is
growing faster than the overall
GDP, between 1.6–8.2 times as
fast, depending on the country. The
Sports Technology research project
‘SportzEdge’ hinges on three
complementary areas in which
RMIT University is world leading:
sports engineering and technology;
human movement and sports
science; design, customisation and
sustainability of sports products.
The aim of the project is to develop
innovative sports products for
performance enhancement and
optimisation of training such as
smart or customised equipment,
with impact on health, participation
and injury prevention.
Entrepreneur Brad Bond with gym users training with the VERSUS system.
Research themes
The collective research experience
at RMIT extends to three different,
yet complementary areas of sports
science and technology:
Sports technology
Engineering design, customisation,
optimisation, manufacturing and
testing of sports equipment;
sports aerodynamics, smart and
instrumented sports equipment,
training devices.
Sports science
Exercise physiology, biomechanics,
motion analysis and kinesiology.
Sports design
Sports garments design and
engineering, textile materials and
composites, exertion games,
stadium design.
Due to research and development
carried out in different schools, the
holistic, multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary approach to Sports
Research at RMIT is world leading.
The sports technology and sports
apparel branch is represented by the
‘SportzEdge’ project.
Achievements
Dynamics of sports balls
The Dynamics of sports balls project
involves research of solid mechanics
and aerodynamics of sports balls
such as: cricket balls, rugby balls,
AFL balls, baseballs, tennis balls and
golf balls.
The project serves various purposes,
e.g. to increase the speed of a ball
game (by improving the grip and
reducing the aerodynamic drag), to
identify and measure performance
parameters of balls, to quantify the
consistency of manufacturing, and
to develop new construction- and
performance-based standards for
sports balls.
The SportzEdge team tested all
World Cup and Euro Cup soccer
balls in the RMIT Industrial Wind
Tunnel and found that the 2014
world Cup Ball – Brazuca – is better
designed than the balls of the two
previous world cups, as it exhibits
less of a knuckling effect.
Smart Sports Equipment
The RMIT Smart Cricket Ball
The smart cricket ball was CNC
machined, such that three gyros,
a data logger and a battery fit into
the ball without compromising the
standard mean mass of 159.5 g for
men’s cricket games after balancing
the ball. The data was processed
with a program incorporating
25
newly developed signal processing
techniques for this particular
purpose. Signal processing is
based on new mechanical and
mathematical principles developed
as part of the project.
The following performance
parameters were graphically
visualised in 4D in AutoCAD:
location of the instantaneous
spin axis, magnitude of spin rate,
direction and magnitude of the spin
axis’ precession (finger and impact),
direction and magnitude of the
torque imparted to the ball (finger
and impact), location of the centre of
pressure (point were resultant force
is applied to the ball) of the fingers
and of the impact point.
The second prototype is wireless
and re-chargeable inductively,
and equipped with customised
4D software for data analysis. It
is currently used in collaboration
with the University of Sydney,
Loughborough University and the
ECB (England and Wales Cricket
Board) for performance analysis
and classification of slow bowling
deliveries. A new classification system
for slow bowling deliveries was
developed in cooperation with the
University of Sydney and presented
at the World Cricket Conference
2015, organised in conjunction with
the Cricket World Cup.
The Smart AFL Ball
The smart AFL ball was
instrumented with three gyros,
a data logger and a battery, and
was designed to establish a kick
precision index, for ranking the
precision of drop- and torpedo
punts. Even in top AFL players,
the drop punt was far from being
kicked accurately, as it exhibited
considerable ball wobble.
The Smart RMIT Insole
The smart insole measures the
pressure distribution across the foot
sole at a high resolution (currently 150
sensing nodes) and data sampling
frequency, and costs as little as $3.
The technology is based on the
principle of sensor-less sensing. The
customised software returns high
precision at not only the pressure
26
distribution but also the centre of
pressure, and is validated with a
conventional force plate. The insole
is used for establishing a fall index
for real time measurement with
biofeedback, and for management of
diabetic foot sole ulcers (prevention,
diagnosis, treatment). RMIT University
joined the Wound Management
Innovation CRC in February 2014,
and one of their projects is utilising
the insole for wound management,
funded with $750,000.
The RIZMIK Insole
The RIZMIK Insole converts pressure
to sound, thereby encouraging
physical activity as well as musical
performance. The musical art behind
the system is produced by a famous
Melbournian composer. Professor
Franz Fuss received a $62,500 grant
with Rizmik for a project on a musical
insole that encourages physical activity
as well as musical performance.
Friction and Sports Equipment
Friction between hands, gloves and
sports balls is essential for gripping,
passing and catching/marking of
balls. The better the grip, the faster
the game, and the more exciting it
is for the spectators. SportzEdge
measured the non-linear velocityand force-dependent friction of
rugby balls against the skin and
optimised the pimple pattern;
of water polo balls under wet
conditions; and a variety of gloves
against AFL balls. The latter study
led to the regulation of gloves by the
AFL in January 2013, which banned
all gloves of a coefficient of friction
larger than one in dry conditions.
Vibrations and sports equipment
Vibration of equipment leads to
energy loss and uncomfortable
feeling. The SportzEdge team
investigates the vibrations of a range
of tennis racquets and snowboards.
For example, the team developed a
standardised test for assessment of
the edge grip in snowboards.
Development of a sports shoe
with directional energy transfer
and return
The development of a sports shoe
with directional energy transfer and
return project is based on a new
concept and principle of directional
energy transfer. The project involves
the discovery of design solutions
for directional energy transfer for
sports shoes, optimisation thereof
and development of prototypes. The
design overcomes the disadvantage
of conventional sports shoe soles;
that the energy put into the sole in one
specific direction is not transferred
into the direction in which the energy
should be returned. The new sports
shoe sole improves the performance
of athletes by optimised recycling of
the athletes’ energy and by avoiding
energy waste. The directional energy
transfer and return is destined to be
customised for different athletes and
their running styles.
Kansei Engineering of a new
concept running shoe
The Kansei Engineering of a new
concept running shoe project is
based on a Japanese product
design method that seeks to develop
products which ‘feel right’ to their
intended user. This is done by
mapping the emotional needs and
expectations of the specific user
group to the functional and technical
attributes of the product, which are
then adjusted accordingly to optimise
the feel and performance. In this
project, Kansei methods and usercentred design processes are being
applied to develop a new concept
running shoe that best meets the
requirements of a specific abilitybased user group.
Joggobot
The Exertion Games lab believes that
in the future, exertion activities will
become a new experience, involving
interactions with autonomous
embodied systems. Their vision is to
develop Joggobot, an autonomous
flying quadcopter that exemplifies
thinking about the combination of
robotics and physical exercise. They
use Joggobot to ask the question
how (and if) robots should support
people when exercising. As such,
Joggobot helps to understand
the interactions between a person
and a robot. They believe robots have
been so far mainly investigated from
a perspective where they do tasks for
Joggobot asks if and how robots should
support people when exercising.
Copy, Paste, Skate explores how interactive technology can support the
experience of doing Skateboarding tricks.
us we do not want to do: vacuuming
floors, going into war zones, and
cleaning up nuclear power plants.
With Joggobot, the Exertion Games
lab wants to propose the idea of
robots as companions for physical
activity. This is important, as known
from sports research that social
factors are the key when it comes
to exercising.
Aerodynamics of Winter Sports
Snowboard Cross (SBX) and
Ski Cross (SX)
Copy Paste Skate
Copy, Paste, Skate explores
how interactive technology can
support the experience of doing
Skateboarding tricks. It pushes the
envelope of interactive technology
used in sports, venturing out of the
well familiar grounds of systems for
performance focused sports (think
of the many systems for joggers
for example) and into the realm of
trick-focused sports.
The Copy Paste Skate system offers
skaters novel ways of re-living their
tricks right after they have attempted
them. Our system addresses the
full scale of senses vital to skating:
hearing, vision and touch. Over 20
local skaters have put Copy Paste
Skate to the test, and many of them
talked about how the system ‘brings
the tricks to life’ and ‘adds a new level
to the skateboarding experience’.
The Aerodynamics of Winter Sports
Snowboard Cross (SBX) and Ski
Cross (SX) are relatively young winter
sport disciplines, represented at the
Olympic Games since 2006 and
2010 respectively. Although freestyle
disciplines, there is no judged
component and the first athlete who
crosses the finish line wins. Speed
is the only performance parameter;
however, in contrast with alpine
skiing, SX garments must be loose
and floppy by rule.
The project started in October
2010 with wind tunnel testing of
the national SBX and SX team. The
researchers tested conventional
and new skiing positions in relation
to 3D aerodynamic forces as
well as different garments. The
significance of differences in drag
and lift force was assessed by a
glide model which quantifies the
advantage as a gain in distance.
Testing of loose fabrics on
cylinders revealed that flutter is not
necessarily a disadvantage. Several
fabrics actually reduced the drag
force, which is a new aerodynamic
discovery. The project is ongoing
and aims at fundamental research
as well as at developing new winter
sport garments for the Sochi 2014
Olympic Games.
Design and development
advanced ski jump suits research
Design and development advanced
ski jump suits research project
develops a ski jump suit which
improves aerodynamic performance
by utilising aerodynamic advantages
of seams and fabric surface
structures. The aerodynamically
improved suit must not be different
from existing suits and comply
with current FIS regulations. These
restrictions compel finding a solution
using existing ski jump suit materials
(fabrics). No new materials which are
different from current fabrics’ physical
properties can be used.
The engineered suit is to have
possessed current comfort and
ergonomic attributes.
Sleep and recovery: a new frontier
in human and sport performance
Sleep as a measure of health and
well-being is being increasingly
looked upon as one of the most
crucial human necessities. The
influence of sleep on post-exercise
recovery and human performance is a
topic of great and growing interest, as
the recent body of scientific research
confirms a link between sleep quality,
cognitive processes, tissue recovery
and metabolic function.
Sleep restriction and poor sleep
quality are the key sleep attributes
27
that affect the overall recuperative
quality of the sleep state and
influence personal well-being and
human productivity.
A research project conducted by
the Body-Centric Research Group
led by Associate Professor Olga
Troynikov from the School of Fashion
and Textiles is addressing different
thermal bedding environments, their
interaction with the metabolic heat
and sweat production in next to skin
microclimates, and resultant next-toskin microclimate comfort levels.
The project is focused on objective
evaluation of thermo physiological
sleep comfort and the thermal and
moisture balance of the human
body in relation to the sleeping
environment, and the heat and
moisture management within the
sleeping ‘pocket’.
Similar to the wear comfort for
clothing, the project investigates
the ability of the bedding to
maintain a comfortable body
temperature during different
dynamic phases of sleep and
ultimately to develop bedding
suitable to individual’s needs and
physiological attributes. The hope
of this research is to optimise
sleep bedding systems to assist
in providing sleep quality that will
maximise post exercise recovery
and improve cognitive processes.
The project is in collaboration with
Australian Wool Innovation.
Alcohol and drugs in sport
– alcohol-related player
behavioural transgressions
This project examines fan social
media responses to media-reported
player behavioural transgressions
which occurred in Australia’s
two largest professional sporting
leagues, the National Rugby League
(NRL) and the Australian Football
League (AFL), over a 33 month
period. Using netnography and
content analysis, we aim to better
understand the ways in which sport
fans employed social media to voice
their perceptions about alcoholrelated player transgressions.
VERSUS Fitness
Professor Franz Fuss received
a grant with Integriti Pty Ltd for
a project on the development of
VERSUS, a revolutionary fitness
system. VERSUS Fitness is an
interactive fitness system that
quantifies fitness and links exercise
with gaming. The interactive VERSUS
fitness system uses 3D cameras,
motion sensors and TV monitors
to track and quantify a range of
exercises such as push-ups, sit-ups
and squats through cost-effective,
yet accurate, sensors embedded in
the gym floor. The scores it produces
take into account users’ height,
weight, age and power. Breakthrough
Professor Franz Fuss and Associate Professor Olga Troynikov at the Wound
Management Innovation Cooperative Research Centre
28
sensors and algorithms technology
invented by RMIT researchers have
been adapted for the VERSUS
gamified exercise sessions, to ensure
exercises are completed correctly and
safely. The research team received
$62,500 project funding through the
Victorian Government’s Technology
Voucher Program to develop a
prototype of the system. In addition,
an Enterprise Connect placement
of $46,270 provided an opportunity
for RMIT PhD graduate Dr Julian
Chua to gain experience developing
and implementing a new idea with
commercial potential.
Albion
Professor Aleksandar Subic
received a grant with Albion for
a project on Development of a
sports helmet.
Wound Management
Innovation Cooperative
Research Centre (WMI CRC)
RMIT commenced its new role as
a core participant with the Wound
Management Innovation Cooperative
Research Centre (WMI CRC) in
February 2014. The CRC’s program
is an Australian Government initiative
administered by AusIndustry, a
division with the Department of
Industry. RMIT’s initial research
project was developed and led by
Professor Franz Konstantin Fuss
and Associate Professor Olga
Troynikov. The project designed,
developed and tested prototype
pressure sensing bandages and
insoles with bio-acoustic feedback
for the management of diabetic foot
ulcers and venous leg ulcers, with a
second phase clinical collaboration
with the Queensland University of
Technology. The project was funded
in total with $1.5 million.
Sustainable
Electrical Energy
Project leader:
Professor Grahame Holmes
Research team:
Professor Ralph Horne, Professor
Heinrich Schmidt, Professor Xinghuo
Yu, Professor John Andrews,
Dr Manoj Datta, Dr Nuwantha
Fernando, Dr Brendan McGrath,
Dr. Lasantha Meegahapola, Professor
Alan Pears, Dr Yolande Strengers,
Dr Richardt Wilkinson
Research context
Electrical energy underpins almost
every aspect of our modern
technological society. But most
electrical power is currently created
by large fossil fuel power stations,
and then dispatched to our homes
through large long distance
transmission systems that are
expensive, inefficient, and detrimental
to our environment. The aim of
the Sustainable Electrical Energy
initiative at RMIT is to help facilitate a
transformational change in the supply,
delivery and usage of electrical energy
that will provide an environmentally
friendly and economically sustainable
long term future.
Electrical energy is essential for
a modern society to survive and
grow. However, the present global
supply and demand paradigm is
unsustainable – electrical energy
demand keeps rising, greenhouse
gas emissions associated with
fossil fuel add to global warming,
and much of the present electricity
supply and delivery infrastructure
is near the end of its useful life and
requires replacement. One of the
major global challenges of the 21st
century is to find a way to meet
our future energy needs without
continuing to pollute our planet.
Consequently, the search is on
around the world for environmentally
friendly and sustainable sources of
electrical energy, and the associated
methodologies and technologies
that can best use this energy.
The process of transforming our
electrical energy systems to a
sustainable future requires crossdisciplinary collaboration between
universities, industry, government
and consumers. Advances in basic
technologies such as energy storage
and conversion, must be combined
with applied knowledge and
innovations, to achieve practical and
effective outcomes that will make a
significant contribution and impact.
Policies and regulations then need to
be re-formulated to take advantage
of these advances. Finally, there is an
urgent need for consumer education
and increased awareness, so that the
available electrical energy is used to
its best possible advantage.
RMIT University’s unique combination
of fundamental researchers, applied
technologists and social scientists
creates a golden opportunity to
make a major contribution to this
transformational process. The
Sustainable Electrical Energy initiative
provides the framework for these
diverse discipline areas to come
together and work to achieve a
sustainable electrical energy future
for our society.
Research themes
There are three research themes
within the focus of the initiative:
Fundamental Technologies
The Fundamental Technologies
theme links together current RMIT
research activities relating to the
supply and delivery of electrical
energy using power electronic
conversion systems, with energy
storage using hydrogen and other
advanced battery technologies.
The broad objectives of this
program are to achieve significant
fundamental advances in these
technologies, and to facilitate their
integration and usage into real world
electrical energy distribution systems.
is required to make them viable.
The theme enfolds electrical
power systems with large scale
system control theory and wide
area communication technologies,
working to facilitate the integration
of widespread distributed generation
from renewable sources such as PV
arrays and solar concentrators into
our electricity distribution networks.
The broad objective of the program
is to work in a larger scale context
with energy utilities, industrial
partners, other research agencies
and government departments
towards a transformational change
in the way in which electrical
energy is created and supplied to a
modern society.
Sustainable Energy Design,
Policy and Assessment
The Sustainable Energy Design,
Policy and Assessment theme
builds on current RMIT expertise in
the social science perspective of
Demand Side Energy Management
and the analysis of Electrical Energy
usage. This program focuses
on the other side of the balance
equation between electricity supply
and demand, looking to achieve
more effective end-user utilisation
of electrical energy by increased
uptake of energy management
technologies, and increased public
awareness about the linkage
between consumer behaviour and
total energy use.
The broad objectives of this
program are to promote better
understanding of policy and other
non-technical issues associated with
the sustainable usage of energy,
Smart Grid
Complex Systems
The ‘Smart Grid’ Complex Systems
theme encompasses and expands
current RMIT research activities
into complex systems, with a
particular focus on the smart energy
and smart grid concepts that are
currently attracting increasing
attention around the world, and
the complex systems theory that
RMIT Electric Racing Team’s vehicle
– the R14E – was named Top Electric
Vehicle in the Formula SAE Australian
competition.
29
to facilitate and support industry
and community assessment of
energy needs and usage, and to
assist governments to create more
informed policies that better support
the advancement of sustainable
energy usage in the community.
Achievements
The Sustainable Electrical Energy
initiative is now in its third year, and
its activities continue to expand.
