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Transcript
West Virginia Mine Drainage Task Force
Symposium
CREATING NATIONAL
COAL MINING
GEOSPATIAL
DATA STANDARDS
By
The National Coal Mine Geospatial
Committee
April 10, 2007
Topics to be covered
Geospatial
What does it mean?
Why does it matter?
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents/disasters
• Recent
• Future
Public’s right to know
Recent technology improvements making this
vision possible
Recent
Future
Topics to be covered (2)
Voluntary Participation
Introduction to the National Coal Mining
Geospatial Committee (NCMGC)
Background information about NCMGC
FY 2006 Significant Activities
Highlights of Geospatial Questionnaire Results
Sharing Coal Mining Data
What is Geospatial?
Geospatial “pertain[s] to the geographic
location and characteristics of natural or
constructed features and boundaries on, above,
or below the earth’s surface” … term refers
especially to data that are geographic and
spatial in nature.
Coal mining geospatial data describes the
geographic location and characteristics of the
features and boundaries of coal mining
operations on or below the earth’s surface.
Geospatial Supports SMCRA Business Processes
REGULATORY
ACTIVITY
Permit
Review
BUSINESS
PROCESSES
Geologic/
hydrologic
evaluation
DATA REQUIREMENTS
WORK
PRODUCT
Records of geology, surface CHIA
water, ground water
samples; location of mining
operations
Engineering Engineering drawings,
calculation location of mining
Bond
Calculation
Biological
review
FONSI,
Decision
Documents
operations
Locations of environmental
resources, cultural
resources, mining
operations
Geospatial Supports SMCRA Business Processes
(2)
REGULATORY
ACTIVITY
Mine Site
Inspection
BUSINESS
PROCESSES
Inspection
DATA
REQUIREMENTS
WORK PRODUCT
Location of mining Inspection
operations
Report
Enforcement
Action
Citizen
Investigation Locations of
Report
citizen and mining
Complaint
operations
Investigation
Bond
Bond release Location of mining Bond Release
operations,
Release
evaluation
Report
records of water
Request
quality
Why create unified national coal
mining geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents &
disasters
Recent
• Inez, KY. slurry
impoundment failure
Oct. 11, 2000 the nation's
largest coal slurry spill
occurred at the Martin County
Coal Co., Inez, Ky. Far greater
in damage than the 1989
Exxon Valdez spill, this event
dumped an estimated 306
million gallons of toxic sludge
down 100 miles of waterways.
The 10/17/’01 MHSA report
points to inaccurate mapping
as the principal cause.
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents &
disasters
MHSA's Quecreek accident
report, July 24th., cited faulty
maps as a cause for the
Recent
• Martin County slurry Quecreek Mine disaster in June
impoundment failure 2002, where nine miners were
trapped for 4 days. According to
• Quecreek
the report, "The primary cause
of the water inundation was the
use of an undated and
uncertified mine map of the
Harrison No.2 mine.“
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents &
disasters
Local Trimble geodetic survey
expert called in to survey spot to
• Martin County slurry drill. Hours later drilling begins.
impoundment failure
The delay … establishing survey
• Quecreek
control required creating a link to
• Sago
a rover setting on a known point
outside the permit boundary
Recent
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents &
disasters
“Timmy Paul Morgan, who died
Apr 9, ‘06 of a heart attack, gave
Recent
a statement to an attorney
• Martin County slurry representing the widow of Mr.
impoundment failureHatfield. In that statement, Mr.
• Quecreek
Morgan said rescue team
members complained that the
• Sago
map of Aracoma they were given
• Aracoma
to search for the missing men
was inaccurate, showing doors
and stoppings in places that did
not exist.”
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents &
disasters
On Feb. 1, ‘06, a dozer operator at
Black Castle strip mine in Drawdy,
WV was fatally injured due to
Recent
ignition of natural gas. As the
• Martin County slurry operator with 15 years experience
impoundment failurewas developing a drill bench, the
blade ruptured a 16” low• Quecreek
pressure, high-volume gas line.
• Sago
The MHSA's report stated that
• Aracoma
“Vira told Moss to stay 100 feet
• Black Castle
away from the gas line. Neither
fatality
Vira nor Moss knew the exact
location of the gas line.”
Why create unified national coal
mining geospatial datasets?
Mining accidents
& disasters
Recent
•
•
•
•
•
•
Martin County
Quecreek
Sago
Aracoma
Black Castle
A Google search
for "mining
accident" +
map yields
54,100 hits
Unfortunately
the
importance of
accurate
maps wasn’t
even on the
Miner’s
Act signing
radar!!!
ceremony
That conclusion is based on …
Figure 12: General Spatially Related Terms
0
35
30
25
Word Count
20
15
10
5
0
SMCRA
Plans
Survey
Maps
MINER Act
Map
Map or
plan
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets?
