Egypt Guided Reading 4 - Fort Thomas Independent Schools Download

Transcript
Ancient Egypt
Section 2 : Egypt’s Old Kingdom
Guided Reading 4
Pages 47 – 52
Page 47
Name __________________
Recreate the timeline at the bottom of the page; place the three events on the
timeline
2600 B.C.
2400 B.C.
2200 B.C
Old Kingdom begins – 2600 B.C.
Great Pyramid of Giza built – 2540 B.C.
Old Kingdom declines – 2300 B.C.
How long did the Old Kingdom last? _________________
Page 48 Old Kingdom Rulers
1. What happened in Egypt during the Old Kingdom?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
2. The word “pharaoh” means ____________________________________________.
3. What did the Pharaoh expect from the people?
________________________________________________________________________
4. Pharaohs appointed officials. List 5 of the officials’ responsibilities
a. ________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________
d. _______________________________________________
e. _______________________________________________
5. Why did the Egyptians obey the Pharaoh so willingly?
a. ________________________________________________
b. ________________________________________________
6. What did the people do when the Pharaoh appeared?
_______________________________________________________________________
7. Why did the pharaoh’s hold so much power?
____________________________________________________________________
Page 49 Egypt’s Religion
1. Another word for gods is ____________________________
2. What did Egyptians believe the gods did?
3. The main god was _______________, probably so because
_____________________________________________________________________
4. Who was the god of the Nile River? ___________________
5. Who was the goddess who represented wives and mothers? ____________________
6. Who was the god who ruled over the dead? _____________
7. What kind of view did Egyptians have of an after life?
______________________________________________________________________
8. What was the Book of the Dead? Why was it read?
______________________________________________________________________
9. What did the Egyptians believe that the god Osiris would do?
______________________________________________________________________
10. Why did the process of mummification develop?
______________________________________________________________________
11. Who was the god of mummification? _________________________
12. What did the Egyptian doctors learn to do beyond embalming bodies?
______________________________________________________________________
Page 50 The Pyramids
1. What was the purpose for building the pyramids?
______________________________________________________________________
2. Who built the pyramids and when?
______________________________________________________________________
3. Why did the Egyptians want to find “true north”?
_______________________________________________________________________
4. What was the result of the astronomer’s attempts to find north?
_____________________________________________________________________
5. How did the construction of the pyramids contribute to the development of math?
_____________________________________________________________________
6. What surprises you about the process of building a pyramid?
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Look at diagram of the inside of a pyramid. What is your response? Impression?
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
8. For whom was the “Great Pyramid” built? ____________________________
9. List three significant facts about the Great Pyramid
a. _________________________________________________________
b. _________________________________________________________
c. _________________________________________________________
10. Why is the Great Pyramid considered such an amazing structure?
________________________________________________________________