Brain Jeopardy Game
... This is where the brain takes
multiple items and considers
them a single entity (as a way
of bypassing the limitations
of working memory).
Storage and Retrieval
... 5. The fact that you need to drive your
sister home from school
6.The fact that the smell of eggs makes
you sick and you don’t know why
... processes make it easier for the neuron
to respond again
This increased responsiveness is longterm potentiation
It is now accepted that the structure of
synapses change after learning
Cognitive Information Processing
... Learning vs. Memory - learning is viewed as the acquisition
of new information. Memory is related to the ability to
recall information that has been previously learned
Storage - the process by which new information is placed
Retrieval - the process by which people “find’ the
information th ...
“Describe the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to
... “Describe the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to learning based on current
The difference between learning and memory is rather subtle; learning is the process by
which new information and abilities are incorporated into one’s mind, whereas memory is the
way in which that i ...
CHAPTER SIX Memory The experience of pain cannot be separated
... experience. This process takes time, perhaps as long as a few minutes. As we all know, the act
of rote memorization takes a while, and as we also know, a recently acquired memory is one of
the most fragile things in nature, easily lost by distraction or the diversion of attention to other
matters. G ...
Consciousness, Thought, and Memory
... Memory is the storage and retrieval of information. The
two stages of memory are short term (STM) and long
term (LTM). STM is the first step, and is limited to seven
or eight chunks of information. Some 5% of sensory
input is transferred to the STM. The LTM is of limitless
capacity, but its ability ...
Spatial Working Memory
... associated with prefrontal cortex, especially lateral prefrontal cortex. Dorso-lateral
prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), as opposed to ventral PFC, has been associated more with
spatial memory, in particular in the right hemisphere. However, some current
investigators associated DLPFC more with executive c ...
Module 3 - socialscienceteacher
... • refers to change in the structure and function
of neurons after they have been repeatedly
• neuroscientists believe that the LTP process,
which changes the structure and function of
neurons, is the most likely basis for learning
and memory in animals and humans
Memory for Everyday Activities
... Multimode Theory: a theory of attention positing that we can engage in early or late
selection depending on the situation; late selection requires more attentional resources than
Biological Basis of Memory
... may not involve the hippocampus but knowing they are there (
memory) does not work showing the hippocampus is involved in these.
3. Infantile Amnesia – Inability to recall events from the first few
Possible Reasons for this:
o Too many differences between the world of an
and ours for us to ...
Final Jeopardy 2
... with the iris to control the
amount of light that enters
... Cues to identification are context and familiarity. Context is
especially important in auditory information. “Your fuel is low”
is better than “low fuel.”
... Long term & Short Term
Procedural & Working
Experience Dependent Brain Development
Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia
Information Processing and Memory
... used to assist schema refinement if it varies in only one
way from the designated example.
H. Simon (1974) has estimated that each new bit of
information takes ten seconds to process in order to
be stored in long-term memory. The implications for
lecture-based instruction are significant. On a neuro ...
Midterm Review Project
... Memory- learning that has persisted over time; it has been acquired, stored, and can be retrieved
In order to remember something it must be:
● Encoded- perceived by the brain
● Stored- retained in the brain for a long period of time
● Retrieved- come back out of storage and into conscious thought
Cognitive information processing
... Connectionistic theory
• Information is stored in multiple locations
throughout the brain in the form of
networks of connections
• More connections to a single idea or
concept, the more likely it is to be stored
INTRODUCTION TO FUNCTIONAL NEUROBIOLOGY Tamás
... function only in mutual relationship with other cortical areas. The elements of the thalamocorticalcorticothalamic circuit and the generation of different oscillations within the circuit will also be
explained. The second part of the presentation will focus on the “less known part”, the higher order ...
... Subjects studied and recalled 12 lists of 10 common
Then they had to recall all lists a second time cued by the
first word of each list.
Narrative subjects were to make a story incorporating the
words in the list.
Control subjects were told just to study each of the list
and were gi ...
... - Signal transmission in a synapse is based on the lock-key mechanism between the
ligands and the receptors.
- Short-term memory is stored by strengthening the chemical transmission
mechanisms through secreting neurotransmitters at the synapses.
... Retrieval Cues
After learning to move a mobile by
kicking, infants had their learning
reactivated most strongly when retested
in the same rather than a different
context (Butler & Rovee-Collier, 1989).
Memory - Hensley
... 6. We store information in memory as libraries store their books, that is, in discrete
7. When people learn something while intoxicated, they recall it best when they are
8. The hour before sleep is good time to commit information to memory.
9. Repeatedly imagin ...
Metamemory, a type of metacognition, is both the introspective knowledge of one’s own memory capabilities (and strategies that can aid memory) and the processes involved in memory self-monitoring. This self-awareness of memory has important implications for how people learn and use memories. When studying, for example, students make judgements of whether they have successfully learned the assigned material and use these decisions, known as ""judgments of learning"", to allocate study time.