Mining disasters
Recent
Possible future mining emergencies may
extending across state boundaries
• A common national data structure and map
accuracy standard will ………….
– save time trying to combine dissimilar dataset from
adjoining states and
– eliminate future poor spatial accuracy problems.
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets (2)?
Could allow MANY additional users of this
new national information asset
• Federal  DOE, BLM, MSHA, etc.
• State  Emergency response entities
• Local  County, municipal.
• Others interested in sharing geospatial data
assets.
Why create unified national coal mining
geospatial datasets (3)?
Could substantially enhance OSM’s ePermitting initiative.
Public’s right to know
• Speed up the permit review process
• Allow check for mining below properties changing
hands (VA House Bill 1562)  Subsidence
• Proximity of impoundments and valley fills
• Proximity to abandoned portals
• Mining discharges
Technology improvements making
this vision possible
Recent
ArcGIS software accommodates data with
different projections and/or datums in the
same desktop session  that allows each
state to keep data in the projection/datum already
decided on.
ALL mining data can share a core set of
tabular attributes of national interest and
still have unique tables containing all
existing State/Tribe attributes.
Technology improvements making
this vision possible (2)
Future
ArcGIS 9.2 & Enterprise
IT features
• Database
synchronization
NCMG Data
State Data
Technology improvements making
this vision possible (3)
Future
ArcGIS 9.2 &
enterprise IT
features
• Database
synchronization
• Versioned data
replication
In 9.2 for the 1st time
a single logical
database can be
spread over several
network nodes …
allows a version of a
geodatabase to be
replicated to another
geodatabase.
Technology improvements making
this vision possible (4)
Future
ArcGIS 9.2
enterprise features
• Database
synchronization
• Versioned data
replication
• Nonversioned editing
At ArcGIS 9.2,
multiuser editing is
possible for the first
time without
versioning.
Technology improvements making
this vision possible (5)
Future
ArcGIS 9.2
enterprise features
• Database
synchronization
• Versioned data
replication
• Nonversioned
editing
• Web-based services
In version 9.2
ArcGIS Server can
provide “services”
integrating geodata,
globe (3-D), map
(2-D),
geoprocessing and
locator functions.
NCMGC Startup History  roots are
OSM’s TIPS Program
Previous OSM Director, Jeff Jarrett, and the Technical
Innovation & Professional Services (TIPS) Steering
Committee formed the NCMGC May 3-5, 2005 at the St.
Louis committee meeting.
Setting members selected late FY 2005.
Supported by TIPS and operates as a partnership
between OSM and the states.
Members represent the geospatial technology interests of the
states, tribes, and OSM offices.
Representation includes the Interstate Mining Compact
Commission (IMCC), National Association of Abandoned Mine
Lands Programs (NAAMLP), and the Western Interstate Energy
Board (WIEB).
Purpose of NCMGC
Promote development of geospatial
technology to support SMCRA
National forum to identify geospatial
needs of SMCRA organizations
Discover best practices
Help implement change
Help migration to enterprise GIS
Improve business processes
NCMGC Members
Member
State
*OSM
Region
States Mining
Affiliation
Expertise
Title IV &/or V
Bill Card
TN
N/A
V
Larry Evans
Rick Koehler
Len Meier
WV
NM
IL
IMCC
WIEB
N/A
IV(support)/V
IV/V
IV
Doug Mullins
Alan Wilhelm
VA
CO
NAAMLP
N/A
IV/V
Vacant
DC
N/A
N/A
*Appalachian
Region = Red, MCR = Green, WR = blue, HQ= brown
NCMGC’s Charter
Deliberative, advisory body
Subject matter experts
Represent SMCRA community
Identify geospatial technology issues
Facilitate sharing of geospatial technology
Technical support personnel  used to create
technical support groups (TSGs)
Supported by TIPS
Report to Chief, TMD WR
NCMGC’s Technical Support
Groups (TSGs)
Subject matter experts
Extension of committee
Advise committee on technical matters
Short term tasking
Cooperation among TSG members
promotes sharing of technology
NCMGC Accomplishments FY 06
Held first meeting to plan work activities
Determined geospatial technology
development status of all SMCRA
organizations via questionnaire
Identified the Geospatial Data Steward (GDS)
within each SMCRA organization
Held the first National Meeting of SMCRA
Geospatial Data Stewards
Identified geospatial technology development
needs of SMCRA organizations for FY 2007
NCMGC Accomplishments FY 06 (2)
Established a Standards Task Group from the
Geospatial Data Stewards (GDSs) that
volunteered to help develop national standards
Obtained SDE and/or Relational Database
Management System (RDBMS) training for a few
qualified GDSs to facilitate their moving data to an
enterprise environment.
