Sexually Transmitted Infections Objectives Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’s Explain how HIV affects and destroys the immune system How well do you know the 63 people you had sex with last night? STDs diseases/infections which are spread from person to person through: – sexual intercourse – oral-genital contact – IV drug METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: Low Risk or No Risk Hugging Kissing Holding hands Dancing Sitting on toilets Sharing lip balm Massage METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: High Risk Sexual Intercourse vaginal oral Blood-to-blood contact Sharing needles Tattoo or body piercing Infected mother to her baby Bacterial vs. Viral STI’s Bacterial: Chlamydia, gonorrhea & syphilis treated/cured with antibiotics Untreated cause PID, infertility, & epididymitis Viral: genital warts, HIV, Herpes, NO cure treat symptoms only rest of one’s life Chlamydia The most common STI Greatest number of infections found in people 15 to 24 years old Caused by bacteria Sexual contact Discharge for penis and vagina Painful urination Can be treated with antibiotics GONORRHEA bacterial STI Sexual contact Can affect the cervix, urethra, rectum, throat, and occasionally the eyes Can be treated with antibiotics Often NO symptoms, especially in females FEMALE SYMPTOMS: a yellow or white discharge from the vagina May be a burning or pain when urinating Bleeding between periods Heavier and more painful periods MALE SYMPTOMS: Yellow or white drip/discharge from penis Burning or pain when urinating Swollen testicles SYPHILIS caused by bacteria Direct/sexual contact Sores - external genitalia, vagina, anus/rectum, lips and in the mouth SYMPTOMS Stage 1 appear 10-90 days after contact. sore - firm, round, small, and painless appears on genital areas sore lasts 1-5 weeks and heals on its own Females the sores are internal SYMPTOMS 2nd stage lasts 3-6 weeks skin rash – palms, hands, and soles of feet 3rd stage: damage the internal organs/bones 4th stage: death Herpes Symptoms show 2-20 days after contact sexual contact - virus infected for life – NO CURE SYMPTOMS painful/itchy blisters fever burning urination Genital Warts Sexual contact Virus NO CURE Symptoms Pink/reddish warts look like tiny cauliflower itching, burning and some pain inside the vagina, on the cervix, or in the rectum or throat Interfere with waste elimination Pubic Lice = Crabs Color/size of small freckles attack pubic areas also under arms, eyelashes, moustaches Spread - direct physical contact SYMPTOMS: terrible, persisting itch in the genital areas HIV There are two main ways you get AIDS: sexual contact Sharing drug needles HIV/AIDS Virus destroys the immune system present in blood, semen, vaginal secretions & breast milk HIV / AIDS – Signs & Symptoms 2 to 4 weeks after exposure experience mild flu-like symptoms then disappear Many people have NO symptoms until years after exposure The only way to know is to get TESTED! Prevention Abstinence Know your partner Limit your partners Visit your doctor Always look Keep clean! STD Hotline: 1-800-227-8922 Remember: People who engage in premarital sex are nearly 50% more likely to divorce. 3 million teens contract an STD each year – some of which have no cure, are a leading cause of cervical cancer or can even lead to infertility.