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16
Shanghai. Bringing together close to 6,000 cubic feet of op­
erational, administrative, and support records, the SSU care­
fully arranged them according to point of origin, branch, and
file type.
In 1947, the Central Intelligence Agency assumed custody
of these records and organized various finding aids for them.
In 1980, when the CIA began transferring its OSS Archives to
the National Archives, security requirements made it neces­
sary to retain all their finding aids.
For the 3,000 cubic feet of records it has already acces­
sioned from the CIA, however, the National Archives has begun
creating its own finding aids. Descriptive lists are now
available for many of the OSS records open to research at the
National Archives, and the lists, in turn, are now being com­
puterized to make OSS records still more accessible. A compu­
terized Core File, which arranges and sorts OSS records ac­
cording to point of origin, branch, file type, associated lo­
cation, entry, box, and folder, is already virtually complete.
Another year or more will be necessary to complete the com­
puterized Name File presently underway. The Name File will
provide an index of project names, personal names, and key­
words taken from the descriptive lists which the National Ar­
chives volunteer staff is now writing.
Most of the different kinds of files found in the Rand
A records also appear in the CIA's OSS Archives. However, un­
like the R and A records, the CIA's OSS Archives comprise not
only intelligence records, such as those found in the files
of the Counterintelligence Branch, but also the records of co­
vert operations and other functions performed by Special Oper­
ations, Operational Group Command, Morale Operations, the His­
tory Office, Maritime Unit, Schools and Training, the Field
Photo Branch, and various administrative and support records.
Some of the subjects of research in the OSS records ac­
cessioned from the CIA include the following:
British ori­
gins of the OSS, American ethnic groups and the war, OSS mo­
rale operations, OSS use of black propaganda and systematic
misinformation, interrogations of POW's, special weapons, the
Dixie Mission to Maoist Yenan, the correspondence of John
Ford and John Steinbeck concerning the Nisei Japanese, Burma
operations of the famed OSS Detachment 101, the special role
of scholars and historians in the OSS, the tragic death of
OSS Captain John Birch, the large OSS R&D collection of press
extracts translated from German newspapers, early OSS con­
tacts in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, the OSS Censorship and
Documentation Branch collection of passports and credentials,
plans for the use of skywriting to prey on the special fears
of the Japanese, manuals on disguises, on guerrilla warfare,
and on lock-picking, the V-1 and V-2 rockets, analysis of Hit­
ler's speeches, reports on the German efforts to overthrow
Hitler, the OSS General Counsel, and the war crimes trials.
(See Appendix 2, Entries 87-190.)
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