For now, the research work is still
focusing on the first two research
themes, across a range of projects
relating to fundamental technologies
and smart grid system analysis and
control, supported by several major
grant awards. These include an ARC
Discovery project to investigate the
fundamental technology of Modular
Multilevel Converters (MMC) for
electrical grid applications, two
ARC Linkage projects to explore
electronic tap changing technology
for distribution transformers, and to
develop a knowledge based strategy
for the design of power converter
magnetic components, and work
continuing from completed projects
undertaken with the Advanced
Manufacturing CRC to develop
advanced technologies for Smart
Grid distributed generation systems.
In conjunction with several other
smaller grants, these projects
continue to support 7 PhD students
(3 completed in 2014/2015) and
a series of postgraduate and
undergraduate design projects.
A total of 15 major international
conference papers and 4
international journal transactions
papers have been published over
the period 2014/2015 from the
research activities supported by
this initiative.
In June 2015, the activities of the
Sustainable Energy Initiative will be
moving into the School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering’s new
purpose built 1100m2 Electrical
Engineering research and teaching
environment in Building 57. This
new learning complex combines
5 specialist teaching laboratories
and 4 research laboratories
into one coherent co-ordinated
research, learning and teaching
space. The teaching laboratories
support the teaching discipline
areas of Electrical Machines, Power
Electronics, Industrial Automation,
Control and Sustainable Building
Services Technologies (laboratory
funded by the RMIT Sustainable
Urban Precinct Program – SUPP).
They also provide a dedicated area
for undergraduate Design 4 project
activities. The research laboratories
support the research areas of
Advanced Control, Electrical
Energy Conversion, Microgrid and
Smart Grid Control and Renewable
Generation. The facility also provides
a separate dedicated laboratory to
support the highly successful RMIT
FSAE Electric Race Team, which
has come first in its class in the
Formula SAE Australasia (FSAE-A)
competition for the last two years.
In addition, the new laboratory
complex includes a separate
research laboratory area to house
the 50kW electrical microgrid scale
Members of RMIT’s 2014 Electric Racing team.
30
test facility that is being developed
under this initiative. This test facility
underpins the initiative’s research
into the control and operation of
microgrid systems. It supports up
to ten Distributed Generation/Load
nodes that can be interconnected
through various distribution feeder
models to create a wide range of
standalone and grid connected
microgrid structures. The nodes can
be configured as simulated PV, wind
or microhydro generation sources,
each interfaced to the microgrid
through custom designed inverter
systems that allow advanced control
algorithms to be developed and
verified. Facilities are available to
inject energy into the microgrid from
a 10kW PV array located on the
roof of B57, and a 10 kW hydrogen
energy storage subsystem will be
added into this system by the end of
2015 (also funded under the RMIT
SUPP scheme).
Professors Grahame Holmes and
Xinghuo Yu continue to liaise and
coordinate their research activities
with local and international external
organisations in the electrical
energy area. Visiting researchers
from Denmark, Germany and China
have been hosted over the last year,
and Professor Rik De Doncker from
the EON Centre in Aachen Germany
will be visiting in June 2015 to
further the developing relationship
between RMIT University and
Aachen University that is supported
by this Sustainable Electrical
Energy initiative.
Unmanned Aircraft
Systems (UAS)
Project leader: Dr Reece Clothier
Research team: Professor Alireza
Bab-Hadiashar, Professor Simon
Watkins, Dr Alex Fisher, Dr Reza
Hoseinnezhad, Dr Manas Khurana,
Dr Matthew Marino, Dr Sridhar Ravi,
Dr Milan Simic, Dr Graham Wild
Research context
Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS),
also commonly referred to as
drones, are the fastest growing
sector of the aviation industry.
Australia is well positioned to
capitalise on this emerging
technology, which has many highly
beneficial applications in defence,
emergency services, mining,
agriculture, media, and infrastructure
and environmental management.
The RMIT UAS Research Team
was established to address the
broad range of safety, regulatory,
social and technical challenges
facing this emerging industry. The
long-term aim of the RMIT UAS
Research Team is to enable the
safe and routine operation of UAS
in a variety of civil, commercial, and
defence applications.
The Team designs, manufactures,
and operates a number of smallunmanned rotorcraft and fixed wing
aircraft for flight-testing.
Research themes
Achievements
Safety and airspace integration
Safety and airspace integration
This research theme aims to address
the safety and regulatory challenges
associated with operating UAS in
non-segregated airspace and over
populous areas. Research themes
include quantitative risk modelling,
airspace and Air Traffic Management
System integration, and human
factors. The outcomes from this
research stream have been used to
support the reform of aviation safety
guidance material in Australia.
Successful delivery on funded
research projects, including:
UAS Design
This research area focuses on the
novel design and analysis of UAS.
Research includes the study of
natural flyers (e.g. birds and insects)
and their natural environment (flows
and turbulence) for innovations in
the design of micro air vehicles.
•
The Australian Airworthiness
Assessment of the Northrop
Grumman Triton UAS. Principle
Investigator Dr Reece Clothier.
•
A study of the risks associated
with UAS operations in
non-segregated airspace,
undertaken in partnership with
CSIRO. Principle investigator
Dr Reece Clothier.
•
Completion of Project ResQu,
led by the Australian Research
Centre for Aerospace Automation
(ARCAA) in partnership with
Insitu Pacific Ltd, Boeing
Research and Technology –
Australia, and the Queensland
State Government, to model the
risks posed by UAS to people
and property on the ground.
•
Two small research grants
from the Civil Aviation
Safety Authority to develop
template safety cases for the
management of the risks UAS
operations pose to people and
property overflown, and to
undertake a risk profile of the
war birds aviation sector.
•
Continued support for
regulatory reform, with
lead researcher Dr Reece
Clothier serving as Industry
Co-chair of the Civil Aviation
Safety Authority, Standards
Consultative Committee, UAS
Sub-Committee. This SubCommittee is responsible for the
development of new regulations
for civil UAS in Australia.
System autonomy
The system autonomy theme
focuses on the development of
advanced guidance, navigation,
sensing, communication, and
safety systems for unmanned
aircraft. Increasing autonomy
reduces the need for high
bandwidth communications links,
decreases pilot workload, and can
lead to improvements in safety and
mission performance. Research
focus areas include machine vision,
multi-target detection, tracking
and identification, autonomous
path planning, automated
communication systems, and
obstacle detection and avoidance.
Societal acceptance
This research theme explores the
broader social, political, legal,
and economic factors associated
with the integration of UAS into
society. Research undertaken in
this theme includes stakeholder
perception studies to support
the development of business and
industry communication strategies,
and the analysis and development
of regulatory and legislative
frameworks for UAS (including
privacy, security, and insurance).
31
UAS design
2014 achievements under this
research theme include:
Completion of a grant funded by
the Defence Science Institute and
the DSTO to develop and flighttest a prototype autonomous UAS
capable of soaring on currents
around buildings like birds. The
research will be published in three
journal papers.
New research grant with the DSTO
Maritime Division to develop,
manufacture and flight-test an
autonomous multi-rotor UAS
specifically for applications in
maritime security. The completed
UAS will take part in a series of
capability demonstration trials
with the US Navy in Rhode Island
late 2015.
System autonomy
Completion of the funded research
program 2014 Victoria Government
Technology Innovation Voucher, Flight
Data Systems, Automated Emergency
Recovery System for Small UAS,
total project value $75,817 (Ex GST),
$31,250 cash to RMIT.
Completion of undergraduate
project work with Thales Australia
to develop and flight-test the
world’s first UAS that is capable
of autonomously communicating
with Air Traffic Controllers. Testing
revealed valuable insights into
the minimum requirements on the
ATC-to-UAS communications link
necessary to maintain safety and
efficiency. A media release on the
success of the project will be made
in early 2015.
Supported the development and
evaluation of new image target
tracking algorithms for use onboard small UAS. Testing of the
new approach revealed significant
enhancements over existing
tracking algorithms. Discussion is
now underway with prospective
commercial organisations to further
support the research.
32
Continued undergraduate
project work with the Melbourne
Metropolitan Fire Brigade,
supporting the development and
enhancement of small UAS.
Provisional patent filed for new
bio-inspired technology that has
the potential to significantly reduce
the impact of turbulence for both
unmanned and manned aircraft
operations. There have been five
journal papers associated with
this work.
Societal acceptance
Acceptance of one journal paper
and preparation of one other on
risk communication, and a third on
security issues surrounding UAS.
Eight engagement activities,
including invited keynote addresses,
and invited expert witness to House
of Representatives, Standing
Committee on Social Policy and
Legal Affairs Inquiry into the
regulation of drones. Numerous
TV media appearances and media
articles discussing issues such as
UAS regulation and privacy.
Working in conjunction with
Liberty Victoria and the Australian
Association for Unmanned
Systems, the research team
prepared a detailed report on the
issues surrounding the regulation
of privacy and UAS. The report will
be tabled with the Attorney General
and Shadow Attorney General in
early 2015.
Continued advocacy and leadership
in the UAS industry, with Dr Reece
Clothier serving on the Board
of Directors of the Australian
Association for Unmanned Systems.
Further information is available on
the website ruasrt.com.
Bio-inspired UAS for Wild Bird Management at Airports and Sporting Venues. This research is led by Mr Abdulghani Mohamed,
a PhD candidate within the RMIT UAS Research Team. Drawing inspiration from birds, this research project developed a
technology to reduce the impact of turbulence on micro air vehicles.
The RUASRT FireFly is the first generation of custom designed urban search and rescue and firefighting UAS.
33
Nano Materials
and Devices (NMD)
Program
Program summary
The aim of the Nano Materials
and Devices research program
is to investigate the design,
modelling, synthesis, fabrication
and characterisation of advanced
nanostructured materials with
customised properties for targeted
applications. Application areas
include flexible electronic devices,
photonics, chemical/biological
analysis, catalysis, energy conversion
and storage technologies.
The program focuses on both
discovery-type fundamental research
and applied research, including the
development of new nanostructured
materials, the discovery of new
physical phenomena and the creation
of novel device structures.
Program Leader
Professor Mike Austin
Researchers associated with the
program are members of a number
of RMIT research centres. Their
research provides breakthroughs
in modern technologies and
contributes to improving and
revolutionising sectors such as
electronics, information technology,
energy, environmental science, bionanotechnology and food safety.
Key research activities:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Computational modelling
of nano materials, surfaces
and interfaces
Nanoelectronic and
nanophotonic structures
Flexible electronics and devices
Memristor micro- and
nano-devices
Terahertz metamaterials and
plasmonic devices
Industrial, environmental and
biological sensors
Associated RMIT Research
Centres and Groups
•
•
•
•
•
34
Centre for Advanced Materials
and Industrial Chemistry (CAMIC)
Centre for Advanced Electronics
and Sensors (CADES)
Centre for Molecular and
Nanoscale Physics (NANOPHYS)
Functional Materials and
Microsystems Research Group
Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth
Devices for Optical Systems
(CUDOS)
Centre for Advanced
Materials and Industrial
Chemistry (CAMIC)
Director: Professor Suresh Bhargava
Key Researchers in CAMIC
sub-groups:
Applied Electrochemistry:
Dr Lathe Jones (Deputy Director),
Dr Miao Chen
Catalysis and Biocatalysis:
Dr Selvakannan Periasamy,
Dr Deepa Dumbre, Dr Sarvesh Soni,
Dr Mohammed Amin, Dr Vinita
Chaudhary, Dr Sudarshnam Putla
Nanobiotechnology: Professor Vipul
Bansal, Dr Ravi Shukla
Molecular Engineering:
Dr Nedaossadat Mirzadeh, Dr Steven
Priver, Dr Sheshanath Bhosale
Sensors: Dr Samuel Ippolito,
Dr Ylias Sabri, Dr Ahmad Kandjani
Resources Utilisation: Dr James
Tardio, Dr Rahul Ram
These researchers, who closely
collaborate and interchange
between these sub-groups, are
supported by a dedicated team
of 17 PhD students.
Associate Members:
•
Professor Salvy Russo and
Theoretical Chemistry Group
(School of Applied Sciences)
•
Professor Kourosh KalantarZadeh and Sensors And
Nanotechnology Group
(School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering)
•
Professor Milan Brandt and
The Advanced Manufacturing
Precinct Group and Facilities
(School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering)
•
Associate Professor
Rajarathinam Parthasarathy
and The Process Engineering
Group (School of Civil and
Environmental Engineering)
•
Emeritus Professor Neil Furlong
•
Emeritus Professor
Robert Shanks
•
Adjunct Professor
Martin Bennett, FRS
•
Adjunct Professor Alan Bond, FAA
Research context
The Centre for Advanced Materials
and Industrial Chemistry (CAMIC)
was established in 2012 as a
multidisciplinary centre that
strives to undertake high quality
fundamental and applied research.
The Centre is situated in the School
of Applied Sciences in the College of
Science, Engineering and Health.
To develop real-world solutions
to problems of national and
international significance, CAMIC
focuses on research in the field of
environmental damage mitigation
technology and advanced materials,
with specialisation in the areas
of industrial chemistry, metal
nanoparticles, and bio nanoscience
and technology, with a view to
facilitating their use in medical
formulations, contaminant removal
in industrial waste and improving
chemical processes for industry.
CAMIC has long term sustainable
collaborations with Industry, with
some links over 2 decades old. Key
partners are Rio Tinto, Alcoa, BHP
Billiton, amongst others, where
there are active Linkage projects
underway, and during 2014 strong
links are emerging with international
industries in China and India were
established that will flourish into key
projects in the next 2 years.
Research themes
In order to create a truly
multidisciplinary research platform,
the Centre’s mission is to bring
together the fields of:
•
Bio-nanotechnology
•
Catalysis
•
Electrochemistry
•
Industrial chemistry
•
Materials chemistry
•
Software engineering
•
Electrical engineering
•
Molecular Engineering
•
Computational Physics
PTRI is an intrinsic platform in the
CAMIC structure to allow these
multidisciplinary areas to collaborate
effectively with the broader RMIT
research community.
CAMIC Day 2014 with the chief guest Dr Marinda Wu (Immediate past president
of American Chemical Society), Dr Lakshmi Kantam (Director of CSIR-Indian
Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad), Professor Suresh Bhargava
(Director of CAMIC) with the post doctoral fellows and PhD students.
Achievements
The Research Team were
successful in achieving Category
1 funding in the form of an ARC
Discovery Grant, as well as an
ARC Future Fellowship grant.
CAMIC Day 2014
The annual CAMIC Day is
designed to showcase the Centre’s
highlights over the past year and
also introduces new opportunities
for exciting collaborations and
ventures for the coming year. This
year’s CAMIC Day focused on
Doing Research with Innovation
– Creating leaders for tomorrowmade at RMIT. Professor Suresh
Bhargava’s presentation focused
on the development of leaders
who excel at driving innovation,
inspire curiosity, challenge current
perspectives, who have the
freedom to create new ideas and
drive the discipline in order to
develop a self sustainable research
cycle where funds created by
applied research are returned to
undertake creative science.
CAMIC is committed to mentoring
beginning and early career
researchers within the Centre
and provides members with an
opportunity to work with high
profile researchers in academia and
industry at local level. Significantly,
the appointment of Professor Martin
Bennett from the Australian National
University (FRS, FAA) and Professor
Alan Bond (FAA) from Monash
University to Adjunct Professors at
RMIT University within CAMIC at the
School of Applied Sciences has led
to many successful joint publications
with its members in high impact
journals including the Journal of
the American Chemical Society,
European Journal of Inorganic
Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry.
In addition to these two high profile
scientists sharing their expertise
and knowledge with participants
on mentoring new leaders with
participants at the annual CAMIC
Day, the program featured guest
speaker Dr Marinda Wu, Immediate
Past President of the American
Chemical Society (ACS).
In addition to presentations by
CAMIC members, the session also
included presentations from Mr
Stephen Somogyi (Chief Operating
Officer and VP Resources at RMIT),
Professor Milan Brandt (Director, AMP
at RMIT), Mr Anthony Lele (Minesor
Pty Lt), Professor Alan Bond, (Monash
University), and Dr Laksmi Kantam,
(CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical
Technology (IICT) Director). A dinner
for the invited guests and senior
CAMIC personnel was held at the
Marriott Hotel.
35
Journal cover page highlights
CAMIC members produced over
fifty publications in high quality
refereed journal articles including
the following cover page articles.
Fig. 2. Hinton, T., Grusche, F.,
Acharya, D. P., Shukla, R., Bansal,
V., Waddingdon, L. J., Monaghan, P.,
Muir, B., Bicontinuous cubic phase
nanoparticle lipid chemistry affects
toxicity in cultured cells, Toxicology
Research 2014, 3, 11–22.
Fig. 1. Davoudi, Z. M., Kandjani,
A. E., Bhatt, A. I., Kyratzis, I.
L., O’Mullane, A. I., Bansal, V.,
Antibacterials: Hybrid Antibacterial
Fabrics with Extremely High
Aspect Ratio Ag/AgTCNQ
Nanowires, Advanced Functional
Materials, 2014, 24(8), 1030.
Other highlights
•
Dr Megan Clark Excellence
Award winner for 2014:
Dr Manu Agarwal.
•
Short listed for the Young
Chemical Engineer in Academia
Award at IChemE Global
Awards 2014 and Perkin Elmer
Pty Ltd Prize winner for 2014:
Dr Praneeth Koppineni.
•
36
Professor C.N.R. Rao
Postgraduate Research
Excellence Award in Material
Science winner for 2014: Dr
Ahmad Kandjani.
