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Phonetics Exercises
1. Write the symbol that corresponds to each of the following phonetic descriptions, and then
write a word in English that begins with this sound.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
Example: voiced alveolar stop
[d] dough
voiceless bilabial unaspirated stop
low front vowel
lateral liquid
velar nasal
voiced interdental fricative
voiceless affricate
palatal glide
mid lax front vowel
high back tense vowel
voiceless aspirated alveolar stop
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
[
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
2. For each group of sound listed below, state the phonetic feature(s) they all share.
Example: [p] [b] [m] Features: bilabial, stop, consonant
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
[g] [p] [t] [d] [k] [b]
[u] [] [o] []]
[i] [w] [e] [e] [æ]
[t] [s] [•] [p] [k] [t•] [f] [h]
[v] [z] [¥] [d¥] [n] [g] [d] [b] [l] [r] [w] [j]
[t] [d] [s] [•] [n] [t•] [d¥]
3. What phonetic property or feature distinguishes the sets of sounds in column A from those in
column B?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
A
[i] [w]
[p] [t] [k] [s] [f]
[p] [b] [m]
[i] [w] [u] []
[f] [v] [s] [z] [•] [¥]
[i] [w] [e] [c] [e] [æ]
B
[u] []
[b] [d] [g] [z] [v]
[t] [d] [n] [k] [g] [õ]
[e] [e] [o] []] [æ] [a]
[t•] [d¥]
[u] [] [o] []]
Feature
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
4. Which of the following sound pairs have the same manner of articulation, and what is that
manner of articulation?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
[h] [§]
[r] [w]
[m] [õ]
[*] [v]
[r] [t]
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
[f] [•]
[k] [›]
[s] [g]
[j] [w]
[j] [d¥]
5. Write the phonetic symbol for the first sound in each of the following words.
Examples: ooze
a. judge
b. Thomas
c. thought
d. easy
e. pneumonia
[
[
[
[
[
[u]
psycho [s]
]
]
]
]
]
f. thought
g. contact
h. phone
i. civic
j. usual
[
[
[
[
[
]
]
]
]
]
6. Write the phonetic symbol for the last sound in each of the following words.
Examples: boy
a. fleece
b. neigh
c. long
d. health
e. watch
[
[
[
[
[
[]i]
good [d]
]
]
]
]
]
f. cow
[
g. rough [
h. cheese [
i. bleached [
j. rags
[
]
]
]
]
]
7. The English words below are written in a broad phonetic transcription using the IPA.
Transcribe each word using the regular English orthography.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
[hit]
[strok]
[fez]
[ton]
[boni]
[skrim]
[frut]
[prit•cr]
[krak]
[baks]
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.
q.
r.
s.
t.
[›æõks]
[wenzde]
[kr]ld]
[kant•ient•cs]
[parlcmentericn]
[kwcbek]
[pitsc]
[bcrak obamc]
[mwt ramni]
[tu ›azcnd ænd fwftin]
8. Write the following words in a broad phonetic transcription, i.e. omit phonetic details such as
vowel length and nasalization, and consonant aspiration.
Examples: knot
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
physics
merry
mar
myrrh
heath
touch
[nat]
delightful [dilawtfcl] or [dclawtfcl]
g. yellow
h. sticky
i. transcription
j. larynx
k. cough
l. through
m. tease
n. weather
o. coat
p. honest
q. beautiful
r. president
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