Unit: Introduction Module One: One Small Planet An Introduction to the World History East Honors Curriculum: “Why study World History and cultures?” Goals of Module One: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Identify key elements of the course. Identify key distinctives of the textbook A History of World Societies. Describe and explain trends in the modern world. Define globalization. Assess the impact of globalization on the world community. Required Readings Chapter 33 The Contemporary World in Historical Perspective: Pages 1029-1054 The New York Times “Two Years Later, a Thousand Years Ago” by Robert Wright Indian Ocean Nexus by Martin Walker Assignments Readings and Questions Module One Lesson Questions M1: 1 Read pages 1030-1037 (Omit Global Trade: Arms & Viewpoints 33:1) END at Global Circulation and Exchange a) What was meant by the essay “The End of History?” Look up what “liberalism” means and write a brief description. b) What happened as a result of the end of the Cold War? c) Define “middle powers.” Provide an example from each of the following continents: Europe, South America, Africa, and Asia. d) What was often at the heart of the civil wars that emerged in the multi-polar world? e) Which countries are the acknowledged nuclear powers? Which country is assumed to possess a nuclear arsenal? f) In addition to 9-11-01, what other notorious acts of terror have been committed by Islamists over the past 15 years? (provide 3 examples) g) THINK-How does terrorism differ from war? In what ways can a country wage war on terrorism? Is it even possible? M1:2 Read Read Robert Wright’s editorial, Two Years Later, a Thousand Years Ago. (NYT: 9/11/03) Global Trade: Arms and Viewpoints 33:1 a) Briefly describe the categories of arms. b) Assess how destructive these are. c) What was meant by the idea that “globalization was a kind of manifest destiny?” d) How did the terrorists of 9/11 turn the “tools of globalization” against the system? e) How does globalization foster economic interdependence? f) Explain “nonzero sum.” g) What does Wright suggest is one way to protect economic interdependence? h) What is the basis of Wright’s morality? i) How might globalization affect the appeal of radical Islam? j) What does Wright suggest is the third variable in the age old struggle between liberty and security? k) In what ways does Wright seem to be blaming America for 9/11? What does he suggest Americans do? Why? l) Is globalization accompanied by “global governance” and “global moral progress” inevitable? Desirable? m) Is Wright’s editorial relevant 10 years after 9/11/01? Why or why not? n) Answer the questions for Analysis at the bottom of the Viewpoints Page. M1:3 Read HoWS Chapter 33:1037-1044 (Omit: Individuals in Society) a) Describe three challenges of migration in the 21st century. b) Define megacities. c) Explain a bazaar economy. d) How have multinational corporations affected globalization? e) Answer the questions on the Listening to the Past (A Brazilian Band on Globalization) page. M1:4 Read Indian Ocean Nexus by Martin Walker (Wilson Quarterly, spring 2008) a) What geographic advantages does the Indian Ocean possess that contributes to its nexus status? b) What has contributed to the “explosion of Indian Ocean commerce?” c) What does CHIMEA stand for? d) What has contributed to the rising number of transnational corporations from developing countries? e) Where have the Arab countries been making their investments? f) Compare India’s commitment to Africa with that of China’s. g) What has contributed to Africa’s new growth? Why? h) Identify several constraints on Africa’s growth. i) What factors make the CHIMEA promise potentially dangerous for global peace?