•
Higher Degree by Research
Publications Grant 2014
awarded to Dr Ahmad Kandjani
and Dr Praneeth Koppineni.
•
2014 RMIT University ViceChancellor’s-Research
Excellence Award to
Professor Suresh Bhargava
(in recognition of the RMIT
academic who has achieved
the highest level of excellence
in their research activity for
the preceding five years) to
Professor Suresh Bhargava. He
was awarded the same in 2006
and is the first RMIT researcher
ever to receive this prestigious
research award twice.
•
Professor Suresh Bhargava was
elected as a Foreign Fellow of
National Academy of Sciences
India (NASI) in 2014.
•
Professor Suresh Bhargava
was awarded the ‘P.C. Ray
Chair’ Indian National Science
Academy. This is one of
India’s most prestigious
honours for a foreign scientist
and he has delivered more
than 20 lectures in India
including 4 public lectures
on ‘Redesigning the higher
education: What Business
expect from Higher Education’.
Fig. 3. Daima, H. K., Selvakannan,
P. R., Kandjani, A. E., Shukla,
R., Bhargava, S. K., Bansal,
V., Synergistic influence of
polyoxometalate surface
corona towards enhancing the
antibacterial performance of
tyrosine-capped Ag Nanoparticles,
Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 758–765.
•
Dr. Praneeth Koppineni Short
listed for the Young Chemical
Engineer in Academia Award at
IChemE Global Awards 2014.
•
Dr Nedaossadat Mirzadeh:
Endeavour Fellowship to
University of Nottingham, 2014.
Further information is available on
the website:
www.rmit.edu.au/research/camic
Centre for Advanced
Electronics and Sensors
(CADES)
Achievements
Director: Professor Kourosh
Kalantar-zadeh
Researchers: Professor Vipul Bansal,
Associate Professor Anthony
Holland, Associate Professor Kay
Latham, Dr Eric Adetutu,
Dr Madhu Bhaskaran, Dr Khashayar
Khoshmanesh, Dr Jianzhen Ou,
Dr Sharath Sriram
An area of ongoing research
by this research centre is the
synthesis of two dimensional (2D)
semiconducting structures for
various applications, including
electronic elements and sensors.
The focus is on metal oxides and
metal dichalcogenides. The research
in this area has been featured
in prestigious journals such as
Nature Nanotechnology, Advanced
Materials, Advanced Functional
Materials, and Nanoscale.
Research context
The research in the Centre focuses
on micro- and nano-electronics and
sensor technologies. This research
is underpinned by expertise in the
synthesis of novel nanostructured
functional materials, sensors, micro/
nano electronic and micro/nano
fluidic devices and systems.
The Functional Materials and
Microsystems Research Group is
closely aligned with this Centre
and is investigating nano-devices
for fundamental and applied
research in energy, sensing, and
memory technologies.
Research themes
The Centre of Advanced Electronics
and Sensors (CADES) conducts
research in the following areas:
Electronics
Investigation of two dimensional
electronic devices, micro- and nanodevices for resistive switching and
nanostructured solar cells.
Sensors
Development of gas sensors and
membranes for greenhouse emission,
sensors for human health and food
safety, microbial analysis in low
dimensional microfluidics systems, as
well as nanoscale plasmonic chemical
and biological sensors.
Functional materials
Study and development of materials
which are incorporated in sensors,
actuators, energy harvesting systems,
solar cells and microfluidics.
Synthesis of two
dimensional semiconducting
nanostructures and devices
Nanotechnology enabled
thermopower wave generators
The Centre members work on the
development of a new nanoscale
power generator in collaboration
with researchers at MIT, USA.
The power generation concept,
called thermopower waves, utilises
the nonlinear coupling between
exothermic chemical reactions and
a thermoelectric material results in
a self-propagating thermal guided
wave. The resulting reaction wave
induces a concomitant thermopower
wave of high power density. Work
of centre in this area has appeared
in prestigious journals such as
Advanced Functional Materials,
Chemical Communications, and
Energy and Environmental Science.
Solar cells
The Centre has a high reputation
in the development of solar
cells based on nanostructured
metal oxides. This includes the
development of dye sensitised
solar cells based on WO3 for
the first time and the creation
of exceptionally high efficiency
dye cells based on Nb2O5. We
have also been involved in the
development of high efficiency
dyes and heterostructures.
The research has appeared in
prestigious journals such as ACS
Nano, Langmuir and Journal of
Materials Chemistry.
Microfluidic and dielectrophoretic manipulation of
nanoparticles
This research effort focuses on
controlling and manipulating
nanoparticles in microfluidic flow
using an electric field. We study the
ability to create suspended optical
elements, thermally conductive
coolers and biosensors. The
research in this area has been
published in prestigious journals
such as Analytical Chemistry,
Electrophoresis, Lab-on-a-chip and
Applied Physics Letters.
Development of gas selective
membranes with embedded
nanoparticles
This is an exciting project which
focuses on the creation of
membranes selective to important
greenhouse gases such as CO2
and CH4. This project, which is
conducted in collaboration with
researchers from CSIRO, focuses
on the measurement of such gases
generated by ruminant.
Electronic and sensing
characteristics of
nanostructured contacts
There has been significant interest
in using electronically contacted
nanostructures (especially metal
oxides and conductive polymers),
whereby the nanostructure
morphology modifies the
impedance, stoichiometry, and
surface properties of the resulting
electrical interface. Typically,
such nanostructured materials
demonstrate extraordinary
properties that resulted from the
effects of nano-dimensions.
The research in this area has
been published in prestigious
journals such as ACS Nano, Nano
Letters, Advanced Functional
Materials, Sensors and Actuators
B, Nanotechnology and Journal of
Physical Chemistry.
37
Grants
The Research Team were successful
in achieving Category 1 funding in the
form of an ARC LIEF grant, as well as
an NHMRC grants and 1 from CSIRO.
They were also successful in
achieving the following Internal
RMIT Awards:
•
Professor Kourosh Kalantarzadeh was awarded the RMIT
Vice-Chancellor’s Research
Supervision Excellence Award
and RMIT University Research
Excellence Award, College of
Science, Engineering and Health.
•
Dr Sumeet Walia was awarded
the RMIT Vice-Chancellor’s
Doctoral Research
Excellence Prize.
Citations
Wiley publishing group announced
that one of the top three most cited
papers of the prestigious Advanced
Functional Materials journal was by
CADES (Vol 21, pp. 2175–2196, 2011)
– this paper increased the impact
factor of the journal to above 10.
Dr Amgad Rezk and Dr Sumeet Walia.
All the winners at the RMIT Teaching and Research Awards 2014.
38
Centre for
Molecular and
Nanoscale Physics
Director: Professor Gary Bryant
Researchers: Professor Gary Bryant,
Professor Peter Daivis, Professor
Andrew Greentree, Professor Dougal
McCulloch, Professor Salvy Russo,
Associate Professor Toby Allen,
Dr Jared Cole, Dr Kay Latham
Research context
The Centre for Molecular and
Nanoscale Physics (NANOPHYS)
conducts high quality fundamental
research in nanoscale physics, by
combining world leading expertise
in theoretical, computational and
experimental aspects of physics at
the nanoscale. The Centre brings
together expertise in nanoscale
materials from the very small (atoms
at the quantum level), through
molecules (e.g. proteins) through
to membranes, supramolecular
complexes and nanoparticles.
Research themes
The Centre focuses on high quality
fundamental and applied research
within the following broad themes:
•
Computational modelling
of matter, including: atomic
structure, properties of
nanomaterials, surfaces and
interfaces, polymers, colloids,
proteins and ion channels.
•
Controllable quantum devices,
spintronics and open quantum
systems.
•
Structure and dynamics of soft
matter, including biological
membranes and nanoparticles.
•
Design and fabrication of
functional coatings, and
understanding the structure
and properties of matter
including carbonaceous
materials, e.g. diamond-like
and glassy carbon materials,
nano-structured carbon.
•
Mechanical and thermal
properties of nanomaterials;
theoretical and computational
nanofluidics; from applications
of statistical and thermal
physics to nanosystems.
Other areas of research the
Centre focuses on are biological
membranes and the transport
of molecules, ions, peptides
and functionalised bio nano
devices; crystal engineering of
functionalised nanomaterials;
and advanced characterisation of
matter at the nanoscale.
Achievements
The Centre had a very successful
year, having been successful in a
number of major grants, hosting
conferences and workshops, and
having a number of outreach activities.
The Research Team were successful
in achieving Category 1 funding in the
form of two ARC LIEF grants.
Outreach activities
Professor Gary Bryant was
interviewed several times for TV,
radio and newspapers in relation to
recent advances in cryopreservation
technologies, and the lack of
scientific credibility for cryonics:
•
Herald Sun (11 March, 2014,
Plan to live forever after the big
chill, journalist Evonne Barry)
•
ABC 774 Radio (11 March 2014,
Breakfast program,
Red Symons)
•
3AW (11 March 2014, Morning
program, Ross Stevenson and
John Burns)
•
ABC Far North Queensland
Radio (4 April, 2014, Afternoon
program, Rebecca McLaren)
Ian Snook Conference on
Chemical Physics
The Ian Snook Conference on
Chemical Physics was held at RMIT
University from 4-5 December
2014 to commemorate the
scientific contributions and life of
the late Professor Ian K. Snook.
The conference was organised by
Professor Peter Daivis, Professor
Irene Yarovsky and Professor Salvy
Russo from RMIT and Amanda
Barnard from CSIRO. The conference
focused on research themes
including soft condensed matter,
computational materials science,
carbon, nanoparticles and nucleation.
The conference attracted presenters
from RMIT University, University
of Sydney, Australian National
University, University of New
South Wales, The University of
Queensland, Griffith University,
Monash University, University
of Technology Sydney, Curtin
University, CSIRO, ANSTO, EPA
Macleod, Imperial College London
(UK), AIST Tsukuba (Japan), and the
Texas A&M University at Qatar.
Sponsors included RMIT
Platform Technologies Research
Institute, RMIT Office of the
Deputy Vice Chancellor Research
and Innovation and National
Computational Infrastructure.
Further information is available on
the website:
www.rmit.edu.au/research/nanophys
39
Functional Materials
and Microsystems
Research Group
Leaders: Dr Madhu Bhaskaran
and Dr Sharath Sriram
Research team:
Professor Michael Austin,
Dr Sivacarendran Balendhran,
Dr Hussein Nili, Professor Kourosh
Kalantar-zadeh, Dr Omid Kavehei,
Professor Arnan Mitchell,
Dr Sumeet Walia, and Dr Withawat
Withayachumnankul (Honorary)
Research context
The Functional Materials and
Microsystems Research Group
focuses on discoveries in materials
science and device engineering at the
convergence of electronics, applied
physics, and physical chemistry.
The Functional Materials and
Microsystems Research Group
brings together a diverse team
of researchers with expertise in
micro/nanofabrication, thin films
synthesis, materials characterisation,
condensed matter physics, and
electronic engineering.
The activities of the Group are
undertaken within RMIT University’s
state-of-the-art Micro Nano
Research Facility with the support
of the RMIT Microscopy and
Microanalysis Facility.
Research themes
Our current research activities focus
on five themes:
•
Flexible electronics and devices
•
Two-dimensional materials
•
Memristor micro- and
nano-devices
•
Terahertz metamaterials and
plasmonics
•
Nanoelectronic and
nanophotonic structures
and devices
Flexible electronics and devices
Flexible devices and wearable
electronics are set to become
prevalent. Our group harnesses
its expertise in materials science
and microfabrication to realise
40
flexible electronic devices,
especially those incorporating
functional oxide layers. The devices
we make are predominantly on
silicone (PDMS) and polyimide
substrates. We have developed a
novel process for transfer of hightemperature-processed crystalline
oxides to flexible, elastomeric
substrates. This is a platform for
high performance, multifunctional
flexible electronic devices.
Two-dimensional materials
The project aims to explore
key fundamental properties of
atomically-thin layers of functional
materials made of transition
metal oxides and elemental
semiconductors. The fundamental
insights gained from this project
will serve as the driver for the next
generation nanotechnology-enabled
electronics systems. Results
obtained from this project include
a novel technique to synthesise
layered MoS2 and the highest
measured carrier mobility for
exfoliated MoO3.
This research area is funded by
the Australian Research Council
(Discovery Project DP140100170,
2014-2016) and received equipment
funding from the Australian Research
Council (Linkage, Infrastructure, and
Equipment LE150100001, 2015 and
LE140100104, 2014).
Memristor micro- and
nano-devices
Memristors are considered the
fourth, and until recently the missing,
electronic circuit element. They have
unique properties by which they
remember their previous electronic
experiences, making them suitable
for multi-state, artificial memories.
We have demonstrated high
performance memristors utilising
amorphous SrTiO3 attaining multistate switching and understanding
nanoscale switching.
This project is funded by the
Australian Research Council
(Discovery Project DP130100062,
2013-2015) and has received
equipment funding from the
Australian Research Council
(Linkage, Infrastructure, and
Equipment LE150100001, 2015
and LE120100004, 2012).
Terahertz metamaterials
and plasmonics
The terahertz regime covers the
0.3-3.0×1012 Hz frequency range,
corresponding to 100 μm to 1
mm wavelengths. Subwavelength
structures for terahertz (e.g., λ/10)
fall within the regime of microfabricated devices. Utilising our
micro-fabrication capabilities, we
have realised terahertz devices
for metamaterials – with the
first examples of elastomeric,
flexible metamaterials and planar
metamaterials for sub-diffraction
thin film sensing – and the
generation of surface plasmons.
We have also demonstrated
mechanically tunable metamaterials
with high sensitivity and polarisation
dependent performance.
This project has been supported by
Victoria and AFAS-Vic Fellowships
and received equipment funding
from the Australian Research
Council (Linkage, Infrastructure, and
Equipment LE150100001, 2015).
Nanoelectronic and
nanophotonic structures
and devices
The convergence of electronic,
optical, physical, and chemical
processes at the nanoscale provide
new opportunities for discoveries
and applications. We are exploring
the use of functional oxides and
micro/nanofabricated devices
in dielectric optical antennas,
nanoscale field effect transistors,
and in plasmonic surface-enhanced
Raman scattering sensors.
This research area has received
funding from the Australian
Research Council (Discovery Project
DP110100262, 2011-2014) and
received equipment funding from
the Australian Research Council
(Linkage, Infrastructure, and
Equipment LE150100001, 2015 and
LE100100215, 2010).
Achievements
Research Funding
The most significant outcome
for funding applications in 2014
was a successful ARC DECRA
on two-dimensional materials
(DP150100909) for $360,000.
The Group also led a successful
ARC LIEF (LE150100001) for an
advanced spectroscopy facility
($410,000) and participated in a
collaborative LIEF ($860,000).
High impact publications
The core research areas of the
Group produced 13 journal articles
in 2014. Two of the published
articles were among the most
downloaded for the journal issue.
Cover art
The high quality journal articles have
achieved further visibility by two of
them featuring on the journal cover
for issues in Advanced Functional
Materials and ACS Photonics.
Media coverage
The Research Group’s publication
in Advanced Functional Materials
on nanoscale memories received
international media attention and
has been featured in ~20 media
outlets including Science Daily,
Phys.org, Nanowerk, and Science
World Report.
Awards and Fellowships
3M Eureka Prize for Emerging Leader in Science finalist, Dr Sharath Sriram in
RMIT’s Micro Nano Research Facility.
Dr Sharath Sriram was awarded
the 2014 Vice-Chancellor’s
Research Excellence – Early Career
Researcher Award.
Dr Sumeet Walia was awarded the
2014 Vice-Chancellor’s Doctoral
Research Excellence Award.
Further information is available
on the website:
www.rmit.edu.au/research/groups/
functional-materials
www.facebook.com/functional.
materials
41
Centre for Ultrahigh
bandwidth Devices for
Optical Systems (CUDOS)
Node Director:
Professor Arnan Mitchell
Researchers: Dr Thach Nguyen,
Dr Vijay Sivan, Dr Iryna
Khodasevych, Dr Didit Yudistira
Current research students: Ren
Guanghui, Andreas Boes, Anthony
Hope, Steffen Schoenhardt, JeanLuc Tambasco
Completed Research Students
(completed 2014-2015): Eike Zeller,
Kiplimo Yego
Research context
CUDOS is funded by the Australian
Research Council under the
Centres of Excellence Program,
with further support from our seven
constituent universities and fifteen
partner investigators. Our Centre
of Excellence brings together a
powerful team of researchers in
optical science and photonics
technology both in Australia and
internationally whose efforts will
lead to significant advancement
in capabilities and knowledge in
this crucial field, which underpins
advances in areas of national and
international importance.
Optical science stands at the edge
of a revolution in miniaturisation and
integration, directly analogous to the
silicon electronics revolution that has
reshaped the world over the past
50 years. CUDOS will develop the
science and engineering to transform
photonic integrated circuits into
a practical, powerful technology
employing optical signal processing
to enable critical applications
spanning communications, sensing
and security.
The RMIT node of CUDOS
is focussed on photonic chip
technology using the industry
standard platforms of lithium
niobate and CMOS compatible
silicon photonics, exploring unusual
structures, novel post-process
and advanced concepts in ‘hybrid
integration’ interfacing multiple
different materials to create a new
platforms that harnesses the unique
benefits of each material system.
42
Achievements
In the 2014-2015 reporting period,
CUDOS researchers at RMIT
University continued to focus
research effort on novel, sub-micron
domain engineered lithium niobate
and also silicon photonic devices
and structures.
