Sexually Transmitted Diseases Download

Transcript
Sexually Transmitted
Infections
Objectives
Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence
Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’s
Explain how HIV affects and destroys the immune
system
How well do you know the 63 people you
had sex with last night?
STDs
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diseases/infections which are spread from
person to person through:
– sexual intercourse
– oral-genital contact
– IV drug
METHODS OF TRANSMISSION:
Low Risk or No Risk
 Hugging
 Kissing
 Holding hands
 Dancing
 Sitting on
toilets
 Sharing lip
balm
 Massage
METHODS OF TRANSMISSION:
High Risk
 Sexual Intercourse
 vaginal
 oral
 Blood-to-blood contact
 Sharing needles
 Tattoo or body piercing
 Infected mother to her baby
Bacterial vs. Viral STI’s
Bacterial:
Chlamydia,
gonorrhea & syphilis
treated/cured with
antibiotics
Untreated cause
PID, infertility, &
epididymitis
Viral:
genital warts, HIV,
Herpes,
NO cure
treat symptoms
only
rest of one’s life
Chlamydia
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The most common STI
Greatest number of infections found in
people 15 to 24 years old
Caused by bacteria
Sexual contact
Discharge for penis and vagina
Painful urination
Can be treated with antibiotics
GONORRHEA
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bacterial STI
Sexual contact
Can affect the cervix, urethra, rectum,
throat, and occasionally the eyes
Can be treated with antibiotics
Often NO symptoms, especially in females
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FEMALE SYMPTOMS:
a yellow or white discharge from the vagina
May be a burning or pain when urinating
Bleeding between periods
Heavier and more painful periods
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MALE SYMPTOMS:
Yellow or white drip/discharge from penis
Burning or pain when urinating
Swollen testicles
SYPHILIS
caused by bacteria
Direct/sexual contact
Sores - external genitalia, vagina,
anus/rectum, lips and in the mouth
SYMPTOMS
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Stage 1 appear 10-90 days after contact.
sore - firm, round, small, and painless
appears on genital areas
sore lasts 1-5 weeks and heals on its own
Females the sores are internal
SYMPTOMS
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2nd stage lasts 3-6 weeks
skin rash – palms, hands, and soles of feet
3rd stage:
damage the internal organs/bones
4th stage:
death
Herpes
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Symptoms show 2-20 days after contact
sexual contact - virus
infected for life – NO CURE
SYMPTOMS
painful/itchy blisters
fever
burning urination
Genital Warts
Sexual contact
 Virus
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NO CURE
Symptoms
Pink/reddish warts look like tiny
cauliflower
 itching, burning and some pain
 inside the vagina, on the cervix, or in
the rectum or throat
 Interfere with waste elimination
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Pubic Lice = Crabs
Color/size of small freckles
 attack pubic areas
 also under arms, eyelashes,
moustaches
 Spread - direct physical contact
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SYMPTOMS: terrible, persisting itch in
the genital areas
HIV
There are two main ways you get AIDS:
sexual contact
Sharing drug needles
HIV/AIDS
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Virus
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destroys the immune system
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present in blood, semen, vaginal
secretions & breast milk
HIV / AIDS – Signs & Symptoms
2 to 4 weeks after exposure
 experience mild flu-like symptoms
then disappear
 Many people have NO symptoms
until years after exposure
 The only way to know is to get
TESTED!
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Prevention
 Abstinence
 Know your partner
 Limit your partners
 Visit your doctor
 Always look
 Keep clean!
 STD Hotline: 1-800-227-8922
Remember:
People who engage in premarital sex are
nearly 50% more likely to divorce.
 3 million teens contract an STD each year
– some of which have no cure, are a
leading cause of cervical cancer or can
even lead to infertility.
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