Mass Incarceration as the New Jim Crow
... Submitted by: Professional Staff Congress
Whereas, as Michelle Alexander has shown in her 2011 book, The New
Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, the explosion in the
U.S. prison population between 1980 and 2006, from 350,000 to 2.3 million,
reflects changes in laws and policie ...
Study Guide for The New Jim Crow
... right to health care, and the right to food. In my vision, we as a nation finally
come to embrace basic civil and human rights for all people, no matter who they
are or what they have done. This movement carries with it a vision of a society in
which we value education over incarceration; jobs over ...
Study Guide - The Real Cost of Prisons Project
... and frisk impacts communities of color.
www.c-spanvideo.org/program/ByAn A description of the Old Jim Crow, 73 minutes
Private prisons are present in the majority of states in the U.S. They have had an impact
on mass incarceration that is important for the public to understand.
GA-1323 (Item for Reflection and Research) INCARCERATION
... One-third of African American male high school dropouts under age 40 are
currently behind bars;
Among all African American men born since the mid-1960s, more than 20
percent will go to prison, nearly twice the number that will graduate college;
This extraordinary pattern of penal confinement has bee ...
The Rise of Segregation
... enforcing discrimination
Civil Rights Act of 1875 –
the Supreme Court did not
pass, allowed no
discrimination based upon
race to be allowed
without proper court
Over 190 by each mob
annually from 1890-1899
, 850-644-7365 By Julie Mestre, August 2011, Volume 10 Issue 3
... Research explaining mass incarceration in the United States has routinely examined factors at the national level.
However, several researchers featured in this issue explore mass incarceration in a novel way—by assessing the
impact policies at state and local levels have on the incarceration rate. M ...
... Appears that economic expansion over the 1990s
helped to reduce economic wellbeing gaps but
after factoring in prison populations, there seems
to be little effect
Mass Incarceration as a Form of Racialized Social Control
... Competing images of the poor as “deserving” and “undeserving” became central components of the debate. Ultimately, the racialized nature of this imagery became a crucial
resource for conservatives, who succeeded in using law and order rhetoric in their effort
to mobilize the resentment of white work ...
Structural Discrimination Against People of African Descent
... rates of criminal behavior by people of African descent. While this cannot be entirely
excluded as a contributing factor, it has been convincingly shown that this alone cannot
explain the disparity. Many studies have shown that, even when Black people and others
engage in criminal behavior at simila ...
... • After the Civil War, African Americans
routinely faced discrimination, or unfair
treatment based on prejudice against a
... offenders in state prisons involved non-violent or drug offenses.
Prisons are housing many of the nation’s mentally ill. The
number of mentally ill in prison is nearly five times the number in
inpatient mental hospitals. Large numbers of mentally ill inmates, as
well as inmates with HIV, tuberculosi ...
Barred from Voting - University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
... Civil and Political Rights, which the United
States ratified in 1992, declares that “To vote
and to be elected at genuine periodic elections
which shall be by universal and equal suffrage
and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing
the free expression of the will of the electors.”
While the U ...
Dealing with Disparity in Federal Court
... Sentences should punish, deter,
incapacitate, and rehabilitate
Overlay of Mandatory Minimums
Individualized sentencing should avoid
... federal registration of African-American
voters in areas that had less than 50% of
No More Shame! Defeating the New Jim Crow with
... kinds has been an answer to progress made by people of color, and it has been
consistently excused by depictions of these groups as threats.
Even when successful, marginalized groups are cast in a shameful light to
discourage them from making public demands, and black-authored lynching
plays evince ...
HCC Chapter Twelve PP
... • Average prison sentence in Texas in 19.3 years. It is hard for folks who have been in
their for so long to re-adjust into society.
• No family
Comment on: incarceration,” by Steven Raphael
... mandatory treatment, parole, or “drug courts” instead of mandatory incarceration
for small-time, non-violent drug offenders, who account for a huge share of the
growth in prison population. Some states are reducing sentences for such drug
offenders and other low-level felons still sent to prison, or ...
Mass Incarceration Debates Media List Debatable Issue Is mass
... which it wanted explicitly not to deem illegal.
Mass incarceration is not purely a product of the Drug War or of racism against black people. Rather, it is a
function of a conservative shift in the U.S. against viol ...
Gender & Criminal Justice
... imprisoned for street drug offenses.
Control rate of young black men is mirrored by
the control rate of young black women.
• Police strategies in waging war on drugs
focuses on street drug use and low-level
• Mandatory-minimum sentencing ignores this
Ch. 16 Sect 2 NOTESx
... A: ______________________________________________________________________________________
Q: What approach did the NAACP take toward ending discrimination?
• first African American to re ...
... threat of violence …like the movie
we are going to watch Oceans 11
The Science of Downsizing Prisons – What
... The length of a person’s incarceration is based on a
state’s sentencing and parole structures. States can
be separated into two basic categories of determinate
(fixed terms) and indeterminate (a sentence range with
parole eligibility) sentencing structures. For states
with determinate sentencing str ...
THINKING ABOUT CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM By Daniel T
... 2.3 million Americans, or .72% of the population, are in prison or jail compared to 1970,
when only 326,000 Americans, or .16% of the population incarcerated
---------------1 in 87 White men are currently incarcerated
1 in 36 Latino men are currently incarcerated
1 in 12 African American men are cur ...
The New Jim Crow
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. Called the ""secular bible for a new social movement"" by Cornel West, the book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States — though Alexander notes that the discrimination faced by African-American males is also prevalent among other minorities and socio-economically disadvantaged populations. Alexander's central premise, from which the book derives its title, is that ""mass incarceration is, metaphorically, the New Jim Crow.""Though the conventional point of view holds that discrimination has mostly ended with the civil rights movement reforms of the 1960s, Alexander claims the U.S. criminal justice system uses the War on Drugs as a primary tool for enforcing traditional, as well as new, modes of discrimination and repression. These new modes of racism have led to not only the highest rate of incarceration in the world, but also an even greater imprisonment of African American men. Were present trends to continue, Alexander writes, the United States will imprison one-third of its African American population. When combined with the fact that whites are more likely to commit drug crimes than people of color, the issue becomes clear for Alexander: ""The primary targets of [the penal system's] control can be defined largely by race.""This, ultimately, leads Alexander to believe that mass incarceration is ""a stunningly comprehensive and well-disguised system of racialized social control that functions in a manner strikingly similar to Jim Crow."" The culmination of this social control is what Alexander calls a ""racial caste system,"" a type of stratification wherein African-Americans are kept in an inferior position. Its emergence, she believes, is a direct response to The Civil Rights Movement. It is because of this that Alexander argues for issues with mass incarceration to be addressed as issues of racial justice and civil rights. To approach these matters as anything but would be to fortify this new racial caste. Thus, Alexander aims to mobilize the civil rights community to move the incarceration issue to the forefront of its agenda and to provide factual information, data, arguments and a point of reference for those interested in pursuing the issue. Her broader goal is the revamping of the prevailing mentality regarding human rights, equality and equal opportunities in America, to prevent future cyclical recurrence of what she sees as ""racial control under changing disguise.""