Declassifying the Foreign Relations Series Download

Transcript
Declassifying the Foreign Relations
Series
Bringing the Official Record to light
Classified Information
Information that must be protected
to prevent damage to National Security
Levels of Classification
• Top Secret:
exceptionally grave
damage
• Secret:
serious damage
• Confidential:
damage
“Declassification Review”
Inter-agency process for the
responsible release of sensitive
information.
Scope of Program
• More than 160 volumes declassified since 1996
• More than 60,000 documents; 200,000 pages
of historical material
• 21 volumes currently in various stages of the
declassification review process
Executive Order 13526
Classified National Security Information
§ 2001.37 Assistance to the Department of State.
“Heads of agencies shall assist the Department of State in
its preparation of the Foreign Relations of the United States
(FRUS) series by facilitating access to appropriate classified
materials in their custody and by expediting declassification
review of documents proposed for inclusion in the FRUS.”
E.O. 13526: Sec. 1.4. Classification Categories
(a) military plans, weapons systems, or operations;
(b) foreign government information;
(c) intelligence activities (including covert action), intelligence sources or
methods, or cryptology;
(d) foreign relations or foreign activities of the United States, including
confidential sources;
(e) scientific, technological, or economic matters relating to the national
security;
(f) United States Government programs for safeguarding nuclear materials or
facilities;
(g) vulnerabilities or capabilities of systems, installations, infrastructures,
projects, plans, or protection services relating to the national security; or
(h) the development, production, or use of weapons of mass destruction.
The “FRUS Law”
Public Law 102-138
102d Congress
SEC. 198. THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES HISTORICAL SERIES.
(a) AMENDMENT.—The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is amended by
adding at the end thereof the following new title:
“TITLE IV—FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES HISTORICAL SERIES”
“(a) CHARTER OF THE PUBLICATION.—The Department of State shall continue to
publish the ‘Foreign Relations of the United States historical series’ (hereafter in this
title referred to as the ‘FRUS series’), which shall be a thorough, accurate, and reliable
documentary record of major United States foreign policy decisions and significant
United States diplomatic activity. “
Possible Declassification Decisions
RIF:
DIF:
RIP:
Release in Full
Deny in Full
Release in Part, “Excised”
Congo, Document COCO 130