Having established the capability
to realise some of the highest
resolution domain patterns
ever to be engineered in lithium
niobate, we are now focussing on
translating this platform to meet the
needs of other researchers within
CUDOS and at leading research
laboratories around the world.
Laureate Fellow, Professor Arthur
Lowery and his team at Monash
University are using our platform
to extend the range and overcome
impairments in high speed
coherent photonic communications
systems; Prof Barry Luther-Davies
and his team at ANU are exploring
how our platform can be used
to generate high energy laser
pulses at mid-infrared frequencies
for biosensing applications and
Associate Professor Mike Steel
and his team at Macquarie are
exploring how our platform can be
used to create ultra-pure streams
of single photons for quantum
optic experiments. We are also
continuing the exploration of our
domain engineering technique
as a means for realising novel
acoustic structures, in particular in
collaboration with Professor Valerio
Pruneri (Catalonian Institute for
Photonics, ICFO) and Professor
Clivia Sotomayor (Catalonian
institute for nanoscience and
nanotechnology (ICN2) respectively
– each with close ties to RMIT
Europe in Barcelona, Spain. We
anticipate significant outcomes
both in terms of high impact
science and potential industrial
applications in the near future.
We have also put great effort
into translation of our research
in silicon photonics. We have
patented and are in the process
of commercialising a novel, silicon
photonic resonator technology
which has significant potential to
enable completely integrated silicon
photonic transmit/receive modules,
which are critically important for
high speed, low-cost information
transport within data centres.
We have also licensed intellectual
property to the start-up company
Luceda Photonics who are creating
an industry standard framework for
silicon photonic chip design.
In the 2014-2015 period, the ARC
Centre CUDOS was reviewed by
the Australian Research Council
reviewed CUDOS with a very
positive outcome. The successes
of the RMIT node in creating new
technology and translating it into
the hands of end users and teaming
with international leaders in Europe
was particularly identified as a key
aspect of the success of the centre.
Further information is available on
the website: www.cudos.org.au
Laser written domains on the surface
of lithium niobate allow electrical
signals to be converted into surface
acoustic waves, which in turn cause
mixing in a droplet.
Yudistira, Boes, Rezk, Yeo, Friend,
Mitchell, Advanced Materials Interfaces
1, (4), 1400006, (2014)
Professor Arnan Mitchell at RMIT’s Micro Nano Research Facility.
43
Institute
Organisational
Structure
RMIT researchers aligned with Platform
Technologies Research Institute participate
in a vibrant, multidisciplinary research
community
The Schools are, with the overall
University, the key stakeholders
in the Institute. The management
structure of the Institute includes:
Executive/Research Leaders
Group Committee comprising the
Institute Director, Program/Group
Leaders from each of the three
research programs, Research Institute
Manager, Administrative Officer,
and R&I administrative and finance
support staff, responsible for daily
operational and resource matters.
Institute Steering Group involving
Heads of relevant Schools, key R&D
Representatives from Colleges to
advise on and review operational
plans and ensure engagement with
Schools’ activities and plans.
Administrative Team
Professor Athman Bouguettaya,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
•
Professor Lewi Stone,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Milan Brandt, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Sharath Sriram, School
of Electrical and Computer
Engineering
•
Professor Gary Bryant, School
of Applied Sciences
•
•
Professor Caroline Chan, School
of Business IT and Logistics
Professor Mike Xie, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Kefei Zhang,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Reece Clothier, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Andrew Eberhard,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Franz Konstantin
Fuss, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
PTRI Steering Committee
•
Professor Mike Austin,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Athman Bouguettaya,
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Professor Grahame Holmes,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Ian Burnett,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Caroline Chan, School
of Business IT and Logistics
•
Professor Matthew Cuthbertson,
College of Science, Engineering
and Health
•
Professor Franz Konstantin
Fuss, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Professor Xinghuo Yu, Director
•
Dr Marilena Kavoura, Manager,
Commercialisation and Industry
Linkage
•
Professor Kourosh Kalantarzadeh, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Petra Van Nieuwenhoven,
Research Institute Manager
•
Dr Marilena Kavoura, Platform
Technologies Research Institute
•
Sarah Barter, Administrative
Officer
•
Professor Arnan Mitchell,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Mark Sanderson,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
•
Professor Heinrich Schmidt,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
Professor John Hearne,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Marilena Kavoura, Platform
Technologies Research Institute
•
Professor Chun Qing Li, School
of Civil, Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
PTRI Executive/Research
Leaders Group Committee
•
•
44
•
Professor Mike Austin, School
of Electrical and Computer
Engineering
•
Professor Suresh Bhargava,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Professor Timos Sellis, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Dong Qiu, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Milan Brandt, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Associate Professor Gary
Rosengarten, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Ian Burnett,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Aleksandar Subic,
School of Aerospace, Mechanical
and Manufacturing Engineering
•
Associate Professor Donald
Wlodkowic, School of Applied
Sciences
Dr Brett Carter,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Andrew T. Smith,
School of Applied Sciences
Platform Technologies
Research Institute Members
Professor Caroline Chan,
School of Business IT
and Logistics
•
Dr Peggy Chan, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Professor Prem Chhetri, School
of Business IT and Logistics
•
Professor Peter Daivis, School
of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Stephen Davis,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Hepu Deng, School
of Business IT and Logistics
•
Professor Edward Doyle
School of Applied Sciences
•
Professor Ralph Horne, College
of Design and Social Context
•
Professor Geoffrey Stokes,
College of Business
•
•
•
Professor Heinrich Schmidt,
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology
PTRI External
Advisory Board
The tenure of the first PTRI External
Advisory Board expired in 2013,
however no new members were
elected in 2014.
Vice Chancellor’s
Research Fellows
•
Core members
•
Professor Sylvester Abanteriba,
International Relations
•
Associate Professor Firoz
Alam, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Dr Sasan Adibi, School
of Business Information
Technology and Logistics
Professor John Andrews,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Professor Michael Austin,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
•
Professor Vipul Bansal, School
of Applied Sciences
Professor Andrew Eberhard,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Mahdi Jalili,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor Paul
Beckett, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
Professor Franz Fuss, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Dr Jiao Li, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
•
•
Dr Everson Kandare, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Associate Professor Peter
Bertok, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
Professor Dimitrios
Georgakopoulos, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Professor Kamran Ghorbani,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor
Brant Gibson, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Professor Mark Goh, School of
Business IT and Logistics
•
Professor Andrew Greentree,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Lam Bui, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
•
Dr Hai Dong, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Professor Suresh Bhargava,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Kai (Alex) Qin, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Dr Sridhar Ravi, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Dr Madhu Bhaskaran,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
•
Dr Ravi Shukla, School of
Applied Sciences
Professor Satinath Bhattacharya,
School of Civil, Environmental
and Chemical Engineering
•
•
Dr Liying Song, School of
Business IT and Logistics
Dr Sheshanath Bhosale,
School of Applied Sciences
•
•
•
Dr Francisco Tovar Lopez,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Cornelis Bil, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Dr Rahul Gupta, School of
Vocational Engineering
•
•
Professor Athman Bouguettaya,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
Dr Fengling Han, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Associate Professor Serdar
Boztas, School of Mathematical
and Geospatial Sciences
Professor John Hearne,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Associate Professor Anthony
Holland, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
Vice Chancellor’s
Senior Research Fellows
•
Associate Professor Andrew
Greentree, School of
Applied Sciences
,
45
•
Professor Grahame Holmes,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor Wayne
Rowe, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Chun Wang, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Kathryn Horadam,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Salvy Russo,
School of Applied Sciences
•
•
•
Dr Mahdi Jalili,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Mark Sanderson,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
Professor Liuping Wang,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
•
•
Professor Sabu John, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Dr Sebastian Sardina, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
Professor Simon Watkins,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Professor Heinrich Schmidt,
School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
Dr Jonathan Watmuff, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Associate Professor Donald
Wlodkowic, School of
Applied Sciences
Professor Kourosh Kalantar
Zadeh, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Dr Falk Scholer, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Associate Professor Khoi Loon
Wong, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Dinesh Kumar,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Timos Sellis, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Professor Robert Shanks,
School of Applied Sciences
Professor Hong Ren Wu,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Mohini Singh, School
of Business IT and Logistics
•
•
Dr Sharath Sriram,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Yimin Xie, School
of Civil, Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
•
•
Professor Lewi Stone,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
Associate Professor
Jie Yang, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Professor Kefei Zhang,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Annan Zhou, School of Civil,
Environmental and Chemical
Engineering
•
•
•
•
Associate Professor Margaret
Lech, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Chun Qing Li,
School of Civil, Environmental
and Chemical Engineering
•
Associate Professor Xiaodong
Li, School of Computer Science
and Information Technology
•
•
46
Associate Professor Margaret
Jollands, School of Civil,
Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
Professor Dougal McCulloch,
School of Applied Sciences
Associate Professor Brendan
McGrath, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
•
Professor Aleksandar Subic,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Professor Yasuhiro Tachibana,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr James Tardio, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Professor Adela McMurray,
School of Management
•
Professor Arnan Mitchell,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
•
Professor John Mo, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Professor Zahir Tari, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Professor Adrian Mouritz,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Associate Professor James
Thom, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
•
•
Dr Melih Ozlen,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
Professor Pavel Trivailo, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Dr Rajarathinam Parthasarathy, School of Civil, Environmental
and Chemical Engineering
Associate Professor Olga
Troynikov, School of Fashion
and Textiles
•
•
Associate Professor Gary
Rosengarten, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Professor Jiyuan Tu, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Members
•
Dr Katherine Ilie, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Kiao Inthavong, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Samuel Ippolito, School of
Applied Sciences
Associate Professor Songlin
Ding, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Dr Ferry Jie, School of Business
IT and Logistics
•
Dr Lathe Jones, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Yan Ding, School of
Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Oliver Jones, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Hai Dong, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Associate Professor Booi Kam,
School of Business IT
and Logistics
•
Dr Johan Du Plessis, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Everson Kandare, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Ruwini Edirisinghe, School
of Property, Construction and
Project Management
•
Dr Omid Kavehei,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Dr Nicky Eshtiaghi, School
of Civil, Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
•
•
Dr Qiang Fang,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Associate Professor Ibrahim
Khalil, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
•
Dr Khashayar Khoshmanesh,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor Roger
La-Brooy, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
Associate Professor Kay Latham,
School of Applied Sciences
Dr Charles Lau, School of
Business IT and Logistics
Dr Gang-Jun Liu,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
Dr Huai Liu, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
Dr Yi Mei, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
Dr Nedaossadat Mirzadeh,
School of Applied Sciences
Associate Professor Aidyn
Mouradov, School of
Applied Sciences
Dr Giang Thach Nguyen,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Dr Robert Norman,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Associate Professor Jared Cole,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Ahmad Abareshi, School of
Business IT and Logistics
•
•
Dr Babak Abbasi,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
Dr Charlotte Conn, School of
Applied Sciences
•
•
Dr Sasan Adibi, School of
Business IT and Logistics
Associate Professor Marc
Demange, School of
Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Akbar Afaghi Khatibi, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Arathi Arakala,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Colin Arrowsmith,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Shamas Bajwa, School
of Civil, Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
•
Dr Sivacarendran Balendhran,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Dr Anthony Bedford
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr James Cameron Bennett,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Stephen Bird,
School of Medical Sciences
•
Dr Jan Olaf Blech, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Vincenzo Bruno, School of
Business IT and Logistics
•
Professor Gary Bryant, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Lam Bui, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor Lawrence
Cavedon, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
•
Dr Christopher Cheong, School
of Business IT and Logistics
•
Dr Chi Pok Cheung, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Dr Suelynn Choy,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
Associate Professor Victor
Ciesielski, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
•
•
Dr Frank Feltham, School of
Architecture and Design
•
Dr Victor Gekara, School of
Business IT and Logistics
•
Dr Tamar Greaves, School of
Applied Sciences
•
•
Dr Mark Gregory, School
of Electrical and Computer
Engineering
•
•
Associate Professor Tao Gu,
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
•
Associate Professor Margaret
Hamilton, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
•
•
Dr Robin Hill,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Lucas Holden,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
•
Dr Reza Hoseinnezhad, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
•
Dr Andrew Hung, School of
Applied Sciences
•
•
•
47
•
Dr George Opletal, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Ian Peake, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Selvakannan Periasamy,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Siddhi Pittayachawan,
School of Business IT
and Logistics
•
•
•
•
•
Associate Professor
Lina Shahwan-Akl, School of
Health Sciences
•
Dr Suqin Wu,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Associate Professor
John Shepherd,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Wei Xu, School of Electrical
and Computer Engineering
•
Professor Irene Yarovsky,
School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering
•
Dr Ravi Shukla, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr David Silcock,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Professor Leslie Yeo, School
of Civil, Environmental and
Chemical Engineering
•
Dr Kandeepan
Sithamparanathan,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Dr Wenwu Yu, School of
Electrical and Computer
Engineering
•
•
Professor Aaron Smith,
College of Business
Dr Xing Wang Yu,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
•
Dr Nurul Quazi, School of Civil,
Environmental and Chemical
Engineering
Professor Andrew Smith,
School of Applied Sciences
Dr Jeremy Yuille, School of
Media and Communication
•
•
Dr Peter Radcliffe, School
of Electrical and Computer
Engineering
Dr Andy Song, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
Dr Fabio Zambetta, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Sarvesh Kumar Soni,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Professor Panlop
Zeephongsekul,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Associate Professor Xiuzhen
Zhang, School of Computer
Science and Information
Technology
Dr Sridhar Posapadi Arjunan,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
Professor Ma Qian, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Dr Kai Qin, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Rajesh Ramanathan,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Dr Michelle Spencer,
School of Applied Sciences
•
Associate Professor Asha Rao,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Maria Spichkova, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Sridhar Ravi, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Yolande Strengers,
School of Global, Urban and
Social Studies
•
Associate Professor Colin Rix,
School of Applied Sciences
•
•
Dr Caspar Ryan, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
Dr Monir Takla, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Associate Professor Lachlan
Thompson, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Nevena Todorova, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
48
•
Dr Roberto Sabatini, School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
•
Dr Ylias Sabri, School of
Applied Sciences
•
Dr Flora Salim, School of
Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Francisco Tovar Lopez,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Associate Professor James
Scott, School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Dr Sumeet Walia, School
of Electrical and Computer
Engineering
•
Dr Ron van Schyndel, School
of Computer Science and
Information Technology
•
Dr Jidong Wang,
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering
•
Professor Sujeeva Setunge,
School of Civil, Environmental
and Chemical Engineering
•
Dr Kelvin Wong, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Affiliates
•
Dr Erjiang Fu,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Yuriy Kuleshov,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr John Le Marshall,
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences
•
Dr Dong-Yang Wu, School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
Higher Degree by Research (HDR) Students
HDR students contributed to the Institute’s research outcomes by collaborating on members’ research projects.
