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The easy way…
www.JoenasrApp.com
The very first Step...
Naming The Notes
Notes are named after the seven letters in the alphabets:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G.
Between each note, we have a sharp(#)/flat(b) note, except B – C, and E – F.
Thus, in the occidental music, we have twelve notes:
A – Bb – B – C – C# – D – D# – E – F – F# – G – G#.
The “ Do, Ré, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si ” nomenclature was actually extracted by Guido of Arezzo
(995 – 1050), from the first paragraph of the Latin hymn written for St. Jean - Baptist,
by Paul Diacre (Paulus the Deacon)
Ut queant Laxis
Resonare Fibris
Mira Gestorum
Famuli Tuorum
Solve Polluti
Labii Reatum
Sancte Iohannes
- Subsequently, the “Si” was added to the hexachord “ Do, Ré, Mi, Fa, Sol, La ”
to form what we call: “Octave”… (Oct=eight)
- The note “Ut” was renamed “Do” by the Italian musician Dominus Bonocini.
- Nowadays, the “Ut” is still in use for the Alto & Tenor Keys and tonalities.
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
La
Si
Do
Ré
Mi
Fa
Sol
Notes & Steps
TONES
INTERVALS
INDICATION
0
Unison
1
½
minor Second
b2
1
Major Second
2
1½
minor Third
b3
2
Major Third
3
2½
Perfect Fourth
4
3½
Perfect Fifth
5
4
minor Sixth
b6
4½
Major Sixth
6
5
minor Seventh
b7
5½
Major Seventh
7
6
Octave
8
(answers are on the next pages)
Chords – The Prefect Triads
C Major
C minor
C diminished
C Augmented
D Major
D minor
D diminished
D Augmented
E Major
E minor
E diminished
E Augmented
F Major
F minor
F diminished
F Augmented
G Major
G minor
G diminished
G Augmented
A Major
A minor
A diminished
A Augmented
B Major
B minor
B diminished
B Augmented
?
(answers are on the next pages)
C Major
C
E
G
D Major
D
F#
A
E Major
E
G#
B
F Major
F
A
C
G Major
G
B
D
A Major
A
C#
E
B Major
B
D#
F#
C minor
C
Eb
G
D minor
D
F
A
E minor
E
G
B
F minor
F
Ab
C
G minor
G
Bb
D
A minor
A
C
E
B minor
B
D
F#
C dim.
C
Eb
Gb
D dim.
D
F
Ab
E dim.
E
G
Bb
F dim.
F
Ab
Cb
G dim.
G
Bb
Db
A dim.
A
C
Eb
B dim.
B
D
F
C Aug.
C
E
G#
D Aug.
D
F#
A#
E Aug.
E
G#
B#
F Aug.
F
A
C#
G Aug.
G
B
D#
A Aug.
A
C#
E#
B Aug.
B
D#
Fx
example:
Am – G – C – F
C sus4
C sus2
D sus4
D sus2
E sus4
E sus2
F sus4
F sus2
G sus4
G sus2
A sus4
A sus2
B sus4
B sus2
?
(answers are on the next page)
C sus4
C
F
G
C sus2
C
D
G
D sus4
D
G
A
D sus2
D
E
A
E sus4
E
A
B
E sus2
E
F#
B
F sus4
F
Bb
C
F sus2
F
G
C
G sus4
G
C
D
G sus2
G
A
D
A sus4
A
D
E
A sus2
A
B
E
B sus4
B
E
F#
B sus2
B
C#
F#
example:
Asus2 – Am – Gsus – G
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