Successfully completed a "proof of concept"
project demonstrating exchange of selected coal
mining spatial datasets between two networked
servers inside OSM's Wide Area Network (WAN)
Highlights of Questionnaire Results
42 responses from SMCRA organizations
38 GSDs identified
38 SMCRA organizations use GIS
13 do not use MS SQL Server or Oracle
28 do not use ArcSDE
29 do not share spatial data by Internet
33 do not have a written GIS
implementation plan
Highlights of Questionnaire Results (2)
Rank
Category
1
2
3
Infrastructure
(12)
Personnel
(6)
Training
(5)
Accomplishments
Using Data
(14)
Getting Data
(12)
None
(6)
Goals
Using Data
(12)
Getting Data
(10)
None
(8)
No Response
(13)
Tech. Assist.
(11)
Funding
(9)
Contribute/share
None
(17)
Tech. Assist.
(10)
Data
(8)
Comments
None
(27)
Using Data
(9)
Tech. Assist.
(5)
Needs
Help from NCMGC
Geospatial Data Stewards
Category
Geospatial
Data
Steward
Alternate
Geospatial
Data
Steward
No
Geospatial
Data
Steward
Federal
8
1
1
State
27
3
3
Tribal
3
1
0
Coal Mining Spatial Data Standards
ASTM Task Group
Held the first meeting at ASTM International
headquarters September 20-21, 2006
Will hold 3 meetings in FY 07 to develop
voluntary spatial data standards for the first 2
coal mining spatial data sets of national interest:
surface coal mining boundaries and underground
coal mining boundaries
Standards for additional data sets to be
determined later
Press release on group and tasks in late 2006
Initial (’07) Coal Mining Datasets
Datasets common to SMCRA workers
Surface mining boundaries
Underground mining boundaries
Quick index to location of other coal
mining data
Geographic locator of potential impacts
Surface Mining Boundaries
Surface mining boundaries are polygons representing
the boundary of the permitted area of a surface coal
mining operation as described on the most recent
mining operations map contained in a coal mining
permit approved by the regulatory authority.
Each approved permit has a single record in a spatial
database of surface mining boundaries. Each record
in the spatial database identifies the permit number
of the surface coal mining operation and contains one
or more polygons identifying the areas for conducting
surface coal mining operations approved by the
regulatory authority.
Surface Mining Boundary
Underground Mining Boundary
Underground mining boundaries are polygons
representing the boundary of the underground mine
workings of an underground coal mining operation as
described on the best available mine workings maps.
Each mine has a single record in a spatial database of
underground mining extents. Each record in the
spatial database identifies the underground coal
mining operation and contains one or more polygons
identifying the areas of underground mine workings.
Underground Mining Boundary
Coal Mining Data is a National
Information Asset
Executive Order 12906
Public access to geospatial data Sec. 3(c)
OMB Circular No. A-16
Themes of national significance Sec 2.b.(1) and
Appendix E
Applies to all agencies using spatial data Sec 5.
Applies to all spatial activities funded with federal
funds Sec 6.
Agency responsibilities and reporting requirements
Sec 8.a.
Spatial data are subject to Exhibit 300 Sec 8.b.
Applicable Requirements
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA)
Executive Order 12906, Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and
Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure
OMB Circular No. A-16, Coordination of Geographic Information and
Related Spatial Data Activities
OMB Circular No. A-130, Management of Federal Information Resources
Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996, formerly the Information Technology
Management Reform Act
E-Government Act of 2002, Section 216, Common Protocols for
Geographic Information Systems
Paperwork Reduction Act (P.L. 104-13)
Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA)
President’s Management Agenda
Expanded e-Government
Government reuse of data
Sharing information among government agencies
Automate internal processes to reduce cost
NCMGC Plans FY 07
Hold a meeting to review and implement recommendations from the first
National Meeting of SMCRA Geospatial Data Stewards
Provide briefings to OSM management and SMCRA organizations on the
accomplishments and progress of the NCMGC in its activities
Send additional qualified personnel to attend vendor software training in
managing coal mining geospatial data in an enterprise environment
Establish a planning sub-committee to begin preparations for an FY 08
National Meeting of SMCRA Geospatial Data Stewards with a theme of
“Integrating GIS into SMCRA Business Processes”
Continue development work on a geospatial infrastructure to exchange
selected coal mining spatial datasets among networked servers outside
OSM's WAN
Recruit state regulatory programs to participate in this geospatial
infrastructure
Conduct an outreach program by giving presentations about NCMGC
activities at national meetings of SMCRA organizations;
Explore participation with MSHA
Outcomes of the Geospatial Initiative
SAVE
LIVES!
Improved regulation of active coal mines
Reduced random oversight inspections
Accurate bond release determinations
Better reclamation of abandoned mines
Improved subsidence investigations
Slower growth of AML Inventory
Fewer cases of CO2 gas buildup in homes
Reduced offsite impacts
Verifiable annual reports for both states and
OSM