The institute acknowledges the contributions of the following HDR students:
Muhamad A Rahman
Ledia Andrawes
Matthew Cavedon
Matthew Donough
Rosmalini Ab Kadir
Boes Andreas
Ram Kumar CB
Xin Xu Dou
Huda Abbas
William Andrews
Eugene Chan
Xuran Du
Muhammad Farid Abdul
Khalid
Aslina Anjang Ab Rahman
Hiu Fai Chan
Timothy Dubois
Nathan Annabell
Peg Chang
Jessica Dunn
Rozina Abdul Rani
Abdullah Omar Arafat
Patrick Charchar
Andriy Dyukov
Amanda Abraham
Paula Arcari
Andrew Charles
Markus Eckelt
Kassahun Endris Adem
Senthuran Arunthavanathan Xi Chen
Sumalatha Eda
Manu Agarwal
Dharma Aryani
Lunyi Chen
Matthias Eickmann
Dylan Agius
Zena Assaad
Kai Wei Cheng
Ismail Elferjani
Jasim Ahamed
Nibras Awaja
Man Hon Chow
Khandakar Entenam
Unayes Ahmed
Robiatun Adayiah Awang
Siu Choy
Ahmad Esmaielzadeh
Kandjani
Ali Azarifar
Lillian Chuang
Rosemarie Evangelista
Saidatul Norl Yana Binti
Azemi
Rhiannon Clark
Masih Fadaki
Robin Clarke
Ehsan Farno
Christine Close
Justin Filippou
Sean Akio Collignon
Ion Florescu
Abdur Rahim Mohammad
Forkan
Nasrin Akter
Sami Fahad S Al Sallum
Ahmed Mohammed Alamer Sultana Baby
Abdullah Alamri
Yuntian Bai
Sefaa Al-Aryahi
Mirza Baig
Jasem M R S Alazemi
Alazemi
Aaron Collins
Mahmoud Numan Bakkar
Miguel Combariza Pacheco
Ali Balkis
Aaron Corris
P.M.Thilaksiri Bandara
Mark Cronan
Arindam Banerjee
Yu Jia Cui
Robert Barrow
Michael Czajka
Andrew Basile
Prashant Dabholkar
Thomas Baum
Benjamin Dalton
Andrew Becker
Naser Dalvand
Iman Behzadian
Robert Daly
Aaron Belbasis
Jane Daly
Reno Beltrame
Anh Hoang Dau
Kyle Berean
Norlinda Daud
Divya Anshu Bhardwaj
Paul Davies
Abdulmohsen Afaf M
Almalawi
Tanmay Bhat
Michael De Lorenzo
Sekhar Biddala Reddy
Arvind Deivasigamani
Ahmed Alotaibi
Mahathir Bin Ahmad
Almashor
Lilunnahar Deju
Misfer Aldosari
Lydon Alexandrou
Fahid Algahtani
Saleh Ahmed M Alghamdi
Fahad Musllam Alharbi
Adil Al-Harthi
Layla Mehdi Alhasan
MD Shaheb Ali
Behzad Aliahmad
Ahmed Hammad Al-Kalbani
Mohammed Ahmad A
Alkhathami
Mohammed Eid Alrashidi
Mohammed Saif
Mohammed Al-Saidi
Govinda Rao Bolla
Manal M Y A Alsaif
Nicholas Bruzzese
Farhan Alshammari
Monika Buljan
Sinan Al-Wandi
Akim Bunny
Taher Alzahrani
Conor Cameron
Aekarin Borrirak
Wilfred Kiapin Kilepak Amai Benjamin Carey
Vrishee Anand
Catherine Carnovale
Sameh Andrawes
Jacobien Carstens
Simon Demediuk
Rajneel Deo
Jampaiah Deshetti
Geethaka Devendra
Leah Di Bartolomeo
Mathew Dickson
Vinodini Dissanayake
Victor Djamovski
Batdelger Doljin
Jingliang Dong
Calum Fowler
Chunyun Fu
Man Fung
Sargon Gabriel
Maja Gajic
Anagi Lilangika Gamachchi
Amanda Gammilonghi
Lu Gan
Heidi Garth
Charles Gebran
Faisal Geheshah
Azadeh Ghari Neiat
Bartosz Gladysz
Jun Goh
Berrak Gol
Nima Golforoushan
Aida Golneshin
Thomasge Lalindya Oshini
Goonetilleke
Srimannarayana Grandhi
Britni Green
Lachlan Gregor
Matthew Griffin
Philipp Jonas Gutruf
Naresh Gutta
Ghazwan Haddad
49
Peter Haddad
Gaya Jayasinghe
Kamron Ley
Adrian Menzel
Marjan Hadian Jazi
Mohammad Javad Jazaeri
Vivian Li
Kristian Hahndel
Lincy Jim
Yan Li
Vishal Dineshchandra
Mistry
Partha Halder
Jessica Liebig
Mohsen Modirshanechi
Zhenhuan Hao
Simon Peter JohnstoneRobertson
Christopher Lim
Farzad Mohaddes
Timothy Harrison
Shravanti Joshi
Catherine Lin
Abdulghani Mohamed
Christopher Harrison
Roozbeh Kabiridehkordi
Sen Lin
Jenelle Hartman
Adam Kamaruddin
Li Ling
Seyedasadollah
Mohammadi
Muhammud Hasan
Yu Kang
Stefan Litzenberger
Mohammad Hassan
Mohd Nazri Kasuan
HaiBin Liu
Sima Hassan Kashi
Borhan Kazimipour
Shuai Liu
Jarrod Hayes-Griss
Melissa Kelson
Maning Liu
Shuai He
Stephen Kennedy
Bavin Loganathan
Mehdi Hedayati
Michael Kerr
Qing Loh
Shahin Heidari
Mahsa Keshtkaran
James Herringer
Anna Khaghani
Rasara Hewa Lunuwilage
Norhazlin Khairudin
Kevin Hii
Ashkan Khalili
Min Luo
Brendan Hillary
K.I. Khan
Stanley Luong
Tuan Ho
Rudaba Khan
Bao Luong
Zahra Homan
Sadegh Kharazmi
Cameron MacRae
Anthony Hope
Amirali Khodadadian
Gostar
Shiva Madani Mousavi
Demetris Hoplaros
Akram Hourani
Bin Hu
Bo Hu
Jia Huang
Jason Hunt
Yusnira Husaini
Ayman Ibaida
Matthew Ibrahim
Dzullijah Binti Ibrahim
Inam Ullah
50
Refat Kibria
Pyarelal Knowles
Afshin Koohestani
Praneeth Koppineni
Svyatoslav Kotusev
Johannes Kotzerke
Masturina Kracica
Revathi Krishnamoorthy
Damitha Thamali
Kumanayaka
Mahsa Mohammadtaheri
Ahmad Salahuddin Mohd
Harithuddin
Jaronie Mohd Jani
Shafiza Mohd Shariff
Zaki Mohzani
Ahmad Mojiri
Weerayut Lorchirachoonkul Rafael Andres Moya Castro
Siew Cheng Low
Tibra Mozammel
Timothy Lunn
Kagiso Magowe
Manika Mahajan
Vu Mai
Adam Makarucha
Hodasadat Maki
Gabriel Makuei
Satoshi Makuta
Pattabhiraman Malavalli
Uzma Malik
Franziska Mally
David Ing
Heshan Dhanushka
Kumarage
Nader Mankarious
Howard Ip
Mohsen Laali
Sarah Masoumi
Kashka Irani
Raj Ladani
Sri Kasi Matta
Mohamad Isa
Siu Sai Lai
Nicholas May
Nahina Islam
KWONG KEI Lai
Edwin Mayes
Mohammad Rafiqul Islam
Stephen Lane
Siti Khalijah Binti Mazlan
Tullia Jack
Paria Larki
Jesse McCarthy
Sam Jackson
M Hadi Latifi
Nicholas McDougall
Robert Jackson
Stuart McFarlane
Solmaz Jahed Shiran
Mehrnoush Latifi
Khorasgani
Sohni Jain
Bebeto Lay
Peter McKenzie
Harita Jamil
Ka Lee
Thomas McLean
Samira Janghorban
Chia Lee
Scott McMaster
Sadegh Javadi
Mitchell Lennard
Mohammad Mehdizadeh
Shanaka Jayasekara
Nico Leonard
Christopher Meli
Flora Markis
Simon McGree
Susan Mravlek
Xiaozheng Mu
Tapasi Mukherjee
Daniel Munnerley
Billy Murdoch
Kelvin Murray
Izan Roshawaty Mustapa
Jeremiah Naidu
Mahyar Nasabi
Siti Hana Nasir
Salma Nasrin
Mohammadamin Nazari
Samuel Neilson
Mir Newaj
Ki Ng
Jean Ting Shuang Ng
Long Nguyen
Emily Nguyen
Huy Le Nguyen
Kelvin Nicholson
Hussein Nili Ahmadabadi
Reece Nixon-Luke
Nicola Nola
Majid Kamal Nour
Amandeep Singh Oberoi
Bradley O’Bree
Sheriff Olatubosun Olajide
Daniel Oldfield
Hamid Omer Ali Eltom
Mohammad Omidvar
Rachel Ong
Daniel Oppedisano
Juan Rodriguez
Purnachandrarao Somaraju Xiaoming Wang
Nicholas Orchowski
David Rodriguez Sanchez
Dedrick Song
Zhihui Wang
Hayden O’Sullivan
Thomas Rogers
Ryan Steed
Sania Waqar
Borisut Padungpokkasoon
Reza Roozbahani
Daniel Stoian
Wiah Wardiningsih
Geethanjali Pai
Asaf Rotbart
Melissa Stolar
Max Waters
Yue Pan
Amirhossein Rouhi
ShiDa Sun
Matthew Watts
Wencheng Pan
Andre Rousseau
Xiangfeng Sun
Yehuda Weizman
Jessica Pandohee
Ishan Roy Salam
Abishek Suresh
Bertie Withanaarachchi
Chao Wei Pamela Pang
Yan Rui
David Swift
Tsz Wong
Ruchada Paradonsaree
Chao Rujikietkumjorn
Peter Sykes
Stuart Woolford
Dipesh Parekh
Seyedeh Sargol Sadeghi
Shuchin Taher
Xiang Wu
Stewart Parker
Nooshin Sadeghi Taheri
Aya Clara Taki
Han Xiao
Hemlata Patil
Siti Maliza Salleh
Seyed Tamaddon
Jing Xie
Chanakya Reddy Patti
Shiyang Tang
Chao Xu
Regin Paul
Luis Sanchez-Acenjo
Carrillo
Xutao Tang
Naimah Yaakob
Fabio Pegorin
Khresna Bayu Sangka
Michael Taylor
Nitin Yadav
Pantea Peidaee
Jonathan Sargent
Ter Tee
Yihuan Yan
Amanda Perdomo
David Savage
Carlos Alberto Teixeira
Hao Yan
Christopher Pevitt
Sven Schellenberg
Srinivasareddy Telukutla
Jungho Yang
Thanh Pham
Julian Schirra
Deni Thirimavithana
David Yao
Thuy Thi Ngoc Phan
Reuven Segal
Adam Thomas
Ali Yavari
Schavana Phillips
Toby Seidel
Rinu Thomas
Edward Yee
Khomkrit Pingkarawat
Yong Wee Sek
Geoffrey Thomas
Kiplimo Yego
Oleksandr Pogorilyi
Yuanmei Sha
Mark Thompson
Pyshar Yi
Firoozeh Pourjavaheri
Charan Shah
Peter Thurgood
Ulas Yildirim
Daniel Prohasky
Shahrooz Shahparvari
Ching Nok To
Heo Yong
Christoph Prokop
Hassan Shakil Bhatti
Xuwen Tong
Dae Keun Yoo
Andrew Przybylski
Salah M Shalouf
David Tonkin
Khalid Yousif
Yashar Toopchi
Jing Yu
Donni Yanuar Purnomosunu Yidan Shang
Mohamad Kamil Sharaidin
Ramya Rachmawati
Jimmy Toton
Xuehao Yu
M Radha Kumari
Negin Shariati Moghadam
Anton Troynikov
Yubin Yuan
Rasika Radhakrishnan
Lachlan Shaw
Katie Tur
Jeffry Yulian
Arash Radman
Ian Sheehy
Onny Ujianto
Saad Bin Zafar
Nasim Radmanesh
Darpan Shidid
Jessica Underwood
Benjamin Zagami
Mohammad Zulafif Rahim
Mehrdad Shoeiby
Sara Vahaji
Eike Zeller
Farukh Rahman
Babak Shoeiby
Sayanasri Varala
Jiaxing Zhan
Ahmed Rahman
Adam Shrimpton
Aisea Veamatahau
Zhe Zhang
Maryam Rahou
Ariba Moti Siddiqi
Selva Venkatesan
Xu Zhang
Tilak Rajapaksha
Khairul Sidek
Vijay Venkoba Rao
Wei Zhang
Minoo Rathnasabapathy
Paul Simon
Quoc Dai Vo
Nuozi Zhang
Paul Rawson
Amanpreet Singh
Maria Vukovic
Xinyang Zhang
Aaron Raynor
Sujatha Sivabalan
Alexander Walker
Shengxi Zhang
Zhinoos Razavi Hesabi
Jackson Smith
Kelly Walker
Rui Zhuang
Guanghui Ren
Robert Smith
Kevin Walker
Nafisa Zohora
Amirabbas Rezaee
Andrew Smith
Jun Wang
Ahmad Zoolfakar
Amgad Rezk
Rebecca Soffe
Shuang Wang
Jessica Rivera Villicana
Peter Sokolowski
Michael Wang
Jason Roberts
Arezou Soltani Panah
Yichao Wang
51
Institute
Achievements:
Research Grants
The Institute is noted for its excellent
achievements through participation in
Commonwealth Government Cooperative
Research Centres, State Government Centres
of Excellence, Australian Research Council
Grant Schemes.
External and
internal grants
for analysing food webs and species
distributions, $295,900, 2015–2017.
To support the continued
development of critical mass in
the three research programs,
PTRI researchers actively pursued
funding support from the Australian
competitive and government
grant schemes and industry inkind funding opportunities. In
addition, industry grants served as
recognition of RMIT’s capabilities
and expertise in the relevant areas –
all of these and the aforementioned
ARC successes are listed below:
Professor Ma Qian, Dr Wei Xu,
Professor Milan Brandt, Professor
Zi-Kui Liu, 3D printing of titanium
alloys for better-than-forged
mechanical properties, $311,000,
2015–2017.
External Grants
ARC Discovery Grants
Professor Athman Bouguettaya,
Associate Professor Yan Wang,
Professor Elisa Bertina, Reputationbased trust framework for composed
services, $280,100, 2015–2017.
Dr Ian McShane, Dr Mark Gregory,
Dr Prateek Goorha, Professor
Catherine Middleton, Public Wi-Fi as
Urban Infrastructure—the Australian
Case, $289,700, 2015–2017.
Professor Arnan Mitchel,
Dr Thach Nguyen, Silicon-photonic
devices harnessing new resonance
phenomena enabled by polarisation
coupling, $296,300, 2015–2017.
Professor Lewi Stone, Associate
Professor David Dowe, Dr Ascelin
Gordon, Dr Yan Wang, Associate
Professor Andrew Solow, Dr Robert
Dorazio, New statistical approaches
52
Professor Chun Wang, Associate
Professor Martin Veidt, Professor
Wing Chiu, Dr Francis Rose,
Professor Hoon Sohn, Baselinefree early damage diagnosis using
nonlinear ultrasonics, $443,900,
2015–2017.
PTRI researchers have been
successful as CIs on ARC
Discovery grants with other
institutions as follows:
Dr Antonio Tricoli, Dr Thomas
White, Associate Professor Takuya
Tsuzuki, Dr Mahnaz Shafiei, Dr
Andrea Di Falco, Dr Sam Ippolito,
Professor Wojtek Wlodarski,
Plasmonic absorption of light in
metal nanostructures to activate the
selective oxidation/reduction of a
gas molecule on a semiconductor
nanoparticle, $434,300, 2015–2017.
Administering organisation:
The Australian National University.
Professor Robin Evans,
Dr Kandeepan Sithamparanathan,
Associate Professor Udaya
Parampalli, Cognitive radars for
automobiles, $323,900, 2015–2017.
Administering organisation:
The University of Melbourne.
ARC Linkage Grants
Associate Professor Serdar
Boztas, Associate Professor
Asha Rao, Professor Kathy
Horadam, Professor Lewi Stone,
Dr Steve Versteeg, Dr Carrie Gates,
Secure user authentication with
continuous adaptive risk evaluation,
$280,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisation:
Computer Associates.
Professor Ma Qian, Professor Mike
Xie, Dr Wei Xu, Professor Milan
Brandt, Professor Peter Choong,
Mr Robert Thompson, Dr Huiping
Tang, A novel approach to the design
and fabrication of biomimetic and
biocompatible Ti-Ta alloys for bone
implants by additive manufacturing,
$360,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisations: Anatomics
PTY LTD, Xian Sailong Metal
Materials Co., Ltd.
Professor Adrian Mouritz,
Professor Chun Wang, Associate
Professor Floreana Coman,
Multifunctional three-dimensional
non-crimp fibre preforms for polymer
composites: innovative high-value
products for the Australian textiles
industry, $296,960, 2014–2017.
Partner organisation:
Fabrics and Composites Science
and Technologies.
Professor Vipul Bansal’s research could revolutionise the way the medical industry deals with infection control.
Professor Xiaojun Qiu, Professor Ian
Burnett, Dr Jacob Liu,
A compact microphone array system
for outdoor low frequency noise
measurements, $198,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisation: Taiwan Green
Engineering Consultants Inc.
Dr Jun Ma, Professor Chun Wang,
Professor Adrian Mouritz, Professor
Jian Xu, Associate Professor Hsu
Kuan, Mr Tony Zong, Mr Zhong
Wang, Strong and durable flameretarding composites by multi-scale
encapsulation and reinforcement,
$225,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisations: Institute
of Chemistry, Beijing, Far East
University, Sunshine Interior Services
Pty Ltd, Haiteng Coating Pty Ltd
Administering organisation: University
of South Australia.
Dr Wenhui Duan, Professor Sritawat
Kitipornchai, Dr Jie Yang, Dr Liza
O’Moore, Mr Jian Zhang, Controlling
alkali-silica reaction in concrete for
road pavements and bridge using
graphene oxide and dune sand,
$250,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisation:
Tianjin Municipal Engineering
Research Institute.
Administering organisation:
Monash University.
Professor Albert Zomaya, Professor
Zahir Tari, Dr Young Choon Lee, Dr
Sathish Rajasekhar, Energy-efficient
computing: expanding the role of
scheduling in cloud data centre,
$315,000, 2014–2017.
Partner organisation:
Valents Group Pty Ltd.
Administering organisation:
The University of Sydney.
ARC Future Fellowship
ARC Discovery Early Career
Researcher Award (DECRA)
Dr Sharath Sriram, Professor
Kourosh Kalantar-zadeh, Dr
Brant Gibson, Professor Vipul
Bansal, Collaborative advanced
spectroscopy facility for materials
and devices, $410,000, 2015.
Dr Shiva Balendhran, Metal oxide
memristors: Switching phenomena
in van der Waals nanostructures,
$360,000, 2015–2017.
Dr Yolande Strengers, Automating
the smart home: an investigation of
automated cooling practices and
their energy consumption impacts,
$370,000, 2015–2017.
Dr Anthony Morfa, Controlling
defects in 2D materials for
advanced optoelectronics,
$301,700, 2015–2017.
Dr Vera Roshchina, Geometry and
conditioning in structured conic
problems, $315,000, 2015–2017.
Associate Professor Vipul Bansal,
Exploiting bacterial metal resistance
machinery for metal ion nanobiosensors development, $886,019,
2014–2018.
ARC Linkage
Infrastructure, Equipment
and Facilities (LIEF)
Associate Professor Dayong Jin,
Professor Tanya Monro, Associate
Professor Filip Braet, Dr Brant
Gibson, Professor Ian Paulsen,
Associate Professor Daniela
Traini, Associate Professor Mark
Hutchinson, Professor Andrew
Greentree, Professor Roger Chung,
Associate Professor Paul Young,
Associate Professor Robert Willows,
Dr Yiqing Lu, National live cell
scanning platform for nanoparticle
tracking, $440,000, 2015.
