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CHAPTER 3: Ancient Egypt
Key Works
Palette of Narmer (“Upper Egypt” side), Hierakonpolis, c. 3100 B.C.
Palette of Narmer (“Lower Egypt” side), Hierakonpolis, c. 3100 B.C.
Rosetta Stone, 196 B.C.
Canopic jars of Neshkons
Vignette from Paynedjem’s Book of the Dead, Thebes, Twenty-first Dynasty, c. 990–969 B.C.
Step pyramid, funerary complex of King Zoser, Saqqara, Egypt, c. 2630–2611 B.C.
Pyramids at Giza, Egypt, c. 2555–2472 B.C.
Colossal statue of Khafre, known as the Great Sphinx, Giza, c. 2520–2494 B.C.
Seated statue of Khafre, Giza, c. 2520–2494 B.C.
Menkaure and Queen Khamerernebty, Giza, 2490–2472 B.C.
Prince Rahotep and his wife Nofret, c. 2551–2528 B.C.
Seated scribe, Saqqara, c. 2551–2528 B.C.
Lady Senuwy, Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1971–1926 B.C.
Sesostris I, Lisht, Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1971–1926 B.C.
Sesostris III, c. 1878–1841 B.C.
Painted coffin of Djehuty-nekht, Bersheh, Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1971–1926 B.C.
Hypostyle hall (model), temple of Amon-Ra, Karnak, c. 1294–1213 B.C.
Court and pylon of Ramses II (1279–1213 B.C.) and colonnade and court of Amenhotep III
(1390–1352 B.C.), temple of Amon-Mut-Khonsu, Luxor, Nineteenth Dynasty
Statue of Hatshepsut as pharaoh, Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1473–1458 B.C.
Funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt, c. 1504–1425 B.C.
Statue of Senenmut and Nefrura, Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1473–1458 B.C.
Nebamun hunting birds, from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt, c. 1390–1352 B.C.
Opening of the Mouth ceremony, Book of the Dead of Hunefer, New Kingdom, Nineteenth
Dynasty, c. 1295–1186 B.C.
Tomb of Nefertari (detail), Nineteenth Dynasty, c. 1290–1224 B.C.
Akhenaten, Karnak, Egypt, 1353–1350 B.C.
Bust of Nefertiti, Amarna period, 1349–1336 B.C.
Akhenaten and Nefertiti and their children, Amarna period, 1349–1336 B.C.
Mask of Tutankhamon, c. 1327 B.C.
Canopic coffinette (coffin of Tutankhamon), c. 1327 B.C.
King and Queen of Punt, from Hatshepsut’s funerary temple, Deir el-Bahri, c. 1473–1458 B.C.
Nubian “eggshell” vessels, c. 3100–2890 B.C.
Nubians bringing offerings to Egypt, Thebes, Nineteenth Dynasty, c. 1295–1186 B.C.
Presentation of Nubian tribute to Tutankhamon, tomb chapel of Huy, Thebes, Eighteenth
Dynasty, c. 1336–1327 B.C.
Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Nubia, 1279–1213 B.C.
Sphinx of Taharqo, Temple T, Kawa, Nubia, 690–664 B.C.
Ruins of the Meroë pyramids, Nubia, 3rd–1st century B.C.
Tomb of Amanishakheto, Meroë, Nubia, late 1st century B.C.
“Shield ring” with Amon as a ram, Meroë, Nubia, c. 200 B.C.
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Maps, Diagrams, and Projections
Map of Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Royal names: serekhs and cartouches
Diagram of a scarab
Diagram of a wedjat (the eye of Horus)
The step pyramid with a mastaba base
Cross section of the pyramid of Khufu
Plan of the Giza funerary complex
Egyptian proportional grid
Plan of a typical pylon temple
Diagram of a pylon façade
Plan of the temple of Amon-Mut-Khonsu, Luxor, Egypt, begun c. 1390 B.C.
Key Terms
canopic jars
engaged column
hypostyle hall
step pyramid
Ancient Egypt
11 min., Coronet
Ancient Egypt: The Habit of Civilization
60 min., 1992, VM
Deir el-Bahri: The Temple of Hatshepsut
27 min., FFHS
Egypt Beyond the Pyramids (4-part series)
200 min., MFA
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Egypt: Secrets of the Pharaohs
60 min., MFA
Exploring the Egyptian Pyramids
50 min., FFHS
King Tut: Tomb of Treasure
26 min., Home Vision
King Tut: The Face of Tutankhamon
200 min., VM
Mummies and The Wonders of Ancient Egypt, four-pack set
200 min., VM
The Mysteries of Egypt (3-part series)
150 min., MFA
Mysteries of the Pyramids
60 min., VM
Nile, River of Gods
100 min., VM
60 min., PBS
The Quest for Immortality in Ancient Egypt
30 min., Crystal, MFA
Secrets of Lost Empires 2: Pharaoh’s Obelisk
60 min., PBS
Ancient Egypt & The Middle East
Queue Inc.
Ancient Egyptian Art—The Brooklyn Museum
Clearvue, Crystal
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