It is evident from the above definitions that co-operation is a process of social interaction in which two or more individuals or groups combine their efforts to achieve certain commons ends and objectives. Ex: (i) The Indians irrespective of their caste, race, creed, religion etc. differences fought against the British unitedly to achieve independence. (ii) The Indian agriculture is mainly based on the co-operative spirit of the farmers. Conditions of Co-Operation: The process of co-operation involves two important elements. They are: (a) Common end or purpose. (b) Organised effort. The achievement of common end calls for the organised efforts of individuals or groups such efforts should be preplanned and properly organised. It is not possible for people to promote the process of co-operation without these two essential elements. Characteristics of Co-Operation: Followings are some of the important characteristics of co- operation. (a) Continuous Process: It is a continuous process. There is continuity in the collective efforts in Co-operation. (b) Personal Process: This is a process in which the individuals and the groups personally meet and work together for a common objective. (c) Conscious Process: In the process of co-operation the organised individuals or the groups work together consciously. (d) Universal Process: Co-operation is also a universal social process. Because it is found every where in all periods of time. (e) Common Ends: Common end can be better achieved by co-operation which is essential for the welfare of both individual and society.