Administering organisation:
Macquarie University.
53
Professor Benjamin Eggelton,
Professor David Reilly, Dr Stefano
Palomba, Professor Simon
Fleming, Associate Professor
Christopher Poulton, Dr Matthew
Arnold, Professor Andrew Dzurak,
Professor Arnan Mitchell,
Professor Carel de Sterke, Professor
David Moss, Inductively-coupled
plasma etching facility, $270,000,
2015, Administering organisation:
The University of Sydney
Dr Eric Hanssen, Professor
Tony Bacic, Professor Geoffrey
McFadden, Professor Malcolm
McConville, Professor John
Furness, Professor Dougal
McCulloch, Professor Vipul
Bansal, Professor Kathryn
North, An automated 3D electron
microscopy facility, $540,000,
2015, Administering organisation:
The University of Melbourne
Associate Professor Vijay
Sivaraman, Professor Matthew
Roughan, Associate Professor
Meharan Abolhasan, Dr Jason But,
Professor Vijay Varadharajan, Dr
Craig Russell, Dr Timothy Moors,
Professor Farzad Safaei, Associate
Professor Marius Portmann,
Micro Nano research Facility lab.
54
Associate Professor Weifa Liang,
Dr Mark Gregory, Professor Sanjay
Jha, Professor David Taubman,
Dr Hung Nguyen, Dr Nickolas
Falkner, Professor Guoqiang Mao,
Professor Robin Braun, Professor
Grenville Armitage, Dr Udaya
Tupakula, Professor Jadwiga
Indulska, Associate Professor Peter
Strazdins, Dr Raad Raad, Test bed
for wide-area software defined
networking research, $270,000,
2015, Administering organisation:
The University of New South Wales
Dr Georg Ramm, Professor
James Whisstock, Professor
Joanne Etheridge, Dr Jing Fu,
Professor Dougal McCulloch,
Professor Katharina Gaus, Dr
Madhu Bhaskaran, Professor
Nick Birbilis, Professor Christoph
Arns, Associate Professor Michael
Manefield, 3D Cryo-FIBSEM
imaging facility for biological and
material sciences, $860,000.
Administering organisation:
Monash University.
National Health and Medical
Research Council (NHMRC)
Professor Kourosh Kalantarzadeh, Human gas capsule:
capsule for measuring human
gastrointestinal gas constituents,
$515,372, 2014–2015.
Industry/Government
Grants
Australian Communications
Consumer Action Network
(ACCAN)
Dr Ahmad Abareshi and Dr Siddhi
Pittayachawan received a
$16,300 grant for a project on
Personal Cloud use in Australia:
consumers’ expectations,
experiences and impact on
communications consumption.
Australian Mathematical
Sciences Institute
Professor John Hearne received
a $14,000 grant for a project to
develop a population model that
will help mitigate the French Island
National Park koala problem (AMSI
Internship/Parks Victoria).
Australian Meat Processor
Corporation Ltd
Professor Alireza Bab-Hadiashar,
Dr Reza Roseinnezhad and
Professor Harsham Gill received
a $445,000 grant for a project on
Automated visual inspection and
preparation of live animals for
meat processing.
Australian Red Cross
Blood Service
Dr Babak Abbasi was appointed
chief investigator for three research
grants from the Australian Red Cross
Blood Service:
•
Shelf life analysis for red blood
cells, $65,000
•
Specialist review of IgG and
total protein levels in Australian
donors, $10,000
•
Improving the blood supply
chain, $40,000
Australian Wool Innovation
Associate Professor Olga
Troynikov received a $94,000
Research contract for a project on
The functional performance of
wool bedding systems in dynamic
sleep environments.
BAE Systems Company
Professor Milan Brandt received
a $20,000 grant for a project on
Development, manufacture and test
of sample coupons and prototype
parts via additive manufacturing.
Bushfire and Natural
Hazards CRC
Professor Chun Qing Li and
Professor Sujeeva Setunge
received $133,000 for a project on
Enhancing resilience of critical road
infrastructure: bridges, culverts and
flood ways.
Care Essentials Pty Ltd
Professor Dinesh Kumar received
a $2,000 grant for a project
on Feasibility of research and
development of Care Essential
product range and new technologies
and $12,500 for a project on
Portable low back ailment device.
Professor Kourosh Kalantar-zadeh
CSIRO
Professor Kourosh Kalantarzadeh received a $7,500 research
grant for a project on Investigation
of two dimensional transition metal
dichalcogenides and oxides for their
plasmon resonances.
Defence Material
Organisation
Associate Professor Cornelis
Bil received a $40,000 grant for a
project on US Technologies research
for the development and delivery of
customised training on UAS design,
operation support, regulations and
technology development updates.
Defence Science and
Technology Organisation
(DSTO)
Associate Professor Xiaodong
Li received a $44,436 Research
Scholarship for a project on
Human-like synthetic force
development for use within Defence
modelling and simulation.
Dr Jonathan Watmuff received
a $45,000 research contract for a
project on Submarine bow shape
boundary layer transition study.
Professor Chun Wang received
a $60,000 research contract for a
project on Advanced cyclic plasticity
modelling for fatigue analysis of
Australian Defence Force aircraft
structures; $50,000 for a project
on Maritime composites scoping
study, DMTC Project No. 2.11 and
$110,000 for a project on Critical
reviews, strategies, roadmaps and
concepts for Australian Army’s
autonomous system.
Professor Milan Brandt received
a $29,00 research contract for a
project on Additive manufacture of
strain based transducer.
Associate Professor John
Andrews and Professor Chun
Hui Wang received a $1,600,000
research contract for the research
project on The development and
demonstration of a low signature,
rechargable and portable energy
supply using reversible hydrogen
fuel cells to support forward
operating bases capability and
technology demonstrator.
Department of Business
and Innovation
Dr Falk Scholer received
$12,500 with Envato Pty Ltd
for a project on Analysis of user
behaviour and development of
an evaluation methodology for
Envato market places.
Associate Professor Cornelis Bil
received $31,250 with Marrdrake
Pty Ltd for a project on Create CFD
model and conduct CFD analysis of
a wing-in-ground effect vehicle and
$31,250 with Flight Data Pty Ltd
on a project on Unmanned aircraft
safety assurance systems.
55
Roger La-Brooy received $62,500
with Machine Knives Australia Pty
Ltd for a project on Automated knife
grinding system.
Professor Franz Fuss received
$62,500 with Integriti Pty Ltd for a
project on Development of VERSUS,
a revolutionary fitness system.
Professor Franz Fuss received
$62,500 with BEACON for a project
on Development of a smart wave
surfing performance analysis system.
Professor Franz Fuss received
$62,500 with RIZMIK for a project
on Development of a smart musical
insole for encouraging activity.
Professor Aleksandar Subic
received $62,500 with Albion for a
project on Development of a sports
helmet design.
Professor Simon Watkins received
$31,250 with Flight Data Pty Ltd
for a project on Unmanned aircraft
safety assurance system.
Department of Foreign Affairs
and Trade
Associate Professor Firoz Alam
and Professor Aleksandar Subic
received a $1,109,801grant for a
project on Capacity development
of Bangladesh energy and power
sectors: Australia-Bangladesh
regional collaboration.
Department of Industry,
Innovation, Climate Change,
Science, Research and
Tertiary Education
Enterprise Connect –
Researchers in
Business 2014
Professor Kathy Horadam,
Dr Arathi Arakala, Associate
Professor Asha Rao received
a $46,085 grant for a project on
Multimodal biometrics platform.
Professor Jiyuan Tu received a
$60,561 grant with Airlinx Heating
and Cooling Supply Pty Ltd
for a project on Developing a
virtual platform for HVAC diffuser
performance assessment.
Fonterra Cooperative
Group Limited
Dr Ruwini Edirisinghe received a
$12,475 grant from for a project on
Safety climate measures for Fonterra’s
Clandeboye project Phoenix.
Institute of Safety
Compensation and
Research Recovery
Professor Dinesh Kumar received
a $45,000 grant for a project on
Brain computer interface using tablet
computer for quadriplegic patients.
Fiji National University
Professor John Mo received a
$68,182 research contract for a
project on Research into operation
of the Centre for Water and Energy
Engineering of Fiji National University.
Malcolm Riby and
Anthony Lele
Professor Ian Burnett received
a $22,000 grant for a project on
Manufacturing process optimisation
through audio signal processing – a
research feasibility study.
Metro Trains Melbourne Pty Ltd
Professor Chun Qing Li received
a $228,150 grant for a project on
Investigation of remaining service life
of railway infrastructure.
Mornington Peninsula
Shire Council
Professor Athman Bouguettaya,
Professor Timos Sellis, Dr Andy
Song, Dr Flora Salim received a
$25,000 research grant for a project
on Development of a prototype RT
Driver, a software system.
Mycrolab Diagnostics Pty Ltd
Professor Dinesh Kumar received
a $20,000 grant for a project on
Feasibility study into research
leading to identification of the range
of biomarkers, identify the current
state of the art technologies and
determine the technical challenges.
Natural Disaster Resilience
Program (NDRP)
Professor Kefei Zhang led a team
of scientists in the field of GNSS
meteorology from RMIT University,
The University of Melbourne,
CRC for Spatial Information and
the Bureau of Meteorology on
Professor Heinz Schmidt received
a $160,000 grant for a project on
Australian National Data Service
Project No. MODC 05.
Department of State
Development, Business
and Innovation Future
Designers Program
Professor Margaret Hamilton
received a $15,000 grant for a
project on Trans disciplinary thinking
and practice to achieve TBL
sustainability outcomes for the built
environment: a pilot study.
Professor Margaret Hamilton and students
56
Professor Mark Sanderson
a project on Strengthening the
severe weather prediction using the
advanced Victorian regional global
navigation satellite systems which
has received a $590,451 grant from
the Natural Disaster Resilience
Grants Scheme (VIC).
Orange Labs
(France Telecom)
Dr Kandeepan Sithamparanathan
received a two year research contract
with the R&D wing (Orange Labs) of
France Telecom (Paris) for $150,000.
The research will focus on providing
better cellular/wireless networking
strategies and solutions in mobile
communications for reducing the
economic cost associated with the
deployment of mobile base stations.
Pass Global Pty Ltd
Professor Prem Chhetri received
a $10,000 research grant for a
project on Predicament of a marketbased education system: Impact
of Government regulations and
immigration policy on Registered
Training Providers.
Qatar National Research Fund
Professor Mark Sanderson
participated in a $74,828 grant on
Answering real-time questions from
Arabic social media (Administered
by Qatar University).
Telematics Trust Telematics
Course Development Fund
Dr Fabio Zambetta received a
$29,850 grant for a project on
Interactive simulation for bushfire
evacuation planning.
Thales Australia Ltd
Associate Professor Roberto
Sabatini received a $40,000 grant
for a project on Next generation air
traffic management systems: multiobjective four-dimensional trajectory
optimisation, negotiation and
validation for intent based operations.
Water Quality
Research Australia
Dr Oliver Jones received a $10,000
grant for a project on Validation
and calibration of a POCIS device
for the detection of chlorinated
organosphosphorus flame retardants
in Australian surface waters.
International Grants
Danish Chiropractic
Research Grant
Professor Franz Fuss was part of
a European team which received
$175,665 for a project on Balance,
dizziness and neck pain in young
adults and the elderly: Associations
and feasibility of neck manipulation
as a treatment, Lead Investigator
Dr Michael F. Azari, Head of NeuroBiomechanics Research Laboratory,
Chiropractic Discipline, School
of Health Sciences and Health
Innovations Research Institute.
Wilson Transformer
Company Pty Ltd
Professor Grahame Holmes
received a $18,000 grant for a
project on Solid state regulation of
a distribution transformer to rapidly
control voltages of low voltage
distribution feeders.
57
Institute
Achievements:
Awards
PTRI researchers and research students have
been recognised at national and international
level for their contributions in their field of
expertise. A number of those include:
Associate Fellowship of
the American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics
Dr Jonathan Watmuff was elected
to the grade of Associate Fellow in
the American Institute of Aeronautics
and Astronautics (AIAA). AIAA
Associate Fellows are individuals of
distinction who have made notable
and valuable contributions to the
arts, sciences, or technology of
aeronautics or astronautics.
Fellowship of the Australian
Institute of Company Directors
Professor Xinghuo Yu was
awarded a Fellowship of the
Australian Institute of Company
Directors (FAICD).
ThyssenKrupp Industrial
Solutions Medal of Excellence
Dr Nicky Eshtiaghi was awarded
the ThyssenKrupp Industrial
Solutions Medal of Excellence in
Chemical Engineering at CHEMECA
2014, held in Perth, 28 September
– 1 October 2014. CHEMECA is an
annual conference for the Australian
and New Zealand community of
chemical and process engineers and
industrial chemists. This medal and
prize recognises practical services of
the awardee to the profession and to
the practice of chemical engineering
in Australia or New Zealand.
58
Dr Shiva Balendhran was awarded a 2014 Churchill Fellowship
Churchill Fellowship
Dr Shiva Balendhran was awarded
a 2014 Churchill Fellowship
which rewards Australians striving
for excellence. The Fellowship
is for undertaking research on
two-dimensional materials at
the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, USA.
Foreign Fellow of the National
Academy of Sciences, India
Professor Suresh Bhargava was
elected as a Foreign Fellow of the
National Academy of Sciences, India
at its 84th Annual Session of the
National Academy of Sciences held
at the Jai Narain Vyus University in
Jodhpur, India.
Civil Aviation Safety Authority
(CASA) Standards Consultative
Committee (SCC)
Dr Reece Clothier was elected
as co-chair of the Civil Aviation
Safety Authority (CASA) Standards
Consultative Committee (SCC) on
Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
Fellow of the Andhra Pradesh
Akademi of Sciences (FAPAS)
Professor Suresh Bhargava was
elected as a Fellow of the Andhra
Pradesh Akademi of Sciences
(FAPAS) at its Annual Convention at
Palamur University, Mahabubnaga
on 27 January 2014.
International Endeavour
Research Fellowship
Dr Kandeepan Sithamparanathan
received an international Endeavour
Research Fellowship award for
a postdoctoral position sponsored
by the Department of Education.
The research project focuses on
self organising cognitive networks,
the new paradigm in wireless
communications.
Journal Molecular Simulation
Guest Editorship
Dr Michelle Spencer was invited
to be guest editor, together with Dr
Rob Rees (CSIRO), for a special
issue of the Journal Molecular
Simulation dedicated to Professor
Ian Keith Snook, who passed away
in 2013. Professor Snook had an
outstanding career at RMIT as a
lecturer, researcher, and mentor,
and this issue will feature articles in
memory of his contribution to life
and the scientific community.
Phillip Law Postdoctoral
Award for Physical Sciences
Dr Madhu Bhaskaran received
the Phillip Law Postdoctoral
Award for Physical Sciences prize,
which is awarded for excellence in
scientific research by an early career
researcher in the physical sciences.
The award is a bequest to the Royal
Society of Victoria from the estate of
the late Dr Phillip Garth Law AC. Dr
Bhaskaran, who is also co-director
of the Functional Materials and
Microsystems Research Group,
presented her award-winning
research at the prize ceremony in
a lecture on Making waves: Novel
materials and devices for next
generation self-powered electronics.
Guest Professorship at Tianjin
Chenjian University
Professor Xinghuo Yu was
awarded a Guest Professorship
at the Tianjin Chenjian (City and
Construction) University in Tianjin
and University of Science and
Technology of Beijing in June 2014.
Chairmanship of the
Victorian Chemical
Engineering Committee
Dr Nicky Eshtiagi was elected
as the chair of the Joint Victorian
Chemical Engineering Committee
which is the local chapter of
IChemE and the Engineers
Australia Committee.
Discovery Early Career
Researcher Award (DECRA)
Dr Shiva Balendhran received a
DECRA for a project on Metal oxide
memristors: Switching phenomena
in van der Waals nanostructures.
Australian Nanotechnology
Network Overseas
Travel Fellowship
Mr. Philipp Gutruf was awarded
an Australian Nanotechnology
Network Overseas Travel
Fellowship to undertake a 2-month
research visit to the University of
Illinois – Urbana-Champaign.
Dr Madhu Bhaskaran receiving the
Phillip Law Postdoctoral Award
(October 2014)
59
Institute
Achievements:
Outreach
activities
Distinguished
Lecture Series
6 February 2014
IEEE Distinguished Lecture hosted
by Platform Technologies Research
Institute, School of Computer
Science and Information Technology
and the IEEE Victorian Section
Computational Intelligence Chapter:
Data-driven Evolutionary Complex
Engineering Optimisation presented
by Professor Yaochu Jin, Chair of
Computational Intelligence with
the Department of Computing,
University of Surrey, U.K., and Head
of the Nature Inspired Computing
and Engineering Group.
6 August 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and School of Computer
Science and Information Technology
Distinguished Lecture on Digital
identity protection—concepts and
issues, presented by Professor Elisa
Bertino, Professor of Computer
Science at Purdue University,
Indiana and Research Director of the
Centre for Information and Research
in Information Assurance and
Security (CERIAS).
23 September 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute, School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering and the Centre
for Additive Manufacturing
Distinguished Lecture on Light
60
PTRI is committed to promoting RMIT
research and its outcomes internally
and externally by hosting Distinguished
Lectures, research seminars and national
and international conferences. A number
of these are listed below:
Engineering by 3 D Laserprinting—
from bionic design to quality
assurance, presented by Professor
Dr.-Ing. Claus Emmelmann, Head
of the Institute of Laser and System
Technologies at Hamburg University.
4 December 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of
Mathematical and Geospatial
Sciences Distinguished Lecture
on A Unified Distributed Algorithm
for Non-cooperative Games with
Non-convex and Non-differentiable
Objectives presented by Professor
Jong-Shi Pang, Epstein Family
Professor at the Daniel J Epstein
Department of Industrial and
Systems Engineering at the
University of Southern California.
12 December 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of Computer
Science and Information Technology
Distinguished Lecture on
From ensemble learning to learning
in the model space presented by
Professor Xin Yao, Chair (Professor)
of Computer Science at the
University of Birmingham, UK, and
President of IEEE Computational
Intelligence Society.
Research Seminars
19 February 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of
Electrical and Computer
Engineering Research Seminar:
Recent applications and
technological advances in Raman
spectroscopy presented by
Dr Ken Williams, International
Sales Manager and Applications
Specialist at Renishaw, U.K
and former employee of the BP
Research Centre.
7 March 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering Research
Seminar: Recent progress on
inorganic functional materials and
devices for sensors, actuators and
wireless transducers presented by
Professor Yongxiang Li, Professor
at Shanghai Institute of Ceramics
Chinese Academy of Science.
12 March 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute Research Seminars
presented by visiting Professors
from Osaka University in Japan
on New Chelation-Assisted
Transformations of C-H Bonds
Utilising Bidentate Directing
Groups, Genetic Engineering of
Daphnia magna, and Non-contact
Conductivity Measurement in
Semiconductor Materials.
27 March 2014
The Computer Science and IT
Industry Showcase 2014 was held at
the Green Brain and was attended
by approximately 200 industry
partners, alumni and academics.
The showcase was a chance for
industry representatives to meet
with academics from the school
of Computer Science and IT and
discuss potential collaborations,
as well as other ways that new and
emerging technologies can impact
on the work they do.
4 April 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of Business
IT and Logistics Research Seminar:
Natural Hazard Management in
Transport—Good Practices in
Europe, US and Australia presented
by Dr Claus Doll, senior scientist
and project manager at the
Fraunhofer-Institute for Systems
and Innovation Research.
Bi-Monthly
Networking Events
The PTRI Bi-Monthly Networking
events are designed to establish
a research environment which
promotes a culture of sharing ideas
and collaboration between young
researchers and their peers.
19 February 2014
Dr Reza Hoseinnezhad from the
School of Aerospace, Mechanical
and Manufacturing Engineering
on Recent advances in Bayesian
Multi-object filtering using random
set theory.
27 October 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of
Computer Science and IT hosted
a Showcase of Interactive
Technologies and projects as part
of Melbourne Knowledge Week
which attracted interest from
industry representatives and the
community at large.
30 October 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute hosted the afternoon tea
session of the Early-and Mid-Career
Researcher Forum (EMCR Forum)
(organised by Australian Academy of
Science) held in Melbourne featuring
the Lead Scientist of Victoria, Ms
Leonie Walsh, as the speaker.
Participation in conferences is
an important aspect of research
at RMIT. PTRI would like to
acknowledge the contributions of
the following members:
Air Force
Research Laboratory
Dr Brett Carter delivered a talk on
Using the TIEGCM to model the
day-to-day occurrence of equatorial
plasma bubbles at the Air Force
Research Laboratory at Kirkland Air
Force Base, in Albuquerque, New
Mexico, USA, in May 2014.
Annual Meeting of the
Metabolomics Society
30 May 2014
Platform Technologies Research
Institute and the School of Business
IT and Logistics Research Seminar
on Meta-geography: An exploration
earth-bound spatial explanations in
a timeless worldof the continuous
present presented by Professor
Martyn Webb, Foundation Professor
of Geography at University of
Western Australia.
Conferences,
workshops and
symposiums
Dr Claus Doll (centre) senior scientist
and project manager at the
Fraunhofer-Institute for Systems
and Innovation Research.
7 May 2014
Dr Sridhar Arjunan from the
School of Electrical and Computer
Engineering on Research studies
on applications of surface
electromyogram signal
for rehabilitation.
30 July 2014
Dr Andy Song from the School of
Computer Science and Information
Technology on Warehouse
optimisation by evolutionary learning.
2 October 2014
Dr Omid Kavehei from the School of
Electrical and Computer Engineering
on Nano-neuromorphic computing.
12 November 2014
Dr Nevena Todorova from the
School of Aerospace, Mechanical
and Manufacturing Engineering on
Computational modelling of protein
behaviour under stress.
Dr Oliver Jones was invited to
the 10th Annual Meeting of the
Metabolomics Society in Tsurouka
Japan in June to deliver a talk on
Comprehensive two-dimensional
liquid chromatography: a new
technique for high-resolution
metabolomics? This presentation
received one of two Agilent
Outstanding Investigator awards
given out at the conference.
Asian Workshop on
Polymer Processing
Dr Rahul Gupta delivered a key
note address on Effects of solvent
casting and melt intercalation mixing
processes on characteristics of
polylactide-nanographite platelets
composites at the Asian workshop
on Polymer Processing held in
Kenting, Taiwan, 16-22 November
2014.
Australia-China
Wetland Network
Research Partnership
Symposium 2014
Professor Prem Chhetri attended a
joint symposium between Australian
Universities, Nanjing Institute of
Geography and Limnology Chinese
Academy of Sciences in Nanjing
in February 2014. The Symposium
received funding from an Australia
China Science and Research Fund
(ACSRF) grant and was also was
supported by Federation University
Australia’s Collaborative Research
61
Network. The Symposium identified
Ecosystems services as a key
component of wetland research,
providing opportunities for RMIT
researchers to map out joint activities
with Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Australian Space Research
Conference
Professor Kefei Zhang and Dr
Brett Carter were invited to give
plenary talks at the Australian Space
Research Conference held at the
University of South Australia, 29
September–1st October 2014.
•
Kefei Zhang on CRC SEM—a
new horizon of Australian space
tracking research
•
Brett Carter on Severe space
weather events and their
impact on our technology
dependent society.
Dr James Bennett also attended
the conference.
Chinese Satellite
Navigation Conference
Professor Kefei Zhang was session
chair and delivered an invited talk
at the Chinese Satellite Navigation
Conference (CSNC), held in Nanjing,
China, 21–23 May 2014.
Computational
Science Workshop
Dr Michelle Spencer was a
distinguished invited speaker at
the Computational Science
Workshop (CSW2014) held in
Tsukuba, Japan, 19–22 August.Her
invited talk was on DFT modelling
of 1D and 2D nanomaterials for
applications as electronic devices,
sensors and batteries.
Dartmouth College,
New Hampshire
Dr Brett Carter gave an invited talk
at the Physics and Astronomy Space
Plasma Seminar on Ionospheric
variability: Forcing from above
and below at Dartmouth College,
Hanover, New Hampshire, USA, in
May 2014.
62
Global Positioning
System GNSS
Professor Kefei Zhang was session
chair of GPS/GNSS 2014, held in
Tampa Florida, 8–12 September.
Hong Kong
Polytechnic University
Professor Kefei Zhang was invited
as a distinguished lecturer at the
Croucher Summer Course 2014 New
GNS Algorithms and Techniques
for Earth Observations 2014, Hong
Kong Polytechnic University, 25–31
May 2014.
Ian Snook Conference on
Chemical Physics
Dr Michelle Spencer was invited to
give a talk on A journey with Ian K
Snook: from the Iron age to Silicon
Valley at the Ian Snook Conference
on Chemical Physics, held 3–4
December at RMIT University.
IEEE International
Conference on
Industrial Electronics
Professor Xinghuo Yu attended
the IEEE International Conference
on Industrial Electronics in Istanbul
in June as a General Co-chair. He
also chaired the IEEE Industrial
Electronics Society’s Publications
Committee as Vice-President
for Publications, attended the
Society’s Administrative Committee
and attended various committee
meetings as a committee member of
the Finance Committee, Conference
Committee, and Fellows Committee.
During the conference, his team
won the bid to host the 43th Annual
Conference of IEEE Industrial
Electronics Society (IECON 2017)
to be held in Beijing, in November
2017, which is expected to attract
over 1,500 participants.
IEEE International Workshop on
Aerospace Metrology
International Workshop on
Aerospace Metrology
RMIT University was a major
participant in the 2014 IEEE
International Workshop
on Aerospace Metrology
(MetroAeroSpace 2014), held at
Benevento, Italy in May.
The delegation from RMIT included
Associate Professor Roberto
Sabatini, Dr Graham Wild, and
Alessandro Gardi, from the School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering. A
total of eight research articles
were presented on the topics of
aerospace systems, sustainable
aviation engineering and Unmanned
Aircraft (UA) technologies. The
contributions covered included:
flight testing and instrumentation,
aviation pollutant measurements,
environmental monitoring, structural
health monitoring, turbulence
sensing and mitigation, reverse
engineering of dynamics models, UA
sense-and-avoid and sensor fusion.
Other contributing authors from
RMIT University included Professor
Simon Watkins, Dr Reece Clothier,
Dr Matthew Marino, Subramanian
Ramasamy, Nathan Gerhardt and
Martin Burston.
Associate Professor Sabatini was
invited to provide the Keynote
Address at the Opening Plenary
Session. The keynote covered the
Research, Development, Test and
Evaluation activities associated
with an advanced aviation laser
test range (PILASTER) in Sardinia in
Italy and the follow on research and
experimental activities carried out on
airborne laser systems for military
and civil applications. Associate
Professor Sabatini also chaired
various sessions on Instrumentation
for UAS and Photonics Applications.
13th IEEE International
Workshop on Variable
Structure Systems
Professor Xinghuo Yu attended the
13th IEEE International Workshop
on Variable Structure in Nantes,
France in July. His team won a bid
to host the 14th IEEE International
Workshop on Variable Structure
Systems in Nanjing, China in June
2016 as future General Chair.
IEEE International
Workshop on Complex
Systems and Networks
Professor Xinghuo Yu delivered
a keynote speech on Complex
networks in smart grids: temporal
and spatial perspective at the 2014
IEEE International Workshop on
Complex Systems and Networks
held at Shanghai Jiao Tong
University, Shanghai, China on 25
October 2014.
IEEE Distinguished
Lecture Series
Presented by Professor Xinghuo Yu
on the following topics:
•
Complex networks for
modelling, control and
optimisation: present and
future at IEEE IES Harbin
Chapter on 24 October 2014,
in Harbin, China.
•
Complex Networks for
modelling, control and
optimisation: theory and
application as part of the IEEE
IES NSW Chapter in Sydney on
6 October 2014.
•
Discontinuous Control Systems:
past, present and future at
IEEE SMC Victoria Chapter on
1 October 2014, in Geelong,
Victoria Australia.
63
Institute
Achievements:
External
partnerships
Establishing partnerships with peers, industry
and government organisations, is also an
important aspect of the University’s strategy
to deliver high level research outcomes.
PTRI researchers have been
actively involved in interdisciplinary
collaborations at a national and
international level.
A number of highlights include:
ARC Research Hub
for Australian Steel
Manufacturing
Professor Irene Yarovsky and
Professor Ma Qian from the School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering led
two of the newly-opened ARC
Research Hub for Australian Steel
Manufacturing’s projects. Based
at the University of Wollongong,
the hub will focus on developing
breakthrough process and product
innovations to solve complex
challenges confronting the
Australian steel industry.
Professor Ma Qian is chief
investigator and project manager of
Project C1-1: Intermetallic formation
and development in metal coating
bath, which has received $524,721
funding over five years and will be
further supported by significant inkind investment from BlueScope.
The second theoretical modelling
project is led by Professor Irene
Yarovsky and aims to optimise
the molecular design of coatings
for resistance to biological
contamination (bio-fouling), one
of the top priorities for product
innovation in coating technologies.
The team has been working
on the theoretical modelling of
novel coatings in partnership
64
with BlueScope Steel for several
years. The aim is to design an
environmentally adaptable selfcleaning polymer coating that
incorporates aspects of the
nanoscale surface properties of
Lotus and Lady’s Mantle plant
leaves. These plants have a selfcleaning ability that will be used in
designing steel coatings that are
resistant to biological contamination
or bio-fouling.
Australian
Healthcare Industry
A new study of the Australian
healthcare industry involving RMIT
Researchers, and led by Professor
Caroline Chan, School of Business
IT and Logistics, has revealed
the impact that inaccurate and
inconsistent data can have on patient
safety. The Australian Healthcare
Industry Data Crunch Report is based
on research by RMIT University, the
Medical Technology Association
of Australia (MTAA), the National
E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA)
and GS1 Australia.
The report outlines areas where
adoption of the GS1 System of
global standards and the National
Product Catalogue (NPC) could
significantly improve data quality,
leading to savings of between $30
million and $100 million a year.
The study was commissioned by
the healthcare industry with the
support of the NEHTA Supply Chain
Reform Group to focus attention
on the need for continuous data
quality improvement in healthcare.
Australian Sports
Technology Network
Professor Franz Fuss and
Professor Aleksandar Subic
from the School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering collaborated with fellow
experts to create the Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology and
Engineering which was launched in
December 2014 in collaboration with
the Australian Sports Technology
Network and industry partners.
CSIRO
Professor Vipul Bansal and his
team, including PhD candidate
Zahra Homan, have been working
with CSIRO scientists to develop
a new antibacterial fabric that can
kill a range of infectious bacteria,
such as E coli, within 10 minutes.
The new antibacterial fabric has the
built-in ability to fight bacteria and
this could relegate hospital-acquired
infections to the sidelines, ultimately
having a major impact on the cost
to the Australian healthcare system.
The team found that organic
materials with semi-conductor
properties can have superior
antibacterial effects over metal salts
of silver which are already known for
their antibacterial properties. To test
the concept, they grew nanowires
on fabric which confirmed the
antibacterial properties of AgTCNQ (tetracyanoquinodimethane).
The results were published in
the prestigious journal Advanced
Functional Materials and featured
on the journal’s cover.
FIFA World Cup
Professor Aleksandar Subic and
Associate Professor Firoz Alam
from the School of Aerospace,
Mechanical and Manufacturing
Engineering tested the Brazuca ball
in the lead up to the World Cup in
the Aerodynamics Research Wind
Tunnel at RMIT’s Bundoora campus.
Tests found that high altitude will
impact on the ball’s aerodynamic
drag and speed—players risk
overshooting the ball during a long
pass, free kick or long shot to the
goal post unless they understand
the altitude effect and adapt their
game accordingly.
The research compared the
aerodynamics of the balls specially
designed for the last four FIFA World
Cups—Brazuca (2014), Jabulani
(2010), Teamgeist (2006) and
Fevernova (2002) and found that the
Brazuca ball has micro-rectangular
pimples in a wavy pattern on its
surface along with wide and deep
seam between the panels and
the seam is almost 40 per cent
larger than the length of a Jabulani
ball. These wide seams generate
turbulent airflow creating less
aerodynamic drag—or resistance—
at low speeds, compared with the
Jabulani and Teamgeist balls.
Ian Potter Foundation
The Ian Potter NanoBiotechnology
Research Laboratory was
established with the support of a
$500,000 Ian Potter Foundation 50th
Anniversary Commemorative Grant
and a $750,000 co-contribution from
RMIT. Professor Vipul Bansal from
the School of Applied Sciences is
the Director of the research facility
which during 2014 supported a
number of research projects on the
development of nano-devices for
the rapid diagnosis and detection of
health hazards.
Institute for Scientific
Research at Boston College
SPACE Research Centre’s Dr Brett
Carter has been a visiting research
scholar supported by a Victorian
Research Fellowship at the Institute
for Scientific Research at Boston
College exploring the predictability
of space weather disturbances that
can affect essential communication
technologies. Alongside scientists
at Boston College, and as part
of his joint RMIT-Boston College
research project, Dr Carter has been
investigating phenomena in the
ionosphere. His particular focus was
on understanding Equatorial Plasma
Bubbles that regularly cause radio
communication disruptions in the low
latitude region close to the equator.
New findings by Dr Carter, published
in the Journal of Geophysical
Research—Space Physics, show
that physical processes that have
been found to govern the likelihood
of these ionospheric disturbances,
have paved the way for a reliable
forecasting system to be developed
in the not-too-distant future. It is
anticipated that in collaboration with
research partners at the Boston
College and the Australian Space
Forecast Centre at the Bureau of
Meteorology, a reliable bubble
prediction system will soon be
developed and used operationally.
applications range from thin film
coatings for paint and wound care
to 3D printing, micro-casting and
micro-fluidics. The research paper,
Double flow reversal in thin liquid
films driven by MHz order surface
vibration, featured on the cover of a
print edition of Proceedings of The
Royal Society.
National ICT
Australia (NICTA)
Professor Timos Sellis and
Professor Mark Sanderson led
the NICTA/RMIT Data Analytics
Laboratory which is located in
RMIT’s Swanston Academic
Building. A joint initative between
long-term collaborators RMIT and
NICTA (National ICT Australia), the
lab builds on RMIT’s existing track
record of successful collaboration
with partners including Seek,
Google, Westfield, VicRoads, Public
Transport Victoria and ANZ.
The collaboration with NICTA
represents an investment of more
than $1.5 million to RMIT, with the
lab fostering and training a new
generation of researchers and
research fellows—experts in big data
and data analytics—and promoting
collaborations with other research
centres and industry partners,
nationally and internationally.
National Institute of
Advanced Industrial Science
Israel Institute of Technology and Technology (AIST)
Professor James Friend, Director
of the MicroNano Research Facility
led a research team which included
Dr Amgad Rezk, from the School of
Civil, Environmental and Chemical
Engineering, Professor Leslie
Yeo, co-Director of the Micro
Nanophysics Research Laboratory,
and Ofer Manor, from the Israel
Institute of Technology to develop a
portable system for precise, fast and
unconventional micro- and nanofabrication. The team demonstrated
how high-frequency sound waves
can be used to precisely control
the spread of thin film fluid along a
specially-designed chip.
Dr Michelle Spencer held a
Visiting Scientist appointment at
the National Institute of Advanced
Industrial Science and Technology
(AIST) Japan in August 2014. During
her visit she met with researchers in
the Nanosystem Research Institute,
including her collaborator Dr
Tetsuya Morishita. Dr Spencer and
Dr Morishita used computational
modelling techniques to examine
two-dimensional nanomaterials
composed of silicon (called silicene
and silicon nanosheets). These
materials are highly promising
for applications such as sensors,
electronic devices and batteries.
With thin film technology the
bedrock of microchip and
microstructure manufacturing,
the pioneering research offers a
significant advance—potential
65
Princeton University
Dr Jon Watmuff from the School
of Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering visited
Princeton University to conduct
tests of novel miniature MEMSbased Nano-Scale Thermal
Anemometry Probes (NSTAP) using
his anemometer design at their
specialised facilities in New Jersey,
United States. A theoretical analysis
conceived when Dr Watmuff was
at Princeton in the late 1980s, led
to the design and construction of
high performance anemometers at
NASA, and more recently at DSTO.
An updated analysis suggests
that the additional controls in Dr
Watmuff’s anemometer design will
also overcome system instabilities
with NSTAP. These ideas have led
to joint supervision of a PhD student
with Professor Ivan Marusic at the
University of Melbourne. Results
obtained during the June visit
to Princeton demonstrate stable
operation of the larger NSTAP.
Space Management
Environment CRC
RMIT University is one of three
essential participants of a new
Australian Cooperative Research
Centre (CRC) for Space Environment
Management, based at Mount
Stromlo in the Australian Capital
Territory. Enabled by a $20
million grant from the Australian
Government’s Department of
Industry, the CRC creates a hightech consortium of aerospace
industry companies, including
universities and some of the world’s
leading space agencies.
Professor Kefei Zhang, Director
of RMIT’s SPACE Research Centre
is the Director and is involved in
two Programs within the CRC—
Orbit Determination and Predicting
Behaviours of Space Objects with
Dr James Bennett, Dr Brett Carter,
and Dr Suqin Wu from RMIT, and
Space Asset management with
Dr Robert Norman and Dr Suqin
Wu. The new Space Environment
Management CRC builds on worldleading Australian innovations
to reduce and ultimately prevent
the loss of satellite capacity. The
CRC has developed four research
programs: tracking, orbits, collisions,
66
and manoeuvre—with RMIT bringing
expertise in orbits and collisions to
the new CRC.
Current technology requires daily
tracking to maintain predictive
capability of space debris and
the CRC seeks to improve orbit
determination techniques to extend
the tracking interval to at least two
days and reduce the future cost of
debris tracking infrastructure.
The aim is also to improve collision
avoidance prediction at least 10fold, which will help make collision
avoidance prediction useful for
the first time. Key outcomes of
RMIT’s input to this research will
be new methods and platform
systems for robust orbit prediction,
improved collision warning, reliable
ballistic coefficient estimation,
and the effects of solar activity
variability. RMIT has a long history
of collaborating with industry and
began working with EOS Space
Systems in Australia in 2005 via an
ARC-APAI linkage project.
Southeast University,
Nanjing, China
Professor Xinghuo Yu visited the
University’s School of Automation
in May to fulfil the duty of Chang
Jiang (Yantze River) Chair Professor
(Visiting) and to discuss new
collaboration initiatives such
as a joint PhD program and an
international research centre.
Sustainable Urban
Precincts Program (SUPP)
A research project to monitor and
compare the full carbon footprints
across work, study and travel of
RMIT staff and students has been
funded as part of the RMIT’s $98
million Sustainable Urban Precincts
Program (SUPP). CO2mmunity:
Context-aware activity and
movement monitoring for universitywide engagement towards greener
living is led by Dr Flora Salim from
the School of Computer Science and
Information Technology. Dr Salim
supervised three PhD candidates for
the project, which involved gathering
data from monitoring movement
and activities in and around the
main buildings of the City campus,
and correlating this with data from
building monitoring systems and
smart meters. The iCO2mmunity
project builds on Dr Salim’s work in
multi-sensor monitoring.
She also supervised the awardwinning EnviS project, developed by
a team of postgraduate computer
science students. The wireless
multi-sensor monitoring system
took out the tertiary postgraduate
prize at the 2014 Victorian iAwards,
which celebrate the best in Victoria’s
ICT scene and are highly valued as
industry recognition of excellence
and innovation. EnviS had a range
of potential uses—from smart health
and activity monitoring to smart
home and building monitoring and
could be used as a tool to tag and
manage sensors at fixed indoor and
outdoor points, as well as sensors
attached to moving objects and
human users. It allows users to
monitor the changing thermal, light,
noise, and occupancy conditions,
and the surrounding contexts
indoor and outdoor with the userfriendly app. EnviS was developed
by postgraduate computer science
students Nishant Sony, Mars Dela
Pena, Abdelsalam Ahmed Saad,
Bo Wu and Yury Petrov from the
School of Computer Science and
Information Technology.
Tel Aviv University (Israel),
Princeton University and
National Institutes of
Health (USA)
Professor Lewi Stone from the
School of Mathematical and
Geospatial Sciences collaborated
with researchers from Tel Aviv
University (Israel), Princeton
University and National Institutes of
Health (USA) to develop a simple
human influenza epidemiological
model that predicts multi-annual
outbreaks. The research team
designed a simple epidemiological
model based on 12 years of Israeli
influenza surveillance data, resulting
in a remarkable level of prediction
accuracy that has not yet been
achieved elsewhere.
The study, published in the
Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences (www.
pnas.org/content/111/26/9538.
abstract), looked at Tel Aviv, Israel’s
largest city, using data from June
2001 to January 2013. The data
was obtained from the Maccabi
Health Maintenance Organisation,
whose medical surveillance covers
about 45 per cent of the Tel Aviv
population. The model captures the
complex interaction between the
changing supply of new susceptible
individuals arising due to loss of
immunity in the population through
antigenic drift, the strong transient
dynamics following the appearance
of a new strain, and the timing of the
climatic cycle each year.
Transport
Accident Commission
A new book by experts in
biomedical engineering will provide
valuable information to people
with reduced abilities. Through
a partnership with the Transport
Accident Commission, Professor
Dinesh Kumar from the School of
Electrical and Computer Engineering
and his team received a research
grant enabling them to investigate
the development and application
of assistive technology and to help
those with reduced abilities improve
their quality of life and reduce their
dependence on others.
Devices for Mobility and Manipulation
for People with Reduced Abilities,
published in April, provides clinicians,
users, engineers, scientists, designers
and other tech-savvy professionals
much-needed assistance as they
examine technologies for robotic
wheelchairs and prostheses.
Professor Kumar and Dr Sridhar
Poosapadi Arjunan, collaborated with
Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho from
the Universidade Federal do Espírito
Santo, Brazil, to publish the book.
University of Auckland
(New Zealand), TUFTS
University (USA),
Monash University
Associate Professor Donald
Wlodkowic and his team have
developed inexpensive, portable
toxicology laboratories so small you
could fit them in your wallet. They
have designed and manufactured
microfluidic bioanalytical
technologies to advance the
technology for a range of innovative
applications such as a chip to
mimic the drug response in single
cells, or microorganisms which will
enable researchers to achieve highly
specific activation or identification of
drugs and toxins.
The research is in collaboration
with the Department of Molecular
Medicine and Pathology at the
University of Auckland (New
Zealand), Tufts Center for
Regenerative and Developmental
Biology at TUFTS University (USA)
and the Australian Regenerative
Medicine Institute (ARMI) at Monash
University. ARMI will be using these
innovative chips for spinal and
neurology research to develop new
drugs in the hope to heal and repair
spinal injuries.
VERSUS Fitness
SportzEdge researchers have
worked with industry to develop
an interactive fitness system
that quantifies fitness and links
exercise with gaming. Professor
Franz Fuss, Professor of Sports
Engineering in the School of
Aerospace, Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering
collaborated with Australian tech
entrepreneur Brad Bond on the
fitness invention, VERSUS.
Wound Management
Innovation Cooperative
Research Centre (WMI CRC)
RMIT commenced its new role
as a core participant with the
Wound Management Innovation
Cooperative Research Centre
(WMI CRC) in February 2014.
The CRC’s program is an
Australian Government initiative
administered by AusIndustry, a
division with the Department of
Industry. RMIT’s initial research
project was developed and led by
Professor Franz Konstantin Fuss
and Associate Professor Olga
Troynikov. The project designed,
developed and tested prototype
pressure sensing bandages and
insoles with bio-acoustic feedback
for the management of diabetic
foot ulcers and venous leg ulcers,
with a second phase clinical
collaboration with the Queensland
University of Technology. The total
funding the project received in
2014 was $1.5 million.
67
Professor Yu with some of his PhD students.
Celebrating the end of 2014 with our youngest PTRI member.
68
Contacts
General enquiries:
Program leaders:
Platform Technologies
Research Institute
GPO Box 2476
Melbourne VIC 3001
Tel. +61 3 9925 4324
Fax +61 3 9925 2387
[email protected]
Professor Andrew Eberhard
Program leader
Informatics and Networks
(I&N)
Tel. +61 3 9925 2616
[email protected]
Professor Xinghuo Yu
Director
Tel. +61 3 9925 5317
Fax +61 3 9925 2387
[email protected]
Professor Franz K. Fuss
Program leader
Innovative Engineering
Systems (IES)
Tel. +61 3 9925 6123
[email protected]
Petra Van Nieuwenhoven
Research Institute Manager
Tel. +61 3 9925 4324
Fax +61 3 9925 2387
[email protected]
rmit.edu.au
Professor Mike Austin
Program leader
Nano Materials and Devices
(NMD)
Tel. +61 3 9925 2459
[email protected]
Sarah Barter
Administrative Officer
Tel. +61 3 9925 8362
Fax +61 3 9925 2387
[email protected]
69
Publications
During 2014 PTRI researchers produced
publications which contributed significantly
to scientific knowledge impacting on the
relevant area of research.
In 2014, PTRI core members achieved
great success in publications, with
4 books, 66 book chapters, 644
journal articles and 309 papers in
conference proceedings.
Books
Bastos-Filho, T., Kumar, D.,
Poosapadi Arjunan, S., (2014),
Devices for mobility and manipulation
for people with reduced abilities, CRC
Press, 9781466586451
Mo, J., Bil, C., Sinha, A., (2014),
Engineering systems acquisition
and support, Elsevier Science and
Technology, 9780857092120
Smith, A., (2014), Thinking about
religion: extending the cognitive
science of religion, Palgrave
Macmillan, 9781137324740
Stewart, B., Smith, A., (2014),
Rethinking drug use in sport: Why the
war on drugs in sport will never be
won, Routledge, 9870415659154
Book chapters
Afaghi Khatibi, A., (2014), Fracture
behaviour of sandwich laminates
reinforced by short-glass fibres
in Composite Technologies for
2020 [Proceedings of the Fourth
Asian-Australasian Conference
on Composite Materials (ACCM
4) 2004], Woodhead Publishing,
9781855738317
Alam, F., Asai, T., Mehta, R., Subic,
A., (2014), Aerodynamics and
construction of modern soccer balls
in Routledge Handbook of
70
Sports Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Alam, F., Fuss, F., Mehta, R., Subic,
A., (2014), Aerodynamics and court
interaction of tennis balls in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Alam, F., Fuss, F., Subic, A.,
(2014), Oval-shaped sports balls
in Routledge Handbook of Sports
Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Alam, F., Hadgraft, R., Alam, Q.,
(2014), eLearning: Challenges and
opportunities in Using Technology
Tools to Innovate Assessment,
Reporting, and Teaching Practices in
Engineering Education, IGI Global,
9781466650114
Alam, F., Hadgraft, R., Subic, A.,
(2014), Technology-enhanced
laboratory experiments in learning
and teaching in Using Technology
Tools to Innovate Assessment,
Reporting, and Teaching Practices in
Engineering Education, Engineering
Science Reference, 9781466650114
Bil, C., (2014), Lighter-than-air
stationary unmanned observation
platform concept in Smart
Digital Futures 2014, IOS Press,
9781614994046
Chandran, S., Shanks, R., Thomas,
S., (2014), Polymer Blends in
Nanostructured Polymer Blends,
Elsevier, 9781455731596
Chen, X., Ren, H., Bil, C., Jiang,
H., (2014), Synchronising structural
health monitoring with scheduled
maintenance of aircraft composite
structures in Moving Integrated
Product Development to Service
Clouds in the Global Economy, IOS
Press, 9781614994404
Chhetri, P., Stimson, R., (2014),
Merging survey data with spatial
data using GIS-enabled analysis and
modelling in Handbook of research
methods and applications in spatially
integrated social science, Edward
Elgar Publishing, 9780857932969
Clifton, P., Subic, A., Fuss, F., (2014),
Snowboard technology in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Conroy, T., Bil, C., (2014), Life cycle
costing for alternative fuels in Moving
Integrated Product Development
to Service Clouds in the Global
Economy, IOS Press, 9781614994404
Cottam, R., Brandt, M., (2014),
Laser surface treatment to improve
the surface corrosion properties of
nickel-aluminium bronze in Laser
Surface Engineering, Processes and
Applications, Woodhead Publishing,
9781782420743
Fuss, F., (2014), Design and
mechanics of running shoes in
Routledge Handbook of Sports
Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Fuss, F., (2014), Design of sports
facilities in Routledge Handbook of
Sports Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Fuss, F., (2014), Instrumentation
of sports equipment in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Fuss, F., (2014), Smart devices and
technologies for sports applications
in Routledge Handbook of Sports
Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Fuss, F., Niegl, G., (2014), Design
and mechanics of mountaineering
equipment in Routledge Handbook of
Sports Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Fuss, F., Subic, A., (2014), Sport
wheelchair technologies in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Fuss, F., Subic, A., Cross, R.,
(2014), Tennis racquet technology
in Routledge Handbook of Sports
Technology and Engineering,
Routledge, 9780415580458
Fuss, F., Subic, A., Mehta, R., (2014),
Solid mechanics and aerodynamics
of cricket balls in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Haddad, P., Gregory, M.,
Wickramasinghe, N., (2014),
Business value of IT in healthcare
in Lean Thinking for Healthcare,
Springer Science+Business Media,
9781461480358
Hoseinnezhad, R., Bab-Hadiashar,
A., (2014), Parametric segmentation
of nonlinear structures in visual
data: An accelerated sampling
approach in Nonlinear Approaches in
Engineering Applications 2, Springer,
9781461468769
Jones, O., Dias, D., (2014),
Environmental metabolomics of soil
organisms in NMR Spectroscopy:
A Versatile Tool for Environmental
Research, John Wiley and Sons,
9781118616475
Jones, O., Gomes, R., (2014),
Chemical pollution of the aquatic
environment by priority pollutants
and its control in Pollution: Causes
Effects and Control, RSC Publishing,
9781849736480
Kajtaz, M., Subic, A., Takla, M.,
(2014), Conceptual design evaluation
of lightweight load bearing structural
assembly for an automotive seat
adjuster mechanism in Sustainable
Automotive Technologies 2013:
Proceedings of the 5th International
Conference ICSAT 2013, Springer,
9783319018836
Katsiri, E., Papastefanatos, G.,
Terrovitis, M., Sellis, T., (2014), Airport
context analytics, Lecture Notes
in Computer Science (including
subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial
Intelligence and Lecture Notes in
Bioinformatics), 8741, 179–184
Kavehei, O., Skafidas, E., Eshraghian,
K., (2014), Memristive in situ
computing in Memristor Networks,
Springer, 9783319026299
Kuzmin, L., Fuss, F., (2014), Crosscountry ski technology in Routledge
Handbook of Sports Technology
and Engineering, Routledge,
9780415580458
Lau, C., Huang, H., (2014), Adoption
and utilisation of ICT in the Chinese
third-party logistics industry in
Management Science, Logistics, and
Operations Research, IGI Global,
9781466645080
Lech, M., He, L., (2014), Stress and
emotion recognition using acoustic
speech analysis in Mental Health
Informatics, Springer, 9783642385490
Lech, M., Low, L., Ooi, B., (2014),
Detection and prediction of clinical
depression in Mental Health
Informatics, Springer, 9783642385490
Liu, X., Bouguettaya, A., (2014),
SCML: a change management
language for adaptive long term
composed services in Advanced Web
Services, Springer, 9781461475347
Manning, T., Rohm, W., Zhang,
K., Hunter, F., Wang, C., (2014),
Determining the 4D dynamics of wet
refractivity using GPS tomography
in the Australian region in Earth on
the Edge: Science for a Sustainable
Planet, Springer, 9783642372216
McCarthy, J., Deivasigamani, A.,
Watkins, S., Coman, F., (2014),
Energy harvesting from flows using
piezoelectric patches in Nonlinear
Approaches in Engineering
Applications 2, Springer Science and
Business Media, 9781461468769
Nepal, S., Sherchan, W.,
Bouguettaya, A., (2014), Service
trust management for e-government
applications in Advanced Web
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